nature

  基本词汇  
['neɪtʃə(r)]     ['neɪtʃər]    
  • n.自然界;性质;自然;自然状态;本性;类型
new

nature是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 自然,大自然,自然界
  2. 天性,本性,性格
  3. 性质,本质
  4. 自然状态,原始状态
  5. 种类,类别,类型
  6. 造化
  7. 生命力
  8. 自然(现象)
  9. 自然力
  10. 纯真,简朴
  11. 造物主

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]大自然,自然界 everything that exists in the world independently of people, such as plants and animals, earth and rocks, and the weather
  2. [C][U]天性,性格,性质 the qualities that make sb/sth different from others; character
  3. [S]类型,种类 a type; sort

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
nature : 实景 ...
nature : 自然;本性 ...
在 《外教社人口学英语词典》 中查看更多...
nature : 本原 ...
在 《外教社天文学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the essential qualities or characteristics by which something is recognized;

    "it is the nature of fire to burn"
    "the true nature of jealousy"

  2. a causal agent creating and controlling things in the universe;

    "the laws of nature"
    "nature has seen to it that men are stronger than women"

  3. the natural physical world including plants and animals and landscapes etc.;

    "they tried to preserve nature as they found it"

  4. the complex of emotional and intellectual attributes that determine a person's characteristic actions and reactions;

    "it is his nature to help others"

  5. a particular type of thing;

    "problems of this type are very difficult to solve"
    "he's interested in trains and things of that nature"
    "matters of a personal nature"

nature的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. In fact, nature is much better at recycling than we humans are.
    事实上,自然界在再循环方面比人类做得更好。
  2. To a great extent, that is the nature of my own work.
    在很大程度上,这就是我工作的性质。
  3. Why is the state of nature a state of war?
    为何自然状态是一种战争的状态?
  4. I'm trying to prevent the reversion of my garden to nature.
    我正在试图防止我的花园返回一片荒芜的自然状态。
  5. It's her nature to be generous.
    慷慨大方是她的天性。
  6. Cruelty is quite alien to his nature.
    残忍完全不合他的本性。
  7. Both types of organisms are ubiquitous in nature.
    在自然界中普遍存在两种类型的生物体。
  8. The nature of the high a drug provides depends on the type of drug.
    药物的麻醉程度取决于药物的类型。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Man often accuses nature of his own misfortune.
    人常因自己的不幸而责怪老天。
  2. The dam will check the wildness of nature and bend it to man's will.
    这堤坝将抑制大自然的狂暴,使其顺从人的意志。
  3. Myths delight people because they imaginatively picture man's conquest of the forces of nature.
    神话故事能给人以乐趣,因为它们富有想象地描绘出人类对自然力的征服。
  4. She has a good nature.
    她性情温和。
  5. Her good nature can be presumed upon once too often.
    不妨再利用一次她那善良的天性。
  6. He always had a lonely nature and chose to live by himself.
    他一向性情孤僻,愿意过离群索居的生活。
  7. Although she often seems quite cold and harsh, her smiling eyes betray her true nature.
    虽然她表面上显得冷冰冰又很严肃,但她微笑的眼睛却流露出真诚的天性。
  8. Nothing could extinguish his faith in human nature.
    没什么能使他丧失对人性的信念。
  9. Tigers and sheep have quite different natures.
    老虎和羊有完全不同的天性。
  10. What is the nature of the new chemical element?
    这新的化学元素特性怎样?
  11. Iron and wood have different natures.
    铁和木头的性质不同。
  12. After the clinical examination, the consultant invited his students to put forward any suggestions they had kicked about the nature of the disease.
    临床检查完毕,会诊医师就请学生提出各人对该病的性质的意见。
  13. I think he's a physicist or something of that nature.
    我想他大概是物理学家或那一类的人。
  14. Things of that nature do not interest me.
    我对那种事物不感兴趣。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
by nature
  1. 就其本质而言,天生地 native

    He likes painting by nature. 他天生喜欢绘画。

    Tigers are cruel by nature. 老虎生性残忍。

in nature
  1. 在世界上 in the world

    Madam Curie insisted that there was something in nature that gave off radiation. 居里夫人坚信自然界存在着能发出射线的物质。

in one's nature
  1. 是…的本性 in sb's native

    It is not in his nature to be jealous of other people's good fortune. 妒忌别人的好运可不是他的本性。

    It is not in her nature to do anything rude. 按她的天性,她是不会做任何粗鲁的事的。

in the nature of
  1. 按…的本性,好像 similar to; like

    His request was in the nature of a command. 他的请求倒好像是命令。

pay〔answer,obey〕 a call of nature
  1. 上厕所 go to toilet

    Excuse me for a minute—I must pay a call of nature before we leave. 对不起,走之前我得先去一下洗手间。

second nature
  1. 第二天性 what seems natural or instinctive, but has been learned

    He's been teaching for so long that it's second nature to〔with,in〕 him. 他如此长时间地从事教学,以至于教学已成了他的第二天性。

true to nature
  1. 栩栩如生 vivid; lively

    This oil-painting is true to nature. 这幅油画栩栩如生。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~

经典引文

  • The fleeting nature of riches.

    出自:H. Martineau
  • Men have a physical as well as spiritual nature.

    出自:R. W. Dale
  • The unquestioning truthfulness of a sunny nature.

    出自:F. W. Farrar
  • He is a noble little nature.

    出自:H. James
  • The nature of moral or political action.

    出自:R. G. Collingwood
  • Children..whose natures are so absorbed in the mere process of growing.

    出自:Day Lewis
  • Due to the nature of its use..the road..was usually referred to as Lovers' Lane.

    出自:E. Caldwell
  • That kind of talk was a part of her Catholic convert nature.

    出自:L. Hellman
  • The nature and properties of a material determine the methods used in processing.

    出自:J. S. Foster
  • Not in the grain of my nature to be candid and confessional.

    出自:H. Jacobson

nature的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. human nature 意为“人性,人情”,good nature 意为“好脾气”,ill nature意为“不友善,坏脾气”,以及second nature意为“第二天性”。以上这些用法中nature前不加the或者a,也没有复数形式;
  2. animal nature意为“兽性”,moral nature意为“道德性”,以及rational nature意为“理性”。这几种表达方式前面都有the;
  3. of a literary nature和of a religious nature等表达方式里有a;
  4. 一个特别的句子:

    To know nature is to love her.
    这里用her,其实是把大自然拟人化了。

n.(名词)
  1. nature的基本意思是“大自然,自然界”,包含各种生物及山脉、河流等一切自然世界,宇宙万物,并包含一切自然过程,是不可数名词,其前不能加定冠词。
  2. nature作“本性,性情,性质”解时,可以用来表示物的“本质,特征,性质”,用作不可数名词,也可用来指人或动物的“天性脾气,性格”等,可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。
  3. nature作“类型,种类”解时,用于单数形式,可与不定冠词连用。
  4. in nature用于疑问句、否定句或包含最高级的句子中,以加强语气,表示“在世界上,究竟,事实上”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
nature, character, disposition, personality, temper
就组词意义相近。personality指日常表现出来的“性格”; character作“性格”解,指一个人真正的根深蒂固的、永久具有的内在的本质; disposition意为“性癖”,强调一个人对其周围的生活所表现的一贯的态度; nature指天生的、无法改变的性格或品质,有时也指“脾气”; temper可作“脾气”解,指心境的好坏。
nature, description, kind, sort, type
这组词的共同意思是“种类”。kind在多数情况下可以和sort或type互换,但当指生物学的类属或者种类时,只能用kind; type所表示的“种类”有典型性,多指那些界限非常明确,且有明显类似之处的一类。例如:
There are four basic types of blood.有四种基本血型。
sort表示“大体上属于同类的”,有时含有轻蔑之意。例如:
How did you get this sort of ideas into your head?你的脑袋里怎么会有这种想法?
description与nature也有kind的意思,但description指叙述或描述的一类。例如:
He is a person of that description.他就是那种人。
nature指实质和特性上相似的一类。例如:
I never met things of this nature.我从未遇见过这种事情。
temper character nature personality disposition complexion
这些名词均有“性格、气质、性情、习性”之意。
  • temper:temper指从感情方面体现出来,决定处理问题或应付形势的方式的性格或性情,这种性情可以是暂时的也可以长久的。
  • character:character指对个性或人格所作出的客观评价,常常与道德有关。
  • nature:nature指其天性。
  • personality:personality主要指个性。
  • disposition:disposition书面用词,指人的主要爱好或思想、精神方面的重要习性、气质。也可指短暂的情绪。
  • complexion:complexion指由思维方式、态度和情绪所决定的本质特征。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:man is engaged in a constant struggle with the nature.

    纠正:man is engaged in a constant struggle with nature.

    翻译:人类一直致力于与自然做斗争中。

    分析:nature在解释为“大自然”时,前面不加任何冠词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年右左进入英语,直接源自古法语的nature;最初源自古典拉丁语的natura,意为事物的自然规律,宇宙。

nature的相关资料:

正版词典

nature : 自然(界), ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
nature : 大自然;自 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • nature:简介 世界顶级科技 期刊。 内容 英国著名杂志《Nature》是世界上最早的国际性科技期刊,自从1869年创刊以来,始终如 一地报道和评论全球科技领域里最重要的突破。www.natureasia.…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词