board

  基本词汇  
[bɔːd]     [bɔːrd]    
  • n.木板;布告板;董事会;船舷或机舱;伙食;舞台
  • v.登(飞机、车、船等);接受乘客;有偿提供食宿;搭伙;用木板覆盖
boarded boarded boarding boards
new

board是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 委员会;董事会;理事会
  2. 木板,板,黑板,厚纸板
  3. 伙食,膳食
  4. 舞台
  5. (用于机构名称)局,部,会
  6. 牌子,布告牌
  7. 演员的职业
  8. 入学考试
  9. 船舷
v.(动词)
  1. 上、登、搭、乘(火车、公共汽车、飞机、船等)
  2. 用木板覆盖,用木板封住,用板铺上
  3. 膳宿,寄宿 ,付费(在某人家里)膳宿;把(某人)安排在外膳宿,供...膳宿
  4. 【海】逆风作之字形航行,逆风斜进
  5. 搭伙,包饭
  6. 寄养(马)
  7. 让乘客登机
  8. 强行登(船),靠拢(船)
  9. 走上前去跟(某人)讲话,勾引

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]长形木板 a long thin flat piece of cut wood; plank
  2. [C]硬质板 a flat piece of hard material used for a particular purpose
  3. [U]膳食费; 膳食 (the cost of) meals
  4. [C]理事会,委员会,董事会 an official body or group that has responsibility for a particular organization or activity
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 用木板覆盖或封闭 cover with boards
  2. vt. 上(船或火车、飞机等) go on board (a ship or public vehicle, aircraft, etc.)
  3. vt. & vi. 搭伙(并寄宿),收费供膳食(及住宿) get or supply with meals

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
board : 董 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 〈主美〉( ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 甲板, 配电 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 照明 ...
board : 木板 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 委员会,董 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 纸板 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 股票行情牌 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 舞台, 纸板 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 板材,木板 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 声音 ...
在 《外教社广告学英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 甲板;舷( ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a committee having supervisory powers;

    "the board has seven members"

  2. a stout length of sawn timber; made in a wide variety of sizes and used for many purposes

  3. a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose;

    "he nailed boards across the windows"

  4. food or meals in general;

    "she sets a fine table"
    "room and board"

  5. a vertical surface on which information can be displayed to public view

  6. a table at which meals are served;

    "he helped her clear the dining table"
    "a feast was spread upon the board"

  7. electrical device consisting of a flat insulated surface that contains switches and dials and meters for controlling other electrical devices;

    "he checked the instrument panel"
    "suddenly the board lit up like a Christmas tree"

  8. a printed circuit that can be inserted into expansion slots in a computer to increase the computer's capabilities

  9. a flat portable surface (usually rectangular) designed for board games;

    "he got out the board and set up the pieces"

Verb:
  1. get on board of (trains, buses, ships, aircraft, etc.)

  2. live and take one's meals at or in;

    "she rooms in an old boarding house"

  3. lodge and take meals (at)

  4. provide food and lodging (for);

    "The old lady is boarding three men"

board的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Will you draw the nails from this board?
    请你把钉子从这块木板上拔出来好吗?
  2. Paste down the map on the board.
    把这张地图用浆糊贴在布告板上。
  3. Her election to the board of directors caused great surprise.
    她被选进董事会,令人大为吃惊。
  4. Please get on board at once; the plane is taking off very soon.
    请即刻登机;飞机马上就要起飞了。
  5. She pays $100 a week plus room and board.
    她每星期付100美元,另加食宿。
  6. For ambitious actors, playing on the boards is the greatest happiness in their life.
    对怀着雄心壮志的演员来说,在舞台上表演是他们生命中最大的快乐。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Passengers must board the ship by 6 p.m.
    旅客必须在下午六点钟以前上船。
  2. The passenger walk up the ramp to board the airplane.
    旅客们走上活动舷梯登上飞机。
  3. Flight 757 is now boarding.
    757航班的乘客请现在登机。
  4. We will be very glad to board and lodge you.
    我们很高兴为您提供食宿。
  5. I'd board up the windows if I were you.
    如果我要是你的话,我就用木板把窗户钉上。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Would you saw me a piece of board two inches by one?
    请给我锯一块长两英寸、宽一英寸的小板好吗?
  2. The carpenter was shaving a board.
    木匠在刨一块木板。
  3. The carpenter evened a board with a plane.
    那位木工用刨刨平了一块木板。
  4. Nail the boards onto the fence posts, they will make a good fence.
    把这些木板钉在立柱上,这样围墙就牢固了。
  5. Will you nail down that loose board in the floor?
    请把那块松动的地板钉牢好吗?
  6. Lean the board against the wall, it is in the way.
    把板子靠在墙上,它挡道。
  7. How many of our girls dived off the top board.
    姑娘中有多少从最高的跳板上跳过水?
  8. The competitors will dive off the highest board.
    比赛者将从最高一个跳板上跳入水中。
  9. If you can't pull the nails out by their heads, punch them out from the other side of the board.
    如果你不能把钉子从钉子头这边取出来,你可以从木板的另一面把它们敲出来。
  10. The boat is built by lapping the edge of one board over the board underneath.
    用一块木板的边压在下面的一块木板上,船就这样造出来。
  11. They knocked together a rough box with wooden boards.
    他们用木板草草地做成了一个粗糙的箱子。
  12. We plan to floor the house with pine boards.
    这房子我们打算用松木做地板。
  13. The room was floored with boards.
    这房间是用木料铺的地板。
  14. Leave the dishes on the board to drain.
    将盘子放在水槽旁边的板上晾干。
  15. He stacked the dishes on the draining board.
    他把碗盘放在滴水板上。
  16. The students put up a poster on the bulletin board.
    学生们在布告栏上贴了一张海报。
  17. Please post this important message on your notice board so that all the students can read it.
    请把这张重要的通知贴在告示牌上,以便全体学生都能看到。
  18. We'll notify the time of the meeting on the bulletin board.
    我们将在布告栏上公布会议的时间。
  19. The teachers usually pin up the best work on the board.
    老师们通常把最好的作业钉在展示板上。
  20. A boy was kept busy marking up the runs on a board.
    杂役忙着把车的班次写在布告牌上。
  21. I pay weekly for my board and lodging.
    我按周付食宿费。
  22. I owe for my board and lodging.
    我欠着食宿费。
  23. Her father pays for her rent and board but Lucy keeps herself in clothes.
    露西的父亲负担她的吃住,她自己则挣钱添置衣服。
  24. Let's go and arrange with them about the board.
    咱们去和他们安排一下搭伙的事吧。
  25. The notice was put up by the editorial board of the school journal.
    布告是校刊编委会贴的。
  26. The point will be laid on the board at the next meeting.
    这一点将在下一次会议上讨论。
  27. Your suggestion will be set before the board at their next meeting.
    你的建议将提交董事会的下次会议审议。
  28. He is still on the board, but he resigned as chairman some months ago.
    他仍在董事会,但几个月前他辞去了董事长职务。
  29. They committed some funds to the care of the board of trustees.
    他们把一笔款子交给董事会管理。
  30. The board is determining company policy.
    董事会正在制定公司的方针大计。
  31. He acted as secretary to the board.
    他充任委员会的秘书。
  32. The members of board requested that the chairman of the board should reconsider his decision.
    董事会的全体成员要求董事长重新考虑他的决定。
  33. He was later removed by the board of directors.
    后来他被董事会撤职了。
  34. His election to the board of directors paved the way to the replacement of the old president.
    他被选入董事会,这为他取代原来的董事长铺平了道路。
  35. The board nominated her as the new director.
    董事会任命她为新董事。
  36. Uncle left his position on the board of directors as he felt that he should move over in favour of a younger man.
    叔叔觉得把他在董事会的职位让给一个年轻些的人有好处。
  37. The three-man board manages its business with care and dispatch.
    这个三人董事会办事细心、麻利。
  38. Your request will be handed up to the board of the directors.
    你的要求将被提交给董事会。
  39. I shall have to gather myself together to face the whole board of directors.
    我得冷静下来以对付整个董事会。
  40. We thank the committee for bringing to light some facts which will influence the board's decision.
    委员会暴露了将影响理事会作出决定的一些事实,对此我们深表感谢。
  41. Are you going to bring any of the other board members in on your plan for the election ?
    你想请董事会的其他人来参与讨论你的选举计划吗?
  42. Despite his pleasant manner,I suspected he was fishing for information about the decisions made at the board meeting.
    尽管他的态度讨人喜欢,可我怀疑他是在打听关于董事会决定的消息。
  43. We joined the passengers waiting to board.
    我们加入了等候上船的旅客队伍中。
  44. As soon as I'm on board I always feel sick.
    我一上船就感到恶心。
  45. He has been on the boards all his life.
    他演了一辈子戏。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The workers are boarding over the stern of the boat.
    工人们将船的尾部铺上木板。
  2. We joined the passengers waiting to board.
    我们加入了等候上船的旅客队伍中。
  3. I'm boarding at a friend's house.
    我在一位朋友家里寄宿搭伙。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He boarded the roof himself.
    他自己用木板盖屋顶。
  2. Floe and I decided to board a train for Geneva.
    我和弗洛决定乘火车去日内瓦。
  3. The customs house officers boarded our ship and made a thorough search for smuggled goods.
    海关官员登上船仔细搜查走私货物。
  4. My aunt boards holiday-makers during the summer.
    夏天我的姨妈收费给度假的人提供膳宿。
  5. She arranged to board some Chinese students from the university.
    她安排了这所大学的一些中国学生在她家食宿。
  6. Mrs. Jones makes a living by boarding students.
    琼斯太太靠给学生们做饭为生。
  7. 用于be ~ed 结构
  8. The floor was boarded.
    地面已铺好铺板。
其他 v -ing as Attrib.
  1. He showed us the boarding house.
    他领我们看了膳宿处。
  2. There is a small boarding school in the little town.
    那个小镇上有一所不大的寄宿学校。
  3. Charlie ran away twice from his boarding school.
    查理两次从寄宿学校逃跑。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
above board
  1. 摆到桌面上的,光明正大 just and honorable

    You don't have to hand it to him, something the talker doing isn't above board. 你们不用佩服这个演说家,他做的一些事情不够光明正大。

across the board
  1. 全体人员都包括在内 include in all the people

    They had a wage increase of 321 yuan a month across the board. 全体人员都包括在内这月的工资增加321元。

go by the board
  1. 未成功 be unsuccessful

    Jim's father wanted to invest his own father's fortune in the business, which unluckily went by the board. 吉姆的父亲想用吉姆的祖父的财产搞商业投资,后来很不幸运,未获得成功。

    The teacher tried hard to interest the little girl in English, but he went by the board. 老师努力想使这个小女孩对英语产生兴趣,但他的努力落空了。

    It's hard work, but if hang on, you won't go by the board in the end. 工作是够艰苦的,但只要坚持下去,最终还是能成功的。

on board
  1. 在船〔火车、飞机、汽车〕上 on ship〔train, plane, bus〕 etc.

    All the students have gone on board. 所有的学生都已上船了。

    When all passengers were on board, the train pulled out of the station. 所有乘客都上车后,火车开出了车站。

    Is everyone on board?Let's bear off, we've no time to waste. 大家都上船了吗?我们起航吧,不能再浪费时间了。

    The ship sank within minutes, drowning all the passengers on board. 那艘船几分钟内便沉没了,船上所有的乘客全部遇难。

    A small boat drifted in during the night, with no one on board. 夜间漂来一条小船,船上没人。

    Mary is on board one of those ships. 玛丽在其中的一条船上。

用作动词 (v.)
board in (v.+adv.)
  1. 用木板围住或封住 close a space with boards of wood board sth ⇔ in 用于 be ~ed 结构

    There used to be a hole in the fence that we could creep through, but it's been boarded in.以前篱笆上有一个口子,我们可以钻进钻出,可是这个口子已用木板给钉上了。

board out (v.+adv.)
  1. 不在住处吃饭; (把某人)寄在别处膳宿 (cause to) receive food and lodgings away from home board out

    Jim boards out.吉姆在外面搭伙。

    Mr. Smith has a bedroom in our house but boards out.史密斯先生住在我们家里,但他在别的地方吃饭。

    board sb ⇔ out

    She boarded out her children with a neighbour.她把孩子们寄在邻居家膳宿。

board up (v.+adv.)
  1. 用木板封住,用板隔断 put boards over the door or windows board sth ⇔ up

    Board the door up.用木板把门封住。

    He boards up his doors and windows before leaving on a holiday.度假之前他用木板把门窗封上。

    When the shop closes, the shopkeeper boards up the windows.商店关门时,老板用木板把窗户封上。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The windows are boarded up to prevent the thieves from breaking in.用木板封好窗户,防止盗贼进入。

board with (v.+prep.)
  1. 寄膳; 搭伙 take meals with sb in sb's house board with sb

    He boarded with his aunt.他在他姨妈家寄膳。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • They carried her upon a board In the clothes in which she died.

    出自:Southey
  • Pattering over the boards, she comes and goes at her will.

    出自:Tennyson
  • Grass grew up through the porch boards.

    出自:J. Steinbeck
  • The buildings were log or unpainted board.

    出自:W. van T. Clark
  • To decide the battle by boarding.

    出自:M. Arnold

board的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. on board of the steamer/ship,on board the steamer/ship,on board ship这几种表达方式都常见。注意on board of ship是错误的表达;
  2. 在美式英语中,on board通常解释“上车”,“在车上”或“在飞机上”,而在英式英语中则解释为“上船”和“在船上”。
n.(名词)
  1. board的基本意思是“木板”,多指形状是片状的、较硬的、木质的板儿,也可指为了特殊的目的而设计的板状物,是可数名词。
  2. board的另外一个意思是“膳食费”“膳食”,尤指学校为学生提供的食宿,且时间往往较长,是不可数名词。
  3. board的另一个意思是“理事会”,指企业、学校、团体等的领导机构,是集合名词, board用作主语时,其谓语动词既可用单数形式(强调理事会整体),也可用复数形式(强调成员个体)。
  4. board的复数形式boards含有虚饰浮夸的成分,且可用于比喻意义,显得生动。
  5. on board表示“在船〔火车、飞机、汽车〕上”等,且on board后不能用of。
v.(动词)
  1. board用作动词时意思是由原名词“木板”及其引申所表示的“餐桌”“甲板”三个意思转化而来的,即:①用木板覆盖或封闭; ②上(船或火车、飞机等); ③提供膳食服务及住宿(尤指收费)。
  2. board作“用木板覆盖或封闭”解时,是及物动词,以被封闭物作宾语,可用于被动结构; 作“上(船或火车、飞机等)”解时,可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,以表示交通工具的名词作宾语; 作“搭伙”“膳宿”解时,可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,以被提供服务的人作宾语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
board, batten, plank, plate
这组词都有“板”的意思。其区别在于:board是普通用词,泛指各种宽而薄的板; batten一般指“板条”“压条”“挂瓦条”“压缝条”。例如:
batten door小板门。
plate指金属等制作的“平板”“薄板”“片板”等,还可指“钢板”,在地理术语中,指陆地的“板块”“板层”。例如:
We got into the cellar through a round hole covered by a metal plate.我们从一个有金属盖板的圆洞进入地下室。
I read her name on the polished brass plate.我在擦亮的黄铜门牌上看到了她的名字。
In the steel plate five holes were drilled an inch apart.在这块钢板上钻了五个相距一英寸的孔。
plank指比较厚的“木板”“板材”。例如:
plank bed木板床; plank bridge木板桥。
下面各组中的短语意思不同:
  • a black board 黑色的木板
  • a blackboard 黑板
  • on board 在船〔车、飞机〕上
  • on the board 将在会上讨论
v.(动词)
board, harbour, house, lodge, room, shelter
这组词用作动词时,都有“寄住”的意思。其区别是:
1.room指“给…提供一个房间住”,仅供睡觉,不包括餐饮与娱乐。
2.house指“遮蔽以免受气候等侵袭”(提供有顶盖、有墙、像房屋般的遮蔽)。例如:
Many villagers volunteered to house the flood victims.许多村民自愿为水灾难民提供住处。
3.board主要指“提供膳宿; 包食宿”,而且通常指收费的。例如:
My aunt boards holidaymakers during the summer.夏天我的姨母收费给度假的人提供膳宿。
She arranged to board some Chinese students from the university.她安排了这所大学的一些中国学生在她家食宿。
Mrs. Jones makes a living by boarding students.琼斯太太靠给学生们提供食宿为生。
4.shelter指“庇护,遮蔽”,暗示提供庇护场所,使人免受风雨、轰炸等伤害。例如:
Many southerners sheltered runaway slaves during the Civil War.南北战争之时,许多南方人保护过逃跑的奴隶。
You can't shelter your brother from blame in the accident.在这次事故中,你无法庇护你的弟弟免受责备。
5.lodge指“给某人提供一个地方暂住”。例如:
They lodged the wanderers for the night.他们为流浪汉提供住宿。
The motel lodges thirty people a night.汽车旅馆一夜可为30个人提供住宿。
6.harbour指“为…提供安身场所”,主要指通过不法的手段来“窝藏”,是一种违反法律的行为,常用作贬义词。例如:
Harbouring criminals is an offence in law.窝藏罪犯是违法的。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我们最好现在上火车。

    We'd better board to the train now.

    We'd better board the train now.

    表示“上车〔飞机、船〕”时, board是及物动词,接宾语时不需再加介词。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:he made friend with joan on board of a steamship.

    纠正:he made friend with joan on board a steamship.

    翻译:他同约翰在一艘轮船上成为朋友。

    分析:没有on board of ship用法,去掉of。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的obrd,意为木板,平面;最初源自原始日耳曼语的burdam,意为木板。

board的相关资料:

正版词典

board : 板 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
board : 木板;板子 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • board:board n. 木板, (供特殊用途的)木板, 甲板, 膳食费用, 会议桌, 部vt. 用板盖上, 包饭, 提供膳食, 上(船、飞机等)习惯用语above board 诚实地, 公开地, 光明正大地…

临近单词

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