die

  基本词汇  
[daɪ]     [daɪ]    
  • v.死;枯竭;消失;渴望
  • n.骰子;印模;金属模子
dies died died dying dies
new

die是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 灭亡
  2. 熄灭
  3. 枯萎,凋谢,干枯
  4. 平息
  5. 消失,消亡
  6. 极想
  7. 彻底失败
  8. 完全消失,消逝
  9. 善终
  10. 寿终正寝,死,死于,死亡
  11. 可笑极了,笑死人
  12. 根深蒂固,难以改变
  13. 逐渐减弱,变弱
  14. 突然停转
  15. <口>渴望,切望
  16. (变得)漠然
  17. 遭受(死的极端痛苦)
n.(名词)
  1. 冲模
  2. 模具
  3. (一粒)骰子
  4. 印模,压模,硬模
  5. 骰子状物
  6. 事已成定局,木已成舟
  7. 钢模
  8. 钢型
  9. 螺丝模,拉丝模,拉线模
  10. 【建】墩身
  11. 模口
  12. 螺丝钢板

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vi. & vt. 死亡; 枯萎 come to the end of life; stop living

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
die : 模圈 ...
在 《外教社药学英语词典》 中查看更多...
die : 死亡, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
die : 死亡 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
die : 铸模 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
die : 模具 ...
在 《外教社纺织英语词典》 中查看更多...
die : 冲模 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
die : 芯基 ...
在 《外教社计算机英语词典》 中查看更多...
die : 冲模 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a small cube with 1 to 6 spots on the six faces; used in gambling to generate random numbers

  2. a device used for shaping metal

  3. a cutting tool that is fitted into a diestock and used for cutting male (external) screw threads on screws or bolts or pipes or rods

Verb:
  1. pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life;

    "She died from cancer"
    "The children perished in the fire"
    "The patient went peacefully"
    "The old guy kicked the bucket at the age of 102"

  2. suffer or face the pain of death;

    "Martyrs may die every day for their faith"

  3. be brought to or as if to the point of death by an intense emotion such as embarrassment, amusement, or shame;

    "I was dying with embarrassment when my little lie was discovered"
    "We almost died laughing during the show"

  4. stop operating or functioning;

    "The engine finally went"
    "The car died on the road"
    "The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town"
    "The coffee maker broke"
    "The engine failed on the way to town"
    "her eyesight went after the accident"

  5. feel indifferent towards;

    "She died to worldly things and eventually entered a monastery"

  6. languish as with love or desire;

    "She dying for a cigarette"
    "I was dying to leave"

  7. cut or shape with a die;

    "Die out leather for belts"

  8. to be on base at the end of an inning, of a player

  9. lose sparkle or bouquet;

    "wine and beer can pall"

  10. disappear or come to an end;

    "Their anger died"
    "My secret will die with me!"

  11. suffer spiritual death; be damned (in the religious sense);

    "Whosoever..believes in me shall never die"

die的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Nowadays many people die of cancer.
    现在有很多人死于癌症。
  2. Many people die from famine in Africa.
    在非洲许多人死于饥荒。
  3. My grandfather died at the age of 86.
    我爷爷在86岁时去世了。
  4. Flowers soon die if they are left without water.
    如果不给花儿浇水,很快它们就会枯死。
  5. Coal mining is dying in this area.
    这个地区的煤矿正日渐消失。
  6. Many language are likely to die out.
    许多语言可能会消失。
  7. She's dying to know where you've been.
    她极想知道你到哪儿去了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. All men must die.
    人总是要死的。
  2. One day I'll die.
    我总有一天会死的。
  3. He became very ill and then he died.
    他病得很重,接就着死了。
  4. The writer died not very long ago.
    这位作家于不久前去世。
  5. Without air a living thing will die.
    没有空气生物就会死亡。
  6. Flowers soon die if they are left without water.
    如果不给花浇水,它们很快就会枯死。
  7. He died at the stake.
    他受火刑而死。
  8. He died through the bursting of a blood vessel.
    他因血管破裂而死。
  9. The baby died through his clothes being burned.
    这婴儿由于衣服着火而被烧死。
  10. The man is dying.
    此人要死了。
  11. His mother is very ill. I'm afraid she is dying.
    他妈妈病得很重,恐怕就要死了。
  12. He has been dying for a week.
    他濒于死亡已有一星期了。
  13. They could see he was dying.
    他们看得出他快要死了。
  14. The old system is dying.
    旧制度正在灭亡。
  15. The memory of her will never die.
    对她的回忆将永远不会消失。
  16. True love never dies.
    真爱永存。
  17. Even the union leaders hoped that the strike would die quietly.
    甚至连工会领袖们都希望罢工会无声无息地结束。
  18. The noisy conversation of the class died suddenly when the teacher came into the room.
    老师走进教室时,班上乱哄哄的交谈声突然静了下来。
  19. His anger died.
    他的愤怒平息了。
  20. The wind died.
    风停了。
  21. In some places the flames were dying, in others they were still leaping high.
    有的地方火势奄奄将熄,有几处熊熊正旺。
  22. His fame will never die.
    他的名声将永垂不朽。
  23. Superstitions die slowly.
    迷信很不容易消亡。
S+be dying+to- v
  1. He is dying to go to the sea.
    他渴望航海。
  2. It was clear that they were dying to know it.
    很明显,他们非常想知道这件事。
  3. I am dying to know the development of the story.
    我真想知道这故事的发展。
  4. We are dying to know the result of the experiment.
    我们很想知道实验的结果。
  5. London was a new world to me and I was dying to find out more about it for myself.
    伦敦对我来说是一个崭新的世界,我很想亲自对它做更多的了解。
  6. She's dying to know where you've been.
    她急于知道你去哪里了。
用作系动词 S+~+ n.
  1. He died a beggar.
    他乞食而死。
  2. She died a rich woman.
    她去世时很富有。
  3. He died a millionaire.
    他死时是个百万富翁。
  4. He died a martyr at his post.
    他因公殉职。
S+~+ adj.
  1. He hoped to marry her, but she died young.
    他曾希望同她结婚,但她年轻时就死了。
  2. His wife died young leaving three daughters.
    他的妻子年纪轻轻就死了,留下三个女儿。
  3. I can help him no more. Let me die happy.
    我再没有什么可帮助他的了。让我幸福地死去吧。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He died a miserable death.
    他死得很惨。
  2. He died a sudden death in a California car crash in 1940.1940
    年,他在加州死于车祸。
其他 v -ing as Attrib.
  1. We must do everything we can to save the dying boy.
    我们一定要尽全力抢救这位危在旦夕的男孩。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
die away (v.+adv.)
  1. (尤指声音、光、风)逐渐消失或停止 become weaker or fainter until it ceases die away

    The sound of the music died away.音乐声渐渐消失了。

    His footsteps died away in the darkness.他的脚步声在黑暗中渐渐消失了。

    All conversation died away.谈话声渐渐静了下来。

    Now that the cheers had died away, the circus tent seemed oddly quiet.喝彩声逐渐平静下来后,马戏篷里安静得出奇。

    All his anger died away.他的满腔怒气渐渐平息下来。

    His voice died away and he fell asleep.他渐渐地没了声音,睡着了。

die back (v.+adv.)
  1. (植物)枯死但根部还活着 die but remain alive at the roots die back

    The dahlias died back when that first cold spelled.第一次寒潮袭来时,大丽花全都凋谢了。

    The bushes may have died back in this cold autumn, but they will grow again next spring.在这寒冷的秋天,灌木可能会枯死,但明年春天还会生长起来。

die by (v.+prep.)
  1. 死于…,以…方式而死 die by means of (sth) die by sth/v-ing

    They who deny the power of the king shall die by the sword.谁不服从国王,就将死于剑下。

    Many people have died by violence.有许多人死于暴力。

    Many people died by drowning in the great floods.许多人在特大洪水中淹死了。

die down (v.+adv.)
  1. 变得越来越弱直到消失 become gradually less strong until it ceases die down

    The shots died down.枪声渐渐地平息下来。

    The laughter died down.笑声渐渐地消失了。

    The wind died down at last and all was quiet.风终于停了,一切都平静下来了。

    When the hunt has died down we shall be able to leave our hiding place.追捕缓下来后我们才能离开隐藏的地方。

    The excitement died down as time went by.随着时间的推移,激动的心情逐渐平静下来。

    The feeling between them had died down.他们之间的感情已不那么强烈了。

die for (v.+prep.)
  1. 为…而献身 be prepared to die to support (an idea) or save (sb) die for sb/sth

    To die for the people is a glorious deed!为人民而死,虽死犹荣!

    Many religious people would die for their beliefs.许多教徒都愿为他们的信仰而献身。

    It used to be considered part of a young man's duty to die for his country.过去,为国捐躯一直被认为是年轻人的一份义务。

  2. 〈口〉急需(某物) want (sth) very much be dying for sth

    It's so hot today,I'm dying for a drink.今天这么热,我急需喝点饮料。

    I'm dying for a cup of tea.我很想喝杯茶。

    He is dying for the book.他很想要这本书。

die from (v.+prep.)
  1. 死于(某种原因,不包括疾病、过度悲伤等) die following (sth, except illness or feeling) die from sth

    She died from a wound.她因受伤而死。

    The young driver died from the wounds that he received in the road accident.这位年轻的司机在交通事故中受伤过重而死去。

    The child died from her fall out of the high window.这个孩子是从窗户摔下来而死的。

    It was obvious that the man died from suffocation.很明显,这个人死于窒息。

    Five men died from police gunfire.五名男子被警察击毙了。

    In a severe winter, wild animals can die from lack of food.在寒冷的冬天,野兽可能是因为缺乏食物而被饿死。

die in (v.+prep.)
  1. 在(某事中或在某地方)死去 die during (an event) or in (a place) die in sth

    He died in an accident.他在一次事故中丧生。

    The young driver died in the car crash.这个年轻的司机在车祸中死去了。

    Fewer people die in hospital than at home.死在医院里的人要少于死在家里的人。

    He watched his cigarette die in the ashtray.他看着他的烟在烟灰缸里熄灭。

    He died in his bed.他寿终正寝。

    He died in his office.他死于任职期间。

die of (v.+prep.)
  1. 死于(疾病、过度悲伤等) die because of (sth such as an illness or feeling) die of sth

    He died of cancer.他死于癌症。

    The blacksmith died of the rum bottle and stroke.铁匠死于酗酒及中风。

    She died of a fever, and no one could save her.她死于高烧,谁也救不了她。

    Some of his children died of undernourishment.他有几个孩子因营养不良而死亡。

    He died of his wound.他负伤而死。

    My grandmother died of grief soon after her husband's death.祖父去世不久,祖母就因悲伤过度而死了。

  2. 强烈地感受到…,…得要命 feel (sth) very strongly be dying of sth

    I am dying of boredom!我烦得要死!

    The children are dying of curiosity to see what's in the parcel.孩子们出于好奇,迫不及待地想看看包裹中是什么东西。

die off (v.+adv.)
  1. (一组生命体)一个接一个地死去直到死光 die one by one die off

    Her friends are all dying off.她的朋友正相继死去。

    The deer in the forest are all dying off from disease.林中的鹿一个接一个地病死了。

    The trees have been dying off during the severe winter, and there are few left.在严冬,树一棵一棵地死掉了,剩下的寥寥无几了。

    The bamboo forest burst into flower and then died off.竹林突然开花,然后一株一株死掉了。

    This species is dying off.该物种面临绝种。

    The rumble of thunder died off.隆隆雷声逐渐消失。

die out (v.+adv.)
  1. (指物种、家族、习惯、观念等)绝迹,消失 cease to exist; disappear die out

    He is the last of the family; after his death the name will die out.他是他家族活在这世上的最后一个成员,他一死,他们家族便不复存在了。

    Some species died out.有些物种灭绝了。

    This kind of bird is dying out.这种鸟行将灭绝。

    If too many of these rare animals are killed, their kind will die out.如果过多地屠杀这些稀有动物,它们很快就会绝迹。

    Traditional grocers' shops are fast dying out now that there are so many supermarkets.由于出现了许多超级市场,传统的杂货店铺正逐渐消失。

    Many old customs are gradually dying out.许多旧习俗都在逐渐消失。

    It's time this selfish habit died out.这种自私的习惯该消除了。

    That style of music died out ten years ago.那种风格的音乐10年前就消失了。

die with (v.+prep.)
  1. 伴有…而死 die having (sth/sb)

    He died with his family all around him, and with his soul at peace. 全家人都在他身旁,他带着一颗平静的心死去了。

    The old man died with the demands that weren't met. 老人带着没有完成的心愿死去了。

    She died with peace and happiness. 她带着安详和幸福死去了。

    He died with a grievance. 他含冤而死。

  2. 随着(某人的死)而丧失,消失 be lost at the death of (sb)

    His secret died with him, and now we shall never know the truth. 他的秘密随他一起离去,现在我们永远也不可能知道真相了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Dependent on the turn of a die, on the tossing up of a halfpenny.

    出自:Hazlitt
  • It is not gambling when I know the dice are loaded in my favor.

    出自:E. O
  • She died only the other day at the age of about a hundred and ten.

    出自:R. Campbell
  • Four sons, two of whom died in the First World War.

    出自:J. Fowles

die的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. die的基本意思是指动植物因生命终止而“死亡”。引申可表示“消失,停止运行”“枯萎”等。
  2. die主要用作不及物动词,也可用作系动词,接名词或形容词作表语,表示死时的身份或状态。die有时也可用作及物动词,但必须接同源名词death作宾语, death前常可有形容词修饰。die不用于被动结构。
  3. die和副词小品词连用可组成短语如die away, die down, die out,均表示由大到小,由近到远,由有到无,指灯光、火光、声音等逐渐消失。
  4. die后接介词可组成短语表示死于某种原因。如接介词from表示“死于非命”等,接of表示因“疾病或年老”等而死亡。
  5. 在口语中, die往往作“渴望、切望”或“强烈地感受到”解,表示一种极度状态,此时用现在进行时,其后可接介词for〔of, to〕或动词不定式。
  6. die偶尔可用于进行体,表示“就要死去,渐渐死去”。
  7. die的现在分词dying可用作形容词,在句中作定语。
  8. 下面各句都是“他死了”的委婉说法:He is no more.It is all over for him.He has passed away.He departed from this life.He slept the final sleep.He was numbered among the dead.He has breathed his last.He fell in the battle.在英美军人的俚语里,还可以用:He's had it,He's bought it,He's had his time,He's handed in his chips等。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
die by, die for, die from, die of
这组短语都表示“死亡的原因”。其区别在于:
1.die from和die of意思相同,用die of时较多。die from一般指害病、疲劳、负伤、饥渴、辛苦、失望等致死, die of常指饮食过度、工作过度、饮酒过量等致死。
2.die for表示为了理想、事业而献身或因犯罪而被处死。例如:
He died for his belief.他为了自己的信仰而献身了。
He died for the crime he had committed.他因所犯的罪行而被处死。
3.die by则多表示横死。例如:
He died by his own hand.他自杀了。
die, peg out
这组词语都有“死”的意思。其区别在于:peg out是英式英语,多用于口语中,只指“人死”; 而die是一种比较正式的用法,指人时相当于pass away,也可以指植物“干枯”。
die out, wipe out
这两个短语都有“消灭,灭绝”的意思,其区别在于前者的意思是“主动地消灭”,后者的意思是“被动地灭绝”。试比较:
  • In order to find ways to wipe out flies, the biologist has spent 33 years watching their behaviour.
  • 为了消灭苍蝇,这位生物学家花了33 年时间观察苍蝇的行为。
  • If too many of these rare animals are killed, their kind will die out.
  • 如果过多地屠杀这些稀有动物,它们 就会绝种。
die, assassinate, execute, kill
这组词的共同意思是“死”。其区别是:
1.kill表示“杀死”,是中性词,一般指死于非命; die表示“死”,是中性词,一般指正常死亡。例如:
He died three years ago.他三年前去世了。
assassinate是一种特殊形式的“谋杀”,通常是针对领袖人物或知名人士的。例如:
The attempt of assassinating the prime minister failed.刺杀首相的企图未能得逞。
execute是指依照法律或执行命令将某人“处死”。例如:
The man was executed for treason of his own country.那人因叛国罪而被处死。
2.kill的宾语可以是人或物,施动者也可以是人或物; die常用作不及物动词,不用于被动结构,可跟同源宾语。例如:
She died a heroic death.她英勇就义了。
murder的主语和宾语均须是人。例如:
The invaders murdered thousands and thousands of the natives.侵略者屠杀了成千上万的当地居民。
die, expire, pass away, perish
这组词(组)都有“死”的意思。其区别是:
die是这一组词中最常用的,用于一切有生命的或被人们比喻为有生命的东西; expire是书面用语,是一种委婉的说法,意思是“呼出最后一口气”; pass away是die的委婉说法,语气比较缓和; perish是较正式用语,指死于暴力或困境等非正常死亡。例如:
He became very ill and then he died.他病得很重,接着就死了。
The old man expired at the age of eighty.老人于80岁时逝世。
Five people perished in the fire.大火中有五人丧生。
die for, ache for, hanger for, long for, sign for, starve for, thirst for
参见ache条。
下面每组中的两个句子意思不同:
  • The woman died of shame.
  • 那女人含羞而死。
  • The woman died to shame.
  • 那女人恬不知耻。
  • She must be dead.
  • 她一定是死了。(状态)
  • She must have died.
  • 她一定死了。(动作)
die decease expire perish pass away
这些动词或短语动词均有“死”或“死亡”之意。
  • die:die最普通用词,指某人或某物失去生命而永远不存在。
  • decease:decease正式用词,多指法律上的用语。
  • expire:expire委婉用词。从本义“从肺部吐出气来”引申为吐出最后一口气,断气而死。
  • perish:perish书面用词,多指夭折或不幸暴亡。
  • pass away:pass away是die的委婉用语。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他去世三年了。

    He has died for three years.

    He died three years ago.

    die是瞬间动词,不可与for引起的表示一段时间的状语搭配。

  2. 他三年前死的。

    He was died three years ago.

    He died three years ago.

    die主要用作不及物动词,不能构成被动结构。偶尔用作及物动词时接同源名词death作宾语。

  3. 他们虽然死了,但他们为祖国争得了荣誉。

    Although they died, they have won the honour for their country.

    Although they are dead, they have won the honour for their country.

    die的过去式一般只用在如“说明何时死的,生什么病死的,死时年轻(富有或贫穷)等”场合,英美人习惯用be dead表示“某人已死”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 12世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古丹麦语的dja;最初源自原始日耳曼语的dawjaann,意为去世。

die的相关资料:

正版词典

die : 〈名词定冠 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
die : 模圈 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
die : 死,死亡,( ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

die的相关缩略词,共有28

互动百科

  • die:简介 Die是日本著名金属乐队Dir en grey的节奏吉他手。Die的真名为安滕大助(Ando Daisuke)他取了自己名字中的“Dai”转变成很特别的"Die"作为艺名。 来历 Dir en…

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