battle

  核心词汇  
['bætl]     ['bætl]    
  • n.战斗;争斗
  • v.与 ... 作战;与 ... 竞争
battler battled battled battling battles
new

battle是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 战役,战斗(行为),战争,交战,会战,作战,大战,恶战,战
  2. 斗争,争斗,竞争,搏斗,决斗
  3. 竞赛
  4. 胜利,成功
  5. 交锋
  6. 争论
  7. 战斗是英国制造的轰炸机、驱逐舰
v.(动词)
  1. 奋争,(与...)斗争,奋斗,争斗,搏斗,竞争
  2. (与…)作战,战斗,参战

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]战斗,战役; 交战 a fight between armies in a war
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 与〔对〕…作战,斗争 struggle; take part in a struggle

行业释义

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battle : 战役, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war;

    "Grant won a decisive victory in the battle of Chickamauga"
    "he lost his romantic ideas about war when he got into a real engagement"

  2. an energetic attempt to achieve something;

    "getting through the crowd was a real struggle"
    "he fought a battle for recognition"

  3. an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals);

    "the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph"
    "police tried to control the battle between the pro- and anti-abortion mobs"

Verb:
  1. battle or contend against in or as if in a battle;

    "The Kurds are combating Iraqi troops in Northern Iraq"
    "We must combat the prejudices against other races"
    "they battled over the budget"

battle的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. His brave deeds in the battle earned him everlasting glory.
    他在那场战斗中的英勇事迹为他赢得了永恒的荣誉。
  2. He has proved his wit in the battle.
    他已在这场争斗中证明了自己的睿智。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Progress is slow but we keep battling on.
    进展虽慢

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Long, long ago a battle was fought here.
    很久以前这里发生过一次战争。
  2. The battle dealt the enemy hard battles.
    这一仗狠狠地打击了敌人。
  3. The battle of Waterloo was fought near the Belgian village of Waterloo.
    滑铁卢战役是在比利时的小城镇滑铁卢附近打响的。
  4. It was one of the most crucial battles in the whole war.
    那是整个战争中最关键的战役之一。
  5. This is the scene of the battle.
    这就是那个战场。
  6. This is a doubtful battle.
    这是一场胜负难测的战争。
  7. Today's football game will be a battle of the giants between the two strongest teams in the country.
    今天的足球赛将是全国两个实力最强的队之间的强者之争。
  8. The negotiations were a real battle of wits between the two sides.
    那次谈判是双方一次斗智的真正较量。
  9. The imperial Roman army hardly ever lost a battle.
    罗马帝国军队几乎从未打过一场败仗。
  10. Martin Luther King led the battle for equal rights for blacks.
    马丁·路德·金领导了为黑人争取平等权利的斗争。
  11. He distinguished himself many times in battle.
    他屡建战功。
  12. The general was killed in the field of battle.
    将军在战场上丧生。
  13. The soldiers bore themselves well in the battle.
    战士们在战斗中表现得勇敢。
  14. The music is suggestive of an ancient battle.
    音乐使人联想到一场古代的战争。
  15. With the conclusion of the battle, a famine began.
    随着战争的结束,饥荒就开始了。
  16. On the eve of the battle, the political instructor of the company built his men up to a fighting pitch.
    战斗前夕,连指导员把战士们的士气鼓得足足的。
  17. He fought bravely in many battles and gained their respect.
    他在多次战斗中表现勇敢而赢得了他们的尊敬。
  18. In that battle, they brought the artillery into action.
    在那次战斗中,他们动用了炮兵部队。
  19. They won the war after a decisive battle.
    经过一场决战后,他们取得了战争的胜利。
  20. The two companies are engaged in a legal battle over the ownership of the land.
    这两家公司就土地所有权正进行法律诉讼。
  21. They fought a battle against time.
    他们争分夺秒地抢时间。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The two armies battled all night.
    两军彻夜战斗。
  2. The two boxers battled until the final bell.
    两名拳击手争斗到了最后铃响。
S+~+to- v
  1. The fireman battled to control the flames.
    消防员与烈火斗争以控制火势。
  2. The old lady was battling to keep control of her company.
    这位老妇人在奋力保持对她公司的控制。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. When the nobles rebelled, the king battled them.
    当贵族谋反时,国王便出兵打他们。
  2. They tried hard to battle the false doctrine.
    他们竭力反对这个虚假的学说。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
battle against (v.+prep.)
  1. 与(敌人)作战 fight (an enemy)

    The soldiers battled against the opposing army all day. 战士们与敌人整整打了一天。

  2. 与(某事)作斗争,与(困难等)搏斗 oppose; try to defeat (sth)

    The mountain climbers had to battle against great difficulties. 登山队员不得不与艰难险阻搏斗。

    We must continue to battle against poverty and disease. 我们一定要继续同贫穷和疾病作斗争。

battle for (v.+prep.)
  1. 为赢得(某物)而战斗,拼搏 fight for or struggle to gain or win (sth) battle for sth

    Our team and their opponents battle for the prize in the football match.我们球队和对方球队在足球赛中为赢得奖牌而搏斗。

    Some rare wild animals are battling for their existence.一些稀有野生动物在为生存而搏斗。

battle it out (v.+pron.+adv.)
  1. 决一胜负 fight to a finish

    He wanted to battle it out. 他想一决胜负。

    Political enemies have to battle it out in public. 政敌们必须在大庭广众之下决一胜负。

battle on (v.+adv.)
  1. 持续战斗,斗争 continue to fight or struggle battle on

    The opposing armies battled on until night.两军直打到深夜。

    Women must battle on until they have gained equality.妇女必须坚持斗争,直至取得平等权利。

battle over (v.+prep.)
  1. 因…而战斗 fight about (sth or sb) battle over sb/sth

    People whose marriage has ended often battle over the children.离婚者常为孩子而争斗。

battle with (v.+prep.)
  1. 与(敌人)作战 struggle against (an enemy)

    Tomorrow we shall battle with our old enemies and defeat them. 明天我们要与我们的夙敌作战,并且要战胜他们。

    The two armies battled with each other for half an hour. 两军相互激战了半个小时。

  2. 与(某事物或某人)作斗争 struggle against (sth or sb)

    They battled with the winds and waves. 他们与风浪搏斗。

    Scientists are still battling with many diseases. 科学家们仍在与许多疾病作斗争。

    I've been battling with my conscience for several days, and now I know I have to write to you. 几天来我一直在与良心搏斗,现在我明白我必须给你写信。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • It was a historic and a hefty battle when Myler and Percy were scheduled to don the gloves.

    出自:Joyce
  • Walpole battled stubbornly against the cry of war.

    出自:J. R. Green
  • A series of bloody civil wars engendered by ruthless men battling for power.

    出自:D. Bagley
  • To battle through the storm and cold waves.

    出自:H. Fast
  • My little auntie Peggy battling with a complicated menu in the kitchen.

    出自:A. McCowen
  • I was just battling on blindly, not really knowing what was happening.

    出自:A. Brink
  • The valleys of grape-loaded vines that glow Beneath the battled tower.

    出自:Tennyson

battle的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 在美国,battle作及物动词时,有“反抗”的意思。

    They tried hard to battle the cult.
    他们尽全力与宗教崇拜作战。

  2. battle作不及物动词时,后面常与with或against搭配使用;
  3. 表示“军队或战舰的列阵”时,用line of battle,但line或lines单用时,指“战线”。
n.(名词)
  1. battle用作名词的基本意思是“战斗,战役”,主要指有组织的军事上的战役,战斗,可持续数小时,几天或数月,可以指陆战,也可指空战或海战。battle也可引申为非军事的“战斗”。
  2. battle作“战役,斗争”解时,是可数名词,表示抽象的概念时,是不可数名词。
  3. battle接against或with可表示“与…斗争”,其对象可以是人、动物,也可以是无生命的东西。
  4. line of battle指军队或战舰的列阵,不是指战线(line或lines)。
v.(动词)
  1. battle用作动词的基本意思是“作战”“斗争”,可指战场上真刀真枪地厮杀,也可指意识形态领域中的斗争,用于比喻,可指“努力”“奋斗”。它的主语一般是人、党派等,宾语可以是人,也可以是抽象名词,一般不接具体名词。
  2. battle可用作及物动词,接简单宾语; 也可用作不及物动词,接介词against/with表示“对象”(可以是人、物,也可以是抽象事物),接介词for表示“目的”。
  3. 在美式英语中, battle还可以表示“反抗”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
battle, combat, conflict, encounter, fight, war
这组词的共同意思是“战斗”。其区别是:
1.battle指两支强大的军队在某一地点进行的长时间的、大规模的战役,也可比喻表示“奋斗”“努力”等意思; war是指国与国之间或国内不同派别之间的公开的大规模战争; fight指两个人或两个组织之间的战争,尤指短兵相接的肉搏厮杀,也可指精神方面的激烈斗争或动物之间的争斗; encounter多指偶然相遇所引起的短时间的冲突或交战,是敌对双方在无计划、无准备的情况下所进行的遭遇战,也可用来指非偶发性的交战; combat泛指军事行动,尤指较小规模的战斗,多指人与人之间的战争,也可指动物之间的争斗; conflict可指实际战争,但更多地指精神方面的冲突和斗争。
2.war包含有多次的battle; fight是普通用语; combat与fight相比,含义较抽象笼统,但与conflict相比却较具体; conflict概念较fight更抽象,语体也较正式。
in the battle, on the battlefield
in the battle用来表示“在战斗中”, on the battlefield则是“在战场上”的意思。
battle war campaign struggle warfare fight combat engagement
这些名词均有“战斗,战争”之意。
  • battle:battle侧重指战争中的一次较全面、时间较长的战斗,也指陆军或海军在某一特定地区进行的战斗,或个人之间的争斗。
  • war:war是战争的总称,一般指包括多个战役的大规模战争。
  • campaign:campaign通常指在一场大的战争中在某一地区进行的一连串有既定目的的军事行动。也可作引申用。
  • struggle:struggle指激烈或时间持续长的战斗或奋力斗争。
  • warfare:warfare侧重指战争状态或具体的作战方法。
  • fight:fight最普通用词,含义广,指战斗、斗争或打斗。
  • combat:combat泛指军事行动,尤指小规模的战斗,甚至是格斗。
  • engagement:engagement指交战,交火。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the crews had to battle a well-developed blaze.

    纠正:the crews had to battle against a well-developed blaze.

    翻译:全体船员不得不与一场凶猛的大火斗争。

    分析:battle作不及物动词时候加with或against。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的batalile,意为战斗,一对一的格斗,内部争斗;最初源自晚期拉丁语的battualia,意为士兵或角斗士战斗和击剑的训练。

battle的相关资料:

正版词典

battle : 战斗,竞赛 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

battle的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • battle:battle n. 战役(指大规模会战), 战争vi. 作战, 战斗, 搏斗, 斗争习惯用语accept battle 应战, 迎战come unscathed out of the battle 身…

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