- vi. & vt. (使)爆裂,炸破 break open or in pieces suddenly
- vi. 挤满,充满 be full of
- vi. 突然打开 come into the stated condition suddenly and often violently
- vi. 突然发作 happen suddenly
- [C]爆炸,破裂 an act or result of bursting
- [C]爆发,突发 a sudden short period of great activity, loud noise, strong feeling
the act of exploding or bursting;
"the explosion of the firecrackers awoke the children"
"the burst of an atom bomb creates enormous radiation aloft"
rapid simultaneous discharge of firearms;
"our fusillade from the left flank caught them by surprise"
a sudden flurry of activity (often for no obvious reason);
"a burst of applause"
"a fit of housecleaning"
a sudden intense happening;
"an outburst of heavy rain"
"a burst of lightning"
come open suddenly and violently, as if from internal pressure;
"The bubble burst"
force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up;
"break into tears"
"erupt in anger"
burst outward, usually with noise;
"The champagne bottle exploded"
move suddenly, energetically, or violently;
"He burst out of the house into the cool night"
be in a state of movement or action;
"The room abounded with screaming children"
"The garden bristled with toddlers"
"The sun burst into view"
cause to burst;
"The ice broke the pipe"
break open or apart suddenly and forcefully;
"The dam burst"
- There was a burst of laughter in the next room.
- The pipe burst and a spout of water shoot out.
- Prices went up and up in recent years, before the housing bubble burst.
- I've eaten so much I'm bursting at the seams.
- The boy blew the paper bag out and burst it.
- I felt as if my heart would burst with joy.
- She rushed downstairs and burst into the kitchen.
- And then in one climactic burst of sound they surged forward.
- The police burst through the door.
- The shell burst overhead.
- I put too much air into the bicycle tyre and it burst.
- The boiler burst.
- Once their water pipes froze and burst.
- Owing to the weight of the contents the sacks burst.
- I cannot eat any more; my stomach seems to burst.
- Clouds gathered and a storm burst.
- He was bursting to show what he could do.
- She was bursting to tell us the news.
- Helen is bursting to write to her mother.
- I am simply bursting to congratulate you.
- He is bursting to send the boy to hospital.
- He burst a blood-vessel.
- The water pressure burst the pipes.
- The champagne burst the bottle.
- The water was unusually high this spring and the river burst its banks.
- If you get much fatter you'll burst your clothes.
- He burst the chains that held him.
- The bubble bursts itself.
- The postman burst the door open.
- We had to burst the door open.
- I heard several bomb bursts.
- The soldiers heard the burst of guns in the distance.
- I've got to phone the plumber.I've got a burst.
- A burst of hand-clapping followed the ending of the story.
- The audience gave way to uncontrollable bursts of laughter.
- His appearance on the platform was greeted with a burst of applause.
- In the burst of anger, he threw a cup to the ground.
- She finally finished the job in a sudden burst of energy.
- The swimmer won the contest with a splendid burst of speed at the end.
- With a final burst of speed she overtook the leading runner and won the race.
- It gives a burst of sunlight.
- With a great burst of speed the airplane took off.
- The fortress began spurting savage bursts of machine-gun fire.
- burst forth( v.+adv. )
突然发生或开始 suddenly begin
The sun burst forth again.
The banks of the river gave way and the waters burst forth.
The leaves of the trees have burst forth.
The enthusiasm of the people now burst forth.
The cherry blossoms burst forth in all their beauty.
Mary burst forth into song.
- burst in (v.+adv.)
突然发话 speak suddenly
Suddenly the door opened and the children burst in.
He had just poked up the fire and was staring blankly at the flames when someone burst in.
When did you burst in?
你何时闯进来的?burst sth ⇔ in
The firemen could enter the burning house only by bursting the door in.
Without knocking, the child burst the door in.
Because he lost his key, he had to burst in the door.
The old man burst in when they were going to leave.
“But I was there!” Jane burst in.
“He didn't come,” she burst in.
- burst in on( v.+adv.+prep. )
突然到来 come suddenly
- burst into( v.+prep. )
突然开始(某事),突然进入(某种状态) start (sth) suddenly
- burst on〔upon〕( v.+prep. )
突然被(某人)明白,理解 become suddenly known by (sb)
- burst out( v.+adv. )
(从…)逃脱 escape from somewhere
Be quiet, don't burst out.
Don't burst out; it isn't my fault.
“I don't believe it!”burst out the angry old man.
那个老人怒气冲冲地说:“我不信!”“Are you sure?”he burst out.他突然喊道:“你拿得准吗”?burst out v-ing
Everyone suddenly burst out laughing.
Everyone was quiet when Jenny suddenly burst out crying.
大家都没出声,珍妮忽然哇地一声哭了起来。burst out (of sth)
Five men burst out of prison yesterday.
- burst through( v.+prep. )
穿过…而出现; 冲破 appear through (sth), possibly force
burst through sth
The enemy are already bursting through our weakened defences.
The water burst through the break in the dam.
The sun burst through, and the clouds rolled away.
太阳穿过云层露出脸来。burst sth through sth
They burst a tunnel through the mountain.
Why not burst the road through the hill?
He burst his way through the underbush.
They burst a hole through the wall.
- burst with( v.+prep. )
充满(某种感情); 富于(某种素质) feel full of (a feeling)
burst with sb/sth
With its storehouses bursting with grain, the farm had to build more granaries.
The hall was bursting with children.
大厅里挤满了孩子。burst with sth
Mary was bursting with joy over the good news.
They were bursting with happiness.
The children are simply bursting with good health.
那些孩子长得真健康。burst sth with sth
He burst his heart with envy.
- burst a balloon 使气球爆破
- burst a blood vessel 血管破裂,很激动
- burst a tire 使轮胎爆破
- burst one's sides with laughing 笑破肚皮
- burst sb's restraint 打破某人的约束
- burst free 突然挣脱
- burst appallingly 令人震惊的爆破
- burst fierily 燃烧着爆裂
- burst turbulently 强烈地爆破
- burst away 立即离开
- burst forth 突然出现
- burst in 打破(门等)而入,闯入,突然发话
- burst out 突然开始,逃脱
- burst out crying 突然哭起来
- burst at 胀裂
- burst into 闯进,突然开始,爆发成…
- burst into a furious rage 勃然大怒
- burst into flames 突然燃烧起来
- burst into song 纵声歌唱
- burst into tears 大哭起来
- burst out of 冲出…
- burst out of the room 冲出房间
- burst through 穿过…突然出现
- burst upon〔on〕 突然出现
- burst with 充满…,挤满…
- burst with envy 妒火中烧
- burst with pride 傲气十足
- a burst in the water pipes 水管上的裂口
- a burst of anger 勃然大怒
- a burst of applause 一阵掌声
- a burst of blood vessel 血管破裂
- a burst of bombs 炸弹爆炸
- a burst of energy 一股劲
- a burst of firing 一阵射击
- a burst of flame 烈焰迸发
- a burst of heavy rain 突然下起的大雨
- a burst of laughter 一阵大笑
- a burst of machine-gun fire 一阵机关枪声
- a burst of thunder 一阵雷声
- a burst of violence 迸出强烈的感情
When beech-buds were near the burst.出自： G. Meredith
Poyson..Made him to swell, that nigh his bowells brust.出自： Spenser
A bomb burst in the water.出自： S. Sassoon
A gigantic wave had just burst on the fo'c'sle.出自： Day Lewis
Bubbles on a tarred roof, which grew, and burst, and grew again.出自： J. Bowen
There was a loud ripping sound; the seam of his trousers had burst.出自： P. F. Boller
- burst接“into+ n .”或“out+ v -ing”可表示“突然进入某种状态”; 接forth可表示“突然发生或开始”。
- burst是可数名词,常与不定冠词a连用。a burst of表示“一阵…”。
- burst out表示“爆发”，一般在其后接动名词，而burst into表示“突然发作”，后面一般接名词；burst into tears同burst out crying均表示“忽然哭出来”，但是前者用法比较普遍。“忽然哭出来”偶尔还可表示成burst out into tears或是burst out into crying；
- burst into laughter同burst out laughing均表示“忽然笑出来”，但是后者用法比较普遍；
I am bursting with joy.
- burst into, burst out
- burst into和burst out都含有“突然哭〔笑〕”的意思。burst into强调“进入某种状态”,即“哭〔笑〕起来”,而burst out则强调“哭〔笑〕出声来”。burst into后面接名词时居多; burst out后接动名词时居多。例如:
- As soon as she saw her mother,she burst into tears like a child.
- As soon as she saw her mother,she burst out crying like a child.
- 看到母亲,她就像小孩一样地大哭了 起来。
- burst, break
- 这两个词均可表示“破裂”。二者区别在于:break一般指外力猛然损坏坚硬的东西; 而burst一般指内部的力量冲破某封闭状态而损坏某物。例如:
- They broke a bomb shell.
- The bomb burst.
- burst, blow up, explode
- blow up指人炸毁汽车、楼房等物体; explode指炸弹、锅炉、油箱等爆炸; 而burst指气球、轮胎等爆炸。例如:
- The car blew up.轿车被炸毁了。
- When the boiler exploded many people were injured.因锅炉爆炸,许多人受了伤。
- The tyre burst.轮胎爆炸了。
- burst into a house 突然闯入房间
- burst upon a house 突然逼近房间
- burst into a room 突然闯入房间
- break into a room 突然破门而入
- rush into a room 匆匆进入房间
误 He raced home from school bursting of news for us.
正 He raced home from school bursting with news for us.
析 burst with表示“充满”,此时的with可作“拥有,具有”讲。with不可改用of。
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的berstan；最初源自西日耳曼语的brestanan，意为忽然爆裂。