cruel

  核心词汇  
['kruːəl]     ['kruːəl]    
  • adj. 残酷的;残忍的;引起痛苦的
new

cruel的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 残酷的,残忍的,残暴的
  2. 令人痛苦的, 刻毒伤人的,惨痛的,引起痛苦的
  3. 严酷的,无情的,铁面无私的
  4. 吃大苦受大累的
  5. 冷酷的
adv. (副词)
  1. 极度,非常
  2. 残忍地
n. (名词)
  1. 残忍的人
v. (动词)
  1. 破坏,破坏所有成功的机会

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 残酷的,残忍的 making others suffer, especially intentionally
  2. 使人痛苦的,让人受难的 causing pain or suffering

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. (of persons or their actions) able or disposed to inflict pain or suffering;

    "a barbarous crime"
    "brutal beatings"
    "cruel tortures"
    "Stalin's roughshod treatment of the kulaks"
    "a savage slap"
    "vicious kicks"

cruel的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The feudal barons were cruel to the people.
    封建贵族对人民很残酷。
  2. That emperor was a cruel despot.
    那个皇帝是个残酷的专制君主。
  3. The death of their daughter was a cruel blow.
    女儿的死对他们是一个残酷的打击。
  4. He is a cruel assassin.
    他是个残忍的杀手。
  5. We shouldn't be cruel to animals.
    我们不应该对动物残忍。
  6. In fairy stories, the ogre is cruel and eats people.
    在神话故事中,魔鬼很残忍而且吃人。
  7. His cruel remarks cut me deeply.
    他那无情的话太伤我的心了。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The cruel man beat his wife.
    那位狠心的男人打自己的妻子。
  2. The cruel woman threw the boy into a dark room.
    那个残忍的女人把那孩子扔到一间黑屋里去。
  3. His cruel master nearly beat him to death.
    残忍的主人差点把他打死。
  4. The cruel master beat his slaves mercilessly with a whip.
    残暴的奴隶主用鞭子狠心地抽打奴隶。
  5. It was a cruel lesson.
    这是个惨痛的教训。
  6. Fate dealt him a cruel blow.
    命运给他以惨痛的打击。
  7. He was criticized for his cruel acts.
    他因行为残忍而受到了批评。
  8. The cruel war caused great disasters to the people.
    残酷的战争给人民带来了巨大的灾难。
  9. What a cruel sight it was!
    这是一个多么悲惨的情景!
  10. “How dare you say I'm unfair?”said Mr. White in a cruel voice.
    怀特先生恶狠狠地说:“你竟敢说我不公平!”
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Anyone who likes watching people suffer is cruel.
    喜欢看别人受苦的人都是残酷的人。
  2. How could he be so cruel?
    他怎能这样无情呢?
  3. Tigers are cruel by nature.
    老虎生性残暴。
  4. The disappointment was cruel.
    失望是令人痛苦的。
  5. The summers there are really cruel.
    那儿的夏天真热得够呛。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. They were very cruel to their prisoners of war.
    他们对待战俘很残酷。
  2. A mother who is cruel to her child is unnatural.
    对自己的孩子残忍的母亲是不近人情的。
  3. Don't be cruel to animals.
    别虐待动物。
It is/was+~+(of sb) to- v
  1. It was cruel of her to kick her sick mother out.
    她把患病的母亲赶出大门,真是残忍。
  2. It was cruel of him to say that.
    他说那话真是狠心。
  3. It was cruel of them to make the donkey carry such a heavy load.
    他们让驴子驮那样重的东西,真是残忍。
  4. It was cruel of Tom to tease that little boy.
    汤姆嘲弄那个小男孩是很残忍的事。
  5. It is cruel to hit a dog with a stick.
    用棍子打狗是残忍的行为。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
cruel to be kind
    忠言逆耳 help sb by using unpleasant methods

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The meanest and cruelest of human beings.

    出自: S. Johnson
  • It was cruel to bewilder her.

    出自: H. James
  • I could feel her cruel eyes on me.

    出自: E. O

cruel的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. cruel作为形容词具有评价意义。其基本意思是表示人的某种性格特点,即置别人的痛苦于不顾,甚至以目睹他人遭受痛苦或使他人遭受痛苦为快。
  2. cruel在句中可用作定语或表语。作定语时主要修饰表示人的名词,也可修饰疾病、战争、命运等抽象名词。作表语时,其后可接由to引起的介词短语,表示“对…残酷”; 也可接动词不定式(短语),表示根据某一行动而评价某人是“残酷〔忍〕的”,这时的主语与动词不定式呈逻辑上的主谓关系。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
cruel, brutal
  • 这两个词的意思都是“残忍的”,其区别仅在于程度上。后者表示“极度残酷”,语义比前者强得多。例如:
  • Murder is a brutal crime.谋杀是极残忍的罪行。
  • 常见错误

    adj. (形容词)
      这样做真残忍。

      It was very cruel doing so.

      It was very cruel to do so.

      cruel后可接动词不定式,但不接动名词。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的cruel,crudel;最初源自古典拉丁语的crudelem,意为失去知觉的,残忍的。
    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史