- v. 打碎；折断；违背；解决；中断；透露；变弱；锐减；结束
- n. 破裂；休息；中断；急冲；好运
- 打破，使碎裂，砸破，割破 ，损坏；破碎
- vt. & vi. 打破,折断,弄坏 cause a thing to come into two or more pieces, either on purpose or by chance
- vt. 破坏,违反 fail to fulfil (an agreement), keep (a promise), or obey (a law)
- vt. 终止,中断 come to an end in some way; interrupt
- vt. 透露,说出 speak out
- vt. 打破(纪录) do better than
- vt. 削弱,减轻 fail, be destroyed, or suffer a complete loss
- vi. 破晓,突然出现 dawn, come suddenly into being
- [C]裂口,裂缝; 破裂 opening by made breaking
- [C]间歇,中间休息; (电)断路 a pause for rest between activities
- [C]改变; 中断 change or interruption in sth continuous
- [C]机会 a chance
- [C]逃跑 an escape especially from prison
- [U]天亮,拂晓 dawn
some abrupt occurrence that interrupts an ongoing activity;
"the telephone is an annoying interruption"
"there was a break in the action when a player was hurt"
an unexpected piece of good luck;
"he finally got his big break"
(geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other;
"they built it right over a geological fault"
"he studied the faulting of the earth's crust"
a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions);
"they hoped to avoid a break in relations"
a pause from doing something (as work);
"we took a 10-minute break"
"he took time out to recuperate"
the act of breaking something;
"the breakage was unavoidable"
a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
breaking of hard tissue such as bone;
"it was a nasty fracture"
"the break seems to have been caused by a fall"
the occurrence of breaking;
"the break in the dam threatened the valley"
an abrupt change in the tone or register of the voice (as at puberty or due to emotion);
"then there was a break in her voice"
the opening shot that scatters the balls in billiards or pool
(tennis) a score consisting of winning a game when your opponent was serving;
"he was up two breaks in the second set"
an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity;
"it was presented without commercial breaks"
"there was a gap in his account"
a sudden dash;
"he made a break for the open door"
any frame in which a bowler fails to make a strike or spare;
"the break in the eighth frame cost him the match"
an escape from jail;
"the breakout was carefully planned"
"She interrupted her pregnancy"
"break a lucky streak"
"break the cycle of poverty"
become separated into pieces or fragments;
"The figurine broke"
"The freshly baked loaf fell apart"
render inoperable or ineffective;
"You broke the alarm clock when you took it apart!"
"He busted my radio!"
destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments;
"He broke the glass plate"
"She broke the match"
act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises;
"offend all laws of humanity"
"violate the basic laws or human civilization"
"break a law"
"break a promise"
move away or escape suddenly;
"The horses broke from the stable"
"Three inmates broke jail"
"Nobody can break out--this prison is high security"
scatter or part;
"The clouds broke after the heavy downpour"
force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up;
"break into tears"
"erupt in anger"
"stop the project"
"break off the negotiations"
enter someone's (virtual or real) property in an unauthorized manner, usually with the intent to steal or commit a violent act;
"Someone broke in while I was on vacation"
"They broke into my car and stole my radio!"
"who broke into my account last night?"
make submissive, obedient, or useful;
"The horse was tough to break"
"I broke in the new intern"
fail to agree with; be in violation of; as of rules or patterns;
"This sentence violates the rules of syntax"
surpass in excellence;
"She bettered her own record"
"break a record"
make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret;
"The auction house would not disclose the price at which the van Gogh had sold"
"The actress won't reveal how old she is"
"bring out the truth"
"he broke the news to her"
"unwrap the evidence in the murder case"
come into being;
"light broke over the horizon"
"Voices broke in the air"
stop operating or functioning;
"The engine finally went"
"The car died on the road"
"The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town"
"The coffee maker broke"
"The engine failed on the way to town"
"her eyesight went after the accident"
interrupt a continued activity;
"She had broken with the traditional patterns"
make a rupture in the ranks of the enemy or one's own by quitting or fleeing;
"The ranks broke"
curl over and fall apart in surf or foam, of waves;
"The surf broke"
lessen in force or effect;
"soften a shock"
"break a fall"
be broken in;
"If the new teacher won't break, we'll add some stress"
come to an end;
"The heat wave finally broke yesterday"
vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity;
"The flat plain was broken by tall mesas"
cause to give up a habit;
"She finally broke herself of smoking cigarettes"
"break cigarette smoking"
come forth or begin from a state of latency;
"The first winter storm broke over New York"
happen or take place;
"Things have been breaking pretty well for us in the past few months"
cause the failure or ruin of;
"His peccadilloes finally broke his marriage"
"This play will either make or break the playwright"
invalidate by judicial action;
"The will was broken"
discontinue an association or relation; go different ways;
"The business partners broke over a tax question"
"The couple separated after 25 years of marriage"
"My friend and I split up"
assign to a lower position; reduce in rank;
"She was demoted because she always speaks up"
"He was broken down to Sergeant"
reduce to bankruptcy;
"My daughter's fancy wedding is going to break me!"
"The slump in the financial markets smashed him"
change directions suddenly
emerge from the surface of a body of water;
"The whales broke"
break down, literally or metaphorically;
"The wall collapsed"
"The business collapsed"
"The dam broke"
"The roof collapsed"
"The wall gave in"
"The roof finally gave under the weight of the ice"
do a break dance;
"Kids were break-dancing at the street corner"
exchange for smaller units of money;
"I had to break a $100 bill just to buy the candy"
destroy the completeness of a set of related items;
"The book dealer would not break the set"
make the opening shot that scatters the balls
separate from a clinch, in boxing;
"The referee broke the boxers"
go to pieces;
"The lawn mower finally broke"
"The gears wore out"
"The old chair finally fell apart completely"
break a piece from a whole;
"break a branch from a tree"
become punctured or penetrated;
"The skin broke"
pierce or penetrate;
"The blade broke her skin"
be released or become known; of news;
"News of her death broke in the morning"
cease an action temporarily;
"We pause for station identification"
"let's break for lunch"
interrupt the flow of current in;
"break a circuit"
"The simple vowels broke in many Germanic languages"
find a flaw in;
"break an alibi"
"break down a proof"
find the solution or key to;
"break the code"
change suddenly from one tone quality or register to another;
"Her voice broke to a whisper when she started to talk about her children"
"Report the news as it develops"
"These political movements recrudesce from time to time"
become fractured; break or crack on the surface only;
"The glass cracked when it was heated"
crack; of the male voice in puberty;
"his voice is breaking--he should no longer sing in the choir"
"stock prices broke"
fracture a bone of;
"I broke my foot while playing hockey"
diminish or discontinue abruptly;
"The patient's fever broke last night"
weaken or destroy in spirit or body;
"His resistance was broken"
"a man broken by the terrible experience of near-death"
- If you discover a fire, break the glass to sound the fire alarm.
- To frighten the dog, he broke a twig from the tree.
- What shocked the workers was that the boss had broken his promise.
- The spy had finally broken the code.
- One hates to break with an old friend.
- When she went to break the news to Harriet, however, Emma found her quite unperturbed by it.
- Their good cheer broke after repeated setbacks.
- Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs.
- The cold spell broke yesterday.
- A break in the pipe was found out.
- There is a break during the performance for the audience to take a rest.
- The audience certainly want the television programming without commercial breaks.
- The dog made a break toward the open field.
- He finally got the big break in life.
- Glass breaks easily.
- Oak may bend but will not break.
- The rope broke when they were climbing.
- Friction against the rock, combined with the weight of the climber, caused his rope to break.
- We had no sooner set out than a thunder storm broke.
- The storm broke before they reached shelter.
- The spell of fine weather has broken.
- The boy's voice is beginning to break.
- Day had broken, and he cast his net for the last time.
- Things were breaking badly.
- Things were breaking right for us.
- His mother's heart will break if he leaves her.
- Both teams played well; they broke even at the end.
- Taylor's business just managed to break even last month.
- We need to take ￡5200 each performance just to break even.
- When the bank broke, many people were ruined.
- Three prisoners broke loose as they were being taken to another prison this morning.
- Violence broke loose in the city last night.
- The bag fell on the floor and broke open.The sweets went everywhere!
- The thief broke the window and got into the house.
- The boy fell from the tree and broke his leg.
- The river broke its banks.
- I slipped on the stairs and broke my ankle.
- Every great novel has broken many conventions.
- A clarion call broke the morning stillness.
- He told an interesting story to break the ice.
- We have broken the back of the job.
- I had to break the appointment because I was sick.
- I am sorry that I broke my promise.
- We are to blame in the first place for breaking our own rules.
- You're breaking the law.
- An action will be taken against anyone who breaks the law.
- No difficulty can break her will.
- We broke our journey to Rome at Venice.
- He came in second, but still broke the Olympic record.
- The tree breaks the wind.
- The tall hedge breaks the force of the wind.
- Grasslands have been broken and planted to wheat.
- School regulations could not be broken.
- The strike was broken, of course, but mainly by a series of adventitious developments.
- “But I was there!”Jane broke in.
- “But what's to happen to us?”one of the villagers broke in.
- I'm afraid I must break this conversation short.I have to go now.
- He broke the door open.
- The visit was broken short because there was talk of war.
- There is a break in the water pipe.
- He continued forward until a break in the ice was clearly visible.
- They found the break in the pipe line and set to repair it.
- We heard the break and saw the glass fall out of the window.
- Pitch bleeds freely from break in the bark.
- Water speeded through the break in the basement wall.
- Most waste was caused by yarn breaks.
- He jubilantly called for a break.
- The children have a break between classes at school.
- There was no break in the rains.
- At our school the morning break lasts only ten minutes.
- He lay down for a while during every break.
- Go on and take your coffee break.I'll cover for you until you return.
- A break in the circuit caused the lights to go out.
- There was a break in the conversation.
- There will be a break in the weather.
- We are waiting for a break in the bad weather.
- The parents noticed a break in the child's voice.
- I don't want any break in my way of living.
- I noticed a curious break in her voice.
- There are breaks for the commercials in the TV program.
- This is your big break.
- He's had a good year with several big breaks.
- I know you had a rotten break.
- The prisoner made a break for freedom.
- When the guard is not looking, make a break for it.
- break away( v.+adv. )
改掉; 放弃 give up
The rhino broke away and ran not at us, but along the rocky bank beside us.
They attempted to break away to form an independent state.
他们企图分裂出去成立一个独立的国家。break away from sb/sth
The criminal broke away from the policemen who were holding him.
The prisoner broke away from his guards while being taken to another jail.
He was unable to break away from their grip.
他无法从他们手里脱逃。break away from sb/sth
He broke away from all his old friends.
He broke away from his family and has gone to live in Australia.
He has already broken away from the Party.
Fortunately, he broke away from that lawless group years ago.
幸而几年前他就脱离了那个不法集团。break away from sth
We must break away from convention and adopt as many advanced techniques as possible in order to build our country into a powerful modern state in not too long a historical period.
Modern music has broken away from 18th century rules.
- break down( v.+adv. )
粉碎,压倒 smash; shatter; crush
The bridge broke down.
The car broke down on the way.
Her telephone had broken down.
The washing machine seems to have broken down again.
The elevator broke down and we had to walk up to the tenth floor.
Telephone communication with all but a few outposts has broken down.
除了几个前哨据点外,与所有地方的电话联系都已中断。break sth ⇔ down
By then the gate was being broken down.
那时候大门快要被砸开了。break sth ⇔ down
John broke down the washing machine.
After a frank exchange of ideas, the two of them finally broke down their long-standing prejudice against each other and became friends again.
开诚布公地交换思想之后,他们两人终于解开了长期存在的疙瘩,重归于好。break down into sth
The newly published booklet breaks down into three parts.
The figures break down into several kinds, showing us different ways of looking at the firm's activities.
这些数字分成几类,为我们显示了观察该公司活动的几种不同方法。break sb/sth ⇔ down into sth
We broke down the students into several small groups when we have oral class.
In drafting the outline, please break it down into three parts.
Chemicals in the body break down our food into useful substances.
The figures must be broken down into several lists.
Water is readily broken down into hydrogen and oxygen.
He broke down under the strain of his position.
Peter broke down and was unable to work for a year.
Your health will break down if you work too hard.
His health has broken down completely.
The old man's health broke down after a serious illness.
She broke down at the news of her mother's death.
She broke down when she heard the news, but quickly recovered.
Peter broke down and wept when he saw the deer that he had shot.
The speaker's words were so moving that Mrs. Smith broke down and had to leave the room.
讲话人的言辞非常动人,使史密斯太太痛哭起来,最后她只好离开会场。break sth ⇔ down
By helpful kindness the teacher broke down the new boy's shyness.
The teacher helped her break down her shyness.
The obstacle was finally broken down.
Our plans have broken down.
His plan broke down when it was put into practice because he had not given enough attention to details.
Talks have broken down over the disputed territory.
谈判由于领土争论而破裂了。break sth ⇔ down
We have broken down the resistance of the enemy.
They broke down all opposition.
- break in1( v.+adv. )
开始工作 begin work
Don't break in when he is telling the story.
I could have told the story better if so many people had not broken in.
假如没有那么多人插嘴,我的故事还能讲得更好些。break in on〔upon〕 sth
I'm sorry to break in on your private thought, but I think we should get on with some work.
Now and then a bird's song broke in upon the silence of the wood.
The man rushed in and broke in on our conversation.
We were watching TV when he broke in.
He broke in and stole my money.
The policemen broke in and found the old man dead in his chair.
It takes a new secretary one month to break in.
The young athletes are breaking in well.
那些年轻的运动员正受到很好的训练。break sb/sth ⇔ in
They are going to break in the apprentice as a lathe operator.
Two weeks in the new office should be enough to break you in.
Don't drive the new car too fast; I'm still breaking it in.
When horses are about six months old, they have to be broken in.
Two hundred more new recruits broke in at the steel plant last year.
- break in2( v.+prep. )
闯入 force one's way into
break in sth
The robbers broke in the gate and took away all the valuable things.
The firemen could enter the burning house only by breaking in the door.
- break into( v.+prep. )
把…分成 divide sth into
break into sth
They broke into our house under cloud of night.
Last night a burglar broke into my house.
The thief broke into the house in broad daylight.
We had to break into the house as we had lost the key.
The thief broke into my house and stole my wife's furcoat.
Bandits broke into our house and stole all our money.
Last night somebody broke into Mr.White's house and took away a lot of things.
A thief can break into a car in under ten seconds.
Burglars broke into the art gallery through the roof, shinnied down the rope and stole five valuable paintings.
Burglars broke into the empty flat while the tenants were away on holidays.
The guerrillas broke into the armoury and carried off 22 rifles.
Thieves have broken into some of the pyramids and taken away many of the treasure to foreign countries.
He can't have done it.Someone broke into the bank around 6.30 and he was with me at the time.QED.
The cattle broke into the wheat field and did much damage.
The police surprised a burglar breaking into a store.
He was caught in the act of breaking into the house.
This box looks as if it's been broken into.
Three houses in our street have been broken into this week.
The policemen found that the house had been broken into and everything stolen.
警察发现房子被砸破,里面的一切都被偷走了。break into sth
She is trying to break into journalism.
The company is having difficulty breaking into new markets.
该公司在打入新市场时遇到困难。break into sth
He broke into our meeting.
Her mother's voice broke into her thoughts.
He became so pensive that she didn't like to break into his thoughts.
Don't break into their conversation; they are discussing something important.
My aunt's regular visits break into my weekend.
我姑母的不断来访打扰我度周末。break into sth
I didn't want to break into a twenty-pound note.
I had to break into my savings to pay for the trip.
I shall have to break into my savings to pay for the holiday.
Not unless there was an emergency would she break into that precious hoard of hers.
不到紧急时,她不动用她宝贵的储存。break into sth
5When he saw me he broke into a run.
5Catching sight of her,Jack broke into a run.
5He broke into a run when he saw the police.
5He had broken into a trot.
5As soon as they smelled grass,the cows broke into a trot.
5When the horses reached the field they broke into a brisk trot.
5The horses broke into a mad gallop when they heard the gunshot.
5The runners broke into a sprint a few hundred yards from the finish.
5I felt frisky,as if I might break into a dance.
5As I grew more afraid,I broke into a cold sweat.
5Her face broke into a huge smile.
5The old man’s face broke into a grin.
5The audience broke into applause.
5The audience broke into rapturous applause.
5The crowd broke into loud cheers when the President's car appeared.
5The visitors broke into exclamations of wonder when they saw the magnificent Great Wall.
The singers broke into song.
6After a long silence,she broke into a laugh.
6When I told him the story,he broke into a laugh.
6When I told them my story the girls broke into tears.
当我给女孩子们讲了我的身世后,她们都哭起来了。break sth into sth
7The cake just broke into pieces when I cut it.
7Mary broke the chocolate into pieces, one for each person.
7His sleeve caught the glass.It fell and broke into pieces.
7The crew escaped,but the ship was broken into pieces.
7The glass broke into hundreds of pieces.
7In some American schools,one school year is broken into three semesters.
- break of( v.+prep. )
戒除 cure sb of a bad habit, etc.
break oneself/sb of sth/v-ing
You must break yourself of the bad habit of interrupting a speaker.
We must break the child of his habit of biting his nails.
She broke me of getting up late.
The mother wants to break her child of sucking the thumb.
I am trying to break myself of smoking.
Several times I have made up my mind to break myself of smoking.
- break off( v.+adv. )
停止,中止; 断交 stop; end or discontinue unexpectedly; terminate; put an end to
The mast broke off.
Many branches broke off in the strong wind.
The wing of the plane broke off in mid-air and plane crashed.
机翼在空中脱落,致使飞机坠毁。break sth ⇔ off
He tried to break off the broken branch but failed in his attempt.
Try not to break off the iron-bar.You are not strong enough.
Mary broke off some of the chocolate to give to the children.
I don't know why he broke off in the midst of his speech.
He broke off in the middle of his story.
We were discussing our plans, but had to break off when the telephone rang.
He broke off in the middle of a sentence.
Let's break off and have a cup of tea.
He was busy writing the article all the morning, only breaking off occasionally to have a cup of coffee.
They broke off for twenty minutes when the machine broke down.
机器出故障时,他们停止工作20分钟。break sth ⇔ off
They broke off their conversation when they heard a strange sound.
Jim broke off telling the story to answer the telephone.
Those two countries have broken off relations again.
Greece broke off relations with Turkey.
We may break off relations with that country.
- break one's word
食言 fail to keep a promise
- break out( v.+adv. )
向外砸开 break sth in an outward direction
Influenza usually breaks out in winter.
The famous anti-feudal and anti-imperialist May Fourth Movement broke out in Beijing in 1919.
A fire broke out in the lower story during the midnight and soon the whole building was in flames.
Warm applause broke out after his speech.
Something unexpected always breaks out in this area.
在这一地区总有意想不到的事情发生。break sth ⇔ out
We had to break the door out to escape from the fire.
- break out in( v.+adv.+prep. )
吓出一身冷汗 show signs of great fear
break out in sth
The little girl broke out in rashes on her back, so she couldn't go to the kindergarten.
The child broke out in measles.
那孩子出麻疹。break out in sth
He suddenly broke out in a rage of sobs and curses.
Mary broke out in loud laughter.
When they heard of the surrender of Nazi Germany, they broke out in tears and laughter.
当他们听说纳粹德国已投降时,激动得又是哭又是笑。break out in a sweat
She was so scared that she broke out in a cold sweat.
When I thought that no one was coming back to save me,I broke out in a cold sweat.
When he heard the news that he was fired, he broke out in a sweat on his forehead.
Half an hour after taking the medicine, the patient broke out in a sweat and began to feel better.
The farmers working in the fields broke out in sweats under the hot sun.
- break out into( v.+adv.+prep. )
突然发出; 迸发出 burst into; suddenly begin
- break out of( v.+adv.+prep. )
逃出 escape from; free oneself from
break out of sth
Three men broke out of prison yesterday.
The thief broke out of the prison and escaped.
The guerrilla fighter managed to break out of the room where he was imprisoned.
I should like to break out of this meaningless way of life.
Many playwrights have broken out of the old traditional straight jacket.
- break over( v.+prep. )
雷鸣般地响起 begin forcefully near sb
- break through1( v.+prep. )
战胜,克服… find a way to deal with
- break through2( v.+adv. )
在某个领域方面有进展或突破 make advances in discovery or any other aim
- break to( v.+prep. )
向…透露〔说出〕 tell (usually bad news) to (sb) in a kind way
break sth to sb
They dare not break the news to him.
Will you break the news of Henry's death to his wife, or shall I?
You are not to break the matter to anybody.
He broke it to her gently that her son had been arrested.
They dare not break the sad news to her on account of her illness.
No one was anxious to break the news of the accident to the injured person's family.
- break up( v.+adv. )
使开心或发笑 amuse sb greatly
The meeting didn't break up until eleven o'clock last night.
What do you plan to do when school breaks up?
The cup fell on the cement floor and broke up.
When does the ice break up on the river?
河里的冰什么时候融化?break sth ⇔ up
The men in the garage will break up the old cars for their parts.
She broke the old furniture up and sold the wood.
I hear that Jim and Mary are breaking up.
The husband and wife are always quarreling and their relations are breaking up.
The small country is going to break up with the superpower.
这个小国决定同超级大国决裂。break sth ⇔ up
They were happy together, until the war came and broke up their home.
It was money trouble that broke up their marriage.
When does your school break up?
We break up next week.
The crowd broke up.
人群散开了。break sth ⇔ up
They break up the meeting.
The reactionary police tried to break up the strikers' protest rally, but failed.
Divorce broke up a lot of families.
He may break up under this trouble.
碰上这桩麻烦事,他可能会感到十分苦恼。break sb ⇔ up
The terrible news will break him up.
Peter just broke up when we told him what had happened.
我们告诉彼得发生了什么事情时,他简直乐坏了。break sb ⇔ up
His story broke me up; I couldn't stop laughing.
- break up into( v.+adv.+prep. )
分成几个部分 divide sth into smaller parts
break sth ⇔ up into sth
Difference of opinion broke up the party into fractions.
The method of breaking up the whole into parts is often used in mathematics.
The job can be broken up into several activities, which provides some variety.
After his death, his land was broken up into areas suitable for building houses.
- break with( v.+prep. )
破除,改变 give up or make an end of
- bad break
倒霉 bad luck
- break of (the) day
- get the breaks
运气好,侥幸 gain the luck
- good break
好运气 good luck
- make a/the break
- make a/the break with
与某人〔某物〕断绝关系 break off relationship with sb/sth
- without a break
- break a branch 折下一树枝
- break a case 弄坏了箱子
- break a clock 弄坏了钟
- break a cup 把茶杯打碎
- break a door 弄坏了门
- break a hole in a wall 在墙上开个孔
- break a journey 中途下车
- break a leg 折断了腿
- break a package 打开包裹
- break a safe 弄坏了保险箱
- break a secret 泄密
- break a stick 将树枝折断
- break a window 弄坏了窗户
- break an electric current 断开电流
- break bone 折断了骨头
- break code 解码
- break ground 破土动工,开始实行
- break one's head 碰破头
- break one's pencil 折断了某人的铅笔
- break one's promise 食言
- break one's rest 妨碍某人休息
- break one's sleep 妨碍某人睡眠
- break one's time 侵占某人的时间
- break reserves of ammunition 动用储备的弹药
- break silence 打破沉默
- break surface 浮出水面
- break the friendship 破坏友谊
- break the monotony 打破单调
- break the news to 把…消息告诉…
- break the record for high jump 打破跳高纪录
- break word 说话不算数
- break even 打成平手
- break forth 迸发
- break advisedly 有意地破坏
- break completely 完全打破
- break deliberately 故意损坏
- break distinctly 明显地破坏
- break easily 易碎
- break eventually 终于破损
- break gratuitously 无端地破坏
- break intentionally 故意地打破
- break threateningly 毁灭性地破坏
- break unreasonably 无端地损坏
- break violently 猛地破裂
- break away 逸出,(云)雾消散,挣脱身子走开,分裂
- break away from 摆脱,与…断绝来往
- break away from home 离家出走
- break down (车)抛锚,(物质)分解,(政府)垮台,(计划)失败,(组织)瓦解,(人)非常悲伤,(身体)垮了,(和谈)中断
- break in 强行闯进,打扰,插嘴
- break in on 打断,妨碍,侵扰
- break off 拆开,裂开,断绝(关系),停止,中断谈话
- break off a few seconds 停下几秒钟
- break off from sb 与某人绝交
- break out (眼泪)夺眶而出,(疾病、火灾) 突然发生,(部队)突围,(战争)爆发
- break out into 生长,迸发出
- break through 现出,露出,冲破阻力向前,在某个领域有进展或突破
- break up 分解,驱散,打碎,使…分裂
- break up a meeting 驱散集会的人
- break up the party 分裂该党
- break a bamboo stick across one's knee 用膝盖把竹竿折断
- break against 撞在…而四下迸溅,碰…而使折断
- break against the shore 击岸
- break for 暂停工作去…
- break for lunch 停工吃午饭
- break from 脱离,摆脱,突然离开
- break from a party 脱离党
- break from a prison 越狱
- break into 闯入,突然开始,打扰
- break into one's talk 插话
- break into sb's house 闯入某人的家
- break into song 开始唱歌
- break into splinters 打得粉碎
- break into tears 突然哭起来
- break of 使(某人)戒除…
- break oneself of a bad habit (自己)克服恶习
- break on 撞在…而四下迸溅,碰…而使折断
- break on the rocks (浪)撞击岩石
- break on the shore 拍打着海岸
- break out of 逃脱,摆脱
- break out of a dilemma 从困境中脱身
- break out of prison 越狱
- break over the reef 盖过岩石
- break through 突破,挤过
- break through the enemy's line 突破敌人的防线
- break to 通知,告知
- break under weight 被重荷压垮
- break with 放弃,与…绝交
- break with a friend 与一个朋友绝交
- break with an idea 放弃某种想法
- break with the army 脱离军队
- bad break 严重的摔伤
- during a break at school 学校的课间休息时间
- break from the past 与过去决裂
- break in a dam 堤坝上的裂口
- break in one's way of living 生活方式的改变
- break in the bridge 桥上的裂缝
- break in the circuit 电流中断
- break in the clouds 云层的缝隙
- break in the concert 音乐会中间休息的时间
- break in the conversation 谈话中断
- break in the hedge 树篱的缺口
- break in the water mains 总输水管的裂缝
- break of the leg 腿部的摔伤
- break with the past 与过去决裂
The last of the sun came through in the breaks between the strips of matting.出自： E. Hemingway
We cannot hear a break between sounds of less than one tenth of a second.出自： D. Attenborough
He noticed..a break in the wall of buildings.出自： J. Cheever
A natural Inclination to break Windows.出自： Steele
I've broke my trusty battle-axe.出自： Sir W. Scott
Once I broke four gramophone records over his head.出自： N. Coward
Break the three eggs into a mixing bowl.出自：Daily Telegraph
- break用作及物动词时,除作“弄断”“弄碎”等解,还可作“透露”解(主要是美国口语),与agreement, promise, law, regulation, rule, vow, word等词搭配时,还可作“违背,违犯”解。可接简单宾语,也可接以形容词或介词短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
- break用作名词的基本意思是“裂口,裂缝; 破裂”,用于时间可表示“间歇,休息时间”,也可指旧方式或生活习惯的“改变”或“中断”,是可数名词。
You ought to break this habit.
- break off, break out of, break up, break with
- 这组短语容易混淆,应注意区分:break off作“暂停,中断”解,指人突然终止某种正在进行的活动或已形成的关系,如谈话、婚约等; break out of意为“脱离,逃脱”,指人或物从很危险的、被禁锢的状态中逃脱出来或从俗套中脱颖而出; break up表示“分开,解除”,指使某种相对完整的东西自身解体,还可专指“放假,放学”等; break with作“终止,断绝”讲,常专指人结束自己与他人的友谊、关系,还可指放弃、革除旧习惯等。
- break, demolish, destroy, ruin
- 1.destroy和ruin这两个词所表示的“毁坏”都含有“彻底”的意味,有时可互换。destroy强调“彻底性”; ruin强调不可修复。例如:
- The rain has ruined〔destroyed〕 the crops.这雨把庄稼全毁了。
- 2.break, destroy和demolish的主语可以是人,也可以是事物; 而ruin的主语多为天灾人祸等无形的力量。例如:
- The windshield broke but did not shatter.挡风玻璃裂了,但没有碎。
- All the intruders were destroyed.所有的入侵者都被歼灭了。
- That street was demolished a few years ago.那条街于几年前拆除了。
- She has a very real grievance against the hospital since the operation which ruined her health.自从她做过手术后,健康状况变坏,所以她确实对医院有怨言。
- 3.break的宾语可以是有形物,也可以是非物质性的事物; destroy和demolish用于具体事物可指“高楼大厦”等; 用于抽象事物时destroy指“名誉”“声望”等, demolish则指某人的论点、论据等。ruin的宾语则多是美好珍贵的事物。例如:
- His mother's heart will break if he leaves her.如果他离开母亲,她的心会碎的。
- All his hopes were now destroyed.他的一切希望现在都破灭了。
- We have demolished all her arguments and she has nothing more to say.我们推翻了她所有的论点,她无言以对。
- The manuscript was ruined by long exposure in the cold damp cellar.手稿在地下室因长期受阴冷潮湿的破坏而无法辨认了。
- 4.break可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词; destroy和demolish只用作及物动词; 而ruin多用作及物动词,偶尔可用作不及物动词。例如:
- She broke a vase uncarefully.她不小心打破了一只花瓶。
- The cup broke when it fell on the floor.茶杯掉到地上摔破了。
- The mad dog ought to be destroyed.这只疯狗应该杀死。
- They are going to demolish that old factory.他们准备拆毁那家旧工厂。
- I was ruined by that law case; I'm a ruined man!我被那场官司搞垮了,现在已经倾家荡产!
- break, burst
- 这两个词均可表示“破裂”。二者区别在于:break一般指外力猛然损坏坚硬的东西; 而burst一般指内部的力量冲破某封闭状态而损坏某物。例如:
- They broke a bomb shell.
- The bomb burst.
- break, crack, shatter, wreck
- 这组词的共同意思是“破裂,使破裂”。它们的区别在于:break引起的外力多是碰撞、挤压、敲打等,强调动作突然而有力,以及动作的结果,但不强调破损的程度; crack侧重于指突然发出易碎物品破裂时那样的尖声,也可指因干裂而引起裂口; shatter则强调动作的结果,碎片散得到处都是,物体彻底毁坏; wreck指将整体破坏成废物和碎片。
- break, dawn
- 这两个词都可作“破晓”解。其区别在于:break的主语只能用day; 而dawn的主语用day和morning都可以。例如:
- The day breaks at five.
- The morning〔day〕 dawns at five.
- break rank 打乱队形
- break the ranks 走出队伍
- break, pause
- 1.break指突然的短时中止; pause指短时的休止间歇。例如:
- She has worked for 16 hours without a break.她一口气工作了16个小时,没有休息一会儿。
- The workmen took a break so we enjoyed a brief respite from the noises.工人们休息了一下,所以我们能享受片刻的安宁。
- Government sources said there would be no prolonged pause in the war.据官方消息,这场战争的时间不会长。
- He came to a pause and then went on reading.他停顿了一下,又继续念下去。
误 He had a fall on his way home and his leg was broken.
正 He had a fall on his way home and broke his left leg.
误 His house broke into last night and a lot of things were stolen.
正 His house was broken into last night and a lot of things were stolen.
析 break into意思是“闯入某地”,主语是物时,谓语动词须用被动结构。
误 Let's take break.
正 Let's take a break.
- ☆ 1300年左右进入英语，直接源自古英语的brecan，意为打破，粉碎，破坏；最初源自原始日耳曼语的brekan。
- splinter n.