incumbent

  扩展词汇  
[ɪn'kʌmbənt]     [ɪn'kʌmbənt]    
  • adj. 负有义务的;凭依的
  • n. 在职者;领圣职的俸禄的牧师
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incumbent的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. [A] 在职的 holding the stated office
  2. [P]义不容辞的 being the duty or responsibility (of sb)
n. (名词)
  1. [C]教区牧师 rector or vicar
  2. [C]教会中的任职者 person holding a church benefice

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the official who holds an office

Adjective:
  1. lying or leaning on something else;

    "an incumbent geological formation"

  2. necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding;

    "it is incumbent on them to pay their own debts"

  3. currently holding an office;

    "the incumbent governor"

incumbent的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. It is incumbent on me to reclaim him.
    劝他改过是我义不容辞的义务。
  2. I think it's incumbent upon us to support him.
    我变为支持他是我们义不容辞的责任。
  3. It is incumbent upon justice to give some warnings of their doubt about a case.
    法官有责任提醒人们有关他们对案件的疑问。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He, as the incumbent, is vulnerable on this.
    作为在职者,他在这个问题上易受攻击。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Bush is the incumbent president of the United States.
    布什是美国现任总统。
用作表语 It is/was+~+on〔upon〕 pron. +to- v
  1. It is incumbent upon us to do so.
    这样做是我们义不容辞的责任。
  2. It is incumbent on you to provide for your parents.
    供养父母是你应尽的义务。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The old man is an incumbent.
    那位老人是一位教区牧师。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • The post of private chaplain..had had half a dozen incumbents.

    出自: K. Amis
  • The proselytes will return to their original sentiments as soon as the incumbent terror is removed.

    出自: G. Morris

incumbent的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. incumbent用作形容词作“在职的”解时常用作定语;作“义不容辞的”解时常用作表语,其后常接“on〔upon〕 pron. +to- v ”结构。
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