alternates

  常用词汇  
['ɔːltɜːnət]     ['ɔːltərnət]    
  • v. 交替;轮流
  • adj. 间隔的;轮流的;交替的
  • n. 代替者;供替代的选择
alternately alternateness alternated alternated alternating alternates
new

alternate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. (使)交替,(使)轮流, 轮换,依次
  2. 【电】交流
  3. 交替变化,交变
  4. 交错
  5. (使)交替出现,(使)更迭发生,轮流进行,交替发生
  6. 使交替排列
  7. 使相间
  8. 定期地互换位置
adj. (形容词)
  1. 间隔的,每隔的
  2. 轮流的,交替的,相间的,更迭的
  3. 互生的
  4. 供选择的,供替换的
  5. 隔一的
  6. 备用的
  7. 补充的
  8. 预备的,候补的
  9. 【植】交错的
  10. 代理的
  11. 代替的
  12. 交互的
n. (名词)
  1. 代替者,候补者,替补队员
  2. <美>代理人
  3. 替换物,代替物,代用品
  4. 析取项
  5. 副代表
  6. 代表人
  7. 交替者,轮流者

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 轮流的,交替的 (of two things) happening by turns
  2. 间隔的 every second
  3. 代替的 instead of another; alternative
v. (动词)
  1. vi. & vt. (使)交替,(使)轮换 (cause to) follow by turns

英英释义

Noun:
  1. someone who takes the place of another person

Adjective:
  1. every second one of a series;

    "the cleaning lady comes on alternate Wednesdays"
    "jam every other day"

  2. serving or used in place of another;

    "an alternative plan"

  3. occurring by turns; first one and then the other;

    "alternating feelings of love and hate"

  4. of leaves and branches etc; first on one side and then on the other in two ranks along an axis; not paired;

    "stems with alternate leaves"

Verb:
  1. go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions

  2. exchange people temporarily to fulfill certain jobs and functions

  3. be an understudy or alternate for a role

  4. reverse (a direction, attitude, or course of action)

  5. do something in turns;

    "We take turns on the night shift"

alternate的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Sunny weather alternated with rain.
    天气晴雨相间。
  2. One should alternate work and relaxation.
    工作和休息应交替进行。
  3. We alternate in cleaning the room.
    我们轮流打扫房间。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Meetings are held on alternate Thursdays.
    每隔一个星期的星期四举行一次会议。
  2. Tom and Harry do the work on alternate days.
    汤姆和哈里隔日轮流做这工作。
  3. That was a week of alternate rain and sunshine.
    那是晴雨天交替的一周。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. My alternate knows my role really well, she's almost better than me.
    我的接替者对我的工作非常了解,她甚至比我都好。
  2. If one of the contestants doesn't come, I will be the alternate.
    如果有一个参赛选手不来,那么我就替补上场。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. That was a week of alternate rain and sunshine.
    那是晴雨交替的一周。
  2. He works on alternate days.
    他隔日上班。
  3. He and I clean our room on alternate days.
    我和他隔日轮流打扫我们的房间。
  4. This is an alternate plan.
    这是一个替代计划。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Day and night alternate.
    昼夜更替。
  2. Hope and fear alternated in my breast.
    我忽而充满希望,忽而担心。
  3. Joy and grief alternated in my heart.
    我心中悲喜交替。
  4. He alternates from one extreme to another.
    他常从一个极端走向另一个极端。
  5. Ice and water alternate.
    冰与水相互交替。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Farmers usually alternate their crops.
    农民通常实行轮种。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. The young man alternated singing and dancing.
    那年轻人一会儿唱一会儿跳。
  2. Gaitt alternated eating and laughing.
    盖特一会儿吃一会儿笑。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
alternate between (v.+prep.)
    交替 follow by turns between sth
    alternate between sth and sth

    He alternated between hope and despair.

    他时而充满希望,时而绝望。

    She alternated between laughter and tears.

    她时笑时哭。

alternate with (v.+prep.)
    轮流,交换 change for
    alternate with sth

    Little Caddy always alternates crying with sleeping.

    小卡迪总是哭完了就睡觉。

    Wet days alternates with fine days.

    下雨天和晴天相间而来。

    alternate sth with sth

    He alternates joy with grief.

    他时喜时忧。

    John alternates hard work with laziness.

    约翰有时勤奋工作有时懒惰。

    I am only taking two dresses on holiday, so I will have to alternate the green dress with the blue one.

    我只带着两件衣服度假,所以只能绿的和蓝的替换着穿。

    There are two computers, you can alternate this one with that one.

    那有两台电脑,这台和那台你可以替换着用。

    We must alternate work with rest.

    我们要劳逸结合。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • A wheel spoked red and white In alternate stripes.

    出自: W. Stevens
  • The family's alternate feasts and famine whenever his father got work or was laid off.

    出自: A. Lurie
  • Who in their course Melodious Hymns about the sovran Throne Alternate all night long.

    出自: Milton

alternate的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. alternate用作形容词的基本意思是“轮流的,交替的”,指两个或两个以上的人或物交替从事某事或交替出现; 也可指在一件事每隔一段时间重复发生,即“间隔的”; 还可指“代替的”。
  2. alternate在句中多用作定语,可接抽象名词,也可接具体名词。
  3. alternate用作形容词时不用于比较等级。
v. (动词)
  1. alternate用作动词的基本意思是指两个人或事“轮流”“替换”,也可以表示次序的不断重复。
  2. alternate可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、动名词作简单宾语。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
alternate, periodic
  • 这两个词的共同意思是有规律地重复再现。alternate指两件事物交替出现或一件事物每隔一段时间出现; periodic指可预测的周期性发生。
  • v. (动词)
    alternate, rotate
  • 这组词都指“轮流”“交替”,其区别是alternate指两者间“轮流”, rotate则指三者或三者以上。例如:
  • The manager said he will alternate Jane and Joe as editor.
  • 经理说他会让简和乔轮流做编辑。
  • He told me that he will rotate Caddy,Keat and Ilott as his teacher.
  • 他告诉我他会让卡迪,基特和伊洛特 轮流当他的老师。
  • alternate between, alternate with
  • 这两个短语的区别在于:
  • 1.alternate between的意思是“相互交替”, alternate with的意思是“与之交替”。
  • 2.alternate between一般接and连接的并列宾语,而alternate with则接名词或代词作宾语。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1590左右进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的alternatus,意为轮流。
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