nature

  基本词汇  
['neɪtʃə(r)]     ['neɪtʃər]    
  • n. 自然界;性质;自然;自然状态;本性;类型
new

nature的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 自然,大自然,自然界
  2. 天性,本性,性格
  3. 性质,本质
  4. 自然状态,原始状态
  5. 种类,类别,类型
  6. 造化
  7. 生命力
  8. 自然(现象)
  9. 自然力
  10. 纯真,简朴
  11. 造物主

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]大自然,自然界 everything that exists in the world independently of people, such as plants and animals, earth and rocks, and the weather
  2. [C][U]天性,性格,性质 the qualities that make sb/sth different from others; character
  3. [S]类型,种类 a type; sort

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the essential qualities or characteristics by which something is recognized;

    "it is the nature of fire to burn"
    "the true nature of jealousy"

  2. a causal agent creating and controlling things in the universe;

    "the laws of nature"
    "nature has seen to it that men are stronger than women"

  3. the natural physical world including plants and animals and landscapes etc.;

    "they tried to preserve nature as they found it"

  4. the complex of emotional and intellectual attributes that determine a person's characteristic actions and reactions;

    "it is his nature to help others"

  5. a particular type of thing;

    "problems of this type are very difficult to solve"
    "he's interested in trains and things of that nature"
    "matters of a personal nature"

nature的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. In fact, nature is much better at recycling than we humans are.
    事实上,自然界在再循环方面比人类做得更好。
  2. To a great extent, that is the nature of my own work.
    在很大程度上,这就是我工作的性质。
  3. The goal of life is living in agreement with nature.
    人生的终极目标是和自然和谐相处。
  4. Why is the state of nature a state of war?
    为何自然状态是一种战争的状态?
  5. I'm trying to prevent the reversion of my garden to nature.
    我正在试图防止我的花园返回一片荒芜的自然状态。
  6. It's her nature to be generous.
    慷慨大方是她的天性。
  7. Cruelty is quite alien to his nature.
    残忍完全不合他的本性。
  8. Both types of organisms are ubiquitous in nature.
    在自然界中普遍存在两种类型的生物体。
  9. The nature of the high a drug provides depends on the type of drug.
    药物的麻醉程度取决于药物的类型。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Man often accuses nature of his own misfortune.
    人常因自己的不幸而责怪老天。
  2. The dam will check the wildness of nature and bend it to man's will.
    这堤坝将抑制大自然的狂暴,使其顺从人的意志。
  3. Myths delight people because they imaginatively picture man's conquest of the forces of nature.
    神话故事能给人以乐趣,因为它们富有想象地描绘出人类对自然力的征服。
  4. She has a good nature.
    她性情温和。
  5. Her good nature can be presumed upon once too often.
    不妨再利用一次她那善良的天性。
  6. He always had a lonely nature and chose to live by himself.
    他一向性情孤僻,愿意过离群索居的生活。
  7. Although she often seems quite cold and harsh, her smiling eyes betray her true nature.
    虽然她表面上显得冷冰冰又很严肃,但她微笑的眼睛却流露出真诚的天性。
  8. Nothing could extinguish his faith in human nature.
    没什么能使他丧失对人性的信念。
  9. Tigers and sheep have quite different natures.
    老虎和羊有完全不同的天性。
  10. What is the nature of the new chemical element?
    这新的化学元素特性怎样?
  11. Iron and wood have different natures.
    铁和木头的性质不同。
  12. After the clinical examination, the consultant invited his students to put forward any suggestions they had kicked about the nature of the disease.
    临床检查完毕,会诊医师就请学生提出各人对该病的性质的意见。
  13. I think he's a physicist or something of that nature.
    我想他大概是物理学家或那一类的人。
  14. Things of that nature do not interest me.
    我对那种事物不感兴趣。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
by nature
    就其本质而言,天生地 native
in nature
    在世界上 in the world
in one's nature
    是…的本性 in sb's native
in the nature of
    按…的本性,好像 similar to; like
pay〔answer,obey〕 a call of nature
    上厕所 go to toilet
second nature
    第二天性 what seems natural or instinctive, but has been learned
true to nature
    栩栩如生 vivid; lively

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~

经典引文

  • The fleeting nature of riches.

    出自: H. Martineau
  • Men have a physical as well as spiritual nature.

    出自: R. W. Dale
  • The unquestioning truthfulness of a sunny nature.

    出自: F. W. Farrar
  • He is a noble little nature.

    出自: H. James
  • The nature of moral or political action.

    出自: R. G. Collingwood
  • Children..whose natures are so absorbed in the mere process of growing.

    出自: Day Lewis
  • Due to the nature of its use..the road..was usually referred to as Lovers' Lane.

    出自: E. Caldwell
  • That kind of talk was a part of her Catholic convert nature.

    出自: L. Hellman
  • The nature and properties of a material determine the methods used in processing.

    出自: J. S. Foster
  • Not in the grain of my nature to be candid and confessional.

    出自: H. Jacobson

nature的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. nature的基本意思是“大自然,自然界”,包含各种生物及山脉、河流等一切自然世界,宇宙万物,并包含一切自然过程,是不可数名词,其前不能加定冠词。
  2. nature作“本性,性情,性质”解时,可以用来表示物的“本质,特征,性质”,用作不可数名词,也可用来指人或动物的“天性脾气,性格”等,可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。
  3. nature作“类型,种类”解时,用于单数形式,可与不定冠词连用。
  4. in nature用于疑问句、否定句或包含最高级的句子中,以加强语气,表示“在世界上,究竟,事实上”。
  1. human nature 意为“人性,人情”,good nature 意为“好脾气”,ill nature意为“不友善,坏脾气”,以及second nature意为“第二天性”。以上这些用法中nature前不加the或者a,也没有复数形式;
  2. animal nature意为“兽性”,moral nature意为“道德性”,以及rational nature意为“理性”。这几种表达方式前面都有the;
  3. of a literary nature和of a religious nature等表达方式里有a;
  4. 一个特别的句子:

    To know nature is to love her.
    这里用her,其实是把大自然拟人化了。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
nature, character, disposition, personality, temper
  • 就组词意义相近。personality指日常表现出来的“性格”; character作“性格”解,指一个人真正的根深蒂固的、永久具有的内在的本质; disposition意为“性癖”,强调一个人对其周围的生活所表现的一贯的态度; nature指天生的、无法改变的性格或品质,有时也指“脾气”; temper可作“脾气”解,指心境的好坏。
  • nature, description, kind, sort, type
  • 这组词的共同意思是“种类”。kind在多数情况下可以和sort或type互换,但当指生物学的类属或者种类时,只能用kind; type所表示的“种类”有典型性,多指那些界限非常明确,且有明显类似之处的一类。例如:
  • There are four basic types of blood.有四种基本血型。
  • sort表示“大体上属于同类的”,有时含有轻蔑之意。例如:
  • How did you get this sort of ideas into your head?你的脑袋里怎么会有这种想法?
  • description与nature也有kind的意思,但description指叙述或描述的一类。例如:
  • He is a person of that description.他就是那种人。
  • nature指实质和特性上相似的一类。例如:
  • I never met things of this nature.我从未遇见过这种事情。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的nature;最初源自古典拉丁语的natura,意为事物的自然规律,宇宙。
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