scold

  常用词汇  
[skəʊld]     [skoʊld]    
  • v. 责骂;训斥
  • n. 斥责;爱责骂的人
scoldingly scolder scolded scolded scolding scolds
new

scold的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 叱责,训斥,斥责,责备,谴责,责骂
  2. 唠唠叨叨地责备,唠唠叨叨地骂
  3. 骂,怒骂,骂骂咧咧,肆口谩骂
  4. 数落,奚落
n. (名词)
  1. 斥责,责骂
  2. <旧>好骂人的女人,泼妇,爱抱怨的女人
  3. 唠唠叨叨骂人的人,吵吵嚷嚷高声骂人的人
  4. 好责骂的人,爱责骂的人,爱高声责骂者

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 责骂; 斥责 speak angrily and complainingly

英英释义

Noun:
  1. someone (especially a woman) who annoys people by constantly finding fault

Verb:
  1. censure severely or angrily;

    "The mother scolded the child for entering a stranger's car"
    "The deputy ragged the Prime Minister"
    "The customer dressed down the waiter for bringing cold soup"

  2. show one's unhappiness or critical attitude;

    "He scolded about anything that he thought was wrong"
    "We grumbled about the increased work load"

scold的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Don't scold the child without reason.
    不可无缘无故地责骂小孩。
  2. You shouldn't scold him on the slightest pretence.
    你不应该以一点点借口就责骂他。
  3. I hate to scold, but you mustn't scatter your things all over the place.
    我不想训斥你,但你总不该把东西到处乱丢。
  4. The disobedient son went out of his way to scold his parents.
    这个不孝顺的儿子越出常轨谴责父母。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. His father gave him a bad scold this morning.
    他父亲今晨狠狠训了他一顿。
  2. Mother's scold stabbed her to the heart.
    妈妈的责骂刺伤了她的心。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Don't scold.
    不要斥责人。
  2. Her tongue was incessantly scolding.
    她嘴里不断地训人。
  3. Who knows why he was scolding?
    谁知道他为什么在骂人?
  4. If I walk in with muddy boots,Dad always scolds.
    如果我的靴子上有泥,一进屋爸爸就责骂我。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. When they scolded him, he would answer back.
    他们斥责他,他就顶嘴。
  2. The woman is always scolding the children in our neighbourhood.
    那个妇人常责骂我们附近的孩子。
  3. Why did you scold him?
    你为什么责备他?
  4. 1
  5. The child was scolded by his mother.
    孩子受到母亲的斥责。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adv.
  1. The teacher scolded a naughty boy away.
    老师斥责一个淘气的男孩离开。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
scold for (v.+prep.)
    责骂 blame for
    scold sb/sth for sth/v-ing

    It's no use scolding the child for his behavior without showing him a good example.

    不给孩子作出表率而一味责怪他们的行为是毫无用处的。

    We scolded him for his laziness.

    我们责备他懒惰。

    I could hear mother scolding the dog for bringing mud into the house.

    我听见母亲在骂那条狗,因为它把泥带进了屋子。

    The boy was scolded by his mother for breaking the looking glass.

    那小孩因打破了镜子而被他妈妈骂了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I know she is an irksome brawling scold.

    出自:Taming of Shrew , Shakespeare
  • I scolded heartily at him.

    出自: Defoe

scold的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. scold指大声怒斥,可指上级对下级,长辈对晚辈,老师对学生的不满或对举止不规的责备、责怪,也指对严重错误、琐事的抱怨。
  2. scold用作及物动词时,接名词、代词作宾语,其宾语后可跟for引导的介词短语,表示“因某事怒斥某人”。可用于被动结构。
  3. scold偶尔可接副词充当宾语补足语的复合宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
scold, accuse, blame, condemn, rebuke
  • 这组词都含有“骂”“责怪”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.前四个词均可指“有理由地骂〔责备〕某人”,而scold则不一定有充分的理由。例如:
  • She is always scolding.她总是骂个不停。
  • 2.blame指因出差错而受责备; condemn指某人有不好的行为而受责备; rebuke指因某人有不好的态度而责备; 而accuse多指因粗心、失信或不负责任而受指责,有时也作“控告”“谴责”解。例如:
  • It's all my fault.I'm to blame.这都是我的错,都怪我。
  • I did not condemn him for what he had done.我并没有因他的所作所为而指责他。
  • She rebuked her lawyer for his authoritarian attitude to his clients.她指责她的律师对待委托人的命令式态度。
  • They accused me of carelessness.他们指责我粗心大意。
  • 3.accuse常用于accuse sb of sth结构;而blame常用于blame sb for sth结构。
  • scold, berate, revile, upbraid, vituperate
  • 这组词都含有“骂”“责怪”的意思。它们的区别是:
  • 1.scold指愤怒地或情绪不好地高声责骂,常用于上级对下级或长辈对晚辈。
  • 2.berate指轻蔑地责骂。例如:
  • He berates George for the failure of the talks.他为谈判失败而轻蔑地责骂乔治。
  • 3.revile指故意诽谤地骂。例如:
  • They reviled his brother as Tom's accomplice.他们故意诽谤他的弟弟是汤姆的帮凶。
  • 4.upbraid指有明确理由地责骂。例如:
  • She upbraided them for having broken their words.她指责他们没有遵守诺言。
  • 5.vituperate指更加强烈地指责或攻击。例如:
  • The report vituperated the government for shirking its responsibilities.报告强烈指责政府推卸责任。
  • blame,accuse,condemn,scold,denounce,reproach,rebuke
  • 这些动词均含有“责备,非难”之意。
  • blame普通用词,语气较弱,仅是一般的责难、归咎于,不含用语言责骂之意。
  • accuse语气比blame强,本义为归罪,可用作指非难或谴责之义。
  • condemn正式用词,表示谴责,有较强的司法意味,侧重从道义或原则上的谴责。
  • scold普通用词,多指上级对下级、长辈对后辈或雇主对雇员的态度粗暴、言词激烈的数落。
  • denounce与condemn同义,但着重公开性。
  • reproach侧重指因他人粗心、自私等引起不满而去指责、找岔。
  • rebuke多指上级对下级进行的公开、强烈、严正而不宽容的责备。隐含一定权威的意味。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      爸爸责备我回家晚了。

      Dad scolded me that I came home late.

      Dad scolded me for coming home late.

      scold不能接双宾语,表示“因…而责骂某人”时可用scold sb for sth/ v -ing结构。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 12世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古斯堪的那维亚语的skald,意为诗人。
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