official

  核心词汇  
[ə'fɪʃl]     [ə'fɪʃl]    
  • adj.正式的;官方的;公务上的
  • n.官员
officially officialdom
new

official是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 正式的,官方的
  2. 公务的 ,公务上的
  3. 官员的,担任官职的
  4. 讲究形式的
  5. 法定的
  6. 摆官架子的,官气十足的
  7. 依据药典(配制)的,收入药典的
  8. 公职的,公事的
  9. 公认的,公开的
  10. 官方授权的
  11. 公布的
n.(名词)
  1. 官员,公务员,行政官员,要员
  2. 高级职员,高层职员
  3. 干事,行政人员,工作人员
  4. 宗教法庭法官
  5. 【运】裁判(员),仲裁人

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]官员 person who holds a public office (e.g. in national or government)
adj.(形容词)
  1. 公务的,公职的,职权的 of or concerning a position of authority or trust
  2. 官方的,正式的,官方认可的 said, done, etc. with authority; recognized by authority

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a worker who holds or is invested with an office

  2. someone who administers the rules of a game or sport;

    "the golfer asked for an official who could give him a ruling"

Adjective:
  1. having official authority or sanction;

    "official permission"
    "an official representative"

  2. of or relating to an office;

    "official privileges"

  3. verified officially;

    "the election returns are now official"

  4. conforming to set usage, procedure, or discipline;

    "in prescribed order"

  5. (of a church) given official status as a national or state institution

official的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The group have split off from the official union.
    这一部分人已从正式的联盟中分裂出来了。
  2. I happen to have the official statistics with me.
    我碰巧身边有官方的统计数字。
  3. They expressed their dissent from official policy.
    他们对官方的政策表示出异议。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He is a pompous official.
    他是个自命不凡的官员。
  2. The mayor is a considerable official.
    市长是一位重要的官员。
  3. An official of the local government called to see him.
    当地政府一位官员来看他。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She accused the official of corruption.
    她指控那位官员腐败。
  2. The man with glasses is a high official.
    那个戴眼镜的人是一位高级官员。
  3. The President and the Secretary of State are government officials.
    总统和国务卿是政府官员。
  4. The measure will mainly be carried out by government officials.
    这项措施主要由政府官员来执行。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. His official duties kept him busy.
    公务使他繁忙不堪。
  2. The official announcement was made a day or two later.
    一两天后官方发表了公告。
  3. The President wanted to make an official visit to the country.
    这位总统希望对那个国家进行正式访问。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. This statement is official and binding on both sides.
    这声明是正式的,对双方都具有约束力。
  2. The news is almost certainly true although it is not official.
    尽管消息是非官方的,但是几乎确凿无疑。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • Officials..sat at a table examining tickets.

    出自:E. Mannin
  • Some district matches are being played without an official in charge.

    出自:Times
  • She had spoken with him..in his official capacity as inspector.

    出自:D. H. Lawrence

official的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. official用作名词的意思是“文职官员,公务员”,特别指在政府、银行各部门及工会里的工作人员。
  2. official可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。
adj.(形容词)
  1. official用作形容词的意思是“公务的,职务的,官方的,正式的”,不带感情色彩,在句中多用作定语,间或可用作表语,没有比较级与最高级形式。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
official, officious
这两个词词形相近,但意义不同。在外交上, official指“官方的”,而officious则与其相反,指“非官方的”; 在日常用语中, official不带感情色彩,而officious带贬义,指“好管闲事的”“过分殷勤的”。例如:
An officious little guard came and told me not to whistle in the museum garden.一位爱管闲事的小警卫走过来叫我不要在博物馆花园里吹口哨。
officer official
这两个名词均含“官员”之意。
  • officer:officer主要指军官或警官,有时也指文职官员或高级职员。
  • official:official通常指文职官员,公职人员,有时也指军官或警官。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 他的叔父过去是部队里的一个高级军官。

    His uncle was formerly a high-ranking official in the army.

    His uncle was formerly a high-ranking officer in the army.

    部队里的军官一般用officer。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1314年进英入语,直接源自古法语的official;最初源自古典拉丁语的officialis,意为出任地方官,政府官员。

official的相关资料:

正版词典

official : 官员,公务 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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缩略词

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互动百科

  • official:official n. 官员, 公务员adj. 职务上的, 公务的, 官方的, 正式的 英英解释:名词official:1. a worker who holds or is invested wit…

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