afternoon

  核心词汇  
[ˌɑːftə'nuːn]     [ˌæftər'nuːn]    
  • n.下午
new

afternoon是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 下午(中午 12 点至 6 点左右)
  2. 午后
  3. 后期
  4. 过晌儿
adj.(形容词)
  1. (在)下午的
  2. (适于)午后的
int.(感叹词)
  1. <非正式>下午好

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]下午 the time between morning and evening; the time between midday and sunset
  2. [S]后半期,后半 later stage, later period

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the part of the day between noon and evening;

    "he spent a quiet afternoon in the park"

  2. a conventional expression of greeting or farewell

afternoon的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Good afternoon!
    下午好!
  2. She could knit up a baby's coatee in an afternoon.
    她一个下午就能编结好一件婴孩的紧身短上衣。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The afternoon drew on while they sat there.
    他们坐在那儿,下午不知不觉地过去了。
  2. It's going to rain in the afternoon.
    今天下午会有雨。
  3. Late in the afternoon of a chilly day she was born in a little fishing village.
    在一个寒冷的傍晚,她出生在一个小小的渔村。
  4. It was six o'clock in the afternoon of September 12,1987.
    那是1987年9月12日下午6点钟的时候。
  5. When a guest comes to see you in the afternoon, you say “Good afternoon” to him.
    客人午后来看你时,和他道“午安”。
  6. On a hot afternoon I called on Mr. Green.
    在一个炎热的下午,我拜访了格林先生。
  7. The meeting will be held on Friday afternoon.
    会议将于星期五下午举行。
  8. We are very happy to bring you here on a Sunday afternoon.
    我们很高兴能在星期天下午带你到这儿来。
  9. One afternoon last week he went out with Arthur to the University of California.
    上周的一天下午他和亚瑟去了加利福尼亚大学。
  10. I went over there afternoons and afterward stopped at the cafe and had a drink and read the papers.
    我总是在下午去那儿,然后在咖啡店里喝杯咖啡,看看报纸。
  11. He took an afternoon walk.
    他午后散步。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
the afternoon of life
  1. 后半生,晚年 the old age; one's later life

    He spent the afternoon of his life in the south of America. 他在美洲南部度过了晚年。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~

经典引文

  • In the afternoon they came unto a land In which it seemed always afternoon.

    出自:Tennyson

afternoon的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. afternoon 由after和noon两个词组成,常以in the afternoon形式出现,指“在下午”,也可说during the afternoon
  2. 有时,afternoon前不可加in或on,如this afternoon (今天下午),yesterday afternoon (昨天下午)等表达方式;
  3. after noon较少用做状语短语,但shortly after noon (午后不久),immediately after noon (午后立即)是用比较广泛。

    We left after noon today.

  4. 复数形式afternoons可用作副词,指“在每天下午”。

    She helps me with English grammar afternoons.
    每天下午,她都帮我学习英语语法。

  5. 从时间意义上来说,人们通常把午饭后到下班前这段时间作为“afternoon”,而正常时间下班后开始作为“evening”,而“evening”和“night”之间的转换往往取决于人们上床睡觉的时间。
n.(名词)
  1. afternoon指正午以后至日落之前这段时间,译为“下午”,复数形式afternoons指不断重复的下午,起强调作用。书面语中可引申表示“后半期,后半”。
  2. 一般说“在下午”用介词in,但当afternoon前有修饰成分如“某日的下午”或“星期×的下午”时用on,但当其前又有时间状语时, on也可换为in。afternoon与this, that, yesterday, tomorrow, every, all等限定词连用时相当于副词短语,其前不使用介词。afternoon用作状语时,其前也不使用介词。
  3. afternoon也可置于另一名词之前作定语。
  4. Good afternoon!除可用在下午见面时表示“您好!”“下午好!”外,也可用在下午分手时表示“再见!”,只是此时Good要重读。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
afternoon, after noon
after与noon这两个词连写和分写在含义上是有区别的:连写时指“下午”,即morning和evening之间这段时间; 而分写时指“正午以后”,着眼于时间的起点,即12点以后。试比较下面两句:
  • What are you going to do this afternoon?
  • 今天下午你们干什么?
  • What are you going to do after noon?
  • 过了中午你们干什么?
in the afternoon, on the afternoon
这两个短语都表示“在下午”。其区别是:
on the afternoon指的是某天的下午或具体的一个下午; in the afternoon指不断重复的下午,使下午具体化了,起强调作用。例如:
  • I was at home on the afternoon of last Monday.
  • 上个星期一的下午我在家。
  • Mostly I slept in the mornings, and in the afternoons, sometimes.
  • 在多数情况下,我都是每天上午睡觉, 有时也下午睡觉。
in an afternoon, in the afternoon
这两个短语意思不同, in an afternoon指一个下午,而in the afternoon指今天下午。例如:
  • It can be done in an afternoon.
  • 此事一个下午就可完成。
  • It can be done in the afternoon.
  • 此事今天下午就可完成。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 一天下午发生了火灾。

    A fire broke out one day afternoon.

    A fire broke out one afternoon.

    One day, in the afternoon, a fire broke out.

    汉语里可说“一天下午”,但英语里却不可说one day afternoon,要说one afternoon或one day in the afternoon。后一句中的in the afternoon是对one day的补充。

  2. 今天下午请过来看我一下。

    Please come over and see me today afternoon.

    Please come over and see me this afternoon.

    afternoon前不可用today修饰。表示“今天下午”,一般不可说today afternoon,应说this afternoon。

afternoon的相关资料:

正版词典

afternoon : 下午, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • afternoon:afternoon n. 午后, 下午adv. 下午的, 晚期习惯用语Good afternoon! 您好!(下午见面时用语) 再见(下午分别时用语)the afternoon of life 后半生…

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