disease

  核心词汇  
[dɪ'ziːz]     [dɪ'ziːz]    
  • n.疾病
  • v.使…生病,感染
new

disease是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 疾病,病,不适
  2. 弊病,弊端
  3. 【植】病害
  4. 不健全
  5. <废>不安;烦恼
  6. 病态
  7. 变质,腐败
  8. 身体失调;一般病痛
v.(动词)
  1. 使生病
  2. 使不健全
  3. 患病,感染,传染,(受病菌)侵染

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]疾病,病患,(植物的)病害 case of illness of the body, of the mind or of plants, caused by infection or internal disorder

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
disease : 疾病, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
disease : 疾病 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning

disease的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The disease is still in its primary stage.
    这疾病仍然在初发阶段。
  2. The entire population was wiped out by the terrible disease.
    所有的居民都被可怕的疾病夺去了生命。
  3. The rapid spread of the disease is alarming the medical authorities.
    这种疾病的迅速蔓延使医疗当局感到忧虑不安。
  4. The treatment arrested the growth of the disease.
    治疗抑制了病情的发展。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Disease is usually caused by germs.
    疾病通常是由病菌引起的。
  2. He fought against the disease for a long time.
    他同疾病做了很长时间的斗争。
  3. His health degenerated with disease and old age.
    他年老了,健康状况每况愈下。
  4. The business of doctors is to prevent and cure disease.
    医生的职责是防病治病。
  5. The doctor examined him but could find no sign of heart disease.
    医生给他做了检查,没有发现有心脏病的症状。
  6. The disease may leave blemishes on his face.
    这种疾病可能会在他脸上留下疤痕。
  7. He has done much research on the cause of this disease.
    他对这一疾病的起因做了很多研究。
  8. The disease typically manifests itself in a high fever and chest pains.
    这种疾病的典型症状是发高烧和胸痛。
  9. It is an adequate remedy for the disease.
    这是适宜诊疗此病的药方。
  10. Measles, mumps and influenza are common diseases.
    麻疹、腮腺炎和流感是常见病。
  11. Prejudice is a social disease.
    偏见是一种社会弊病。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The legions of Augustus melted away in disease and lassitude.

    出自:Gibbon
  • Trichinosis..is obviously a common infection but a rare disease.

    出自:Scientific American
  • He wold not disease hymself to heare a sermon.

    出自:J. Knox

disease的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. disease用作不可数名词时,是“疾病”的通称。disease用作可数名词时,指某种具体的疾病。
  2. disease引申可指对社会、心理方面有害的,有破坏性的或不健康的状态。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
disease, illness, sickness
这组词都有“病”“疾病”的意思。其区别是:
1.disease泛指各种疾病,尤指传染病,遗传病和诸如心脏病、癌症等严重疾病; sickness多指晕船、恶心、胃病等方面的疾病或有关饮食方面的疾病; illness多指患病的状态及持续的时间,很可能是某种disease引起的,如不及时治疗,会导致严重的后果; sickness指各种身体上和感觉上一时的不适,病期最短,而disease病期最长。
2.disease多指具体的疾病, illness和sickness则通常表示抽象的疾病或生病状态。例如:
This disease affects millions in the world every year.这种病每年都使世界上上百万人受到感染。
The doctors broke through in their fight against heart disease.医生们在与心脏病作斗争方面有了新的突破。
There has been a lot of illness in the family recently.最近以来这家人常生病。
He was internally disturbed to hear of her illness.听说她病了,他内心很不安。
Her savings have been eaten up by illness.她的积蓄因为生病全给用光了。
The worker was absent owing to sickness.那个工人因病没来上班。
decease disease
这两个单词的拼写仅有一个字母不同。
  • decease:decease/di'si: s/是“死亡”、“去世”;与death相比,decease是正式用语,常见于法律条文中。
  • 某某死后,整笔钱归他妻子及儿女所有。
  • Upon the decease of so-and-so,the sum of money will pass to his wife and children.
  • 那个国家的死亡率很高。
  • The decease rate in that country is very high.
  • 将军死亡使这支军队群龙无首。
  • The general's decease left the army without a leader.
  • disease:disease/di'zi:z/是“患病”、“疾病”。acute disease是“急性病”;chronic disease是“慢性病”; family disease是“遗传病”。
  • 医生的职责是预防或冶疗疾病。
  • The task of a doctor is to prevent or cure diseases.
  • 如今愈来愈多人用针灸治疗疾病。
  • Nowadays more and more people treat diseases by acupuncture.
  • 你的右肺有病。
  • Your right lung is diseased.
illness sickness disease complaint
这些名词均有“疾病”之意。
  • illness:illness不具体指,而是泛指一切疾病,强调生病的时间或状态,语体较sickness正式一些。
  • sickness:sickness较口语化,可与illness换用,但还可表示“恶心”。
  • disease:disease指具体的疾病,且通常较严重,发病时间也较长。
  • complaint:complaint现代英语中,既可指症状,也可指疾病。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 你得了什么病?

    What is your disease?

    What is your illness〔sickness〕?

    What is your trouble?

    What is your complaint?

    医生问病人时,用What is your trouble〔complaint〕?较委婉,病人容易接受。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自中古英语的disesae;最初源自古法语的desaise,意为身体不适。

disease的相关资料:

正版词典

disease : [疾 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
disease : 病,疾病, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • disease:disease n. 疾病, 弊病习惯用语be cured of a disease 治好病catch a disease 患病suffer from a disease 患病take a disea…

临近单词

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