discriminates

  扩展词汇  
[dɪ'skrɪmɪneɪt]     [dɪ'skrɪmɪneɪt]    
  • vt. 区分;区别对待
  • vi. 辨别;差别对待
discriminately discriminated discriminated discriminating discriminates
new

discriminate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 分别,辨别,区分 see or make a difference
  2. vi. 歧视,有差别地对待 derogate to unfairly treat one person or group worse or better than others

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. marked by the ability to see or make fine distinctions;

    "discriminate judgments"
    "discriminate people"

Verb:
  1. recognize or perceive the difference

  2. treat differently on the basis of sex or race

  3. distinguish;

    "I could not discriminate the different tastes in this complicated dish"

discriminate的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. You must learn to discriminate fact from opinion.
    你必须学会把事实和看法区分开。
  2. Can you discriminate good books from bad?
    你能区别好书与坏书吗?
  3. Death does not discriminate; it comes to everyone.
    死亡对每个人都一视同仁,它会降临到每个人的身上。
  4. He is able to discriminate good book from bad.
    他具有区分优秀图书与低劣图书的能力。
  5. People should not be discriminated against.
    人们不应该被区别对待。
  6. It is unfair to discriminate between black people and white people.
    区别对待黑人与白人是不公平的。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. You must learn to discriminate between things.
    你必须学会区别事物。
  2. It's important to teach children to discriminate between right and wrong.
    教育小孩区分是非很重要。
  3. Our teacher never discriminates in favor of brighter pupils.
    我们的老师从不给优生以特殊对待。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Death does not discriminate; it comes to everyone.
    死亡对每个人都一视同仁,它会降临到每个人的身上。
  2. A climber must learn to discriminate as to when compass bearings are necessary and when they are not.
    一个登山者必须学会判断什么时候需要罗盘测定方位,什么时候不需要。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They can discriminate hundreds of colors.
    他们能分辨上百种颜色。
  2. If you want to grasp English, you must carefully discriminate synonyms.
    如果你想掌握好英语,你必须仔细区分同义词。
  3. This boy can discriminate minute variations in tone.
    这位男孩能辨别出音调的细微变化。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
discriminate against (v.+prep.)
    歧视(某人) derogate to treat (usually sb) unfairly, as less important or worthy
    discriminate against sb

    Women complain that employers discriminate against female workers when calculating their rank and pay.

    妇女们抱怨说雇主在定级和定工资时歧视女工。

    It is unjust and unlawful to discriminate against people of other races.

    种族歧视是不公正的,也是违法的。

    She claims she has been discriminated against in pay.

    她申称在报酬上她没有受到公平的待遇。

    Blacks are still widely discriminated against in some countries.

    在有些国家,黑人仍然广泛地受歧视。

discriminate between (v.+prep.)
    对(不同的人)待遇不公 treat (different people) unfairly, showing favour to one group
discriminate from (v.+prep.)
    指出,显示出…与…之间的区别; 将…与…区别开 show the difference between (sb or sth) and (sb or sth else); set (sb or sth) apart from (sb or sth else)
discriminate in favour of (v.+prep.)
    对…特别优待; 另眼看待 treat particularly well to sb
    discriminate in favour of sb

    You discriminate in favor of your son.

    你偏袒自己的儿子。

    He discriminated in favour of some of his friends.

    他偏袒过他的几位朋友。

    That teacher discriminates in favour of girls.

    那老师偏袒女学生。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Much may be done by discriminate charity.

    出自: T. R. Malthus
  • Capacities which discriminate one individual from another.

    出自: G. Grote

discriminate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. criminate的意思是separate,前缀dis-的意思是apart。discriminate的基本意思是“分别,区分,区别对待”,可用作不及物动词或及物动词,用于及物动词时,后可接名词或代词作宾语。
  2. discriminate后接介词against,可表示“歧视”; 后接介词between或from,可表示“区分”。
  3. discriminate作“有差别地对待”解时,多用于不及物动词。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
discriminate, demarcate, differentiate, distinguish
  • 这组词的共同意思是“区分”。其区别是:
  • distinguish用于有联系的各种事物,可以相像,也可以不相像; differentiate用于同类物品; discriminate用于只有细微差别的事物,如真伪钞票; 而demarcate则用于区别明显,犹如有一条界线的事物。
  • discern,discriminate,distinguish
  • 这些动词均有“区别、辨别”之意。
  • discern语义较笼统,着重精深与准确的观察力,不一定有能力辨别关系密切的各项事物。
  • discriminate语气强,指从十分相似的事物中辨出差异,尤其把好坏区分开来。
  • distinguish普通用词,指辨别者的能力或实际观察到的区别,强调辨别所需的技巧。
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