- vt. & vi. 听到,听见 notice sounds with ears
- vt. 听说,得知 receive information
perceive (sound) via the auditory sense
get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally;
"I learned that she has two grown-up children"
"I see that you have been promoted"
examine or hear (evidence or a case) by judicial process;
"The jury had heard all the evidence"
"The case will be tried in California"
receive a communication from someone;
"We heard nothing from our son for five years"
listen and pay attention;
"Listen to your father"
"We must hear the expert before we make a decision"
- How did you hear about us? How did you hear about this job?
- Have you heard the news?
- I heard (that) he was ill.
- We'd better hear what they have to say.
- I heard someone laughing.
- Did you hear him go out?
- He was heard to groan.
- The court heard the evidence.
- Which judge will hear the case?
- The deaf do not hear at all.
- None are so deaf as those who will not hear.
- He hears badly in one ear and not in the other.
- I'm not hearing as well as I used to.
- “Hear!Hear!”shouted the workers.
- “Hear!Hear!What an absurd idea!”he said.
- They both heard a knock at the side door.
- I was disappointed to hear it.
- Let me hear the story.
- He didn't know whether to laugh or cry when he heard these words.
- I'm sure I never heard a word against it.
- The principal said he wanted everyone to hear his announcement about new classes.
- The judge was hearing Peter when I came into the court.
- The judge is hearing the evidence.
- The congress heard reports on women's work.
- The waterfall may be heard at a distance of two miles.
- Soon afterwards a loud noise was heard from the area.
- A whistle is heard dimly.
- I heard that he had gone to his hometown.
- I hear that you're short of hands.
- I heard that Los Angeles was hit by a severe earthquake yesterday morning.
- She heard that it was easier to make a living in the big cities.
- When they heard that we were leaving, they came early in the morning to say good-bye.
- You had better hear what I have to say.
- Have you heard why she did so?
- “Will you promise to tell me my fate?”I heard.
- I heard,“they're about to pray!”
- I heard him sing a song yesterday.
- Then he heard another bullet whistle past.
- And it's so quiet that you could hear a pin drop.
- I heard some glass smash in the other room.
- We didn't hear him come in as we were having heated discussion.
- I've heard a lot of people speak well of him.
- My brother was hearing me practise my part in the play.
- I hear say that a holiday will be given next month.
- We often hear talk the old house is haunted.
- Did you ever hear tell of that man?
- He was heard to groan.
- The baby is seldom heard to cry.
- She was heard to get up early in the morning.
- He was heard to steal away from the room into the courtyard.
- I heard somebody laughing.
- He could hear his heart pounding.
- One could hear them singing and dancing merrily out in the street.
- She heard the wind blowing and the rain pattering against the windows.
- One could hear every subject under the sun being hotly discussed.
- Lorries could be heard approaching.
- Voice was heard calling for help.
- He was heard giving orders.
- She was heard singing in English on a Sunday.
- I heard my name called.
- I've heard him criticized many times.
- Pamela heard the front door shut.
- Have you ever heard that song sung in Italian ?
- They had never heard it openly discussed before.
- They've often heard it said that you have great concern for others.
- I heard it debated whether country life is good.
- On hearing a loud noise, she turned off the switch at once.
- The wedding was,I hear,wonderful.
- This area is now,I hear,quite peaceful.
- hear about〔of〕 (v.+prep.)
同意; 允许 allow sth or doing sth
hear about〔of〕 sb/sth
I have never heard about such a man.
We've been hearing quite a lot about that young tennis player lately.
Have you ever heard about the movie?
I've never heard about him since that time.
I've only just heard about his dismissal.
I've just heard about his illness.
We don't know the singer, but we have heard of her.
I am very sorry to hear of your father's illness.
I heard of your success with great pleasure.
Such a thing has never been heard of before.
Starting out to cross the Sahara in a saloon car, they have not been heard of.
他们乘一辆大轿车出发去穿越撒哈拉沙漠,此后就音讯全无。hear about〔of〕 sb/sth v-ing
I've never heard of anyone doing a thing like that.
You always hear about planes being delayed because of technical faults.
你总能听到由于技术故障而使飞机延期起飞的事。hear sth about〔of〕 sb/sth
I've been away for several weeks, so I haven't heard a word about what has happened.
Weeks passed, and we still heard nothing about them.
Have you heard anything of this new novel of his?
你听到有人谈起过他的这本新的小说了吗?hear of sth
I won't hear of such a thing.
The firm will not hear of such a suggestion from the workers.
I offered to pay for myself, but she wouldn't hear of it.
He asked his wife to put the money in the bank, but she wouldn't hear of it.
他让他妻子把钱存银行,可他妻子就是不听。hear of (sb/sb's) v-ing
The landlord would not hear of reducing the tenant's rent.
She won't hear of his sharing in the expenses.
He would not hear of her going home alone , and insisted on going with her.
- hear from (v.+prep.)
受到(某人)责骂或警告 receive a scolding, warning, or official notice from (sb)
hear from sb/sth
I look forward to hearing from you in the near future.
我盼望着不久收到你的信。hear sth from sth
I heard it from her own lips.
Soon afterwards five explosions were heard from the area.
此后不久从那个地方传来五次爆炸声。hear from sb that-clause
I hear from an authority that this disease is curable.
I've just heard from Lao Li that we'll have a wage rise.
I've just heard from Xiao Wu that we'll start our military training tomorrow.
我刚听小吴说,我们明天开始军训。hear from sb wh-clause
I heard from your teacher why you had refused to take the exam.
我从你老师那里了解到你拒绝参加考试的理由。hear from sb
If you make any noise again, you'll hear from him.
Don't spill water on the floor, or you'll hear from her.
If they neglected to have dinner ready, they would hear from him.
- hear out (v.+adv.)
听完 be patient to hear the whole of what one says
hear sb/sth ⇔ out
Don't make any decision yet.Please hear me out.
Don't judge me before I've finished my explanation; hear me out, please.
Hear him out, and you'll understand him.
The judge insisted on hearing the witness out.
The questioner was heard out in complete silence.
- hear through (v.+adv.)
听完 be patient to hear the whole of what sb says
hear sb/sth ⇔ through
Before he has finished his explanation hear him through.
Let's hear him through.
We should hear the manager through.
- hear a concert 听音乐会
- hear a case 审理案件,审问案例
- hear a knock 听见敲门声
- hear a lecture 听取报告
- hear a loud noise 听见一声巨响
- hear a shot 听见枪声
- hear a trial 审问
- hear an opera 听歌剧
- hear charges 听取起诉
- hear sb's plea 听取某人的申辩
- hear sb's prayer 应允某人祷告
- hear sb's preaching 听取某人讲道
- hear sb's opinion 听取某人意见
- hear sb's voice 听到某人的声音
- hear the witness 听证人作证
- hear very well 听觉很好
- hear wrong 听错
- hear accidentally 偶然地听到
- hear actually 实际地听到
- hear badly 听力差
- hear carefully 仔细地听到
- hear dimly 隐约地听到
- hear directly 直接地听到
- hear distinctly 清楚地听到
- hear dumbly 默默〔沉默〕地听着
- hear inevitably 不可避免地得知
- hear keenly 敏锐地听到
- hear occasionally 偶然地听到
- hear perpetually 连续不断地听到
- hear subconsciously 下意识地听到
- hear unconsciously 无意识地听到
- hear vaguely 模糊地听到
- hear out 听完
- hear through 听完
He heard at that moment the noise of wheels behind him.出自： T. Hardy
I heard the phone taken up inside.出自： Scott Fitzgerald
In the stillness you could have heard a pin drop.出自： A. Christie
You could hear that drummer half-way down the street.出自： T. Frisby
The front door is heard to close.出自： A. Shaffer
Listen and you can hear them bustling in my lost rooms.出自： Anne Stevenson
- hear的基本意思是“听”,强调的是“听”的结果,即“听见”,引申还可表示“听说”“得知”,指收到某种信息。hear用作及物动词接名词或代词作宾语时,表示无意识地亲耳听到某种声音; 宾语指人时,表示听到某人发出的某种声音(如讲话声、唱歌声、读书声、走路声、敲门声等)。
- hear后可接复合宾语,宾语补足语可以是不带to的动词不定式、现在分词或过去分词。跟含不带to的动词不定式的复合宾语,指听到整个行动或事件,常暗示故意听; 跟含现在分词的复合宾语,指听到行动或事件的一部分或正在进行的动作,常暗示偶然听到; 而动词的过去分词充当宾语补足语则含有被动意义。
- 在非正式的书面语体里, hear能引出直接引语。
- hear也可用作不及物动词,意为“听得见”, hear of〔about〕可表示“听到”“听说”“得知”, hear from意为“收到…的信〔电话〕”。
- I〔we〕 hear可用作插入语,表示“听说,获悉”。
- hear say〔tell, talk〕是惯用的口语,可看作是hear sb say〔tell, talk〕的省略形式。
I often hear her sing.
She is often heard to sing.
I often hear her sing.
I often hear her singing.
- hear him表示“听见他”，不管是听到讲话，唱歌，读书等，均可；
hear of sb表示“听说过某人”，不一定用耳朵去听，在报道上看到的也可以。
I have heard of the hero through the press.
hear from可表示“收到……寄来的信”，后可接表示人或地方的词。要注意的是，在回信时，开首提及收到对方的信，习惯上用receive your letter来代替hear from you。hear from ... that/how等不一定表示“收到……的信”，可以是“听说”等其他含义。
I hear from him every week.
I have not heard from England for several months.
I have heard from your father that you are in Beijing.
I have often heard you spoken of as a model student.
You can hear something without wanting to, but you can only listen to something deliberately.
- hear,hear of, hear about
- 这组词语都可表示“听”。其区别是hear表示直接听见；hear of表示间接听到; 而hear about则表示听到关于某事的较详细的情况。试比较:
- Let us hear your plan.
- I heard of your plan.
- I have already heard about your plan.
- hear, listen
- 1.hear强调听的结果——“听到”; listen强调听的动作——“倾听”,而不管是否“听到”。例如:
- I listen but heard nothing.我听了听,但什么都没听到。
- If you listen, you can hear the music.如果你留心听,你就会听到音乐的。
- She is listening to music.她正在听音乐。
- hear from, receive
- hear from不是指具体接到信件,而是指得到音信、信息; receive往往指收到具体的信件。例如:
- I haven't heard from him for a long time.我好久没得到他的音信了。
- I haven't received any letters from him for several months.我已经好几个月没有收到他的信了。
- I hear him sing this song.
- I hear him singing this song.
- I heard the door slam.
- 我听到门砰地一声关上。 (to/- v 表示单一动作)
- I heard the door slamming 我听到砰砰作响的关门声。 ( v -ing表示重复、持续的动作。)
误 I heard him to dash into the bathroom.
正 I heard him dash into the bathroom.有人听到他离开房间。
误 He was heard leave the room.
正 He was heard to leave the room.
误 I am hearing what he is talking about .
正 I am listening to what he is talking about .我听见他在隔壁的房间里唱歌。
误 I'm hearing him singing in the next room.
正 I can hear him singing in the next room.
析 hear一般不用于进行体,表示“正在听”要用listen to的进行体来代替。作“听见”解时,则可以借用can。突然我听见一声极响的碰撞声。
误 Suddenly I could hear a loud bang.
正 Suddenly I heard a loud bang.
误 I've heard the news for two weeks.
正 I heard the news two weeks ago.
正 It's two weeks since I heard the news.我是上个星期二听到这个消息的。
误 I've heard the news since last Tuesday.
正 I heard the news last Tuesday.
析 hear作“听说”解时是非延续性动词,其现在完成时的肯定式不与for引导的时间状语连用,也不与“since+时间”结构连用。I still haven't heard from her.
析 hear from...的意思是“收到…的信〔电话,电报〕”,而hear of的意思才是“听到…的消息”。
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的heran；最初源自原始日尔曼语的khauzjianan。