feed

  基本词汇  
[fiːd]     [fiːd]    
  • vt.喂养;饲养;靠 ... 为生;向 ... 提供
  • vi.吃饲料;进餐
  • n.一餐;饲料;饲养
fed fed feeding feeds
new

feed是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. (丰盛的)一餐
  2. 饲料,饲草,牧草,草料
  3. 【机】进料器
  4. <英>喜剧演员的逗噱搭档
  5. 馈电,供电
  6. 饲养,喂养
  7. 饭食
  8. 吃饭
  9. 【机】进刀
  10. 传送
  11. 送料,上料
  12. 加水
  13. 【机】送料管
v.(动词)
  1. 吃,吃饭,吃东西
  2. 投入
  3. 供给,提供
  4. 满足,得到满足,得到滋养
  5. 加深
  6. 喂(养)
  7. 饲(养)
  8. 进(料)
  9. <口>向...提供
  10. 抚养(家庭)
  11. 以...为食物,用...做食料,给…以食物,给...饮食,给...东西吃,为…供食物
  12. 以...为能源
  13. 靠...生活
  14. 进入
  15. 给(婴儿)喂奶
  16. 使吃草,放牧(家畜)
  17. 用...作牧场
  18. 【物】馈入
  19. 通过线路向电台传送(节目)以供广播
  20. 吃饲料
  21. 流入,注入
  22. 腻烦
  23. 开始产生影响

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 喂养,吃; 以…为食 give food to; eat
  2. vt. & vi. (向…)提供 supply
n.(名词)
  1. [C]一顿,一餐 meal, usually for animals or babies
  2. [U]饲料 food for animals

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
feed : 订 ...
feed : 供给, 供电 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
feed : 饲料;进料 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
feed : 输送;给料 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. food for domestic livestock

Verb:
  1. provide as food;

    "Feed the guests the nuts"

  2. give food to;

    "Feed the starving children in India"
    "don't give the child this tough meat"

  3. feed into; supply;

    "Her success feeds her vanity"

  4. introduce continuously;

    "feed carrots into a food processor"

  5. support or promote;

    "His admiration fed her vanity"

  6. take in food; used of animals only;

    "This dog doesn't eat certain kinds of meat"
    "What do whales eat?"

  7. serve as food for; be the food for;

    "This dish feeds six"

  8. move along, of liquids;

    "Water flowed into the cave"
    "the Missouri feeds into the Mississippi"

  9. profit from in an exploitatory manner;

    "He feeds on her insecurity"

  10. gratify;

    "feed one's eyes on a gorgeous view"

  11. provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to;

    "We should fertilize soil if we want to grow healthy plants"

feed的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Will you feed my cat for me?
    请帮我喂我的猫好吗?
  2. What do you feed the poultry on?
    你们用什么饲料喂养家禽?
  3. They feed on plankton, the sea's drifting life.
    它们吃以浮游生物为生。
  4. Dor locate flying insects on which they feed.
    或者找到它们赖以为生的昆虫。
  5. He has to work hard to feed and clothe his family.
    他必须努力工作以供给全家吃穿。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. How many feeds a day does this dog get?
    这只狗每天吃几顿?
  2. They usually feed a moist mash to fowls.
    他们通常用谷糠煮成的湿饲料喂养家禽。
  3. There are farm animals you can see and feed here.
    这里可以看到农场小动物,而且可以饲料喂食。
  4. More grain is going to feed cattle.
    更多的谷物被用于饲养家畜。
  5. Why are giraffes the cheapest to feed?
    为什么长颈鹿是最容易饲养的?

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The horses were feeding quietly in the field.
    马群在田野里悄悄地吃着东西。
  2. Have you fed yet?
    你吃过饭没有?
  3. They would work till midnight without feeding.
    他们常常工作到半夜,饭也顾不上吃。
  4. What time do we feed?
    我们什么时候填肚子呢?
  5. We determined to feed only once a day at a restaurant.
    我们决定每天只在饭馆里吃一顿饭。
  6. We feed at one o'clock each day.
    我们每天一点钟才吃午饭。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She was feeding a baby at the breast.
    她在给婴儿喂奶。
  2. We had to feed one hundred and twenty guests after the meeting.
    会议之后我们得招待120人用餐。
  3. Can that patient feed himself?
    那个病人能自己进食了吗?
  4. The nurse is feeding the patient by means of a spoon.
    护士在用汤匙给病人喂饭。
  5. The farmers grew too little to feed even their own families.
    这些农民们种植得粮食太少,连他们自家吃的还不够。
  6. Three acres of wheat will feed many people.
    种植三英亩小麦将能养活许多人。
  7. He fed Mrs. Maylie's birds.
    他给麦丽爱夫人养的鸟喂食。
  8. Don't feed the dog from the table.
    不要从饭桌上拿食物喂狗。
  9. The pasture fed the cows poorly.
    这个牧场给牛提供的草很少。
  10. These plants feed oxygen.
    这些植物以氧气为食。
  11. The farmers are looking for what would feed their soul.
    农民们正寻求精神食粮。
  12. Most adults do stop feeding their minds.
    大多数成年人确实都故步自封起来。
  13. He fed his desire for revenge.
    他满足了他报仇的夙愿。
  14. She fed her feeling of indignation.
    她的愤怒加剧了。
  15. He hurried to another hospital to borrow a machine which he hoped it would feed the oxygen automatically.
    他立即到另一家医院去借一部机器,希望它会自动供氧。
  16. He is to feed the comedian.
    他负责给这个喜剧演员提词。
  17. Two rivers feed the reservoir.
    有两条河水流入这座水库。
  18. There are many lakes and rivers which feed the Congo.
    许多湖泊和河流养育着刚果。
  19. He kept feeding the tall center forward.
    他不断地把球传给这个高中锋。
  20. 用于be ~ed结构
  21. Have the pigs been fed yet?
    猪喂过了吗?
  22. I always come here when I want to be well fed.
    当我想饱口福时,我总是来这里撮一顿。
  23. The lake is fed by three rivers.
    这个湖的水是从三条河流入的。
  24. Some people think intelligence is fed by reading.
    一些人认为读书增长才智。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. You may feed him anything you like.
    你喜欢喂他什么东西就喂他什么东西。
  2. They are feeding their horses potatoes.
    他们在给他们的马喂土豆。
  3. She thought the man was feeding her all kinds of nonsense.
    她认为此人在向她胡说八道。
  4. Parents should not feed their children unhealthy ideas.
    父母们不该向自己的子女们灌输不健康的思想。
  5. 用于be ~ed结构
  6. Silkworms are fed mulberry leaves.
    给蚕喂桑叶。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. Feed the grain to the chickens.
    把这些谷物喂鸡吃。
  2. You fed these turnips to the rabbits.
    你可以用这些萝卜喂兔子。
  3. Farmers feed kitchen waste to the pigs.
    农民用厨房里的残羹剩饭喂猪。
  4. Reporters all over the world feed the news to the radio station.
    世界各地的记者都为电台提供新闻。
  5. When you are in danger of losing it feed the ball to another player.
    当你有失球的危险时,把球传给其他队员。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. Some of the first Christians were fed to the lions.
    一些最初的基督教徒被喂了狮子。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. We stopped to let the horse have a feed.
    我们停下来让马吃一顿。
  2. He gave his dog a feed of bones.
    他给他的狗喂了骨头。
  3. Give the baby two biscuits at a feed.
    给这个婴儿一次喂两块饼干。
  4. Mary seems to be having a good feed over there in the corner!
    玛丽在那角落里好像正在美餐一顿。
  5. I bought a bag of bird feed.
    我买了一袋鸟食。
  6. The baby has four feeds a day.
    那婴儿一天喂四顿。
  7. Eels have been on the feed in the Lower Thames.
    鳗鱼在泰晤士河下游寻食。
  8. There are two bags of cat feed on the table.
    桌子上有两袋猫食。
  9. We must get a fresh supply of chicken feed.
    我们必须搞到新鲜的鸡饲料。
  10. They're growing crops for use as animal feed.
    他们种植各种作物用作动物的饲料。
  11. There isn't enough feed left for the hens.
    母鸡的饲料不够了。
  12. About 20 million tons of feed grain were imported last year.
    去年进口了大约两千万吨用作饲料的谷物。
  13. The new feed can fatten the chicken up quickly enough for market.
    新饲料能使鸡长得更快,以适应市场需求。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
feed back (v.+adv.)
  1. 反馈; 反响 return as an input to the proceeding stage of that circuit feed back (to sb/sth)

    The teacher found that nothing was feeding back to him from his pupils.那位教师发觉学生们对他的讲解毫无反应。

    feed sth ⇔ back (to sb/sth)

    The college often feeds back information on students' performances at college to their parents.学院经常将学生在校的情况反馈给家长。

    The salesman fed back information to the firm about its sales.这位推销员将售货情况反馈到商行。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Part of the output of an amplifier can be fed back to get rid of sound distortion.放大器的部分输出可以进行反馈以消除声音的失真。

    The information is fed back to the appropriate government department.这个信息被反馈给政府的有关部门。

  2. 反过来起促进作用 return as feed-back; affect or modify the process that bring it about feed back to〔into〕 sth

    The experience from the teaching of English to foreign learners is feeding back to the teaching profession in Britain.教授外国学生学习英语的经验正反过来推动着英国本身的英语教学工作。

    A lot of ideas are feeding back from the applied sciences into the pure sciences.应用科学的许多概念反过来对理论科学起着促进作用。

    A lot of ideas are feeding back from agriculture into botany.农业方面的许多概念正反过来对植物学起促进作用。

    feed sth ⇔ back

    The machine feeds back everything you need to know.这架机器可以把你所需要知道的全部材料再提供出来。

feed in (v.+adv.)
  1. 送进 introduce steadily feed sth ⇔ in

    He fed the tape in.他把磁带插了进去。

    If you feed the data in, you will get the analysis a few minutes later.如果你把数据输入,几分钟后就可以得到分析结果。

    You feed in the money here and the coffee comes out there.你把钱从这里送进去,咖啡就从那边出来了。

feed into (v.+prep.)
  1. 流入; 注入 flow into feed into sth

    The river feeds into the Pacific Ocean.这条河流入太平洋。

    These small rivers feed into the lake.这些小河都流入此湖。

  2. 送入; 装进 move into feed into sth

    Oil feeds into an engine.油加入发动机。

    The wire feeds into a conduit.这电线装进导线管。

    The bullets will soon feed into the machine gun.这些子弹马上要装入机枪。

    feed sth into sth

    Having fed kerosene into the lamp, he lit it up.他给灯灌上煤油后,点着了灯。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    This electricity is then fed into the electricity grid system.然后,这一电流被输入电网系统。

    The information and question are fed into the computer, which then supplies the answer.把信息和问题输入计算机中,它就提供出答案来。

feed off (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 feed off通常不用于被动结构。 feed off sth
  2. 从(盘、碟等)中取食 take food from

    The children sat down round a small table and began to feed off a big plate. 孩子们围坐在一张小桌子边,开始吃大盘子里的东西。

    The guests sat cross-legged around a low table and fed off silver dishes. 客人们盘腿围坐在一张矮桌旁,从银盘中取菜吃。

    The pigs fed off the same trough. 那些猪从同一食槽里取食。

  3. 靠…为生; 靠…维持 use as a source or supplier of food, materials, energy, etc.

    These little bears feed off leaves of these trees. 这些小熊以这种树的叶子为食。

    When fresh food and water are not available, the camel can feed off its hump. 在得不到新鲜食物和水的时候,骆驼可以消耗它肉峰内储存的脂肪维持生命。

    The central services of that broadcasting company to some extent feed off the regional stations. 那家广播公司中央台的业务在某种程度上是依靠地方台供应材料的。

    To avoid a power cut, they decided to feed off an alternate generator. 为了避免停电,他们决定靠备用发电机发电。

feed on (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)以…为食; 以…为能源 (cause to) live on/eat certain food; run with some energy feed on sth

    People in the South feed mostly on rice.南方人主要以大米为主食。

    You had better feed on coarse cereals for a time.你最好吃一段时间杂粮。

    Sheep chiefly feed on grass.羊以食草为生。

    Certain animals feed on insects.有些动物以昆虫为食。

    The tiger feeds on flesh.老虎是食肉动物。

    This power station feeds on gas.这个发电站以天然气为能源。

    The gas turbine feeds on the fuel it pumps.燃气轮机以它所泵入的燃料为能源。

    feed sb/sth on sth

    We feed our dog on fresh meat.我们用鲜肉喂狗。

    They feed their cat on fish.他们用鱼喂猫。

  2. 从…中得到增强〔满足〕 become strengthened from sth; gain satisfaction from sth feed on sth

    The eyes feed on beautiful objects.美景悦目。

    His convictions feed on determination.由于有了决心,他的信心增强了。

    The public feeds on these periodicals.公众由于有这些期刊可以阅读而得到满足。

    The reason for this is that technology feeds on itself.这一情况的出现,其原因在于技术本身的扶植作用。

    He feeds on hope.他因抱有希望而坚强起来。

    The young pop singer fed on the admiration from the public.那位年轻的通俗歌手从群众的赞扬中获得力量。

feed out (v.+adv.)
  1. 养肥可以上市 feed or fatten animals to a market

    The farmer is feeding out his chickens for Christmas. 这位农民正逐步把他的鸡喂肥,以便圣诞节食用。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The ducks have been fed out. 鸭子已经养肥可以上市了。

  2. 供应; 提供 furnish for use

    This type of press can feed out papers much faster than ordinary one. 这种印刷机印刷报纸比普通印刷机快得多。

feed up (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 feed up通常不用于进行体。
  2. 给以充足的食物〔饲料〕 feed (sb or an animal) fully feed up

    You must feed up to grow strong.你应当增加营养,使身体长得强壮些。

    There are thousands of children in the slum who need feeding up.贫民区里有数以千计的孩子需要养活。

    He looks half starved and wants feeding up.他看上去一副忍饥挨饿的样子,需要多吃点东西。

  3. 不高兴; 讨厌; 腻了 be in low spirits; be tired of sth/sb feed sb up with sb/sth

    John feeds everyone up with his constant appeals for help.约翰老是要别人帮忙,使大家感到厌烦。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I am fed up with this wet weather.我对这种潮湿的天气感到厌烦。

    I am fed up with his laziness and carelessness.我已无法忍受他的懒惰和粗心。

    People get fed up with anyone who brags all the time.人们对那些总爱吹牛的人反感透了。

    If you put heart and soul into the work, you wouldn't be feeling fed up with the job anyway.如果你把心思都集中在工作上,你无论如何也不会对这项工作感到厌倦。

    feed up (with) v-ing 用于 be ~ed 结构

    I'm fed up (with) waiting for him.我等他等腻了。

    I'm fed up with her grumbling.我已讨厌她的牢骚了。

    I was getting a little fed up with his smacking his lips while eating.我对他吃饭时吧嗒嘴儿开始讨厌了。

    The old couple is never fed up with going to the same park every day.这对老夫妻每天都去同一个公园,从不腻烦。

    feed sb up that-clause 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Mother will be a bit fed up that you didn't telephone.你没打个电话妈妈会不大高兴的。

feed with (v.+prep.)
  1. 给…添加,提供(某物); 用(某物)满足… fill, supply, or satisfy (sth/sb) with (sth) feed sb/sth with sth

    She was feeding the baby with porridge.她正在给小孩子喂麦片粥。

    The children were feeding the monkey with bananas.孩子们正在给猴子喂香蕉。

    They fed it with egg yolk and other nutritious foods.他们用蛋黄和其他富有营养的食物喂那婴儿。

    You feed the machine with this special paper on a roll.用轴上的特制纸给这台机器加料。

    Education does not mean merely feeding the students with facts.教育并不仅仅意味着向学生传授知识。

    Her job is to stand at the side of the stage and feed the actors with their lines when they forget them.她的工作是站在舞台边上给忘词的演员提词。

    His father feeds him with hopes.他父亲对他充满了希望。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The market has to be fed with an endless supply of goods.必须源源不断地给市场供货。

用作名词 (n.)
chicken feed
  1. 小额钱币 a little amount

    Your rent is chicken feed in comparison with mine. 你的租金与我的相比是笔小数目。

off one's feed
  1. 厌食,身体不适 have no taste in food; feel ill

    She has been off her feed these days. 这几天她一直食欲不佳。

    Mary was worried; her dog was off its feed. 玛丽很忧虑,她的狗不想吃东西。

    He's been off his feed ever since the party. 自从那次聚会后他一直身体不适。

    John seemed to be off his feed, he did not joke and laugh with the others. 约翰似乎有心事,他不跟别人说说笑笑。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Turnips for next year's winter feed.

    出自:M. Shadbolt
  • Tom shall feed us on eggs and milk.

    出自:E. M. Forster

feed的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. feed的几种句式用法:

    She feeds the cat on fish.
    此句用法是英国英语。

    She feeds the cat with fish.
    在这里with用法没有上句的on来的普遍。

    She feeds fish to the cat.
    此句用法是美国英语,属正常的用法。

    She feeds the cat fish.
    这种用法比较新鲜。

v.(动词)
  1. feed的基本意思是“喂食”“吃”,适用于人、动物或植物。引申可用于一切消耗外界物质以维持其自身生命的东西,作“使满足; 助长; 激励; 注入”解。
  2. feed用作不及物动词时表示“动物(牛马等)吃东西”,偶尔也可用于表示“人吃饭”,这时常带有幽默口吻。
  3. feed用作及物动词时的意思是“饲养”“喂食”,主语多为人,其宾语可以是动物,也可以是植物,甚至可以是人(多指老弱病残者或婴幼儿)。
  4. 美式英语中feed可接双宾语。其间接宾语可转化为介词to的宾语。
  5. feed常可与on〔off〕连用,表示“以…为食”,宾语为表示食物、饲料的词语,多用于主动结构。
  6. feed作“提供”解时,用作不及物动词,后可接介词to,表示“向…提供”,接with表示“提供…”。
  7. feed up可表示“腻了,厌烦”,后接名词、代词时须用with,接动名词时with用不用均可,接从句时不用with。
  8. 英语的feed可表示“喂养”或“饲养”,其宾语可以是“人”或“畜”,而汉语的“喂养”的宾语可能是人或畜,但“饲养”的宾语只能是畜,因此在翻译上须注意。例如:

    He has three mouths to feed.他得养活三口人。He fed three head of cattle.他饲养过三头牛。

n.(名词)
  1. feed作“一顿”“一餐”解时,主要用于牲畜、宠物,也可用于婴儿。通常是指给动物或婴儿喂一顿食,一餐饭。是可数名词。
  2. feed还可作“饲料”解,泛指禽兽所食用的饲料,是不可数名词。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
feed off, feed on
这两个短语在表示“以…为食”时意义相同,可换用。其区别是:
feed off中的feed只用作不及物动词,表示进食者“从…中取食”; 而在feed on中feed可用作及物动词,表示“以…喂…”, feed的宾语是受食者, on的宾语是食物。
feed, eat
这两个动词都有“进食”的意思。其区别在于:
1.用作及物动词时, eat的主语多为人,偶尔可为动物(拟人化),宾语为食物; feed的主语一定为人,宾语为动物或者是老弱病残者。例如:
We ate much the same thing for breakfast every day.每天早餐我们总是吃这些同样的东西。
The nurse is feeding the patient by means of a spoon.护士在用汤匙给病人喂饭。
2.用作不及物动词时, eat的主语可为人,也可为食物(这时主语含有被动意义); feed的主语则为动物。例如:
This kind of mushroom is eaten cooked.这种蘑菇是炒熟了吃的。
The horses were feeding quietly in the field.马群在田野里悄悄地吃着东西。
3.eat只接简单宾语, feed除接简单宾语外,还可接双宾语,而eat不能接双宾语。例如:
You may feed them anything you like.你喜欢喂它们什么就喂什么。
feed on, leave on
参见leave条。
feed, graze, nourish, pasture
这组词都可表示“给…东西吃”。其区别是:
feed指给人以饮食或给动物以饲料,也可指供给植物养料或给机器加燃料等,含义最广; nourish指施以健康、生长必需的养料。例如:
They needed good food to nourish their bodies.他们需要好食品滋养身体。
graze指用正在生长的青草饲养牲口。pasture指饲养动物,尤指家畜。例如:
The old man was pasturing his sheep on the village common.老人在村庄的公地上放羊。
The boy got up very early every morning to pasture cattle.这男孩每天起得很早去放牛。
下面三句意思相同,第一句中的to不可改为for。
  • They fed erroneous information to us.
  • They fed us erroneous information.
  • They fed us with erroneous information.
  • 他们给我们提供了错误消息。
n.(名词)
feed, fodder
这两个词都可指“饲料”。其区别是:
feed是一般用语,泛指禽兽所食用的饲料; 而fodder常指喂牛、马、猪、羊等的粗饲料或干饲料,如苜蓿、干草等。例如:
The stalks and leaves of corn are fodder.玉米的茎秆和叶子都是粗饲料。
nourish feed graze
这些动词均含“提供所需食物、喂养”之意。
  • nourish:nourish指提供生长、健康或维持生存所必需的食物或养料,尤指用营养品促进生长。
  • feed:feed普通用词,含义广泛,既可指给人或动物提供食物,又可指给植物以养料或为机器等加燃料等。
  • graze:graze侧重指用正在生长的青草喂养牲畜。
raise keep support feed
这四个词都有“抚养”、“养家”、“赡养”的意思,但也有区别。
  • raise:raise意为“抚养(指人);饲养(指动物或禽畜)”之意。
  • 他的妻子多年以前就去世了,他一手把孩子拉扯大。
  • He raised the children himself;his wife died years ago.
  • 那些羊从小羊羔时就是他喂养的。
  • He raised those goats from new-born kids.
  • keep:keep表示“养活(指人);饲养(指动物或禽畜)”。
  • 约翰要养活妻子和六个孩子。
  • John has his wife and six children to keep(support).
  • 他们养了一些鸡和猪。
  • They kept some hens and pigs.
  • support:support意为“养活”,不用于饲养动物。
  • 她赡养老母亲。
  • She supports her old mother.
  • 他要养活一大家子。
  • He has a large family to support.
  • feed:feed意为“喂养;饲养;以......为食”。
  • 婴儿/牛喂了吗?
  • Have you fed the baby/cow yet?
  • 她用肉喂狗。
  • She fed meat to her dog. =She fed her dog with/on meat.
  • 狐狸以小动物为食。
  • Foxes feed on small animals.

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我母亲过去养鸡。

    My mother used to feed chickens.

    My mother used to raise chickens.

    表示喂养时, feed侧重于一次性动作; 而raise可表示经常性行为。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古的语英fedan;最初源自原始日耳曼语的fothjanan,意为哺育,喂养。

feed的相关资料:

正版词典

feed : 喂养,饲养 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

feed的相关缩略词,共有4

互动百科

  • feed:Feed一个RSS文件就是一段规范的XML数据,该文件一般以rss,xml或者rdf作为后缀。下 feed面我们选择 http://msdn.microsoft.com/visualc/rss.xml…

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