whole

  基本词汇  
[həʊl]     [hoʊl]    
  • adj.全部的;整体的;完整的
  • n.全部;整体;完整
  • adv.完全
wholeness
new

whole是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 全部的,所有的,整个的,整整的
  2. 完全的
  3. 完整的,无缺的,无损的,没有缺漏的
  4. 无恙的,健康的,健全的
  5. 【数】整(数)的;不含分数的
  6. 全体的,整体的,一切的
  7. 无疵的,没有破损的
n.(名词)
  1. 全部,整个,全体
  2. 整体,统一体
  3. 完整,齐全
  4. 完全的自我;完全的东西
  5. 总体,一切,所有
  6. 总数
adv.(副词)
  1. 完全

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [S] 齐全,整体,全部 the complete amount, thing, etc.
  2. [S] 整体,一体 the sum of the parts
adj.(形容词)
  1. [A] 齐全的,整体的,全部的 all; the full amount of
  2. 没有破碎的,完整的 not divided or broken up; complete

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
whole : 整的 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
whole : 全 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
whole : 全 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
whole : 全部, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. all of something including all its component elements or parts;

    "Europe considered as a whole"
    "the whole of American literature"

  2. an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity;

    "how big is that part compared to the whole?"
    "the team is a unit"

Adjective:
  1. including all components without exception; being one unit or constituting the full amount or extent or duration; complete;

    "gave his whole attention"
    "a whole wardrobe for the tropics"
    "the whole hog"
    "a whole week"
    "the baby cried the whole trip home"
    "a whole loaf of bread"

  2. (of siblings) having the same parents;

    "whole brothers and sisters"

  3. not injured

  4. exhibiting or restored to vigorous good health;

    "hale and hearty"
    "whole in mind and body"
    "a whole person again"

  5. acting together as a single undiversified whole;

    "a solid voting bloc"

Adverb:
  1. to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly');

    "he was wholly convinced"
    "entirely satisfied with the meal"
    "it was completely different from what we expected"
    "was completely at fault"
    "a totally new situation"
    "the directions were all wrong"
    "it was not altogether her fault"
    "an altogether new approach"
    "a whole new idea"

whole的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. I had to listen to the whole nauseating story.
    我不得不从头到尾听那令人作呕的故事。
  2. The whole country was anxious for peace.
    全国上下都渴望和平。
  3. He is the prime mover in the whole matter.
    他是整个事件的发起者。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He can say the whole of the English Bible by rote.
    他能把整本英语《圣经》硬背出来。
  2. The two buildings are similar on the whole.
    从整体来看,这两幢楼是相似的。
  3. You will unearth a whole new history.
    你们将会挖掘出一个完整的新历史。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The whole of my money was stolen.
    我全部的钱都被偷走了。
  2. He spent the whole of that year in Pakistan.
    他那一整年都是在巴基斯坦度过的。
  3. The whole of the morning was wasted.
    整个早上全给浪费了。
  4. The different parts were joined to form a whole.
    不同的部分连在一起形成一个整体。
  5. A whole is greater than any of its parts.
    整体大于其组成部分。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The whole town was astir with the news.
    消息传来,全城轰动。
  2. The whole city was immersed in a festival atmosphere.
    全城沉浸在节日气氛之中。
  3. The whole country was astir with the murder event.
    全国为此谋杀事件而轰动。
  4. The whole village was attacked with influenza.
    整个村子的人都得了流行性感冒。
  5. The whole world was surprised at the news.
    全世界听了这一消息都为之震惊。
  6. We should be interested in current affairs of our country and the whole world.
    我们应该关心本国及全世界的时事。
  7. The whole river was caught over.
    整条河都结冰了。
  8. The whole class goes solid against the monitor's suggestion.
    全班都反对班长的建议。
  9. Last Sunday our whole family went on a picnic.
    上星期天我们全家出去野餐。
  10. He ate the whole cake and drank all the tea.
    他吃了整块的蛋糕并喝了所有的茶。
  11. I haven't paid the whole amount.
    我没有全部付清。
  12. He was displeased about the whole affair.
    他对整个事情感到很不高兴。
  13. I waited for her a whole half an hour.
    我等了她整整半个小时。
  14. It snowed three whole days.
    下了整整三天雪。
  15. She kept awake the whole night through, thinking of all sorts of things, past and future, happy and sad.
    她彻夜不眠,想到各式各样的事,过去的、将来的、快乐的和悲伤的。
  16. Forty is a whole number.40
    是个整数。
  17. He gave his whole attention to the problem.
    他全力注意那个问题。
  18. That's the whole truth about it.
    这就是事情的全部真相。
  19. You're lucky to escape with a whole skin.
    你未受损伤而逃脱,真是幸运。
n. +~
  1. He ate an apple whole.
    他把整个的苹果一口吃下。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. I hope you will be back whole.
    我希望你平平安安地回来。
  2. After a month of recuperation he's whole again.
    他休养了一个月之后,恢复了健康。
  3. The dish is still whole in spite of all the shocks.
    尽管受了很多震动,盘子仍然完好无损。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. He was surprised to find himself whole after the accident.
    他惊奇地发现自己在事故发生后安然无恙。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
as a whole
  1. 作为一个整体来看 as one thing or piece and not as separate partsIs the collection going to be divided up or sold as a whole?这批收藏品是零卖还是一起卖?

    We must view the world situation as a whole. 我们应该从总体上来看国际形势。

    You must consider the plan as a whole, we can change some of the details later. 你必须从整体上来考虑这个计划,对细节我们以后可以进行一些改动。

  2. 普遍说来,一般地说 in generalThe population as a whole is in favour of the reform.全体人民普遍拥护改革。

    There are some areas of poverty, but the country as a whole is fairly prosperous. 这个国家有些地区比较贫困,但总的来说是相当富裕的。

on the whole
  1. 大体上,基本上,总的来看〔说〕 generally, considering everything

    My opinion is on the whole the same as yours. 我的意见大体上同你的差不多。

    On the whole, their tone was unequivocal. 他们的调子基本上是明确的。

    On the whole,I'm satisfied with her progress. 总之,我对她的进步基本上是满意的。

用作形容词 (adj.)
go the whole hog
  1. 彻底地或完全地做某事 do sth thoroughly or completely

    They painted the kitchen and then decided to go the whole hog and redecorate the other rooms as well. 他们粉刷了厨房,后来又决心干到底,把其他房间也都修饰一番。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The evil thing..Left the man whole and sound of body.

    出自:Browning

whole的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. whole用作名词时的基本意思是“齐全,整体,全部”,指自成完整的事物,引申可表示“整体,一体”,常用作单数形式,前面可加不定冠词a表示“一整个”。
adj.(形容词)
  1. whole作形容词时基本意思是“齐全的,整体的,全部的”,指事物是不可分割的,没有任何东西被省略、减少或排除,作此解时,在句中只能用作定语。
  2. whole还可作“没有破碎的,完整的”解,指某事物未经分割的或无损害的,引申可表示“健康的,完好的”。
  3. whole一般不与不可数名词连用,在强调语气中可修饰集合名词。如没有冠词和其他限定词, whole前加定冠词修饰单数可数名词或抽象名词或加人称代词所有格等修饰抽象名词时,意为“全部的,所有的”。whole可用来修饰复数可数名词,意思是“整整的”; 也可用来修单数名词,其前加不定冠词a时,意思是“整的”。the whole后接名词时,应把提到的东西作为一个整体来考虑,而不是指部分。
  4. whole无比较级和最高级形式。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
whole, aggregate, amount, number, quantity, sum, total
这组词的共同意思是“总数、总合”。其区别是:
aggregate指把数目的各个部分加在一起;amount指累积的结果;number指数字或东西相加所得的总数;sum指最后的总结果,表示截至现在的总数, 还有增加的可能;total和whole都指合计的结果的全体,total常指大的数量,whole也含有各部分总和的意味。quantity主要表示物质的量。
adj.
[' ɡrIɡət]
adj.(形容词)
whole, complete, entire, total
这组词都可表示“整体的”。其区别是:
complete指“一个整体所必须的,各部分都齐备的”,用于一项进程或意图,意味着“完全地实施或圆满达成”; entire是比较正式的用语,指“全部的”“整体的”“完美无缺的”,既不能有所削减,也不能再有所增添; whole指“整个的数量或长、宽、广度”,强调毫无删除、减少或保留; total指“总计”“总量”“总数”,强调一切都计算在内了。例如:
She has a complete set of those stamps.那样的邮票她有一套。
I was in entire ignorance of what had happened.我完全不知道发生了些什么事。
He gave me the whole box of chocolates.他把一整盒巧克力都给了我。
His total debts are $500.他的全部债务有500美元。
下面各组中的两个句子含义不同:
  • The dog ate the meat whole.
  • 狗把整个的一块肉一口吃了。
  • The dog ate the whole meat.
  • 狗把整块肉都吃了。
  • The cook roasted the ox whole.
  • 厨师把牛整头烤了。
  • The cook roasted the whole ox.
  • 厨师烤了一头牛。
total sum whole
这些名词均有“总数、全体”之意。
  • total:total指总量之大,强调每一构成部分或成分均被计算在内。
  • sum:sum指两个或更多的数目相加的总和。
  • whole:whole着重其中没有部分或成分被忽略不计。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我们的意见大体上是一样的。

    Our opinions are on a whole the same.

    Our opinions are on the whole the same.

    表示“大体上,基本上”,应该说on the whole,而不能说on a whole。

adj.(形容词)
  1. 整个城市都在燃烧。

    Whole city was burning.

    The whole city was burning.

    whole通常用于冠词、所有格或其他限定词之后。如果前面没有冠词或其他限定词, whole一般不能与单数名词连用。

  2. The whole city was not occupied.

    城市完全不被占领。

    城市并没有完全被占领。

    whole与否定词not连用时,通常表示部分否定,而不是完全否定。

  3. 我一辈子都住在这儿。

    I've lived here my all life.

    I've lived here my whole life.

    I've lived here all my life.

    all和whole表示的意思基本一样,但词序却不同:all用在冠词、所有格或其他限定词之前, whole则用于冠词、所有格等之后。

  4. 中国举国上下为这位伟人的去世而哀悼。

    The whole of China was in mourning for the passing away of the great man.

    All China was in mourning for the passing away of the great man.

    the whole of China指的是“整个中国(国土)”,而all China指的是“全体中国人”。

  5. 全班学生突然静下来了。

    The whole class suddenly fell silent.

    The class suddenly fell silent.

    the class已表示“全班学生”, whole属多余。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的ahl,意为全部的,未受损害的,健康的;最初源自原始日耳曼语的kahilaz,意为未被破坏的。

whole的相关资料:

正版词典

whole : 全部的;所 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • whole:whole n. 全部, 全体, 整体, 完全之体系adj. 所有的, 完整的, 完全的, 纯粹的, 未损伤的, 未打破的adv. 完全, 整个 英英解释:名词whole:1. all of some…

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