by

  基本辭彙  
[baɪ]     [baɪ]    
  • prep. 靠近;通過;被;經由;不遲於
  • adv. 經過;在旁邊;靠近
new

by的英文翻譯是什麼意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

雙解釋義

prep. (介詞)
  1. (表示位置)在…近旁; 在身邊 near
  2. (表示時間)不遲於; 在…時候 not later than
  3. (表示移動方向)從…中經過 passing through or along
  4. (表示方式)搭乘,通過; 抓住…; 靠,採取; 就…而論; 以…稱呼方式; 以…的名義; 憑著 through the use or means of
  5. (表示原因)隨…而來 as the result of
  6. (表示方位)偏於 inclined to one side
  7. (表示環境)借著…光亮 depend upon the light of
  8. (表示關涉)經過 passing through
  9. (表示程度)以…之差 with disparity of
  10. (表示關係)對待 treat
  11. (表示依據)根據 in accordance with
  12. (表示比率)以…幅度; 以…為單位; …比 …to the amount or degree of
  13. (表示累加)(一個)接著 one by one
  14. (表示動作者)被〔由〕; 由…創作〔演奏〕 show the name of the person who wrote a book, directed a film, made a work of art, etc.
adv. (副詞)
  1. 在近旁 near
  2. 經過,走過 past
  3. 保留 in reserve

英英釋義

Adverb:
  1. so as to pass a given point;

    "every hour a train goes past"

  2. in reserve; not for immediate use;

    "started setting aside money to buy a car"
    "put something by for her old age"
    "has a nest egg tucked away for a rainy day"

by的用法和樣例:

例句

用作介詞 (prep.)
  1. The house by the lake is a restaurant.
    湖邊的那座房子是家飯店。
  2. He entered by the back door.
    他從後門進入。
  3. The project was viewed favorably by the committee.
    那計劃受到該委員會的好評。
  4. He let himself down slowly by means of a rope.
    他用一條繩子滑下來。
用作副詞 (adv.)
  1. He hurried by and disappeared in the wood.
    他匆匆走過去,消失在森林裡。
  2. I always keep a bottle of wine by in case friends call round.
    我平時總存著一瓶酒以備朋友來時喝。
  3. He lives near by.
    他住在附近。

常見句型

用作介詞 (prep.)
  1. On a cold evening it is pleasant to sit by the fire.
    在寒冷的夜晚坐在爐火旁邊很舒服。
  2. He keeps a dictionary by him when he's reading.
    他讀書時,手邊總放著一本詞典。
  3. Be here by four o'clock.
    四點鐘之前到這兒。
  4. She should be back by now.
    她現在應該回來了。
  5. If they have a journey to make, most people prefer to go by day.
    如果要旅行,大多數人喜歡在白天進行。
  6. They came in by the back door.
    他們是由後門進來的。
  7. Are you to go there by bike or by bus?
    你騎車還是坐車去?
  8. You can order tickets by telephone.
    你可以用電話訂票。
  9. The money will be paid by cheque.
    此款將由支票支付。
  10. He seized her by the arm.
    他抓住她的手臂。
  11. Man does not live by bread alone.
    人不能單靠麵包生存。
  12. They were making a living by selling souvenirs to the tourists.
    他們靠向旅遊者出售紀念品來謀生。
  13. They decided to raise the money by subscription.
    他們決定採取募捐的辦法來籌集這筆款項。
  14. By temperament he was an artist.
    從氣質上看,他是一位畫家。
  15. They always addressed each other by their Christian name.
    他們總是以教名互相稱呼。
  16. By God he's done it!
    老天為證,他確實做了此事。
  17. I did it all by myself!
    我完全是靠自己做此事的。
  18. The meeting will be held in the school hall, by permission of the headmaster.
    由於有校長的准許,會議將在學校大廳舉行。
  19. The steamer will go west by north.
    這艘輪船將向西偏北方向航行。
  20. They were playing cards by electric light.
    他們正借著燈光打牌。
  21. I go by the house every day.
    我每天都要從這棟房子經過。
  22. We lost the match by one goal.
    我們以一分之差輸了比賽。
  23. He deals ill by his wife.
    他待妻子不好。
  24. It's not fair to judge people by their appearance.
    以貌取人是不公正的。
  25. Its grant is to be cut by more than 40 percent.
    其補助將削減40%以上。
  26. Most workmen are paid by the week.
    大多數工人按周付給薪水。
  27. The lounge is twenty feet by fourteen.
    這間起居室長20英尺,寬14英尺。
  28. Day by day he applied himself to the task until it was finished.
    他日復一日地投入那項工作,直到完成為止。
  29. He was brought up by an aunt.
    他是由嬸嬸撫育成人的。
  30. Above it hung an oil painting by Beryl.
    它的上方掛著一幅貝麗爾創作的油畫。
  31. We should help our brother communities by all means in our power.
    我們應該儘力幫助兄弟社團。
  32. Oh by the way, have you heard from Bill lately?
    哦,順便問一下,你最近得到比爾的消息了嗎?
用作副詞 (adv.)
  1. She hurried by without speaking to her teacher.
    她匆匆經過,沒有跟她的老師說話。
  2. Come by for a drink after work.
    下班後路過我家時進來喝一杯。
  3. She stole the book when no one was by.
    她趁旁邊無人時把書偷走了。

常用短語

用作介詞 (prep.)
by accident
    偶然地 without any intention or planning
by all means
    一定,務必must
by analogy
    用類推方法by a process of reasoning between parallel cases
by analogy with
    根據…類推deducing (sth) according to sth
by any chance
    或許; 可能 perhaps; possibly
by chance
    偶然地,意外地 by accident; accidentally; unintentionally
by common consent
    公認 generally acknowledge
by comparison
    比較起來when compared
by contrast
    參見contrast條。
by courtesy of
    蒙…的好意,蒙…提供 by the permission or generosity of sb
by degrees
    一點一點地,逐漸地 gradually
by far
    …得多,更,尤其 by a great amount
by hand
    用手;親自 using one's hand; in person
by heart
    憑記性 by memory
by itself
    獨自地; 無需外力地alone; without help
by leaps and bounds
    非常迅速,突飛猛進very quickly and successfully
by means of
    參見mean條。
by mistake
    錯誤地 as a result of carelessness, forgetfulness, etc.; in error
by no means
    參見mean條。
by reason of
    由於because of
by rights
    要是公正的話,公正地 if justice were done; in justice
by the book
    按規則,依照慣例according to the rules
by the by
    順便提一句by the way
by the same token
    由於同樣原因,同樣地in the same way
by the way
    順便地,附帶說說 used to introduce a comment or question that is only indirectly related, if at all, to the main subject of conversation
by trial and error
    反覆試驗,不斷摸索by trying various solutions and learning from one's failure
by turns
    輪流地; 交替地 one after the other; in rotation
by virtue of
    憑藉,依靠,因為,由於by means of or because of sth
by way of
    意在,為了 with the intention of or for the purpose ofBy way of introduction to my subject,I'd like to tell you how I first came to be interested in it.為了引入我的話題,我想告訴你我起初是怎樣對這個問題感興趣的。
用作副詞 (adv.)
by and by
    不久,馬上 before long; soon
by and large
    總的來說 on the whole;in general

辭彙搭配

用作介詞 (prep.)
動詞+~ 動詞+名詞+~ ~+名詞 名詞+~+名詞 副詞+~ ~+副詞 副詞+~+副詞 ~+代詞 ~+數詞 數詞+~+數詞
用作副詞 (adv.)
動詞+~

經典引文

  • He taried..at Joppa by one Simon.

    出自:Bible (Coverdale): Acts
  • Down by the Docks they 'board seamen' at the eating houses.

    出自: Dickens
  • A cat sits on the pavement by the house.

    出自: R. Jarrell

by的詳細講解:

詞語用法

prep. (介詞)
  1. by在表示時間時,常與動詞的一般時、將來時、完成時或將來完成時連用。作「在…時候」解時,常用於by day〔night〕短語中。
  2. by表示方式(除作「抓住…」解時)或原因後接名詞時,名詞前通常不加冠詞。
  3. by表示方式作「憑著」解時,其後常接反身代詞; 作「乘」解時,後接交通工具,其前不加冠詞。
  4. by表示比率作「以…為單位」解時,常與表示單位的名詞或數詞連用,名詞前常用定冠詞; 作「…比…」解時,用於兩個數字之間表示面積。
  5. by表示累加時,前後一般用同一個名詞、數詞或副詞,名詞前不用定冠詞,且不用於複數形式。
  6. by表示動作者的時候,常用於被動結構。
  7. by用於被動結構時,既可以引出施動者,也可用來表示做某事的手段。

詞義辨析

prep. (介詞)
by, according to, from, in, on, under
  • 這組詞的共同意思是「根據」「按照」。其區別是:
  • according to是這組詞中最常用的一個,可指依據某人的話語、說法、指示,也可指按照某計劃、法規等,可以是正式的,也可以是非正式的; by的本意是「憑藉某種手段、方式」,由此引申出「依據,按照」,其賓語常為某種規則、法規、標準、習俗等; from的本意是「來源」,由此引申出「根據事物的來源判斷」; in指「依據」時,僅見於與eye, opinion, view等表示觀點的名詞或order, sequence等表示順序的名詞連用,還見於in law, in practice, in theory等短語中; on是根據事物發生和存在所依靠的基礎這一用法,由此引申為「根據,按照」,與之連用的詞一般是表示忠告、規則、命令、指示、協議、建議、原理的名詞; under通常指根據正式的協議、法令、條款、合同等,含有在其控制或約束之下的意味。
  • by, after, at, for,from, over, through, with
  • 這兩個詞都可表示「按照」「根據」「依照」「依從」。其區別在於:
  • 1.at多接抽象名詞; 而by多接具體名詞。
  • 2.這兩個詞都有「按…計算」的意思,不過by用於英式英語; at用於美式英語。
  • by, at
  • 這兩個詞都可表示「按照」「根據」「依照」「依從」。其區別在於:
  • 1.at多接抽象名詞; 而by多接具體名詞。
  • 2.這兩個詞都有「按…計算」的意思,不過by用於英式英語; at用於美式英語。
  • by, before
  • 這兩個詞都可表示「在…之前」。before所表示的時間不包括其賓語所指時間在內,與之連用的動詞可以是延續性動詞,也可以是瞬間動詞; by所表示的時間包括賓語所指的時間在內,因而常譯成「不遲於…」。
  • by, beside, near, on
  • 這組詞的共同意思是「靠近,在…旁邊」。beside是一般用語,其賓語可以是表示任何人或事物的名詞; by強調「緊貼」,其賓語可以是一般的人或事物,但更常見的是side或含有side的名詞; near所指的距離要比by遠得多,其賓語可是任何錶示人或事物的名詞; on一般表示與江〔河,湖,海〕岸或鐵路線呈線狀的地點相接觸,含有「鄰接,瀕臨」的意思。
  • by, about, on,with
  • 參見about條。
  • by, in
  • 這兩個詞都有「不遲於」的意思,但in表明的是一段時間; 而by只是用在日曆上確定的時間,或者日曆上的一點。
  • by oneself, alone
  • 這兩者均可譯為「獨自地」「單獨地」,其差別主要在於:
  • 1.從造成「獨自地」原因上說, alone可以是主動的,也可以是被動的; 而by oneself則是主動的,是主觀上願意把自己與他人隔絕開來而造成的。例如:
  • 他總是單獨一個人吃午飯。
  • He always has his lunch alone.
  • (只說明客觀事實)
  • He always has his lunch by himself.
  • (含有願意如此的意味)
  • 2.從「獨自地」性質上說, alone可以是正常的,也可以是不正常的; 而by oneself則多是反常的,或者是出乎意料的。例如:
  • 他自己單獨生活。
  • He lives alone.
  • (只說明客觀事實)
  • He lives by himself.
  • (含有該成家卻單身的反常意味)
  • by, till
  • 這兩者均可與表示時間的詞連用。by指動作在賓語所指的時間前發生,與非持續性動詞連用; 而till則指動作或狀態持續到賓語所指的時間為止,常與非持續性動詞的否定形式或持續性動詞連用。
  • 常見錯誤

    prep. (介詞)
      我是坐船到美國來的。

      I came to America by a ship.

      I came to America by ship.

      by表示「乘」「坐」,後跟賓語,往往不加冠詞。

      他要坐6:30的火車走。

      He is leaving by 6:30 train.

      He is leaving by the 6:30 train.

      表示交通方式的by短語中的名詞若有表示具體時間的詞語修飾,須加定冠詞。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 直接源自古英語的be or bi,意為靠近,在,經由,大約。
    今日熱詞
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