war

  基本词汇  
[wɔː(r)]     [wɔːr]    
  • n.战争;斗争
  • v.作战;斗争
warred warred warring wars
new

war是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 战争;战争状态
  2. 斗争,冲突,对抗,竞赛,竞争
  3. 战术,兵法;兵学;军事
  4. 武器,兵器
  5. 敌意,不和
  6. 战事
v.(动词)
  1. 战争,打仗,作战,战斗
  2. 斗争,对抗,竞争,交锋
  3. 击败
  4. 进行战斗,进行战争,进行斗争
  5. 卷入军事冲突
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =write after read 读后写
adj.(形容词)
  1. 战争的,军事的
  2. 战争中用的
  3. 战争引起的
  4. 战时的

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U] [C] 战争 fighting between nations, groups within a nation using military force
  2. [C] [U] 斗争,竞争 competition; conflict
v.(动词)
  1. vi. 进行战斗; 作战 make war; wage war
  2. vi. 斗争 fight; struggle

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
war : 战争, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
war : 战争, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
war : 战争 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the waging of armed conflict against an enemy;

    "thousands of people were killed in the war"

  2. a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply;

    "war was declared in November but actual fighting did not begin until the following spring"

  3. an active struggle between competing entities;

    "a price war"
    "a war of wits"
    "diplomatic warfare"

  4. a concerted campaign to end something that is injurious;

    "the war on poverty"
    "the war against crime"

Verb:
  1. make or wage war

war的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The hope of a short war went glimmering.
    战争无望在短期内结束。
  2. A series of provocations led up to the border war.
    一系列的挑衅事件导致了边境战争的发生。
  3. The army was disbanded when the war came to an end.
    战争结束时,军队即被解散。
  4. They are waging a war against crime.
    他们正在展开一场反对犯罪的斗争。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The visit was broken short because there was talk of war.
    由于谣传战争,访问提早结束。
  2. The dawn of peace has appeared, but the danger of war still remains.
    和平的曙光已经出现,战争的危险依然存在。
  3. They were fighting a just war.
    他们在打一场正义战争。
  4. The last century has seen two world wars.
    上个世纪经历了两次世界大战。
  5. Their courage brought the people through the war.
    他们的勇气使人民群众熬过了战争。
  6. They carried the war into the enemy's camp.
    他们向敌阵进攻。
  7. The king made war on his neighbour.
    国王向他的邻国开战。
  8. Everyone cheered the news that World War Ⅱ was over.
    每人都为二战结束的消息而欢欣鼓舞。
  9. On the outbreak of the First Revolutionary Civil War, the Government called in all gold coinage and replaced it by notes.
    在第一次国内革命战争爆发的时候,政府下令收回所有的金币,并代之以纸币。
  10. The city was all burnt down during the the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression.
    抗日战争期间,这座城市全部给烧毁了。
  11. His one leg was blown off by a bomb in the American War of Independence.
    他的一条腿在美国独立战争中被炸弹炸掉了。
  12. He was accused of betraying his country during the First World War.
    他被指控一战期间叛国。
  13. Destruction and misery attended on war.
    破坏和苦难随战争而来。
  14. Soldiers are trained for the war of nerves.
    士兵们为作神经战而受训练。
  15. They were happy together, until the civil war came and broke up their home.
    他们在一起过得很幸福,直到内战爆发破坏了他们的家园。
  16. The convention barred the use of the poison gas in the war.
    这项公约禁止在战争中使用毒气。
  17. All his hopes were blasted by the war.
    他的所有希望都为战争所破灭。
  18. The soldier was blinded in the war against disease.
    那士兵在同疾病作斗争中双目失明了。
  19. China was at war with Japan in 1894.
    中国于1894年和日本交战。
  20. They are at war with each other.
    他们互相争吵。
  21. We don't favour underestimating the importance of the art of war.
    我们不赞成低估战略和战术的重要作用。
  22. It goes against the principles of war.
    这与军事原则相违背。
  23. We can never be frightened when the principles of war are concerned.
    牵涉到我们的战争原则时,我们是永远也吓不倒的。
  24. They will furnish you with the necessary war materials.
    他们将向你提供必要的军需物资。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The two countries have been warring constantly for years.
    这两国多年来一直交战。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
declare war against
  1. 向(某国)宣战 state that one's nation is now at war with (another nation)Our government has declared war against the enemy.我国政府已向敌人宣战。

    China formally declared war against Japan in December 1941. 中国在1941年12月正式对日本宣战。

  2. 宣布将尽力与…作斗争 state that one will make every effort to stop or destroy (sth, usually bad)Can you declare war against violent crime?你能和暴力犯罪作斗争吗?

    I declared war against the bad habits. 我与坏习惯作斗争。

    We must declare war against this kind of idea . 我们要与这种思想作斗争。

用作动词 (v.)
war against (v.+prep.)
  1. 与…斗争 fight; oppose war against sb/sth

    They warred against the opposing army for eight years.他们与敌人整整打了8年仗。

    He warred against vice.他与罪恶作斗争。

    We must continue to war against poverty and disease.我们一定要继续同贫穷和疾病作斗争。

war for (v.+prep.)
  1. 为…而战 fight for sth war for sth

    They warred for freedom.他们为自由而战。

    They are warring for national independence.他们正在进行民族独立战争。

war over (v.+prep.)
  1. 因…而战争 fight or argue about which side should possess war over sth

    They warred over disputed territory.他们因有争议的领土而进行战争。

war with (v.+prep.)
  1. 与…打仗 fight or oppose with war with sb/sth

    The country warred with its neighbours for years.该国与邻国打了多年仗。

    We shall war with our old enemies and defeat them.我们将与我们的宿敌继续作战,并且要战胜他们。

    The two armies warred with each other for four years.两军相互交战了4年。

    The temptation warred with his conscience.这种诱惑与他的良心作斗争。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • War was almost universally considered an acceptable..way of settling international differences.

    出自:Encounter

war的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. war的基本意思是“战争”,指国家之间或军队之间的武装冲突,是可数名词,引申可作“斗争,竞争”解。
  2. war泛指“战争状态,战术”时,是不可数名词。表示某一次具体的战争时可加不定冠词a或定冠词the, wars则指“数次战争”。
  3. 关于两次世界大战的说法,有一个演变过程。在第二次世界大战爆发前,英国人用the Great War指第一次世界大战,而美国人用the World War。第二次世界大战爆发后,英美两国都把第一次世界大战改称the First World War(也可以说World War I),而把第二次世界大战称为the Second World War(也可以说World War II)。
v.(动词)
  1. war用作名词时的意思是“战争”,转化为动词意思是“进行战斗”“作战”,指在战场上一系列的真枪实弹地厮杀,也可指意识形态领域中的矛盾。引申可表示“斗争”。
  2. war一般只用作不及物动词,它的主语一般是人、党派等,客体多由介词against, for, over, with等引出,其介词宾语可以是人,也可以是抽象名词,一般不接具体名词。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
war, battle, combat, conflict, encounter, fight
这组词的共同意思是“战斗”。其区别是:
1.battle指两支强大的军队在某一地点进行的长时间的、大规模的战役,也可比喻表示“奋斗”“努力”等意思; war是指国与国之间或国内不同派别之间的公开的大规模战争; fight指两个人或两个组织之间的战争,尤指短兵相接的肉搏厮杀,也可指精神方面的激烈斗争或动物之间的争斗; encounter多指偶然相遇所引起的短时间的冲突或交战,是敌对双方在无计划、无准备的情况下所进行的遭遇战,也可用来指非偶发性的交战; combat泛指军事行动,尤指较小规模的战斗,多指人与人之间的战争,也可指动物之间的争斗; conflict可指实际战争,但更多地指精神方面的冲突和斗争。
2.war包含有多次的battle; fight是普通用语; combat与fight相比,含义较抽象笼统,但与conflict相比却较具体; conflict概念较fight更抽象,语体也较正式。
battle war campaign struggle warfare fight combat engagement
这些名词均有“战斗,战争”之意。
  • battle:battle侧重指战争中的一次较全面、时间较长的战斗,也指陆军或海军在某一特定地区进行的战斗,或个人之间的争斗。
  • war:war是战争的总称,一般指包括多个战役的大规模战争。
  • campaign:campaign通常指在一场大的战争中在某一地区进行的一连串有既定目的的军事行动。也可作引申用。
  • struggle:struggle指激烈或时间持续长的战斗或奋力斗争。
  • warfare:warfare侧重指战争状态或具体的作战方法。
  • fight:fight最普通用词,含义广,指战斗、斗争或打斗。
  • combat:combat泛指军事行动,尤指小规模的战斗,甚至是格斗。
  • engagement:engagement指交战,交火。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 他们在与邻国作战。

    They are at war against their neighbouring country.

    They are at war with their neighbouring country.

    at war后接with表示交战对象,不用against; 但wage war 之后要用against。

  2. 他们同邻国处于交战状态。

    They are at a war with their neighbouring country.

    They are at war with their neighbouring country.

    表示“处于交战状态”用at war, war前不可加a。

  3. 北方向南方宣战。

    The North has declared war to the South.

    The North has declared war against the South.

    表示“向…宣战”用against,不可用to代替。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自晚期古英语的wyrre,意为大规模军事的冲突;最初源自古法语的guerre,意为战斗。

war的相关资料:

正版词典

war : 战争,对抗 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

war的相关缩略词,共有49

互动百科

  • war:影片概况 片名:War译名:游侠导演:菲利普G·埃特维尔(Philip G. Atwell)主演:李连杰(Jet Li)   杰森·斯坦森(Jason Statham)   尼古拉斯·艾莉亚(Nic…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词