dig

  核心词汇  
[dɪɡ]     [dɪɡ]    
  • v. 挖;掘;翻土;探究;戳;捅
  • n. 推;戳;挖掘;挖苦;<英口>住所
dug dug digging digs
new

dig的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 挖,掘,刨,凿
  2. 搜集,追踪,挖(新闻线索),深入采访
  3. 混入土壤,掺进土中
  4. 挖掘出,挖掘,掘出,发掘,掘得,掘取,采掘(矿物)
  5. 戳进,插入, 刺,戳
  6. 寻找,搜寻(物品)
  7. 看中,喜欢,中意,欣赏
  8. 探究,细查
  9. <俚>懂,了解,理解
  10. <口>苦干,苦学,努力工作
  11. <英口>(尤指以寄宿或租房方式)居住
  12. 挖入,挖进,掘进,开凿(through,into,under)
  13. <俚>注视,看(on)
n. (名词)
  1. 挖掘
  2. 轻碰,轻推,轻戳
  3. 挖苦,讽刺,嘲讽
  4. 一挖,一戳,一撞;刺,戳
  5. <口>考古发掘
  6. <英口>住所,住处
  7. 刻苦钻研的学生
  8. 挖掘地点
  9. 学生宿舍,单身宿舍

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 挖,掘 uncover by taking away the earth
n. (名词)
  1. [C]戳,刺 a quick push
  2. [C]挖苦,讽刺 speaking to sb in an unpleasant way

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the site of an archeological exploration;

    "they set up camp next to the dig"

  2. an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect;

    "his parting shot was `drop dead'"
    "she threw shafts of sarcasm"
    "she takes a dig at me every chance she gets"

  3. a small gouge (as in the cover of a book);

    "the book was in good condition except for a dig in the back cover"

  4. the act of digging;

    "there's an interesting excavation going on near Princeton"

  5. the act of touching someone suddenly with your finger or elbow;

    "she gave me a sharp dig in the ribs"

Verb:
  1. turn up, loosen, or remove earth;

    "Dig we must"
    "turn over the soil for aeration"

  2. create by digging;

    "dig a hole"
    "dig out a channel"

  3. work hard;

    "She was digging away at her math homework"
    "Lexicographers drudge all day long"

  4. remove, harvest, or recover by digging;

    "dig salt"
    "dig coal"

  5. thrust down or into;

    "dig the oars into the water"
    "dig your foot into the floor"

  6. remove the inner part or the core of;

    "the mining company wants to excavate the hillside"

  7. poke or thrust abruptly;

    "he jabbed his finger into her ribs"

  8. get the meaning of something;

    "Do you comprehend the meaning of this letter?"

dig的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Ten soldiers were told off to dig ditches.
    十名战士被分派去挖沟。
  2. He was buried by an avalanche and had to be dug out.
    他遇雪崩被埋住了,得把他挖出来。
  3. An old Greek statue was dug up here last month.
    上个月在这儿挖出了一尊古希腊雕像。
  4. The workmen broke up the pavement to dig up the pipes under it.
    工人们把柏油路刨开,把埋在下面的管子掘了出来。
  5. Be sure to dig the whole garden over before winter.
    在冬季来临前要把园子好好地翻一下。
  6. Let us now dig a little deeper into this theory.
    现在我们再深入的探究一下这个理论。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. She gave me a sharp dig in the ribs.
    轻轻的一戳就会使她禁不住要笑。
  2. The dig also uncovered window glass and a knife made from bone.
    这次挖掘也发现了玻璃窗和骨制的刀。
  3. He made a big dig at his boastful brother.
    他狠狠挖苦他那个喜欢自吹自擂的兄弟。
  4. She never fails to have a dig at me if she has the chance.
    她一有机会就挖苦我。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. She went from place to place, and dug and weeded.
    她到处走,又挖土,又锄草。
  2. Inspired by his example, thousands of people began to dig.
    在他的带动下,数以千计的人也挖起来了。
  3. Digging deep, we found water.
    挖到深处,我们找到了水。
  4. The negotiators have been instructed to dig in their toes on the last two major issues.
    谈判代表受命坚定自己的立场在两大问题上寸步不让。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I find this tool is a great help when I dig the garden.
    我发现在花园翻土时这件工具很有用。
  2. It is difficult to dig the ground when it is frozen hard.
    地面冻硬时,不易挖掘。
  3. They dug a hole.
    他们挖了一个坑。
  4. With a spade her kid dug a pit on the sand.
    她的孩子用铲子在沙地上挖了一个坑。
  5. They first dug a deep hole in the ground.
    他们先在地上挖了个深洞。
  6. Last year they dug five channels.
    去年他们挖了五条水渠。
  7. We are going to dig a second well next spring.
    我们打算明年春季再打一口井。
  8. In addition to natural rivers, the Chinese working people have dug many canals.
    除了天然的河流之外,中国劳动人民还开挖了许多人工河流。
  9. Many other animals dig tunnels in the earth.
    许多其他的动物则在地里挖地道。
  10. They are digging sweet potatoes.
    他们在挖红薯。
  11. Just now I saw him digging carrots in his garden.
    刚才我看见他在菜园里挖胡萝卜。
  12. We'll start digging potatoes tomorrow.
    我们明天开始挖马铃薯。
  13. 1
  14. Consequently,580 power-operated wells and some canals have been dug.
    结果挖了580口机井和几条水渠。
  15. A tunnel was dug through the mountain to bring water from the river for irrigation.
    开凿了一条穿山隧道把江水引来灌溉。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. She gave me a dig in the ribs when she told a joke.
    她讲笑话时捅了我一下,要我注意。
  2. John's falling asleep, just give him a dig!
    约翰要睡着了,捅他一下。
  3. That last remark was a dig at me.
    最后那句话是为了挖苦我。
  4. That is a dig at the Prime Minister.
    那是对首相的挖苦。
  5. He tried to get in a few digs at you but I quietened him.
    他本想挖苦你几句,但被我劝住了。
  6. They gave him a dig about his meanness.
    他们在挖苦他吝啬。
  7. She never fails to get in a dig at me, if she has the chance.
    只要有机会,她就会插嘴挖苦我几句。
  8. I'm going to have a dig at English.
    我要下决心钻研英语。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
dig at (v.+prep.)
    钻研 make a careful study of sth
    dig at sb

    The teacher shouldn't dig at his pupils.

    老师不应挖苦学生。

    She often digs at others as if she were better than anyone else.

    她经常挖苦其他人,好像她比别人好一样。

    I don't know exactly what he meant by that remark.He was obviously digging at somebody, but I don't know who it was.

    我不知道他说那话是什么意思。他明显是在挖苦谁,但我不知道他挖苦的是谁。

    dig at sth

    He is digging at his algebra lessons.

    他钻研代数。

dig away (v.+adv.)
    挖开,挖松,挖走 detach, loosen or displace by digging
    dig away

    He has been digging away for hours.

    他一连挖了几个小时。

    dig sth ⇔ away

    The workmen have dug away the foundations.

    工人们挖好了地基。

dig down (v.+adv.)
    掏腰包 pay money out of one's own pocket
    dig sth ⇔ down

    We are going to dig down this wall.

    我们要挖倒这堵墙。

    dig down for sth

    He has to dig down for the window, for he broke it.

    他得为这扇窗户掏腰包,是他打破窗户的。

dig for (v.+prep.)
    挖; 寻 find sth by digging
    dig for sth

    The miners were digging for gold.

    矿工们正在挖金子。

    In those days we often went to dig for wild vegetables.

    那时候我们常常去挖野菜。

    dig sth for sb/oneself

    The invaders are digging graves for themselves.

    侵略者在自掘坟墓。

dig in (v.+adv.)
    使确立牢固的地位 (cause to) establish a secure position for oneself
    dig in

    They dug in and waited for the enemy's attack.

    他们挖好壕沟,等候敌人进攻。

    The soldiers were ordered to dig in.

    士兵们奉命挖掘壕沟。

    They were attacked before they had time to dig in.

    他们还来不及挖战壕就受到了攻击。

    The enemy scarcely had time to dig in before our assault was on.

    敌人还没有来得及挖好掩体,我们的进攻就开始了。

    dig oneself in

    Our soldiers have landed and are now digging themselves in.

    我们的战士已经登陆,现在正在挖战壕把自己隐蔽起来。

    As soon as they had seized the enemy position, the infantry dug themselves in.

    步兵一拿下敌军阵地,立即掘壕固守。

    The fighters steadily dug themselves in.

    战士们沉着地挖掘战壕。

    dig sth ⇔ in

    Dig this chemical in and your crops will grow faster.

    把这种化学剂埋到地里庄稼就会长得更快。

    The chemical fertilizer should be well dug in.

    化学肥料应该均匀地混入土壤中。

    dig in

    John dug in and finished his homework quickly.

    约翰开始认真地学习并很快就把家庭作业做完了。

    Come on! Dig in before the food goes cold.

    来吧! 趁热快吃。

    The boys dug in ravenously.

    男孩们开始狼吞虎咽地吃起来。

    Don't stand on ceremony — dig in!

    别客气,开始吃吧!

    Mother set the food on the table and told the children to dig in.

    妈妈将食品摆在餐桌上告诉孩子开始吃。

    dig in to sth

    They dug in to the meal.

    他们大吃了一顿。

    He sat down and at once dug in to his meal.

    他坐下来,立刻开始吃饭。

    He dug in to a pie.

    他津津有味地吃馅饼。

    dig in

    The more the boss tries to get rid of her, the more she digs in.

    老板越是想除掉她,她就越是拼命保住自己的地位。

    dig oneself in

    If anyone is to be dismissed when the company falls on hard times, it won't be Jack; he's dug himself in too well.

    如果公司碰到困难时刻要裁员的话,那是裁不到杰克头上来的。他在公司里的地位是稳固的。

dig into (v.+prep.)
    调查,刻苦钻研 investigate thoroughly
    dig into sth

    He dug into the ground to get something.

    他挖掘土地寻找东西。

    It's very difficult to dig into the cliff.

    往石崖里挖是非常困难的。

    Fingers like prongs of steel dug into his throat.

    钢叉似的指头掐住了他的喉管。

    Their fists were clenched so tightly that their nails dug deep into their palms.

    他们紧握着拳头,指甲深深地捏进了手心。

    dig sth into sth

    The child dug his fingers into the sand.

    小孩把手指插进沙里。

    She dug her spoon into the pudding.

    她把勺子插入布丁。

    He dug his elbow into my ribs.

    他用胳膊肘顶了一下我的肋部。

    dig into sth

    The detectives are digging into this whole business.

    侦探们彻底地调查了整个事件。

    The police are digging into the case.

    警察正在调查这个案子。

    The young worker dug into Lu Hsun's works.

    这位青年工人钻研鲁迅的著作。

    He spent several weeks digging into the problem.

    他花了几个星期深入研究这一问题。

    They dug into Chinese history.

    他们深入研究了中国历史。

dig out (v.+adv.)
    匆匆地离开 flee at full speed; depart hastily
    dig sb/sth ⇔ out

    The workmen dug out a deep channel for the water.

    工人们挖出一条深水沟。

    They have dug out the foundations of the new houses.

    他们挖出了新房的地基。

    He dug the stones out.

    他把石头都挖了出来。

    The doctor had to dig the bullet out.

    医生必须把子弹取出。

    The rescuers managed to dig out the trapped miners.

    救护人员设法挖出了困住的矿工。

    What a miracle!The rescue-party dug out from underneath the debris an infant who was intact and still alive!

    真是个奇迹!救援队从废墟中挖出一个婴儿,他竟然还活着,而且毫发未伤。

    dig sb/sth out of/from sth

    The injured men have been dug out of the snow.

    受伤人员从雪中被挖了出来。

    Some people are still being dug out of the ruins of the building.

    人们仍在挖掘压在建筑物废墟里的一些人。

    After the earthquake some survivors were dug out from underneath a tangle of fallen beams and debris.

    地震后,有些幸存者从塌下的房梁和瓦砾堆中被挖了出来。

    Some gold coins were dug out from the ground.

    几枚金币从地下挖了出来。

    dig sth ⇔ out

    Why did you dig out all these old magazines?

    你把这些旧杂志翻出来干什么?

    Where did you dig out the old books?

    你从哪儿翻出这些旧书的?

    Newspapermen are good at digging out information.

    记者们都很善于打听消息。

    The truth was dug out.

    真相被揭露出来了。

    dig sth out of sb/sth

    We must dig the truth out of him.

    我们一定要从他那里把事实真相查清楚。

    Jack dug his sled out of the cellar.

    杰克从地窖中翻找出雪橇。

    Quite a number of valuable details were dug out of libraries and archives by the group of researchers.

    这组研究人员从图书和档案资料中查找出相当一批有价值的详细资料。

    dig out

    She didn't say where to go, just dug out.

    她没有讲要到哪儿去,只是匆匆地走了。

dig over (v.+adv.)
    重新考虑 reconsider sth
dig up (v.+adv.)
    筹集 make a money contribution

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • An old stationmaster was digging in his garden.

    出自: J. Buchan

dig的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. dig的基本意思是用铁锹或类似工具破土挖到地面以下,可以是把土松动; 也可以是挖成洞穴或沟等; 还可以是把地下某物弄到地面上来,如挖土豆等。引申可以表示从隐蔽处拿出某物,或长期勤奋学习或研究。口语中还可以表示“挖苦”。
  2. dig可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。
  3. dig in或dig oneself in用于军事术语中可作“挖战壕”解。
n. (名词)
  1. dig作名词时的基本意思是“戳,刺”,指用手或某物戳某人或某物。引申可指“挖苦,讽刺”,此时常与介词at连用。
  2. dig的复数形式还可表示“宿舍,住宿”,主要用在英国口语中。
  3. dig在口语中也可作“用功”解。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
dig, grub, spade
  • 这组词的共同意思是用铲子之类的工具向地面挖,并将土弄出来。其区别是:
  • dig指松动某物周围或下面的土,将土弄到表面或只是搅动这些土; spade强调用体力挖土,以便种植物; grub强调在挖土时挖出某物,可引申强调工作、任务或职责的艰苦、肮脏和使人精疲力竭。例如:
  • Will you dig the garden?你将为花园翻土吗?
  • The dog was grubbing under the bush, looking for a bone.狗在灌木丛下面挖掘,寻找骨头。
  • We must spade the field to plant flowers in an hour.我们必须在一小时之内挖好这块地以便种花。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自中古英语的diggen;最初源自古法语的digue,意为挖,发掘。
    今日热词
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