hear

  基本词汇  
[hɪə(r)]     [hɪr]    
  • v.得知;倾听;听到;听证
hearer heard heard hearing hears
new

hear是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 听,听见,听到,倾听,注意听
  2. 听说,得知,闻知,获悉
  3. 听取
  4. 承认
  5. 听陈述
  6. 听审,审理,审讯,审判
  7. 接到某人的信、电话等
  8. 听证
  9. 答应,允许

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 听到,听见 notice sounds with ears
  2. vt. 听说,得知 receive information

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
hear : 听, 听见, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
hear : 听, 听见, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. perceive (sound) via the auditory sense

  2. get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally;

    "I learned that she has two grown-up children"
    "I see that you have been promoted"

  3. examine or hear (evidence or a case) by judicial process;

    "The jury had heard all the evidence"
    "The case will be tried in California"

  4. receive a communication from someone;

    "We heard nothing from our son for five years"

  5. listen and pay attention;

    "Listen to your father"
    "We must hear the expert before we make a decision"

hear的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Have you heard the news?
    你听到那消息了吗?
  2. I heard (that) he was ill.
    我听说他病了。
  3. We'd better hear what they have to say.
    我们还是听听他们要说些什么吧。
  4. I heard someone laughing.
    我听见有人笑。
  5. Did you hear him go out?
    你听到他出去了吗?
  6. He was heard to groan.
    有人听见他在呻吟。
  7. The court heard the evidence.
    法庭听取了证词.
  8. Which judge will hear the case?
    哪位法官(将)审理这案件?

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The deaf do not hear at all.
    聋子没法听。
  2. None are so deaf as those who will not hear.
    听而不闻者乃世界上最聋之人。
  3. He hears badly in one ear and not in the other.
    他一只耳朵听力很差,另一只则完全听不见。
  4. I'm not hearing as well as I used to.
    我的听力不如以前。
用于祈使感叹句
  1. Hear!Hear!”shouted the workers.
    工人们高喊:“赞成,赞成!”
  2. Hear!Hear!What an absurd idea!”he said.
    他说,“听啊,听啊!多么荒唐的主意!”
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They both heard a knock at the side door.
    他们俩都听见有人敲侧门。
  2. I was disappointed to hear it.
    我听到此事感到很失望。
  3. Let me hear the story.
    让我听听这个故事。
  4. He didn't know whether to laugh or cry when he heard these words.
    听了这话,他真有啼笑皆非之感。
  5. I'm sure I never heard a word against it.
    我肯定从未听到过有人说过不同意见的话。
  6. The principal said he wanted everyone to hear his announcement about new classes.
    校长说他要求大家注意听他宣布新班级。
  7. The judge was hearing Peter when I came into the court.
    当我走进法庭时,法官正在审问彼得。
  8. The judge is hearing the evidence.
    法官正在听取证词。
  9. The congress heard reports on women's work.
    代表大会听取了关于妇女工作的报告。
  10. 用于be ~ed结构
  11. The waterfall may be heard at a distance of two miles.
    瀑布的响声在两英里之外就能听到。
  12. Soon afterwards a loud noise was heard from the area.
    其后不久,从这个地区传来一声巨响。
  13. A whistle is heard dimly.
    隐约听见汽笛声。
S+~+that-clause
  1. I heard that he had gone to his hometown.
    我听说他回家乡去了。
  2. I hear that you're short of hands.
    我听说你们人手很缺。
  3. I heard that Los Angeles was hit by a severe earthquake yesterday morning.
    我听说洛杉矶昨天早晨遭到了一次强烈地震的袭击。
  4. She heard that it was easier to make a living in the big cities.
    她听说大城市谋生容易些。
  5. When they heard that we were leaving, they came early in the morning to say good-bye.
    听说我们要出发,他们一清早就来送别。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. You had better hear what I have to say.
    你最好听一听我必须说些什么。
  2. Have you heard why she did so?
    你听说过她为什么要这么干吗?
引出直接引语
  1. “Will you promise to tell me my fate?”I heard.
    我听道:“你答应告诉我我的结果如何吗?”
  2. I heard,“they're about to pray!”
    我听人说,“他们准备祈祷了”。
用作宾补动词 S+~+( n./pron. +)to/- v
  1. I heard him sing a song yesterday.
    昨天我听见他唱了一支歌。
  2. Then he heard another bullet whistle past.
    接着他听到又有颗子弹呼啸而过。
  3. And it's so quiet that you could hear a pin drop.
    静得你甚至能听见一根针掉下去的声音。
  4. I heard some glass smash in the other room.
    我听见另一个房间里玻璃被砸碎的声音。
  5. We didn't hear him come in as we were having heated discussion.
    我们讨论得很热烈,所以没听见他进来。
  6. I've heard a lot of people speak well of him.
    我听到了不少人对他的赞扬。
  7. My brother was hearing me practise my part in the play.
    我弟弟正在听我排练我在剧中扮演的角色。
  8. I hear say that a holiday will be given next month.
    我听人说下个月要放一次假。
  9. We often hear talk the old house is haunted.
    我们常听说那老房子闹鬼。
  10. Did you ever hear tell of that man?
    你曾听别人说过那个人吗?
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. He was heard to groan.
    有人听见他呻吟。
  13. The baby is seldom heard to cry.
    难得有人听见这婴儿哭。
  14. She was heard to get up early in the morning.
    有人听见她一大早就起床了。
  15. He was heard to steal away from the room into the courtyard.
    有人听见他偷偷地从屋子里走出来进了院子。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing
  1. I heard somebody laughing.
    我听到有人在大笑。
  2. He could hear his heart pounding.
    他听得见自己的心跳。
  3. One could hear them singing and dancing merrily out in the street.
    人们在外面的街道上都能听到他们欢快的歌舞声。
  4. She heard the wind blowing and the rain pattering against the windows.
    她听到了刮风和雨点打在窗子上的声音。
  5. One could hear every subject under the sun being hotly discussed.
    你们可以听到人们天南海北什么都谈得很热烈。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. Lorries could be heard approaching.
    可以听到卡车引擎的声音越来越近了。
  8. Voice was heard calling for help.
    人们听到呼救的声音。
  9. He was heard giving orders.
    有人听见他在发命令。
  10. She was heard singing in English on a Sunday.
    有人听见她在某个星期天用英语唱歌。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ed
  1. I heard my name called.
    我听到有人叫我的名字。
  2. I've heard him criticized many times.
    我听见他被批评了好多次。
  3. Pamela heard the front door shut.
    帕梅拉听见前门关了。
  4. Have you ever heard that song sung in Italian ?
    你可曾听见有人用意大利语唱那首歌吗?
  5. They had never heard it openly discussed before.
    他们以前从没听到人们公开谈论这件事。
  6. They've often heard it said that you have great concern for others.
    他们常听人说你非常关心他人。
  7. I heard it debated whether country life is good.
    我听到有人在讨论乡下的生活是否好。
其他 v -ing as Adverb.
  1. On hearing a loud noise, she turned off the switch at once.
    她一听见响声,马上就拉电闸。
as Parenth.
  1. The wedding was,I hear,wonderful.
    我听说婚礼棒极了。
  2. This area is now,I hear,quite peaceful.
    听说这一地区目前相当平静。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
hear about〔of〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 知道,听说过 become aware of the existence of sb/sth hear about〔of〕 sb/sth

    I have never heard about such a man.我从未听说过这样一个人。

    We've been hearing quite a lot about that young tennis player lately.最近我们听到不少关于那位年轻的网球运动员的事。

    Have you ever heard about the movie?你听说过这部电影吗?

    I've never heard about him since that time.从那时起我就再没听到过他的消息。

    I've only just heard about his dismissal.我刚听说他被解雇了。

    I've just heard about his illness.我刚听说他生病了。

    We don't know the singer, but we have heard of her.我们不认识那位歌唱家,但我们听说过她。

    I am very sorry to hear of your father's illness.听说你的父亲病了,我很难过。

    I heard of your success with great pleasure.获悉你成功的消息,我非常高兴。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Such a thing has never been heard of before.这种事情以前闻所未闻。

    Starting out to cross the Sahara in a saloon car, they have not been heard of.他们乘一辆大轿车出发去穿越撒哈拉沙漠,此后就音讯全无。

    hear about〔of〕 sb/sth v-ing

    I've never heard of anyone doing a thing like that.我从未听说有人干过这种事。

    You always hear about planes being delayed because of technical faults.你总能听到由于技术故障而使飞机延期起飞的事。

    hear sth about〔of〕 sb/sth

    I've been away for several weeks, so I haven't heard a word about what has happened.我离开有好几个星期了,所以发生的事我一点儿都没听说过。

    Weeks passed, and we still heard nothing about them.好几个星期过去了,我们还没听到他们的消息。

    Have you heard anything of this new novel of his?你听到有人谈起过他的这本新的小说了吗?

  2. 同意; 允许 allow sth or doing sth hear of sth

    I won't hear of such a thing.我不同意这样的事情。

    The firm will not hear of such a suggestion from the workers.该公司不愿考虑工人的这种建议。

    I offered to pay for myself, but she wouldn't hear of it.我要自己付账,可她就是不让。

    He asked his wife to put the money in the bank, but she wouldn't hear of it.他让他妻子把钱存银行,可他妻子就是不听。

    hear of (sb/sb's) v-ing

    The landlord would not hear of reducing the tenant's rent.房东拒绝考虑少收这个房客的租金。

    She won't hear of his sharing in the expenses.她不让他分担费用。

    He would not hear of her going home alone , and insisted on going with her.他不同意她单独回家,坚持与她一起走。

hear from (v.+prep.)
  1. 收到…的来信 receive a letter from hear from sb/sth

    I look forward to hearing from you in the near future.我盼望着不久收到你的信。

  2. 从…听到 receive from sb; get the news or information from hear sth from sth

    I heard it from her own lips.这是我听她亲口说的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Soon afterwards five explosions were heard from the area.此后不久从那个地方传来五次爆炸声。

    hear from sb that-clause

    I hear from an authority that this disease is curable.我听一位权威人士说,这个病能治好。

    I've just heard from Lao Li that we'll have a wage rise.我刚听老李说,我们的工资将调涨。

    I've just heard from Xiao Wu that we'll start our military training tomorrow.我刚听小吴说,我们明天开始军训。

    hear from sb wh-clause

    I heard from your teacher why you had refused to take the exam.我从你老师那里了解到你拒绝参加考试的理由。

  3. 受到(某人)责骂或警告 receive a scolding, warning, or official notice from (sb) hear from sb

    If you make any noise again, you'll hear from him.如果你再吵闹,他就要批评你了。

    Don't spill water on the floor, or you'll hear from her.别把水溅在地板上,否则你们要挨她骂的。

    If they neglected to have dinner ready, they would hear from him.如果他们忘了把饭菜准备好,他们就会受到他的责备。

hear out (v.+adv.)
  1. 听完 be patient to hear the whole of what one says hear sb/sth ⇔ out

    Don't make any decision yet.Please hear me out.先别做决定,请听我把话说完。

    Don't judge me before I've finished my explanation; hear me out, please.在我没解释完之前,不要评论,请听我说完。

    Hear him out, and you'll understand him.听他把话说完,你就会明白他的意思。

    The judge insisted on hearing the witness out.法官坚持要听完证人的陈述。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The questioner was heard out in complete silence.大家一言不发地听完了提问者的话。

hear through (v.+adv.)
  1. 听完 be patient to hear the whole of what sb says hear sb/sth ⇔ through

    Before he has finished his explanation hear him through.在他没解释完之前,听他把话说完。

    Let's hear him through.让我们听完他的话。

    We should hear the manager through.我们应从头至尾听完经理的讲话。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He heard at that moment the noise of wheels behind him.

    出自:T. Hardy
  • I heard the phone taken up inside.

    出自:Scott Fitzgerald
  • In the stillness you could have heard a pin drop.

    出自:A. Christie
  • You could hear that drummer half-way down the street.

    出自:T. Frisby
  • The front door is heard to close.

    出自:A. Shaffer
  • Listen and you can hear them bustling in my lost rooms.

    出自:Anne Stevenson

hear的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. hear同see,watch,feel,notice等感观动词一样,其宾语后所接的不定式不含to。但是,hear用于被动语态时,不定式中要含to。

    I often hear her sing.
    我常听到她唱歌。

    She is often heard to sing.

  2. hear的宾语后既可接不定式,也可接动名词,但是在表示“故意听……”时,只能用不定式。

    I often hear her sing.
    I often hear her singing.

  3. hear him表示“听见他”,不管是听到讲话,唱歌,读书等,均可;
  4. hear of sb表示“听说过某人”,不一定用耳朵去听,在报道上看到的也可以。

    I have heard of the hero through the press.
    我曾在报刊上读到过这个英雄。

  5. hear from可表示“收到……寄来的信”,后可接表示人或地方的词。要注意的是,在回信时,开首提及收到对方的信,习惯上用receive your letter来代替hear from you。hear from ... that/how等不一定表示“收到……的信”,可以是“听说”等其他含义。

    I hear from him every week.
    I have not heard from England for several months.

    I have heard from your father that you are in Beijing.

  6. hear的宾语后有时可接过去分词。

    I have often heard you spoken of as a model student.

  7. hear同listen的比较:hear一般指听到一些东西进入到我们的耳朵里,而listen一般用于去注意一些声响,这些声响是进行中的。

    You can hear something without wanting to, but you can only listen to something deliberately.

v.(动词)
  1. hear的基本意思是“听”,强调的是“听”的结果,即“听见”,引申还可表示“听说”“得知”,指收到某种信息。hear用作及物动词接名词或代词作宾语时,表示无意识地亲耳听到某种声音; 宾语指人时,表示听到某人发出的某种声音(如讲话声、唱歌声、读书声、走路声、敲门声等)。
  2. hear是感觉动词,指感受到的结果,一般不用于进行体。
  3. hear后还可接that从句或疑问词引导的从句作宾语。
  4. hear后可接复合宾语,宾语补足语可以是不带to的动词不定式、现在分词或过去分词。跟含不带to的动词不定式的复合宾语,指听到整个行动或事件,常暗示故意听; 跟含现在分词的复合宾语,指听到行动或事件的一部分或正在进行的动作,常暗示偶然听到; 而动词的过去分词充当宾语补足语则含有被动意义。
  5. 当hear所接的复合宾语结构中,如果其宾语为从句,则可采用形式宾语结构,即在宾语位置上用it作形式宾语,而将真正宾语that/wh-从句置于其补足语之后。
  6. 在非正式的书面语体里, hear能引出直接引语。
  7. hear也可用作不及物动词,意为“听得见”, hear of〔about〕可表示“听到”“听说”“得知”, hear from意为“收到…的信〔电话〕”。
  8. I〔we〕 hear可用作插入语,表示“听说,获悉”。
  9. hear在口语中也可作感叹词,用于喝彩,表示赞许或引人注意的喊,但有时带有讽刺口吻。
  10. hear say〔tell, talk〕是惯用的口语,可看作是hear sb say〔tell, talk〕的省略形式。
  11. hear to是美国口语,常用于否定句,等于not hear of(不同意,不肯听,听不进去)。例如:Although I tried, at first John would not hear to it.尽管我竭力地讲,起初约翰就是听不进去。
  12. You'll hear of this later可译为“这事以后会让你知道的”,在适当的上下文时,意思是“你等着瞧吧”,含有威胁、警告的意思。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
hear,hear of, hear about
这组词语都可表示“听”。其区别是hear表示直接听见;hear of表示间接听到; 而hear about则表示听到关于某事的较详细的情况。试比较:
  • Let us hear your plan.
  • 把你的计划讲给我们听听。
  • I heard of your plan.
  • 我曾听人说起过你的计划。
  • I have already heard about your plan.
  • 我早就听到过你的计划的情况了。
hear, listen
这两个词的共同意思是“听”。其区别是:
1.hear强调听的结果——“听到”; listen强调听的动作——“倾听”,而不管是否“听到”。例如:
I listen but heard nothing.我听了听,但什么都没听到。
2.listen指有意识地听,而hear则不一定是有意地或注意地听。例如:
If you listen, you can hear the music.如果你留心听,你就会听到音乐的。
3.hear不用于进行体,而listen可用于进行体。例如:
She is listening to music.她正在听音乐。
hear from, receive
这两个词(组)都可表示“接到某人信件”。其区别是:
hear from不是指具体接到信件,而是指得到音信、信息; receive往往指收到具体的信件。例如:
I haven't heard from him for a long time.我好久没得到他的音信了。
I haven't received any letters from him for several months.我已经好几个月没有收到他的信了。
下面两句意思不同:
  • I hear him sing this song.
  • 我听过他唱这首歌。
  • I hear him singing this song.
  • 我听见他正在唱这首歌。
下面两句意思不同:
  • I heard the door slam.
  • 我听到门砰地一声关上。 (to/- v 表示单一动作)
  • I heard the door slamming 我听到砰砰作响的关门声。 ( v -ing表示重复、持续的动作。)

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我听到他摔在浴室的声音。

    I heard him to dash into the bathroom.

    I heard him dash into the bathroom.

  2. 有人听到他离开房间。

    He was heard leave the room.

    He was heard to leave the room.

    hear后接带动词不定式的复合结构应省略to,但如用于被动结构,则不可省略to。

  3. 我正在听他讲话。

    I am hearing what he is talking about .

    I am listening to what he is talking about .

  4. 我听见他在隔壁的房间里唱歌。

    I'm hearing him singing in the next room.

    I can hear him singing in the next room.

    hear一般不用于进行体,表示“正在听”要用listen to的进行体来代替。作“听见”解时,则可以借用can。

  5. 突然我听见一声极响的碰撞声。

    Suddenly I could hear a loud bang.

    Suddenly I heard a loud bang.

    当表示“突然听到”时用一般过去式,不与can/could连用。

  6. 我听到这个消息有两周了。

    I've heard the news for two weeks.

    I heard the news two weeks ago.

    It's two weeks since I heard the news.

  7. 我是上个星期二听到这个消息的。

    I've heard the news since last Tuesday.

    I heard the news last Tuesday.

    hear作“听说”解时是非延续性动词,其现在完成时的肯定式不与for引导的时间状语连用,也不与“since+时间”结构连用。

  8. I still haven't heard from her.

    我还是没有听到她的消息。

    我还是没有收到她的信。

    hear from...的意思是“收到…的信〔电话,电报〕”,而hear of的意思才是“听到…的消息”。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:i heard him to start the car and drive away quickly.

    纠正:i heard him start the car and drive away quickly.

    翻译:我听到他发动汽车的声音了,很快就开走了。

    分析:hear同see,watch,feel,notice等感观动词一样,其宾语后所接的不定式不含to。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的heran;最初源自原始日尔曼语的khauzjinaan。

hear的相关资料:

正版词典

hear : 听见,听…, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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缩略词

hear的相关缩略词,共有11

互动百科

  • hear:hear vt. 听到, 听说, 听取, 审理, 允许vi. 听见, 听到 英英解释:动词hear:1. perceive (sound) via the auditory sense2. get t…

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