- v. 关；合拢；不开放；停业；结束；收盘；（使）缩小；牢牢握住或抓住；（使）靠拢；同意；短兵相接
- adj. 亲近的；近的；几乎的；闷热的；严密的；紧凑的；剪得很短的；守口如瓶的；吝啬的；势均力敌的
- adv. 接近；靠近；紧紧地
- n. 死胡同；完结；结论
- vt. & vi. (使某物)关,关闭 (cause sth) move so as to cover an opening; shut
- vt. & vi. 终止 come to an end
- 接近的 near in space or time
- [A]关系亲密的 near in relation
- 中间无空隙的,浓缩的,挤紧的 with little or no space between; dense; compact
- 势均力敌的 (of a competition, game, etc.) in which the competitors are almost equal
- 仔细的,彻底的,详细的 careful; thorough; detailed
- 中间无空隙地,位置接近地 leaving little space between a close position
- [S]终结,结束,末尾 end of a period of time or an activity
the temporal end; the concluding time;
"the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"
"the market was up at the finish"
"they were playing better at the close of the season"
the last section of a communication;
"in conclusion I want to say..."
the concluding part of any performance
at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other;
"close to noon"
"how close are we to town?"
"a close formation of ships"
close in relevance or relationship;
"a close family"
"we are all...in close sympathy with..."
"a close resemblance"
not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;
"in the near future"
"they are near equals"
"his nearest approach to success"
"a very near thing"
"a near hit by the bomb"
"she was near tears"
"she was close to tears"
"had a close call"
rigorously attentive; strict and thorough;
"paid close attention"
"a close study"
"kept a close watch on expenditures"
marked by fidelity to an original;
"a close translation"
"a faithful copy of the portrait"
"a faithful rendering of the observed facts"
(of a contest or contestants) evenly matched;
"a close contest"
"a close election"
"a tight game"
lacking fresh air;
"a dusty airless attic"
"the dreadfully close atmosphere"
"hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke"
"a close weave"
"smooth percale with a very tight weave"
strictly confined or guarded;
"kept under close custody"
confined to specific persons;
"a close secret"
fitting closely but comfortably;
"a close fit"
used of hair or haircuts;
"a close military haircut"
giving or spending with reluctance;
"our cheeseparing administration"
"very close (or near) with his money"
"a penny-pinching miserly old man"
inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information;
"although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it"
near in time or place or relationship;
"as the wedding day drew near"
"stood near the door"
"don't shoot until they come near"
"getting near to the true explanation"
"her mother is always near"
"The end draws nigh"
"the bullet didn't come close"
"don't get too close to the fire"
in an attentive manner;
"he remained close on his guard"
move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut;
"Close the door"
"shut the window"
"The windows closed with a loud bang"
cease to operate or cause to cease operating;
"The owners decided to move and to close the factory"
"My business closes every night at 8 P.M."
"close up the shop"
finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.);
"The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board"
come to a close;
"The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin"
complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement;
"We closed on the house on Friday"
"They closed the deal on the building"
be priced or listed when trading stops;
"The stock market closed high this Friday"
"My new stocks closed at $59 last night"
engage at close quarters;
"close with the enemy"
cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop
change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact
come together, as if in an embrace;
"Her arms closed around her long lost relative"
"The probe closed with the space station"
bring together all the elements or parts of;
"Management closed ranks"
bar access to;
"Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours"
fill or stop up;
"Can you close the cracks with caulking?"
unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of;
"close the circuit"
"close a wound"
"close a book"
"close up an umbrella"
finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead;
"The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning"
- If you close your eyes, you can't see anything.
- The road was closed to traffic for two days.
- The hospital closed at the end of last year.
- He closed his speech with a funny joke.
- Shares leapt in value from 476p to close at 536p.
- These measures are aimed at closing the gap between the rich and the poor.
- She closed her hand over his.
- Management closed ranks and ostracized the troublemaker.
- Tim seemed to make up his mind to close with this proposal.
- I believe you and he were very close friends.
- The church is close to the school.
- They felt something close to despair.
- There is nothing for it but to keep her under close watch.
- This close italic print is very hard on the eyes.
- She kept close about the information and none found out.
- She's always been very close with her money.
- It was a close match. But you deserved to win, and you did.
- They live quite close.
- He came close but she drew back.
- The girl pressed close to her mother.
- He soon brought the meeting to a close.
- The door closed quietly.
- This lid of the box doesn't close properly.
- What time do the shops close?
- None of the shops in the town is closing tomorrow.
- Several markets in the city closed for lack of produce to sell.
- Her lips closed firmly.
- At eleven the meeting closed.
- Many flowers open in the morning and close at night.
- To close, I am enclosing a note to her.
- That stock closed last night at ten dollars on the stock exchange.
- His pursuers closed rapidly.
- The door closed tight.
- Stocks closed irregular today.
- Would you please close the door?
- Tom closed the door softly behind him.
- They closed the shop.
- Close your books and listen to me carefully.
- She closed her eyes.
- She closed the piano without noise and rose.
- We always close business at 10 p.m.
- They may be forced to close the local hospital.
- As soon as the bell rang he closed his speech.
- He closed his speech abruptly.
- After John makes up his mind, he closes the door to any more argument.
- The President's veto closed the door to any attempt to pass the bill.
- The club has closed its doors to new members.
- We mustn't close our eyes to those facts.
- The theater was closed by the police.
- When we called, the house was closed and the blinds drawn.
- The matter is closed.
- My mouth is closed.
- At dawn, the breach was closed at last. The flood waters were locked in the river-bed.
- The shop is closed for a week.
- The question is now closed and there will be no further discussion.
- I shall become your close neighbour soon.
- First cousins are considered close relations.
- They aren't married, but they have a pretty close relationship.
- They have been close friends since childhood.
- I believe you and he were very close friends.
- Lewis was my closest acquaintance.
- We look forward to your close cooperation.
- Please make a close translation.
- They were fighting at close quarters.
- The witness had not seen the man at close quarters.
- It was a close race.
- A close observer would have noticed it.
- After close questioning, the police released the suspect.
- We keep a close watch on the prisoners.
- When she sewed she always uses close stitches.
- The two buildings are close together.
- The game was closer than the score suggests.
- He is rather close.
- He is close about it.
- They're keeping very close about the whole business.
- The examination is close at hand.
- It is up to the illustrator to get as close as he can to the spirit of the text.
- These words are close in meaning.
- The wood is close in the grain.
- I'm close with her.
- He's very close with his money.
- Keep a matter close.
- He found the pursuer close at his heels.
- Come close so that I can see you.
- Don't come too close!
- I sat close behind her seat.
- He sat close beside her.
- He sat close against the wall.
- They sat down, close together, hand in hand.
- They live quite close.
- The enemy attacks closer and closer.
- Although he came very close, he did not win the race.
- The end of the year is drawing close.
- The door doesn't shut close.
- He was following close behind.
- Don't follow close behind me.
- She stood close against the wall.
- The day had reached its close.
- He is approaching the close of Prime Ministership.
- Toward the close of the year the British achieved other victories over the Turks.
- High buildings, at the close of business, pour streams of people into traffic.
- The constitution was adopted immediately after the close of the war.
- At the close of the party there were few guests who weren't drunk.
- The crowd began to leave before the close of the game.
- He vanished mysteriously after the close of business on Saturday night.
- She always goes for a walk at the close of the day.
- The book marks the close of the series.
- close about〔around, round〕 (v.+prep.)
渐渐包围(某物或某人) surround (sth/sb) gradually
close about〔around, round〕 sb
The mists closed about him.
As darkness closed about them, they decided to return home.
The soldiers closed around him.
Many dogs closed round the tiger.
- close down (v.+adv.)
逼近,降临 get closer; settle
Many businesses have closed down because of the recession.
The shop closes down over each holiday period.
The shop will be closing down for good on Saturday, so everything is half price.
Ben is fully aware that if it is not properly managed, his shirt factory will have to close down in less than a year.
They will have to close down soon. Business is so bad.
不久他们将不得不歇业,生意竟是这般的糟。close sth ⇔ down
The government closed down the newspaper.
The mines had been closed down following a geological survey.
The bookshop was closed down by the government.
All schools must be closed down during the epidemic.
This station is now closing down and we wish you all good-night.
The time is just after midnight and we are now closing down.
Channel 4 closes down at about midnight most evenings.4
频道大多数情况下，在午夜左右停播。close sth ⇔ down
The ship was closing down the harbour.
Darkness closed down the city.
- close in (v.+adv.)
使(身体的某部分)受伤 wound (part of the body)
close sth ⇔ in
The workmen are closing in the doorway.
They closed in all entrance.
Police closed in the railway station.
You cannot close in the door.
The days are closing in.
The days seem to be closing in very quickly this year.
The soldiers fought desperately, but the enemy closed in from all sides.
We wanted the boat to reach shore before the fog closed in.
Darkness closed in.
夜色降临了。close in on sb/sth
The police arrived as the hoodlums closed in on him.
The lion closed in on the family of deer.
The hunters were closing in on the struggling wild boar.
The enemy is closing in on the city.
Poisonous gas closed in on the town.
毒气渐渐笼罩了这个小镇。close sth ⇔ in
The youth threatened to close the old man's face in.
He said he will close the young man's head in.
They will close the thief's legs in.
- close off (v.+adv.)
堵塞(路口等) block (sth such as an entry or road)
close sth ⇔ off
The police have closed off the streets so that the President can drive through the city free of traffic.
The road has been closed off for repairs.
The damage caused the road to be closed off for hours.
- close on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
关闭(门等)时挤住,挤伤(某人) close (sth such as a door) so as to trap (sb)
- close out (v.+adv.)
减价抛售(货物); 削价处理(货物) reduce prices of (goods)
The store is closing out on Saturday.
那家百货店周六减价抛售货物。close sth ⇔ out
This shop is closing out everything next week.
These shoes are a bargain. Smith is closing them out.
- close over (v.+adv.)
淹没 be covered by sth
close sb/sth ⇔ over
The wind howled and the waves closed over him.
The deep and dark tarn at my feet closed over the fragments of the House of Usher.
Midsummer heat closed over the city.
- close up (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉沉默 become silent or secretive
close sth ⇔ up
I closed up the pool, because it is dangerous.
The road has been closed up for repairs.
I am glad to see that the wound is closing up nicely.
The cut on her arm soon closed up.
These flowers close up at night.
一到晚上这些花都要合拢。close sth ⇔ up
This herbal ointment will help to close up your wound quickly.
Close up your eyes, and draw the curtains close.
The captain ordered his men to close up.
If you children closed up a bit there'd be room for another on this seat.
The marching men had to close up to let the oncoming convoy go past.
前进的士兵不得不收缩队伍礼让迎面而来的车队驶过。close sth ⇔ up
Children have to learn to close up their letters when writing.
The shop is closing up; I must ask you to leave.
本店要关门了,我们必须请你们离开。close sth ⇔ up
The workers went on strike and closed up all factories.
We are closing up the house for the summer.
She closes the office up at 5 o'clock.
The firm has been closed up for several years.
The shop which has been closed up for half a year was reopened last month.
He closed up when he found he knew practically nothing about the subject under discussion.
As soon as I mentioned the new appointment, the chairman closed up and refused to talk about the matter.
- close with (v.+prep.)
与某人秘密会晤 be having a private meeting with (sb)
close with sth
The conference closed with a short speech by the organizer.
会议由组织者作简短发言而宣告结束。close sth with sth
The priest closed the meeting with a prayer.
She closed her speech with a funny joke.
她用一个滑稽的笑话结束了讲话。close with sb
Soldiers closed with the enemies.
You cannot close with him, because he is your brother.
Don't close with him; he is a foolish man.
The two armies closed with each other and started a fierce battle.
两军相遇,展开了激烈的战斗。close with sb/sth
He made me quite a reasonable offer, so I closed with him.
The two ministers did not close with each other until the near end of the meeting.
After hours of talking about the price, the shopkeeper at last closed with the salesman's offer.
经过数小时的讨价还价,老板终于同意了那个推销员的出价。close with sb
I'm sorry you can't go in that room; the chairman is closing with the director for an urgent meeting.
- close by
关系亲密 near in relation
- close to
与…关系密切 having near relation with sb
- close by
在…附近 near to some place
- close on
几乎,差不多 almost; nearly
- close to
- close to home
触及痛处,接近事实 near to truth
- close up
很近 very near in space to sb/sth
- run sb/sth close
接近某人或某物 be nearly as good fast, successful, etc. as sb/sth else
- bring to a close
结束某事 finish sth
- come〔draw〕 to a close
结束,终止 come to an end
- close a bag 收紧袋子
- close a bargain 成交
- close a channel 封闭航道
- close a door 关门
- close a drawer 关上抽屉
- close a gap 弥合缺口
- close a hole 填穴
- close a lid 盖盖儿
- close a road 关闭公路
- close a sale 成交
- close a school 关闭学校
- close a window 关窗户
- close a wound 缝合伤口
- close airport 关闭机场
- close an account 结账
- close an agreement 达成协议
- close an entrance 关闭出口
- close an incision 缝合伤口
- close border 关闭边界
- close business 停业
- close circuit television 闭路电视
- close factory 关闭工厂
- close gate 关上大门
- close lid of a box 关上箱子盖
- close lips 闭上双唇
- close mine 关闭矿井
- close museum 停止开放博物馆
- close newspaper 关闭报馆
- close one's eyes to the fact 闭眼不看事实
- close one's face 遮住脸
- close one's mouth 闭住嘴
- close one's parent's eyes 给父母送终
- close one's purse 不出钱
- close public building 关闭公用建筑物
- close restaurant 餐厅停止营业
- close shop 关闭商店
- close the bridge 此桥禁止通行
- close the cracks 添补裂缝
- close the office 停止办公
- close the street 封闭道路
- close a debate 宣布辩论结束
- close a meeting 结束会议
- close a speech 结束演讲
- close lecture 结束讲课
- close letter 写信收尾
- close one's career 结束自己的事业
- close one's day 死
- close reception 结束招待会
- close well 易关
- close abruptly 突然终止
- close completely 完全关闭
- close easily 容易关上
- close firmly 牢牢地关闭
- close lazily 懒散地关着
- close securely 紧闭
- close suddenly 突然关上
- close temporarily 暂时关闭
- close tightly 紧闭
- close victoriously 胜利闭幕
- close down 关闭
- close in 迫近,(日)渐短,来临
- close in from all directions 从四面八方围拢来
- close off 结账,关闭,封闭
- close off the area to all traffic 断绝该地区的一切交通
- close out 销售,抛售,拦住
- close out stock of goods 卖完存货
- close out the flooding water (水坝)拦住洪水
- close over 淹没
- close round 包围,围住
- close together 靠近,靠拢
- close up (商店)关门,倒闭,(人群)靠拢,密集,(人)不开口,合起来
- close up an opening 填塞裂缝
- close about〔around〕 包围,围住
- close against 禁止
- close upon 包围
- close with 与…短兵相接,接受,同意
- close with an offer 以给出的价格成交
- close with the enemy 与敌人搏斗
- close analysis 周密的分析
- close atmosphere 闷热的空气
- close attention 密切注意
- close box 关紧的盒子
- close buyer 专买便宜货的人
- close coat 紧身衣服
- close confinement 严密监控
- close contest 难分胜负的竞争
- close copy 精密的复写
- close decision 难作的决定
- close description 简要的描述
- close disposition 不坦率的性格
- close district 势均力敌的选举战
- close friends 密友
- close game 势均力敌的比赛
- close joint 密缝
- close lid 闭合的盖子
- close match 不相上下的比赛
- close meeting 不公开的会议
- close neighbor 近邻
- close planting 密植
- close prisoner 严密监禁的囚犯
- close quarters 近距离
- close questioning 严格的盘查
- close range 近距离
- close reading 仔细研读
- close relationship 密切的关系
- close relative 近亲
- close room 不通气的房间
- close translation 紧扣原文的翻译
- close weather 闷热的天气
- close against 紧贴,紧靠
- close at hand 就在眼前,就在旁边
- close by 在…附近
- close to 接近于,在…附近
- close with one's money 用钱吝啬
- come close 走近,接近
- fit close 吻合
- follow close 紧跟
- keep close 藏起来
- lie close 藏起来
- press sb close 紧逼某人
- run sb close 紧紧盯住某人
- sit close 坐拢
- stand close 站拢
- close of … 末, …底
I lay Pent in a roofless close of ragged stones.出自： Tennyson
I've brought a close carriage for him.出自： A. Trollope
They..closed him in a monastery.出自： W. Prynne
I clung to all the present for the promise that it closed.出自： Tennyson
- close用作表语时的意思是“近的,接近的”,通常指空间距离极小，甚至几乎相接或者时间重合。用作定语时，用于社会关系上指直系亲属、至爱亲朋之间的紧密联系,即“亲密的,密切的”。另外, close还可指“彻底的,仔细的”“闷热的,不通风的”“势均力敌的”“秘密的,隐藏的”等。
- close后常接介词of, 表示“…的结束”。
close和shut的比较：两者都表示关闭的意思，大部分情况下可以互换使用。close和shut的过去分词形式都可用作形容词，但shut作形容词时不能修饰名词，可说a closed door而不可用a shut door。两者作动词时，都有“关”的解释，但用close表示这个“关”的动作相对和缓一些，如like flowers closing at night；
I can't close/shut the window.
- close, shut
- 1.close指把门等关到让人不能出入的程度,只表示关上; 而shut指关严并紧紧闩住,强调与外界隔绝。例如:
- He did not close the door when he left the room.
- Shut the door so that the cat won't get out.
- The store closes at 9 p.m. every day.
- The police shut the murderer up in a cell.
- The swimming pool has closed for the winter.游泳场冬天不开放。
- The hotel is shut.这家旅馆不再开业了。
- close, near
- 1.强调距离或数量上的“接近”用close更多些; 而强调关系或程度上的“接近”则用near更多些。
- Near by is a department store.附近有一家百货商店。
- This is a near translation.这是一篇接近原文的翻译。
- close, familiar, intimate
- familiar指经常接触,长时间的交往使彼此熟悉,亲近,甚至随便,不拘小节; close指由于感情、爱好、兴趣等方面的接近而趋于亲近,也指关系上的亲密; intimate是正式用语,指由于有某种关系(如血缘关系、朋友关系等)或深刻了解彼此的思想感情,或有共同的爱好、志向而亲近。例如:
- His familiar behaviour annoys me,I don't know him at all well.他随便的态度使我很不自在,其实我和他一点也不熟悉。
- They are close friends.他们是亲密的朋友。
- He is on intimate terms with my father.他和我父亲的关系很亲密。
- close, closely
- 1.这两个词在作副词时,意思有细微的差别:close作“接近,靠近”解; 而closely作“严密地,紧密地”解,表示状况。例如:
- follow sb close 紧跟
- follow sb closely 密切注意
- My daughter listened closely while Steve was reading the text.当史蒂芬读这篇课文时,我女儿仔细地听着。
- They look into the matter closely.他们仔细地研究这个问题。
- a close room 不通风的房间
- a closed room 被封闭的房间
- close通常放在动词之后，但在过去分词之前要用 closely。
误 The director closed the factory for two weeks.
正 The director closed the factory two weeks ago.
- ☆ 1200年左右进入英语，直接源自古法语的clos，意为关上；最初源自古典拉丁语的clausus，意为关上，堵塞，结束。