difficult

  核心词汇  
['dɪfɪkəlt]     ['dɪfɪkəlt]    
  • adj.困难的;艰难的;(人)难对付的;不易相处的
difficultly
new

difficult是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 困难的,艰难的,难做的,难解的,问题很多的,充满艰难困苦的
  2. 需要精力或技术的,费力的
  3. 难相处的,不随和的
  4. 难熬的
  5. 麻烦的,难对付的,棘手的,难以,难弄
  6. (人)执拗的,顽固的
  7. 真别扭

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 困难的,难懂的 needing a lot of effort, skill, etc.; hard to do, make, understand, or deal with; not easy
  2. 不易相处的,难满足的 hard to deal with; not easy to please or persuade

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
difficult : 困难的, 难 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
difficult : 困难的, 艰 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure;

    "a difficult task"
    "nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access"
    "difficult times"
    "why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?"

  2. hard to control;

    "a difficult child"
    "an unmanageable situation"

difficult的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The quest for gold was difficult.
    寻找金矿是很困难的。
  2. The child is going through a difficult phase.
    那孩子正经历困难的阶段。
  3. She handled a difficult argument skilfully.
    她巧妙地应付了一场艰难的辩论。
  4. She is just being difficult.
    她正在闹别扭呢。
  5. He was a difficult man to deal with.
    他是个很难对付的人。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. English is a difficult language to learn.
    英语是一门难学的语言。
  2. Mathematics is regarded as a difficult subject.
    数学被人认为是难科目。
  3. He is absorbed in the calculation of that difficult maths problem.
    他全神贯注地在算那道数学难题。
  4. The teacher gave us an explanation of the difficult point.
    老师向我们清楚地解释了这个难点。
  5. If you think that the repair is going to be a difficult job, we'll just have to call in a builder.
    如果你认为这项修理工作很困难的话,我们就得去请个建筑工人来了。
  6. He is hardly capable of executing such a difficult task.
    他几乎不可能完成这样困难的任务。
  7. He bore himself with dignity under such difficult circumstances.
    他在如此艰难的环境中仍然保持了自己的尊严。
  8. Though their task was a difficult one, their revolutionary zeal and perseverance carried them through.
    虽然他们的任务艰巨,但他们的革命热情和坚韧不拔的精神帮助他们克服了一切困难。
  9. The old man bears the difficult days of the past in mind.
    老人牢记过去的艰难岁月。
  10. He has always been a difficult child.
    他一直是个闹人的孩子。
  11. He is a difficult poet.
    他是一个不好懂的诗人。
  12. She's a difficult woman to get on with.
    她是个不易相处的妇女。
  13. He was in a very difficult position.
    他当时处境十分尴尬。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. I appreciate the task will be long and difficult.
    我懂得这项任务是长期而艰巨的。
  2. When you get down to it, it isn't so difficult.
    当你开始认真对待事情时,事情就不难。
  3. Unloading the boxes is hard; inspecting them is even more difficult.
    把盒子卸下来是费劲,检查它们则是更困难的。
  4. The calculation was difficult but we finally cracked it.
    计算起来很费劲,但我们终于解决了。
  5. Don't be so difficult!
    不要那么不随和!
  6. We had hoped that we would be able to leave tomorrow, but it's beginning to look difficult.
    我们原希望明天可以出发,但是这事开始显得困难起来。
  7. Nothing is difficult to a man who wills.
    世上无难事,只怕有心人。
S+be+~+of n./v- ing
  1. It was difficult of proof.
    这事难以证明。
  2. The theory is difficult of explanation.
    这学说难以解释。
  3. It was difficult of solution.
    这问题难以解决。
  4. The summit of the mountain is difficult of ascent.
    这山顶难以攀登。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. The question is difficult to answer.
    这个问题难以回答。
  2. The task is difficult to do.
    这项任务很难完成。
  3. The place is difficult to live (in).
    这地方难以居住。
  4. The emotionally disturbed are difficult to treat.
    情绪病患者很难医治。
  5. The patient was difficult to manage, but the nurse dealt with him all right.
    这个病人很难管理,但是护士把他护理得很好。
  6. He is difficult to satisfy.
    他很难得到满足。
It is/was+~+(for sb) to- v
  1. It's very difficult to dig into the cliff.
    挖进崖石是非常困难的。
  2. It is difficult to arrange their difference.
    他们的分歧很难调解。
  3. It is difficult to choose between such two nice houses.
    两幢房子都这么漂亮,让人难以作出抉择。
  4. During my illness I got behind in my school work, and now it is difficult to catch up.
    我生病期间功课拖下了,现在很难赶上。
  5. It's so difficult to get a chance.
    得到机会如此不易。
  6. It is difficult to get them all together under one roof.
    把他们都聚集到一起是很不容易的。
  7. It was difficult to get the pole over the hedge.
    要把这根竿子传递过树篱很困难。
  8. It's difficult to carry on a conversation at a noisy party.
    在闹哄哄的聚会上,很难进行交谈。
  9. It is difficult to forgive anyone for cruelty.
    任何人的粗鲁是很难被原谅的。
  10. It is difficult to adjust one's habits to someone else.
    一个人很难调整自己的习惯以适应其他人。
  11. It's difficult to talk to her, because she is hard of hearing.
    跟她说话很难,因为她听觉不灵。
  12. It is difficult to adapt oneself to sudden changes of temperature.
    一个人很难使自己习惯于突然变化的气温。
  13. It is difficult for me to teach.
    教书对于我是件不容易的事。
  14. It is difficult for me to do the task.
    要我完成这项任务是困难的。
  15. It is difficult for you to learn English.
    对你来说,学英语是有困难的。
  16. It was difficult for her to fight back her tears.
    她很难忍住眼泪。
  17. I think it's not difficult for him to get a word in edgeways, because all the chatterboxes are not here.
    我想他插上话并不难,因为那些喜欢饶舌的人都不在。
  18. It was difficult for me to decide which one to buy.
    对我来说很难决定买哪一个。
  19. It's rather difficult for a cocky person to be on good terms with others.
    一个傲慢的人要和别人很好地相处,那是很难的。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. I found English difficult at first.
    起初我发觉英语难学。
  2. That made the subject difficult of investigation.
    那使这问题不易探讨。
  3. She got across the headmaster, who made life very difficult for her.
    她得罪了校长,校长就让她日子不好过。
  4. I find it difficult to adapt myself to the climate here.
    我觉得自己难适应这儿的气候。
  5. The modern children find it difficult to conceive of a time when there was no radio or TV.
    今天的儿童很难设想没有收音机和电视机的时代是什么样子。
  6. His awkward speech made him difficult to understand.
    他那蹩脚的讲演很难让人听懂。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Knowledge..is difficult to gain.

    出自:Wordsworth
  • It is difficult to imagine a more universal disaster.

    出自:J. L. Motley
  • Some harbours..are made difficult of access by..sunken rocks.

    出自:J. Conrad
  • Help to see him through the difficult weeks ahead.

    出自:Daily Mirror

difficult的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. difficult的基本意思是“难的”,指难以做到的、难以解决的、难以理解的、难以承受的事物,多用于智力或情感方面,侧重需付出大量思考或运用技巧方能解决。引申用于修饰人时表示“难以对付的,不易取悦的”; 用于指境遇时表示“尴尬的”。
  2. difficult可用作定语、表语或宾语补足语。作表语时,后面可接介词of或to引起的短语,也可接动词不定式,句子的主语是动词不定式的逻辑宾语。
  3. difficult的意思是“使人感到困难的”,而不是“人感到困难的”,因此一般不以“人”作主语,而如以动词不定式作主语,则常用于形式主语结构。
  4. difficult用作表语时其后接的动词不定式不能用于被动结构。
  5. difficult可和being连用,表示“故意作出来的”。例如:She is being difficult.她是在故意刁难。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
difficult, hard
这两个词均可表示“困难的”,其区别是:
difficult是较正式的用词,主要指智力方面的困难,多意味着“复杂”“难以处理”“难以了解”“需要智慧或技巧”; hard是口语用词,主要是指体力方面的困难,多意味着“不易做”。试比较:
  • Passing the examination is a difficult task.
  • 通过这次考试并不容易。
  • The making of a road is a hard job.
  • 筑路是项艰苦的工作。
下面三个句子的意思相同:
  • It is difficult to please him.
  • He is difficult to please.
  • He is a difficult person to please.
  • 他是一个很难取悦的人。
difficult hard
这两个形容词均有“困难”之意。
  • difficult:difficult比hard较为正式,侧重需要特别的能力、智力、判断力、技巧或勇气才能克服障碍。也可指深奥或抽象的难题。
  • hard:hard含义广,通俗用词,与easy相对,泛指任何难理解,不好处理或不易做的事。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 这个句子难理解。

    The sentence is difficult to be understood.

    The sentence is difficult to understand.

    difficult用作表语,其后如用动词不定式,一般用主动结构,而不用被动结构。

  2. 他学习语言很吃力。

    He is very difficult to learn languages.

    It's very difficult for him to learn languages.

  3. 这篇文章对我来说很难懂。

    I am difficult to understand the article.

    It's difficult for me to understand the article.

    difficult表示“难的,困难的”,一般用来指物,不以“人”作主语,并且须用“It is/was difficult for sb to- v ”的结构。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1400年左右英入进语,直接源自该语的difficulty。

difficult的相关资料:

正版词典

difficult : 困难的,( ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • difficult:difficult adj. 困难的, 艰难的, (人)难相处的 英英解释:形容词difficult:1. not easy; requiring great physical or mental e…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词