holiday

  核心词汇  
['hɒlədeɪ]     ['hɑːlədeɪ]    
  • n.假日;节日
holidayer holidayed holidayed holidaying holidays
new

holiday是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 假日,休息日
  2. 节日,圣日
  3. 节日假期(从 12 月到 1 月上旬,包括圣诞节、修殿节和新年)
  4. 假期
  5. 宗教节日,祭日
  6. (涂漆施工中偶然发生的)漏涂,漏点,空斑
  7. <美军俚语>(一件)忘了做的工作
adj.(形容词)
  1. 节日的
  2. 节日适用的
  3. 欢乐的,快活的,愉快的,悠闲自得的,活泼的
v.(动词)
  1. <主要用于英国英语>(外出)度假,休假

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]假期 a time of rest from work

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
holiday : 假日 ...
在 《外教社旅游英语词典》 中查看更多...
holiday : 假日, 节日 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
holiday : 航摄 ...
在 《外教社测绘学英语词典》 中查看更多...
holiday : 假日, 节日 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
holiday : 假期 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure;

    "we get two weeks of vacation every summer"
    "we took a short holiday in Puerto Rico"

  2. a day on which work is suspended by law or custom;

    "no mail is delivered on federal holidays"
    "it's a good thing that New Year's was a holiday because everyone had a hangover"

Verb:
  1. spend or take a vacation

holiday的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Our holiday plans are still at an indeterminate stage.
    我们的假日计划还没有确定。
  2. Did you have a nice holiday?
    你假期过得愉快吗?
  3. We are going to France to spend our holidays.
    我们将去法国度假。
  4. The best holiday of the year is Chinese New Year.
    一年中最好的节日就是中国的新年。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. We've been given two days more holiday.
    我们又多得到两天假日。
  2. The Fourth of July is the national holiday of the US.
    7月4日是美国国庆节。
  3. His summer holidays was spent with his mother.
    整个暑假他都和他母亲一起度过。
  4. My holiday plans are fluid.
    我的度假计划是可以改变的。
  5. I hope your holiday will be beneficial.
    我希望你的假期会对你有益。
  6. The children were full of excitement at the thought of their coming holiday.
    想到假期即将来临,孩子们十分激动。
  7. He enjoyed every minute of his holiday.
    他整个假期都过得很快活。
  8. We had a gay holiday.
    我们度过了一个快乐的假期。
  9. The pupils have two long holidays every year.
    学生们每年有两次长假。
  10. She is very brown after her holiday in Greece.
    在希腊度假后,她皮肤晒黑了。
  11. For the well-to-do a summer holiday out of town is not uncommon.
    对于富人来说,夏天离城度假并不少见。
  12. We're going to Brighton for our holidays.
    我们将去布赖顿度假。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
on (one's) holiday(s)
  1. 在休假中,在度假中having a holiday, especially over a period of time

    She is on holiday in France. 她在法国度假。

    He hates leaving the office and going on holiday. 他不愿离开办公室去度假。

    She went on holiday alone, she's very independent. 她独自去度假,她喜欢单行独动。

    Burglars broke into the empty flat while the tenants were away on holidays. 在房客们外出度假的时候,几个盗贼闯进了无人住的公寓。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • Glomax thought that Tony had been idle, and had made a holiday of the day.

    出自:A. Trollope
  • He was sure she would find a nice holiday abroad very restorative.

    出自:A. S. Byatt
  • Separated at school the boys remained apart during the holidays.

    出自:J. Mortimer
  • He was holidaying in a hotel with a magnificent view.

    出自:R. P. Graves

holiday的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. holiday的基本意思是“假期”,指源于宗教的“节日,假日”,也可指不用去上班、上学等的“休假日”“假期”,还可指“出外度假时期”。其单数形式指包括含一天或一次的假期,复数形式指一次以上或一天以上的假期。
  2. holiday作“休假期”解时常用于复数形式,是英国用法。
  3. holidays如作整体看待,可作单数处理。
  4. 有时holiday可以不包括星期日。例如:This store has no business on Sundays and holidays.这个商店在星期日及假日停止营业。
  5. 在英式英语中holiday也可用作不及物动词,意思是“出外度假”。例如:The star is holidaying in London.该明星正在伦敦度假。We planned to holiday at the seaside.我们打算到海滨度假。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
holiday, day, festival, leave, vacation
这五个词都有“假日”的意思。其区别在于:holiday来源于宗教的节日、假日,是普通用词,多用于英式英语中,指的是一个人在一年中不干工作的那段时间,也可用来表示一两天的短假期; day表示法定节日,多用于专有名词中; festival指民俗或宗教节日,并含有定期欢度的意味; leave指政府工作人员或军人的假期; vacation用于大学停课放假长达多周的假日或法院停止开庭时间,在美式英语中,凡是较长时间的休假都可用这个词。例如:
August and September are the months of the year during which most English people take their holidays.一年中8、9两个月是大多数英国人休假的月份。
We celebrate National Day every year.我们每年都庆祝国庆节。
Christmas is one of the festivals of the Christian church.圣诞节是基督教的节日之一。
The soldiers will go home on leave once every two years.士兵们每两年回家休假一次。
Three vacations occur in the course of the year, viz, two weeks at Christmas, ten days at Easter and the usual two months in summer.一年中有三个假期,即圣诞节两周,复活节十天以及通常的两个月暑假。
holiday leave vacation
这三个词都有“假日(期)”的意思,但含义用法并不相同。
  • holiday:holiday一般指“休假”。
  • 我和汤姆准备去度假。
  • Tom and I are going to have a holiday.
  • 我今年已经度过假了。
  • I've already had my holidays this year.
  • 在瑞典度假期间,我在我的车子上发现了这张字条。
  • During a holiday in Sweden, I found this note on my car.
  • 明信片总是弄得我过不好假日。
  • Postcards always spoil my holidays.
  • 我的假日过的很快,但是我一张明信片也没有寄给朋友。
  • My holidays passed quickly, but I did not send any cards to my friends.
  • leave:leave指“请假”,被批准后离开自己的工作的一段时间。
  • 他请了病假呆在家里。
  • He stays at home on sick leave.
  • 他请了6个月的假。
  • He asked for a six months' leave.
  • vacation:vacation在英国指大学的寒暑假或法定不工作的日子,美国可指任何假日(期)。
  • 这些大学生在计划着怎样过暑假。
  • The students are planning how to spend their summer vacation.
  • 费勒先生在度假。
  • Mr. Fuller is on vacation now.

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 下个月他有一个7天的假期。

    He will have a seven days' holiday next month.

    He will have a holiday of seven days next month.

    He will have a seven-day holiday next month.

    He will have seven days' holiday next month.

    在表示“放多少天假”时只能用a holiday of...days或...days holiday。

  2. 她要去香港度假。

    She's going on holidays to Hong Kong.

    She's going on holiday to Hong Kong.

    holiday用于短语go〔be〕 on holiday时,只用于单数形式。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的holidei,意为祭的神日子。

holiday的相关资料:

正版词典

holiday : 假期,法定 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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