inflict

  常用词汇  
[ɪn'flɪkt]     [ɪn'flɪkt]    
  • vt. 使遭受;施以;加害;折磨
inflictive inflicter inflicted inflicted inflicting inflicts
new

inflict的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 加以
  2. 处以刑罚,加刑
  3. 施加,强加(于),施以
  4. 造成
  5. 肇事
  6. 发泄
  7. 给予(打击),使遭受打击
  8. (使)遭受,使承受,使受
  9. 加害
  10. 打击
  11. 使吃苦头
  12. 折磨

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 使受苦; 把…强加给,使遭受,使承担 cause to suffer; force sth on

英英释义

Verb:
  1. impose something unpleasant;

    "The principal visited his rage on the students"

inflict的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. We inflicted a crushing defeat on the enemy.
    我们把敌军打得一败涂地。
  2. We should inflict severe chastisement on criminals.
    我们应该对罪犯施加严厉的惩罚。
  3. Don't inflict your belief on me.
    不要把你的想法强加于我。
  4. Don't inflict damage on any person.
    不要伤害任何人。
  5. I am sorry to have to inflict myself upon you.
    很抱歉,我不得不打扰你。
  6. I'm sorry to inflict myself on you so late, but my car ran into the fence and I must telephone the garage.
    很抱歉这么晚来打扰你,但我的车撞到篱笆墙了,我得打电话给修理厂。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
inflict on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    (将…)强加于某人 force sth on sb
    inflict sb/oneself/sth on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    Mary inflicted her children on her mother for the weekend.

    周末玛丽硬把孩子们交给母亲照料。

    I'm afraid that the lawyer will inflict himself upon us for a long time.

    恐怕律师会打扰我们很长一段时间。

    Don't inflict your ideas on me.

    不要把你的想法强加于我。

    Never inflict useless pain on dumb animal.

    切勿给不会说话的动物施加无谓的痛苦。

    He inflicted a heavy blow on the back of her head.

    他猛击她的后脑勺。

    They inflicted a crushing defeat on the enemy.

    他们使敌人遭到惨败。

    The collapse of the company inflicted suffering on all the employees.

    公司的倒闭使全体员工遭受了很大损失。

    The hurricane inflicted severe damage on the island.

    飓风给这个岛造成了严重的损失。

    The judge inflicted the death penalty upon the murderer.

    法官判处杀人犯死刑。

    The boy's poor health inflicted great worry on his parents.

    那男孩身体不好,他父母为之忧虑不安。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • We should be inflicted with less..twaddle and useless verbosity.

    出自:Macmillan's Magazine

inflict的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. inflict的基本意思是“使受苦”,即“予以(打击)”“使遭受”“使承受”,引申可表示为“处罚”“加刑”。
  2. inflict只用作及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,其后常与介词on〔upon〕连用。
  3. inflict oneself的意思是“打扰某人”,其后也常接介词on〔upon〕。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
inflict, afflict
  • inflict的意思是“使蒙受(损失、灾难),伤害,坏人受到应有的惩罚、报应”; 而afflict的意思是“某人不幸染上疾病”或“精神上遭受打击”,其过去分词常和介词with连用。
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