- [C][U]习惯,习性 a tendency to behave in a particular way or do particular thing, especially regularly and repeatedly over a long period
an established custom;
"it was their habit to dine at 7 every evening"
(psychology) an automatic pattern of behavior in reaction to a specific situation; may be inherited or acquired through frequent repetition;
"owls have nocturnal habits"
"she had a habit twirling the ends of her hair"
"long use had hardened him to it"
a distinctive attire worn by a member of a religious order
the general form or mode of growth (especially of a plant or crystal);
"a shrub of spreading habit"
attire that is typically worn by a horseback rider (especially a woman's attire)
excessive use of drugs
put a habit on
- He is in the habit of rising early.
- I have to bear with his bad habit.
- My colleague has broken off the habit of smoking.
- He has a habit of sunbathe for two hours a day.
- The honeysuckle has a twining habit.
- Some of the things we do scarcely give a thought to; we just do them from habit.
- After a few weeks of firm control, the teacher was able to relax his grip on the class, who continued to obey him out of habit.
- The habit is easily acquired but broken up with difficulty.
- The habit carries over from my childhood.
- Now, not enough is being done to educate smokers about the benefits of stopping the habit.
- Relatives should try to persuade smokers to kick the habit.
- Since theft has become his habit, he should be confined.
- I declared war against the bad habits.
- We must civilize away the boy's bad habits.
- He binds over to give up his bad habits.
- He has grown out of the bad habits of his boyhood days.
- It is difficult to adjust one's habits to someone else.
- His tastes and habits coincide with those of his wife.
- They often give talks, advising children to acquire hygienic habits.
- She was a young lady in a close-fitting habit.
- The nun wears her own special habit.
- His wife is already off the habit.
- John has always been trying to keep up a cheerful habit of mind.
- Resistance is a natural habit of men who have been oppressed.
- It is a good habit to eat slowly.
- He made it a habit to take a walk after lunch.
- The habit of obedience was burned into me as a child.
- We can't expect one to change the habits of a lifetime in a short time.
- In a new job, one should fling off old habits of thought.
- He has laid aside the habit of smoking.
- It pays to study the events of the past, since history has a habit of repeating itself.
- He has a habit of biting his lips when he is puzzled.
- be in the habit of
习惯于…,有…的习惯 have a tendency to behave in a particular way or do particular thing
be in the habit of v-ing
Are you in the habit of rising early?
It was impossible to discuss anything private over the telephone, as the operator was in the habit of listening in.
- break the/one's habit(s)
打破习惯 stop the habit
- form the/one's habit(s)
养成习惯 start a habit of
- get into a/the habit
学会; 养成…习惯 learn or become accustomed to
- make a habit of
做(某事)成了习惯 do regularly; develop the habit of
make a habit of v-ing
He made a habit of taking a nap after lunch.
- pick up some〔any〕 habits
染上…的习惯 acquire or obtain by chance, or unexpectedly
- acquire a habit 养成某种习惯
- become a habit 成为习惯
- break a habit 戒掉某种习惯
- build up habit 养成习惯
- change one's habits 改变习惯
- contract habit 养成习惯
- correct a habit 改正一种习惯
- cultivate habit 养成习惯
- cure a habit 纠正习惯
- destroy a habit 破坏习惯
- develop a habit 养成一种习惯
- discard habit 戒除习惯
- drop a habit 中止一种习惯
- establish a habit 养成一种习惯
- fall into a habit 养成一种习惯
- follow a habit 遵守一种习惯
- form a habit 形成一种习惯
- get rid of habit 戒除习惯
- implant habit 养成习惯
- inculcate habit 养成习惯
- keep a habit 保持一种习惯
- kick the habit 戒掉嗜好
- maintain a habit 保持一种习惯
- make a habit of 形成…习惯,总做…
- overcome habit 戒掉嗜好
- root up habit 改掉习惯
- abstemious habit 饮食有度的习惯
- bad habit 坏习惯
- correct habits 合乎礼仪的习惯
- foreign habit 异国风尚
- funny habit 可笑的习惯
- general habit 普通的习惯
- good habit 好习惯
- luxurious habit 奢侈的习性
- national habit 民族风俗
- old habit 老习惯
- personal habit 个人习惯
- strange habit 奇怪的习惯
- cigarette habit 烟瘾
- dictionary habit 查词典的习惯
- dress habit 衣着习惯
- drinking habit 纵酒恶习
- drug habit 吸毒成癖
- living habits 生活习惯
- reading habit 读书癖
- smoking habit 抽烟的习惯
- tea habit 饮茶的习惯
Bolingbroke's Patriot King, dressed up in the habit of the elder Pitt.出自： H. J. Laski
Two elderly women, habited in old-fashioned..mourning.出自： M. Innes
- habit后的定语可用“of v -ing”形式,但不可用to- v 。注意当句中有it充当形式主语或宾语,而以动词不定式作真正的主语或宾语时,该动词不定式可以置于补语habit之后。
- habit, custom
- 1.custom指群体经过一段时期不断沿用而变成的习惯或惯例; habit指某个人反复地做某种动作,久而久之形成的自然习惯或习性,行动时不用思索。例如:
- This custom is on the decline.这种风俗渐渐消失。
- He has the irritating habit of smoking during meals.他有边吃饭边抽烟那让人讨厌的习惯。
- It is his custom to take a cold bath every morning.他每天早晨有洗冷水澡的习惯。
- He has a habit of biting his lips when he is puzzled.他感到困惑时有咬嘴唇的习惯。
- habit, practice, usage
- It was common usage for dried fish to be wrapped in newspaper.用报纸包干鱼是一种普遍应用的方法。
- The newspaper alleged the mayor's corrupt practices.那家报纸断言市长有舞弊行为。
- Armed with such a precept, a number of doctors may slip into deceptive practices.有了这样一条指导原则,一些医生可能渐渐习惯于采取骗人的做法。
- custom具有 habit 和 practice 的一切含义，此外，custom 还包含这样一层意思：长期而广泛采用的行为或方法，即风俗习惯，按照某地区人们共同生活及其行为的准则或规范，它不仅有指导意义，而且具有必须遵循的意义。
误 He has fallen into the habit to drink.
正 He has fallen into the habit of drinking.他养成每星期四晚上拜访他兄弟的习惯。
误 He has fallen into the habit to call at his brother's flat on Thursday evenings.
正 He has fallen into the habit of calling at his brother's flat on Thursday evenings.
析 habit后不能用动词不定式作定语,只能用“of n./v -ing”形式。汤姆习惯把手插到裤子的口袋里。
误 It was a habit of Tom to put his hands in his trousers pockets.
正 It was a habit with Tom to put his hands in his trousers pockets.
析 句型It's a habit with sb to- v 为固定结构,其中with不可换为of。
- ☆ 14世纪中期进入英语，直接源自拉丁语的habitus，意为特征，情况。