iron

  基本词汇  
['aɪən]     ['aɪərn]    
  • n.熨斗;铁;刚强
  • (复)irons: 镣铐.
  • v.熨;烫
  • adj.铁的;刚强的
ironed ironed ironing irons
new

iron是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 熨斗
  2. 铁,铁质;烙铁
  3. 镣铐,手铐
  4. 刚强;毅力
  5. 铁制的工具,铁制品,铁器
  6. 【高尔夫】铁头球杆
  7. 手枪
  8. 小刀,尖刀
  9. 烙印
  10. 马镫
v.(动词)
  1. 用铁包,用铁铸成
  2. 熨衣;烫平
  3. 给...上脚镣手铐
  4. 给...装铁具, 用铁装备
  5. 解决影响…的问题
adj.(形容词)
  1. 铁的,铁制的 ;铁似的
  2. 残酷的,冷酷无情的,冷若冰霜的
  3. 坚强的,顽强的,顽固的,坚韧不拔的
  4. 严格的
  5. 刚强的,强硬坚定的
  6. 铁腕的,铁拳头的

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]铁 common hard silver white metallic element capable of being magnetized and used in various forms
  2. [C]熨斗 a heavy object with a flat bottom and a handle on top, shaped in a point at the front, which is heated, usually electrically, and used for making cloth and clothes smooth
  3. [U]坚强,刚强; 冷酷 physical strength or moral firmness or harshness
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 熨平 make clothing smooth and flat with a hot iron; smooth or press clothing with a hot iron

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
iron : 铁 ...
在 《外教社畜牧兽医英语词典》 中查看更多...
iron : 铁 ...
在 《外教社化学英语词典》 中查看更多...
iron : 镣铐, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
iron : 铁, 镣铐, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
iron : 铁( ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
iron : 铁 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
iron : 铁 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood

  2. a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head

  3. implement used to brand live stock

  4. home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth

Adjective:
  1. extremely robust;

    "an iron constitution"

Verb:
  1. press and smooth with a heated iron;

    "press your shirts"
    "she stood there ironing"

iron的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The iron hissed as it pressed the wet cloth.
    熨斗压在湿布上时发出嘶嘶声。
  2. They analyzed the ore and found iron in it.
    他们分析了矿砂,从中发现了铁。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Tom didn't iron his shirt yesterday.
    汤姆昨天没有熨衬衣。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The iron has lost its magnetic force.
    这块铁已失去了磁力。
  2. Cast iron is apt to break.
    生铁容易折断。
  3. The foundry smelts iron.
    这个铸工厂熔铸铁。
  4. Gold is distinct from iron.
    金在性质上不同于铁。
  5. This food is deficient in iron.
    这种食物缺乏铁。
  6. The assay result of that material is rich in iron.
    化验结果表明那种物质含铁量丰富。
  7. The production of iron took three years to climb to 500,000 tons.
    用了三年,铁产量上升到50万吨。
  8. The small city has its own iron works and gas works.
    这个小城市已有自己的铁厂和煤气厂。
  9. He was in irons.
    他戴上了镣铐。
  10. An iron has a handle and a flat metal base.
    熨斗有个把柄和一个金属平底座。
  11. Materials are all washable and none or minimum iron.
    料子可以洗,但勿用熨斗熨,或尽量少烫。
  12. She is ironing a shirt with an electric iron.
    她在用电熨斗熨衬衣。
  13. She quickly withdrew her hand from the hot iron.
    她很快地将手从很烫的熨斗上缩了回来。
  14. Mary has nerves of iron.
    玛丽沉着果敢。
  15. In him they saw a leader with a will of iron . They took heart.
    他们看出他是个有钢铁意志的领导人,他们感到非常鼓舞。
  16. It is pitiful to see that the life of an animal in a zoo is spent in an locked iron cage.
    看到动物园里的动物一生都被关在铁笼子里,真是令人可怜。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. She's been ironing all afternoon.
    整个下午她都在熨衣服。
  2. This material irons more easily when it is damp.
    这种料子潮湿时,更容易熨平。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I can't iron shirts.
    我不会熨衬衫。
  2. She's ironing his shirt.
    她正在熨他的衬衫。
  3. John ironed his suit in his bedroom.
    约翰在他的寝室里熨衣服。
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. Your shirt is already ironed.
    你的衬衣已经熨好了。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
have several irons in the fire
  1. 同时有好几件事情要做 be involved in several activities at once

    John had a number of irons in the fire, and he managed to keep all of them hot. 约翰要做许多事情,并且设法把它们做得很好。

    Don't worry about the failure of Gerald's company, he has several other irons in the fire. 别为杰拉尔德公司的破产而担心,他同时在干好几件事。

iron hand in a velvet glove
  1. 外柔内刚; 口蜜腹剑地 ruthlessness that is disguised by an outward appearance of gentleness

    I think that she has an iron hand in a velvet glove. 我认为她是一个外柔内刚的人。

    Many of the so-called liberal dictators of African nations rule using an iron hand in a velvet glove. 非洲国家的许多所谓自由主义独裁者们往往采用口蜜腹剑的方法进行统治。

man of iron
  1. 性格刚强的人 sb with great strength of character

    It takes a man of iron to resist some of the temptations that go with an important job like that. 一个意志坚强的人才能抵制住那项重要工作带来的某些诱惑。

rule with a rod of iron
  1. 严加管理; 控制得很严 govern (sth such as a group) in a very severe way rule sb/sth with a rod of iron

    She rules her husband with a rod of iron.她严厉管束她的丈夫。

    He ruled the country with a rod of iron.他对国家实行铁腕统治。

    The dean ruled his department with a rod of iron.系主任对本系的管理非常严格。

    John is ruled by his wife with a rod of iron .约翰被他的妻子严加管束。

    A small kingdom ruled by herself with a rod of iron was what she liked.她所喜欢的是一个由她自己实施铁腕统治的小王国。

strike while the iron is hot
  1. 趁热打铁 take an opportunity while it presents itself

    He wanted a quick decision so I decided to strike while the iron was hot and told him I accepted his terms. 他希望当机立断,因此,我决定趁热打铁,对他说我接受他的条件。

with an iron hand
  1. 严厉地 ruthlessly

    Keven rules his family with an iron hand and even his wife seems afraid of him at times. 凯温以铁腕统治他的家庭,结果连他的妻子有时似乎也怕他。

用作动词 (v.)
iron out (v.+adv.)
  1. 熨平 flatten cloth or folds in cloth with a hot iron iron sth ⇔ out

    She ironed out all the creases in the shirt.她熨平了衬衣上的所有皱褶。

    I shall have to iron out the creases in this dress.我得把这件连衣裙上的皱痕熨平。

    I always iron out the folds in new sheets, so that they are more comfortable to sleep in.我总是把新床单的褶子熨平,这样躺上去就更舒服了。

    He offered to iron out the wrinkles in her dress.他提出,要替她熨平衣服上的褶皱。

    She tried hard to iron out the wrinkles over her blouse.她费了很大的力气才把上衣上的皱纹熨平。

  2. 解决,处理; 消除 remove or find an answer to sth; eliminate iron out sth

    It didnt take long to iron out the difficulties.没多久,困难解决了。

    The directors are trying to iron out the difficulties connected with the new contract.董事们在设法解决新合同带来的种种困难。

    The House and Senate ironed out the differences between their two tax bills.众议院和参议院消除了他们两个不同的税收提案中的分歧。

    They are experts at ironing out the problems that arise at international gatherings.他们专门处理国际性集会上出现的问题。

    公司和工人消除了关于工时和报酬问题上的分歧。公司和工人消除了关于工时和报酬问题上的分歧。

    The purpose of this conference is to iron out the misunderstandings between the two sides.这次会议的目的是消除双方之间的误会。

    It's time we ironed out the causes of the disagreement once and for all.现在是我们彻底消除引起我们之间不和的原因的时候了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The problem should have been ironed out months ago.几个月前,这个问题就该解决了。

    Their misunderstandings were ironed out after a long talk.经过长时间的交谈,他们之间的误会已经消除。

    There are no difficulties that cannot be ironed out if both parties are determined to reach an agreement.只要双方都决心达成协议,什么困难都可以解决。

    I thought most of our problems were ironed out.我认为,我们的大多数问题都已解决。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词

经典引文

  • Meddle you must, that's certain, or forswear to wear iron about you.

    出自:Twelfth Night,Shakespeare
  • What if Trade..thatch with towns the prairie broad With railways ironed o'er.

    出自:R. W. Emerson
  • We had to take our clogs to be 'ironed'.

    出自:Lancashire Life

iron的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. iron的基本含义是指一种最普通、最有用的金属——铁,是不可数名词。
  2. iron也可指铁制品,作“烙铁,熨斗”解,是可数名词,复数形式irons则是“镣铐”的意思。
  3. 用于比喻, iron还可作“坚强,刚强; 冷酷”解,是不可数名词。
v.(动词)
  1. iron的基本意思是“用电熨斗把衣物熨平”。引申可指“解决问题”“消除分歧”等。
  2. iron既可作及物动词,也可作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后可接名词或代词作宾语,用作及物动词时,主动形式常含有被动意义。
  3. iron常接副词out,表示“熨平”“解决”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
in iron, in irons
两者意思不同:in iron的意思是“从事铁业”; 而in irons的意思是“戴着镣铐”。例如:
  • He is a worker in iron.
  • 他是个铁匠。
  • When the earl reached the castle,his legs were put in irons.
  • 那位伯爵到了城堡后,双脚就被套上 了镣铐。
irons, fetters, handcuffs
这三个词都可表示刑具。其区别在于: irons 主要指“脚镣或手铐”; fetters则专指“脚镣”; handcuffs常指“手铐”。例如:
The prisoner was put in irons.那个罪犯被戴上了镣铐。
The black leader was in fetters behind the bars.这位黑人领袖在铁窗里,戴着脚镣。
Handcuffs were put on her wrists when the arrest warrant was shown to her.给她看了逮捕证,随即给她戴上手铐。
下面三个短语意思不同:
  • the Iron 铁器时代
  • Iron Age (希腊与罗马神话中的)黑铁时代
  • iron age (人类的)颓废时期

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 钢铁工业正在发展。

    Iron and steel industry are developing.

    Iron and steel industry is developing.

  2. 钢和铁的产量都在增长。

    Iron and steel outputs is increasing.

    Iron and steel outputs are increasing.

    iron and steel作为一个固定短语“钢铁”,不管是作复合名词还是作形容词,动词都要用单数; 但如果把iron和steel作为两个不同的内涵,就要求用复数动词。

v.(动词)
  1. 她把衣服上的褶皱熨平了。

    She ironed the wrinkles in her dress.

    She ironed out the wrinkles in her dress.

    动词iron指“熨烫衣物”,后接表示衣物、服装类的名词作宾语。但要表示“借熨烫把褶皱除去”,应该用iron out。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的iasrn,意为铁。

iron的相关资料:

正版词典

iron : 铁 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
iron : 铁,铁制品 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

iron的相关缩略词,共有7

互动百科

  • iron:iron n. 铁, 熨斗, 坚强, 烙铁, 镣铐vt. 烫平, 熨, 用铁装备vi. 烫衣服习惯用语as hard as iron 铁一样坚硬; 十分严厉; 十分残酷barking iron [美俚…

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