oblige

  核心词汇  
[ə'blaɪdʒ]     [ə'blaɪdʒ]    
  • vt. 迫使;责成;使感激;施恩于;帮 ... 的忙;使…成为必要
  • vi. 帮忙
obliger obliged obliged obliging obliges
new

oblige的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 使负债务
  2. 做好事,施惠于,施恩于,帮忙,施恩惠
  3. 讨...的欢心,(为...)效劳,做某事以表示好意,取悦
  4. 照...的意思办,满足...要求,答应...的请求,使满足
  5. 感谢,感激,报效
  6. 迫使(做),强迫,责成,强制
  7. 使感激
  8. 使不得不,使成为必要,使负义务
  9. 以誓言束缚,使受约束

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 迫使做 compel or require sb by law, agreement or moral pressure to do sth
  2. vt. 感激 be very grateful to
  3. vt. & vi. 满足请求 fulfil the wishes; do a favour

英英释义

Verb:
  1. force somebody to do something;

    "We compel all students to fill out this form"

  2. bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted;

    "He's held by a contract"
    "I'll hold you by your promise"

  3. provide a service or favor for someone;

    "We had to oblige him"

oblige的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The law oblige parents to send their children to school.
    法律上要求父母送子女入学。
  2. The Convention contains innovative measures that oblige countries to return stolen assets to their rightful owners.
    公约载有一些责成各国将被盗资产返还其合法所有人的创新措施。
  3. I'm much obliged to you.
    我非常感谢你。
  4. I am obliged to you for your gracious hospitality.
    我很感谢你的热情好客。
  5. Could you oblige me by closing the door?
    请你为我关上门好吗?
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. I'll do any thing within reason to oblige.
    凡能做到的我都愿效劳。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. We'd be happy to oblige.
    我们乐于效劳。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Sorry,I can't oblige you.
    很抱歉,我不能帮你的忙。
  2. I am looking after the baby to oblige her.
    我在照看着那个小孩,以使她高兴。
  3. 1
  4. We shall be much obliged if you are so kind as to make suggestions for improvement of our work.
    如果您能对我们的工作提出改进意见,我们将非常感激。
  5. I should be obliged if you wouldn't say so.
    你如果不这样说,我就感谢你了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. The law obliges parents to send their children to school.
    法律强制父母送子女入学。
  2. The police obliged him to leave.
    警方要他离开。
  3. The treaty obliged them to provide cannon-fodder for it.
    这项条约迫使他们为它提供炮灰。
  4. Poverty obliged her to live a hard life.
    贫困迫使她过艰苦的生活。
  5. This fog may oblige me to walk home.
    这场雾可能会迫使我步行回家。
  6. The school regulations oblige us to be present at school on time.
    校规要求我们必须按时到校。
  7. 1
  8. I shall be obliged to go tomorrow.
    明天我不得不去。
  9. She was obliged to abandon that idea.
    她不得不放弃那个想法。
  10. They were obliged to compromise on less questions.
    他们不得不在次要问题上做些让步。
  11. We were obliged to be more strict with them.
    我们只好对他们再严一些。
  12. I am obliged to leave early to catch my train.
    我得早点走去赶火车。
  13. Because of the snowstorm,I was obliged to stay at home.
    因为暴风雪,我被迫呆在家里。
  14. I feel obliged to say “No”.
    我只能说“不”。
  15. He felt obliged to leave after such an unpleasant quarrel.
    在如此不愉快的争吵之后,他被迫离去。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
oblige by (v.+prep.)
    劳驾; 帮忙做… do a favor by
    oblige me by v-ing

    Please oblige me by keeping quiet during the lecture.

    请您在上课时安静些,好吗?

    Please oblige me by closing the window.

    请替我关上那扇窗子。

    Could you oblige me by posting this letter?

    劳驾您替我发这封信好吗?

    You would oblige me by not parking your car in front of my gate.

    你不把车停在我门前,就算是帮了我一个大忙。

oblige to (v.+prep.)
    (因某事)对(某人)感谢 be grateful to (sb for sth)
    be obliged to sb for sth/v-ing

    I am much obliged to you for the loan of the book.

    我对于你借书给我,深表感激。

    We are much obliged to you for your help.

    我们十分感激你对我们的帮助。

    We're very much obliged to you for telling us.

    感谢你给我们谈了这情况。

oblige with (v.+prep.)
    以…施恩于(某人); 以…满足于(某人) do sb a kindness by giving or lending sth
    oblige sb with sth

    Will you oblige me with your name and address?

    敬请赐告你的姓名和地址好吗? Please oblige me with a reply as soon as possible.请尽早给予答复。

    Could you oblige me with a match?

    能让我借个火吗?

    Will you oblige me with a stamp?

    给我一张邮票好吗?

    He obliged us with a song.

    他为我们唱了一首歌。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The names of those whom vicinity obliges to attendance are read over morning and evening.

    出自: W. G. Palgrave

oblige的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. oblige的基本意思是“在武力或法律的制约下不得不做某事”。引申可表示“答应请求”“施惠于”,在表示此义时, oblige只指小事情,不指大事情,施惠的具体内容用by doing sth 或with sth 来表示。
  2. oblige可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词作宾语,还可接以动词不定式充当宾语的复合结构。
  3. oblige可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
oblige, accommodate, favour
  • 这组词的共同意思是“施恩于(某人)或答应(某人)的请求”。其区别是:
  • oblige通常指应某人的请求去做令人惬意的小事,或指对人所做的小事表示客气和礼貌; accommodate含有“有意协助”的意思,主要用在交易中指贷款等行为; favour专指纯粹出于好意、不附加任何义务或期待报答的惠赐。
  • oblige, compel, constrain, force
  • 这组词的共同意思是“强迫”,都常用于被动结构。其区别在于:
  • 1.compel指使用权力或各种手段迫使对方去做某事或处于某种状态; force主要指用武力或强制的办法去完成某事; constrain指由于受外界压力或环境的影响,迫使某人做某事,也可指受良心、情感或饥饿等方面的内在力量驱使去做某事; oblige则往往是由于客观原因促使某人做某事。例如:
  • When he was a young man, he was forced to leave his homeland for political reasons.早在青年时代,因为政治原因他被迫离开自己的祖国。
  • You cannot compel good work from unwilling students.你不能迫使不肯学习的学生学习好。
  • Cold weather constrained the plant's growth.寒冷的天气抑制了植物的生长。
  • I should be obliged if you wouldn't say so.你如果不这样说,我就感谢你了。
  • 2.compel和force的主语既可以是人,也可以是物; oblige则一般以人作主语。例如:
  • When confronted by such clear evidence, the Senator was forced to eat his words in public.面对如此明白的证据,参议员只得当众收回前言。
  • Energy crisis compels fuel conservation.能源危机使人们必须节约燃料。
  • The police obliged him to leave.警方要他离开。
  • 3.在语气上, compel和oblige较弱; 而force暴力威胁的含义较强。例如:
  • He was compelled to do it against his will.他不得不违心地做这件事。
  • The school regulations oblige us to be present at school on time.校规要求我们必须按时到校。
  • The enemy was forced to get back under our massive blows.在我方的沉重打击下,敌军被迫后退。
  • compel,force,constrain,oblige
  • 这些动词均含“迫使”之意。
  • compel指在法律、权力、力量或行动等的驱使下被迫而为。
  • force指用个人意志、权力、权威或暴力等,迫使他人改变看法或做本不愿做的事。
  • constrain侧重施加约束力或有约束作用的影响,也指环境对人强加的影响迫使人去做某事,尤指受良心、情感等内在力量驱使去做某事。
  • oblige指由于生理上或道德上的需要,促使某人做某事,也指有权威的人或机构迫使某人做某事,还可指在特定情况下被迫作出的反应。
  • oblige的相关资料:

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