waste

  基本辭彙  
[weɪst]     [weɪst]    
  • n. 廢物;浪費;荒地
  • v. 浪費;濫用;消耗
  • adj. 荒蕪的;無用的;浪費的
wasted wasted wasting wastes
new

waste的英文翻譯是什麼意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 廢物,廢料,垃圾,棄物
  2. 浪費,白費
  3. 濫用
  4. 荒地,荒野
  5. 損耗,消耗
  6. 糟蹋
  7. 人煙稀少的地區,荒蕪地區,荒原
  8. 無用的人,幹什麼都不行的人 ,飯桶
  9. 一大片
  10. 毀壞
v. (動詞)
  1. (被)浪費,未被充分利用
  2. 糟蹋
  3. 濫用
  4. (使)衰弱,(使)消瘦
  5. 白費(唇舌),徒勞
  6. 使…屈才
  7. 幹掉,把…廢了
  8. <俚>殺害,殺死,謀殺
  9. 把…打得落花流水,大勝
  10. 消耗,損耗
  11. 毀壞,破壞,蹂躪
  12. 使荒蕪
  13. 變衰弱(常與away連用)
  14. 流逝
adj. (形容詞)
  1. 廢棄的,無用的,丟棄的,廢物的
  2. 荒蕪的,荒廢的,不毛的,荒涼的
  3. 未開墾的
  4. 盛放廢物的
  5. 排除廢物的
  6. 多餘的,剩餘的
  7. 身體內排泄的
  8. 浪費的

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [U] 浪費; 濫用; 未充分利用 loss, wrong use, or lack of full use
  2. [U] 廢料,廢棄物 used, damaged, or unwanted matter
  3. [C] 荒地; 未開墾的土地 an unused or useless stretch of land; a wide empty lonely stretch of water or land
v. (動詞)
  1. vi. & vt. 浪費,徒勞 make no use of, make poor use of; use badly or wrongly, use too much of, use more than is needed; use without a good purpose, fail to get value or benefit from
  2. vi. & vt. (使)損耗,(使)消瘦 become or cause to become weak and thin slowly; lose strength by degree
  3. vt. 破壞,使荒蕪 make land, building etc. waste; make useless by damage
adj. (形容詞)
  1. [A] 廢棄的,無用的 got rid of as worthless, damaged, or of no use
  2. 荒蕪的 empty; ruined or destroyed

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted;

    "they collect the waste once a week"
    "much of the waste material is carried off in the sewers"

  2. useless or profitless activity; using or expending or consuming thoughtlessly or carelessly;

    "if the effort brings no compensating gain it is a waste"
    "mindless dissipation of natural resources"

  3. the trait of wasting resources;

    "a life characterized by thriftlessness and waste"
    "the wastefulness of missed opportunities"

  4. an uninhabited wilderness that is worthless for cultivation;

    "the barrens of central Africa"
    "the trackless wastes of the desert"

  5. (law) reduction in the value of an estate caused by act or neglect

Adjective:
  1. located in a dismal or remote area; desolate;

    "a desert island"
    "a godforsaken wilderness crossroads"
    "a wild stretch of land"
    "waste places"

Verb:
  1. spend thoughtlessly; throw away;

    "He wasted his inheritance on his insincere friends"
    "You squandered the opportunity to get and advanced degree"

  2. use inefficiently or inappropriately;

    "waste heat"
    "waste a joke on an unappreciative audience"

  3. get rid of;

    "We waste the dirty water by channeling it into the sewer"

  4. run off as waste;

    "The water wastes back into the ocean"

  5. get rid of (someone who may be a threat) by killing;

    "The mafia liquidated the informer"
    "the double agent was neutralized"

  6. spend extravagantly;

    "waste not, want not"

  7. lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief;

    "After her husband died, she just pined away"

  8. cause to grow thin or weak;

    "The treatment emaciated him"

  9. cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly;

    "The enemy lay waste to the countryside after the invasion"

  10. become physically weaker;

    "Political prisoners are wasting away in many prisons all over the world"

waste的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The city waste is disposed of in the sea.
    城市垃圾倒在海里處理掉。
  2. The safe disposal of nuclear waste is a major problem.
    安全處置核廢料是個大問題。
  3. It's only a waste of time to speak to her.
    和她說話純粹是浪費時間。
  4. The routine work is a waste of her talents.
    做這樣千篇一律的工作,是浪費了她的才能。
  5. The city was burnt to a desolate waste.
    這城市被焚毀成廢墟。
用作動詞 (v.)
  1. All his efforts were wasted.
    他的所有努力都白費了。
  2. I don't like to waste your time.
    我不願浪費你的時間。
  3. Don't waste such a golden opportunity.
    不要糟踏這樣一個千載難逢的機會。
  4. His body was wasted by long illness.
    他久病體弱。
用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. They are turning waste land into paddy fields.
    他們正在使荒地變為稻田。
  2. Waste water from factories should be treated before flowing into rivers.
    工廠里的廢水在流入河裡之前應該經過處理。
  3. The Students' Union waged a compaign against waste on the campus.
    學生會在校園裡發起一場反對浪費的運動。
  4. Perfectionists can waste just as much time as procrastinators.
    追求完美的人與那些愛拖延的人浪費的時間一樣多。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The city budget can afford no waste.
    該市預算擔負不起浪費。
  2. They thought that cutting out waste was going to solve all their problems.
    他們認為減少浪費將會解決他們的所有問題。
  3. Waste from the body passes out from the bowels.
    身體中的食物殘渣經腸道排出。
  4. A lot of poisonous waste from the chemical works goes into the river.
    化工廠把許多有毒廢水排入河中。
  5. Put all the waste in this bag.
    把所有垃圾放進這隻袋子里。
  6. They disposed of the the city's waste in the sea.
    他們把城裡的垃圾倒入海中。
  7. The function of the kidneys is to excrete wastes from the body.
    腎的功能是排泄人體里的廢物。
  8. Large tracts of sandy wastes were reclaimed.
    大片大片的沙質荒地被開墾出來了。
  9. The explorers spent months in the Arctic wastes.
    探險家們在北極荒原上工作了幾個月。
~+of n./pron.
  1. Dad would not permit the waste of a single drop of water.
    爸爸不許我們浪費一滴水。
  2. I don't like to see so much waste of food when hundreds of people are hungry.
    當許許多多人在挨餓時,我不願看到這麼多食物被浪費。
  3. I think betting is a complete waste of money.
    我認為打賭完全是浪費金錢。
  4. Before us stretched a waste of snow and ice.
    我們的面前是一片冰雪的荒原。
It is/was a ~+of time v -ing
  1. It's a waste of time trying to talk to her when she's in this mood.
    在她目前的心情下找她談是沒有用的。
  2. It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.
    再等下去純粹是浪費時間。
  3. It would be a waste of time attempting the impossible.
    試圖做辦不到的事是浪費時間。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. Waste not, want not.
    不浪費,不愁缺。
  2. Turn the tap off.Don't let it waste.
    把水龍頭關上,別讓水白白流掉。
  3. If you don't turn the electricity off, it will waste while you are out.
    如果你外出時不關閉電源,那電就會白白浪費掉。
  4. The oil resources in some countries are rapidly wasting.
    有些國家的石油資源正被迅速地消耗掉。
  5. My resources are wasting rapidly.
    我的財富很快化為烏有了。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We are wasting our time by listening to such nonsense.
    聽這樣的廢話就等於浪費我們的時間。
  2. Except for what he spent on haircuts, books and daily necessities he never wasted a penny.
    除了理髮、買書和必要的日用品之外,他從不浪費一分錢。
  3. In order not to waste electricity, turn off all the lights when you go out.
    為了不浪費電,出門時把所有的燈關掉。
  4. We mustn't waste a drop of water or a grain of rice.
    一滴水一粒米我們都不應當浪費。
  5. You should not waste food when many people are hungry.
    許多人正在挨餓,你不應浪費食物。
  6. The strange disease wasted his whole body.
    這種怪病使他全身無力。
  7. Long dry periods wasted the land.
    長期乾旱使那片土地荒蕪了。
  8. 1
  9. His experiment failed again. All his efforts were wasted.
    他的試驗又失敗了。他的全部努力都白費了。
  10. He is wasted into a shadow.
    他骨瘦如柴。
  11. She's wasted in her present job.
    她現在的工作把她的才華給埋沒了。
  12. The country was wasted by the war.
    戰爭使那個國家變得滿目瘡痍。
  13. The fields were wasted by a long drought.
    那些田地由於久旱而荒蕪。
用作形容詞 (adj.)
用作定語 ~+ n.
  1. We should convert waste materials into useful ones.
    我們應該把廢物加以利用。
  2. There are two waste paper baskets in the room.
    房間里有兩個廢紙簍。
  3. Waste paper is burned at the end of each day.
    每天下班時都把廢紙燒掉。
  4. They seized on the waste tools and went away with them.
    他們抓起那些報廢的工具就走了。
  5. The public are requested not to throw waste paper about in the park.
    公眾被要求不得在公園裡亂扔廢紙。
  6. There is no waste land here.
    這裡沒有荒蕪的土地。
  7. The bicycle was found abandoned on waste ground behind the campus.
    自行車被發現丟在校園後面的荒地上。
用作表語 S+be+~
  1. The land became waste.
    這塊土地變得荒蕪了。
  2. The land still lies waste.
    這片土地還荒廢著。

常用短語

用作名詞 (n.)
go〔run〕 to waste
    浪費,白費 be wasted
用作動詞 (v.)
waste away (v.+adv.)
    變得衰弱〔消瘦〕 weaken; become thin and pale, possibly ill
    waste away

    They wasted away for lack of food.

    由於吃不飽,他們越來越虛弱了。

    He's just wasting away and the doctor seems unable to help.

    他的體力日見虧損,而大夫好像也無能為力。

    Since my aunt's operation, she has simply been wasting away and may not last long.

    自從我姑母動手術后,她瘦弱得簡直不成樣子,可能不久於人世了。

    John is wasting away with his illness.

    約翰病得越來越瘦了。

    He wasted away to a skeleton.

    他瘦成皮包骨了。

waste in (v.+prep.)
    (在…上)浪費… spend (money or time) (in sb, sth, or doing sth)
    waste sth (in) v-ing

    Though he had much to do, he wasted his time doing nothing.

    儘管有許多事等著他去做,但他卻浪費時間,什麼也不做。

    He persuaded me not to waste my time playing games.

    他勸我不要浪費時間玩遊戲。

    She worked hard at her studies and never wasted time adorning herself.

    她學習刻苦努力,從不在打扮上浪費時間。

    There was no need to waste any energy thinking about it.

    沒有必要浪費精力去考慮這事。

    You must waste no time in finishing the job.

    你必須立即完成這項工作。

    We should waste no time in acting.

    我們得迅速行動。

    There is no use wasting time in discussing the matter.

    浪費時間去討論這事是沒有用的。

    Don't waste your time in watching television.

    不要把你的時間浪費在看電視上。

waste on (v.+prep.)
    把…浪費在…上 spend (money or time) foolishly on (sb, sth, or doing sth)
    waste sth on sb/sth

    I'm not going to waste my time on people who refuse to help themselves.

    對於自己不爭氣的人我不打算浪費我的時間。

    Don't waste words on him.He is stubborn.

    不要在他身上白費口舌了,他很固執。

    I won't waste another minute on you unless you're going to help!

    假如你不打算幫忙,我就不再對你白費口舌了。

    He wasted his time, money and ability on these worthless people.

    他在這群無用之輩身上浪費了時間、金錢和精力。

    Don't waste your money on that new soap powder, it's no good.

    不要花錢去買那種洗衣粉,其效果不佳。

    To think of our having wasted so much money on that.

    想一想,我們在這上面竟花了這麼多錢。

    He wasted a lot of time on things that have no importance.

    他在不重要的事情上浪費了大量的時間。

    Why did you waste time and energy on something so hopeless?

    你為什麼在這種毫無希望的事情上浪費時間和精力?

    He allowed no money to be wasted on luxuries.

    他不讓把錢浪費在奢侈品上。

    The humour is wasted on them.

    這種幽默他們並不欣賞。

    waste sth (on) v-ing

    Don't waste your time on helping underservers.

    別浪費時間去幫助那些不值得你幫助的人。

    I've wasted too much time fooling around, and I almost ruined my career.

    我浪費了太多的時間,無所事事,差點毀了我的事業。

    If there is a word you are not familiar with, do not waste too much time worrying about what it might mean.

    如果你遇到生疏的詞,不要浪費太多的時間去考慮它到底是什麼意思。

用作形容詞 (adj.)
lay waste
    使荒蕪,蹂躪(大肆破壞) cause to go out of cultivation; trample on
    lay waste sth

    The enemy laid waste the whole country.

    敵人破壞了整個國家。

    The retreating army laid waste the fields and farm buildings along their path.

    退守的軍隊沿途破壞了許多農田和農舍。

    Some of the finest cities of Europe have been laid waste by bombing.

    歐洲一些最漂亮的城市被炸成了廢墟。

辭彙搭配

用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ 名詞+~ 介詞+~ ~+介詞
用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+副詞+介詞 ~+介詞
用作形容詞 (adj.)
~+名詞 動詞+~

經典引文

  • We ascended Mount Hopeless,..nothing but an endless waste of barren rock.

    出自: A. Moorehead
  • He was wasted away to no more than a skeleton.

    出自: M. Puzo

waste的詳細講解:

詞語用法

n. (名詞)
  1. waste用作名詞的基本意思是「浪費,濫用」,指對人力、財物、時間等用得不當或沒有節制,表示抽象意義,不可數。waste也可作「廢料,廢棄物」解,指失去原使用價值的、陳舊、破損了的物品,是不可數名詞,表示不同種類的廢棄物時可用於複數形式。
  2. waste還可作「荒地」解,指沒有開墾或沒有耕種的土地,作此解時是可數名詞,可用於複數形式。
  3. waste后可接of短語作其定語。
v. (動詞)
  1. waste的基本意思是「浪費」,即對人、財、物等使用不當或沒有節制。其特徵表現在主觀方面是粗心或奢侈,表現在客觀方面則是白白付出而沒有取得成就或好處。
  2. waste主要用作及物動詞,接名詞或代詞作賓語。當表示人在某人〔物、事〕上浪費時間〔金錢、精力、話語〕等時,其賓語后常接介詞on+ n. 或接(in〔on〕+) v -ing。
  3. waste用作及物動詞時還可以表示人〔戰爭、災荒〕等使土地〔建築物〕等荒蕪、廢棄,也可以表示疾病〔憂慮、高齡〕等使人或其體力〔面容〕等變得衰弱、消瘦。作這兩種意思解時常可用於被動結構。
  4. waste也可用作不及物動詞,多表示國力變衰、體力消耗或某物減少等,這時主動形式有被動意義。另外, waste用作不及物動詞時偶爾也可以人作主語,主要用於祈使句中。
adj. (形容詞)
  1. waste用作形容詞作「廢棄的,無用的」解時,在句中只用作定語。
  2. waste也可用作「荒蕪的」解,一般用於修飾土地等,在句中可用作定語,也可用作表語。
  3. waste無比較級和最高級形式。

詞義辨析

n. (名詞)
waste, refuse, rubbish
  • 這三個詞都有「廢棄物」的意思。其區別是:
  • waste 作「廢物」解時,是最普通用詞,指失去原使用價值的、陳舊、破損了的物品; refuse通常指積聚成一堆的廢舊物品或垃圾; rubbish 通常泛指垃圾,包括一切廢物,這些廢物已毫無用處,毫無價值。例如:
  • There are many heaps of refuse along the street. 沿街有許多垃圾。
  • The rubbish here must be cleared away as soon as possible.這兒的垃圾必須儘快清除。
  • v. (動詞)
    waste on, waste in
  • waste后可以接介詞on,也可以接in。用on時偏重於「在…上面浪費了…」; 用in時則偏重於「在…的過程中浪費了…」。因此,接時間、金錢、精力或某物時多用on,而接動名詞或具有動詞意味的名詞時多用in。
  • waste, consume, dissipate, fritter, squander
  • 這組詞都有「浪費」的意思。其區別是:
  • waste指任意地揮霍,通常是花費而不見成果; squander的意思比waste強,強調胡亂花費,含有花光而導致貧困的意思; dissipate指因奢侈而喪失東西,猶如隨風撒東西一樣,強調將存有的東西用光或幾乎用光; fritter常和away連用,指一點一點地花費,或花費在不重要的東西上,含有逐漸用光的意思; consume強調吞食或毀壞,但也可指完全浪費或揮霍掉,用於金錢或財產時,指頻繁地減少,偶爾用於時間或精力時,指無益地花費。例如:
  • The council has been squandering the ratepayers' money.市議會一直在揮霍房地產納稅人的金錢。
  • He dissipated his large fortune in a few years of heavy spending.他在幾年的大肆揮霍中把自己一大筆財產都花光了。
  • She fritters away all her money on clothes and trips to the cinema.她把所有金錢都浪費在穿衣服和看電影上了。
  • The fire soon consumed the wooden buildings.大火很快就把那些木製建築物吞沒了。
  • waste, spend
  • 這兩個詞都可表示「耗費時間、金錢、精力等」,其區別是:
  • spend是「花有所得」,而waste則是「徒勞無益」。試比較:
  • He spent a lot of money on〔in〕 enter- taining friends.
  • 他在招待朋友上花了許多錢。
  • (含有「真朋友,需要時會給予幫助」)
  • He wasted a lot of money on〔in〕 enter- taining friends.
  • 他在招待朋友上花了許多錢。
  • (酒肉朋友,吃你、喝你不幫你)
  • waste,garbage,rubbish,litter,debris,junk
  • 這些名詞均含「廢物,垃圾」之意。
  • waste普通用詞,概念廣泛,指任何被丟棄的東西。
  • garbage主要指有機廢料,包括廚房的剩菜剩飯或不能再用的食物。也可作引申用。
  • rubbish普通用詞,指任何成堆的、破損的、用過的或無用的東西,尤指棄掉的垃圾堆。也可作引申用。
  • litter是四下亂丟物品的總稱,尤指散落於地,有礙觀瞻的廢物。
  • debris著重指分解、分裂或破壞后剩下的碎片,也指零散的普通廢品。
  • junk指回收的舊汽車或大型機器,也指毫無實用價值,或破爛物體,但不指垃圾。
  • 常見錯誤

    n. (名詞)
      同他談論這件事是浪費時間。

      It's a waste of time to talk with him about it.

      It's a waste of time talking with him about it.

      It's a waste of time句型常接 v -ing而不接to- v 作主語。

    v. (動詞)
      做那些不重要的事浪費了他許多時間。

      He wasted a lot of time to do things that have little importance.

      He wasted a lot of time on things that have little importance.

      He wasted a lot of time in doing things that have little importance.

      表示「浪費時間〔金錢、精力〕去做某事」可以說waste time〔money,energy〕 (in〔on〕) v -ing,不能說waste time〔money,energy〕 to- v 。

      他浪費在這方面的時間太多了。

      He wasted too much time for it.

      He wasted too much time on it.

      表示「在…方面浪費」須用介詞on或over,不可用for。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 1200左右年進入英語,直接源自盎格魯法語的waster,意為損壞,毀壞;最初源自古典拉丁語的vastare,意為摧毀。
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