decision

  基本词汇  
[dɪ'sɪʒn]     [dɪ'sɪʒn]    
  • n.决定;决心;判决
decisional decisioned decisioned decisioning decisions
new

decision是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 决心,决定,作决定
  2. 决议
  3. 判决
  4. 判断,决断,决策,决断力
  5. 果断,坚决
  6. 结论,结果
  7. 【美拳】裁判
  8. 抉择
  9. 决定或照决定行动的能力

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C][U]决定,决心,判断 a choice or judgment; an act of deciding
  2. [U]果断,坚决 the quality of being able to make choices or judgments quickly and to act on them with firmness; resolution
  3. [C]决议,结果 resolution

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
decision : 决定, 决心 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
decision : 决定 ...
在 《外教社管理学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of making up your mind about something;

    "the burden of decision was his"
    "he drew his conclusions quickly"

  2. a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration;

    "a decision unfavorable to the opposition"
    "his conclusion took the evidence into account"
    "satisfied with the panel's determination"

  3. (boxing) a victory won on points when no knockout has occurred;

    "had little trouble in taking a unanimous decision over his opponent"

  4. the outcome of a game or contest;

    "the team dropped three decisions in a row"

  5. the trait of resoluteness as evidenced by firmness of character or purpose;

    "a man of unusual decisiveness"

decision的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I don't think his decision is wise in reality.
    实际上,我觉得他的决定并不明智。
  2. We can' t reach a decision without our chairman.
    主席不在场
  3. All is dependent on your decision.
    一切看你的决心而定。
  4. The judge will give his decision tomorrow.
    法官将于明天做出判决。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The decision must be referred back, as there is now fresh information to be considered.
    这项决定必须再次提交审议,因为现在有新的情况要考虑。
  2. The decision is still hanging.
    尚未决定。
  3. The decision by the headmaster was called into question by some of the teachers who thought it unnecessarily harsh.
    有些教师对校长的决定存有异议,他们认为没有必要那么严厉。
  4. They grumbled to me that the decision was not fair.
    他们向我抱怨说那裁决不公平。
  5. The decision of the Supreme Court shall not be appealed against.
    最高法院的这一判决不容质疑。
  6. The decision must lie over until the next executive meeting.
    这项决议必须留到下次执委会会议讨论。
  7. The decision overturned a century-old judicial rule.
    这项决议推翻了历时已有一个世纪的司法裁决。
  8. Tension mounted as we waited for the decision.
    我们等待作出决定时,气氛越来越紧张。
  9. The fact that the office already has a good accountant simply didn't enter into the decision.
    这个办公室已经有了一名很好的会计,但这一决定中根本没有考虑这一事实。
  10. Despite his pleasant manner,I suspected he was fishing for information about the decisions made at the board meeting.
    尽管他的态度讨人喜欢,可我怀疑他是在打听关于董事会决定的消息。
  11. He refused to associate himself with the decision.
    他拒绝与这一决定发生干系。
  12. She argued him out of the decision.
    她说服他改变决定。
  13. They let the final decision hang over until next week.
    他们待下周再作出最后决定。
  14. I intend to contest the judge's decision in another court.
    我打算在另一个法庭上反驳法官的裁决。
  15. The referee's decision was contested by the loser.
    负方对裁判的裁决有异议。
  16. We started kicking the idea around right back in January, but a decision hasn't been made yet.
    我们从1月份就开始讨论这个主意了,可到现在还没有做决定。
  17. I hold that this is a right decision.
    我相信这是个正确的决定。
  18. A decision sometimes determines the future.
    一个决定有时决定着未来。
  19. I won't be hurried into a decision, you'll just have to wait!
    我不会匆忙做决定的,你等等吧!
  20. Once a decision is made, we must carry it out.
    一旦做了决议,我们就要执行。
  21. Give me your decision now, stop playing for time!
    现在就告诉我你们的决定,不要再拖延时间了。
  22. I'll get straight back to head office and inform them of your decision.
    我马上就回总公司把你们的决定告诉他们。
  23. His parents were astonished at his decision.
    他的父母对他的决定感到很吃惊。
  24. His decision will cut across our basic plan.
    他的决定将打乱我们的基本计划。
  25. Several unpopular decisions diminished the governor's popularity.
    几项不得人心的决议使州长的声望下降。
  26. I have been kept at arm's length from all the committee's decisions.
    委员会作出的任何决定都未让我参与。
  27. They have rendered a decision on that matter.
    对那件事他们已经作出决定。
  28. Let's dispute the decision about that matter.
    咱们来讨论一下关于这件事的决定是否正确。
  29. The decision they made is that nothing should hold them back.
    他们下了决心,没有什么能阻止他们。
~+to- v
  1. My decision to go there hangs on your answer.
    我要看你的回答才能做决定去不去那儿。
  2. She never ceased regretting her decision to go back.
    她一直为作出回去的决定感到后悔。
  3. I appreciate the fact that this is not an easy decision to make.
    我意识到这不是一个容易作出的决定。
~+that-clause
  1. These were vital decisions that bore on the happiness of everybody.
    这是一些影响每个人幸福的极其重要的决定。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
accept the/sb's decision
  1. 接受…决定〔判定〕 agreed to the decision

    The Minister has threatened to cross over to the other side if the government refuses to accept his decision. 那位部长威胁说,如果政府拒绝他的决定,他就要改变立场而加入反对派。

    The tennis players refused to accept the linesman's decision, so the judge ordered them to play that point over. 网球运动员拒绝接受巡边员的判定,所以裁判员判他们重新比赛。

affect one's decision
  1. 影响某人的决定 influence one's decision

    Their opinions will not affect my decision. 他们的意见不会影响我的决定。

against the decision
  1. 反对(某一)决定 against an action

    The representatives pronounced against the decision made at the conference. 代表们对会议作出的决定表示反对。

    They cried out against the decision of the court. 他们大声反对法院的判决。

    She will appeal against the judge's decision. 她要对判决提出上诉。

applaud one's decision
  1. 赞许…的决定 agree to one's decision

    We applauded the authority's decision not to close the hospital. 我们赞许当局不关闭这家医院的决定。

approve of one's decision
  1. 赞成某人的决定 agree to one's decision

    I heartily approve of your decision. 我衷心赞成你的决定。

arrive at a decision
  1. 达成一项决议 reach a decision

    It took us several hours to arrive at a decision. 达成一项决议花了我们数小时。

    Find out the islanders' views before arriving at a decision. 达成决议以前,要弄清岛上居民的意见。

    You arrived at a good decision, and I thoroughly approve of it. 你们作出了一个很好的决定,我完全赞成。

come to the decision
  1. 作出决定 make the decision

    His position entitled him to come to the decision by himself. 他的地位使他有权利做那个决定。

    She was inhibited from coming to the decision to emigrate by the thought of her mother's loneliness. 她因担心母亲会感到孤独而不能作出移居国外的决定。

delay one's decision
  1. 推迟决定(实施) postpone one's decision

    Tom proposed delaying his decision until the next meeting. 汤姆提议把其决定推迟到下次会议上作出。

give one's decision
  1. 作出决定 reach a decision

    The director is still pondering over the wisdom of accepting the contract, and will give his decision tomorrow. 经理还在反复考虑接受这份合同是否明智,明天他要作出决定。

hand down one's decision
  1. 作出判决 judge the decision

    The judge handed down his decision at noon. 法官中午下了判决。

hang on sb's decision
  1. 取决于…决定 be decided by

    Everything hangs on your decision. 一切都取决于你的决定。

hit out at sb's decisions
  1. 猛烈抨击其决定 critic the decision

    The voters are hitting out at the government's latest decisions. 选民猛烈抨击政府的最新决定。

hold off one's decision
  1. 迟迟不做决定 postpone the decision

    They're holding off their decision because of changing conditions. 由于情况变化,他们迟迟不做决定。

hold to one's decision
  1. 坚持决定 resist one's decision

    Whatever your argument,I shall hold to my decision. 不论你如何争辩,我将坚持我的决定。

influence sb's decision
  1. 影响决定 affect one's decision

    We thank the committee for bringing to light some facts which will influence the board's decision. 委员会批露了将影响理事会作出决定的一些事实,对此我们深表感谢。

make a decision
  1. 作出决定 give a decision

    Let me pause on these matters for a time before I make a decision. 让我把这些事情好好想一想再作决定。

    Let's postpone making a decision until we have more information. 咱们在获取更多情报之后再作决定不迟。

    The only thing to do is to fling caution to the winds and make a decision, right or wrong; anything is better than uncertainty. 唯一可行的就是大胆作出决定; 对也罢,错也罢,反正总比举棋不定好。

    I think that I made a wrong decision. 我想我是做了错误的决定。

    Don't try to bring pressure to bear on him; let him make the decision himself. 别给他施加压力,让他自己作出决定。

    She completely dominates her family and makes all the decisions. 她家里的大大小小的事完全由她作主,大事小事都是她说了算。

    You'd better look about carefully before making the final decision. 在做最后结论之前,你应该仔细考虑。

    Hamlet is usually played as a sorrowful person who cannot make decisions or take action. 哈姆雷特常被演成一个优柔寡断的伤感型人物。

    I recommend you to think very carefully before you make any decision. 我建议你在决定之前要仔细考虑。

    Before making any decision, the President usually advises with leading members of his special information committee. 在作出任何决定之前,总统通常与其特别顾问委员会的主要成员进行磋商。

    Don't make any decision yet.Please hear me out. 先别做决定,请听我把话说完。

    You must keep your parents' needs in mind when you make your decision. 你做决定时必须把你父母的需求考虑在内。

    I must contact my lawyer before I make my final decisions. 在作出最后决定以前,我必须先同我的律师联系一下。

proceed the decisions
  1. 导致…结果 come to the decision

    From such a small beginning there have proceeded many important decisions. 如此微小的苗头已经导致许多重要的结果。

reach a decision
  1. 作出决定 give a decision

    After poring upon the matter for some days, he was able to reach a decision. 他花了几天的时间仔细考虑这件事,终于作出了决定。

    They have chewed the problem over for hours and hope to reach a decision soon. 他们用几个小时充分讨论了这个问题,希望很快能作出这个决定。

    I recall questioning them at that time as to why they had reached such a decision. 我记得那时我曾问过他们为什么达成这样一个决定。

recall one's decision
  1. 撤销决定 cancel one's decision

    She realized her mistake and tried to recall her decision, but it was then too late. 她认识到自己的错误,想撤销决定,可是为时已经太晚了。

reconsider the/one's decision
  1. 重新考虑其决定 think the decision again

    They desire the conference to reconsider the decision. 他们请求大会重新审议这项决议。

    They petitioned the government to reconsider its decision. 他们请求政府重新考虑其决定。

    I advise you to reconsider your decision. 我建议你重新考虑你的决定。

the result of one's decision
  1. 作出决定的理由 the reason of one's decision

    电影倒叙到从前的一个镜头,为我们讲述了她作此决定的理由。 电影倒叙到从前的一个镜头,为我们讲述了她作此决定的理由。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The two umpires shall then elect a referee, whose decision shall be final.

    出自:G. B. Shaw
  • They appealed the juvenile court decision.

    出自:New Society

decision的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. decision后面可接带to的不定式。

    My decision to apply for further details.

  2. reach/arrive a decision都可以解释为“做出决定”。
n.(名词)
  1. decision的基本意思是“决定”“抉择”“判决”,引申可表示“决议”,既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。
  2. decision经常与动词 make, reach, arrive at, give, come to等词连用(但不可用do),均表示“作出决定”。
  3. decision的另一个意思是“果断”“坚决”,只用作不可数名词。
  4. decision后面可接动词不定式做同位语,而不接 of v -ing。
  5. decision是表示建议的名词,其后的表语从句或同位语从句须用虚拟语气。

词义辨析

resolution decision determination resolve
这些名词均含“决定、决心”之意。
  • resolution:resolution指自觉地正式表示的决心,含极强的主观能动意味,比如new year's resolution。
  • decision:decision既可指重大的或一般的决定或决心,又可指在多种情况下作出果断的抉择,毫不犹豫地采取行动。
  • determination:determination侧重坚定不移的顽强意志力。
  • resolve:resolve语气较强,强调克服感情上的软弱,下决心干具体的一件事。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我们已决定你立刻动身。

    We have taken the decision that you should leave at once.

    We have made the decision that you should leave at once.

    We have decided that you should leave at once.

    “决定”应该是 make the decision,而不是take the decision。

  2. 她决定退休使我为之一惊。

    Her decision retiring surprised me.

    Her decision to retire surprised me.

    decision可用动词不定式做同位语,不可用动名词。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:a decision can be done either conciously or unconciously.

    纠正:a decision can be made either conciously or unconciously.

    翻译:做出决定可能是有意识的,也有可能是无意识的。

    分析:make a decision是固定搭配,不能改做do。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪中期进入英语,直接源自中世纪法语的deciison;最初源自拉丁语的deciisonem。

decision的相关资料:

正版词典

decision : 决定;决心 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • decision:decision n. 决定, 决心, 决议, 结果, 果断, 坚定 英英解释:名词decision:1. a position or opinion or judgment reached afte…

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