weather

  基本词汇  
['weðə(r)]     ['weðər]    
  • n.天气;气象;境遇
  • vt.使风化;经受住;使日晒雨淋
  • vi.风化;褪色;经受风雨
  • adj.上风的;天气预报的
weathered weathered weathering weathers
new

weather是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 天气,气候,气象
  2. 处境,境遇,状况
  3. 恶劣天气,暴风雨(天气)
  4. 气象预报
  5. 【海】上风面,向风侧
adj.(形容词)
  1. 【海】在上风面的 ,上风的,迎风的,顶风的
  2. 经受风雨的,露天的
v.(动词)
  1. 风化,褪色,受侵蚀,变形
  2. 暴露于空气之中,使经受风吹雨打太阳晒,风干,晾干,吹干,晒干
  3. 经受住(困难),平安渡过(暴风雨)
  4. 【建】使倾斜,使成泻水斜面
  5. 因天气受损伤,因天气发生变化
  6. 【地】使风化
  7. 使褪色,使分解,侵蚀
  8. 经受风雨,对风雨等能耐久

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U] 天气,气象 condition of the atmosphere at a certain place and time, with reference to temperature and the presence of rain, sunshine, wind, etc.
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 风化 expose to the weather; become worn by the weather
  2. vt. 渡过; 挨过 come through successfully

行业释义

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weather : 天气 ...
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weather : 天气 ...
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weather : 风化 ...
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weather : 天气 ...
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英英释义

Noun:
  1. the atmospheric conditions that comprise the state of the atmosphere in terms of temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation;

    "they were hoping for good weather"
    "every day we have weather conditions and yesterday was no exception"
    "the conditions were too rainy for playing in the snow"

Adjective:
  1. towards the side exposed to wind

Verb:
  1. face and withstand with courage;

    "She braved the elements"

  2. cause to slope

  3. sail to the windward of

  4. change under the action or influence of the weather;

    "A weathered old hut"

weather的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. What is the weather like today?
    今天天气情况怎样?
  2. The meteorologist drew a picture of the weather.
    气象学者画了一张气象图。
  3. The past years had known him in many weathers.
    过去的岁月里,他起起落落。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The rocks on the mountain have to be weathered by wind and water.
    山上的岩石得经受风化和水蚀。
  2. Many small firms did not weather the storm of the recession.
    许多小公司没能经受住这次经济衰退的风波。
  3. They are going to weather the corn in the thrashing field.
    他们要把玉米在打谷场晾晒干。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The paint on the walls had weathered.
    墙壁上的涂料已经风干了。
  2. The stone weathers to a beautiful pale gold.
    这块石头褪成淡淡的金色。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Fill in the form below about the weather report.
    续下面关于天气预报的表格。
  2. It depends on how well the weather forecasts hold up.
    这取决于气象预报的准确性如何。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The weather changed overnight.
    天气一夜间就变了。
  2. What sort of weather is it?
    天气怎样?
  3. What is the weather like in Beijing?
    北京天气怎么样?
  4. The weather was early summer.
    时值初夏天气。
  5. We shall play the match tomorrow, weather permitting.
    假如明天天气好,我们就进行比赛。
  6. The weather was very wet and cold.
    天气又潮湿又寒冷。
  7. The weather is getting warm.
    天气渐渐地暖和了。
  8. The weather was bad and the trains were crowded, altogether, it wasn't a very satisfactory excursion.
    天气恶劣,火车又挤,总之这不是一次很满意的郊游。
  9. The weather was good except for an occasional shower.
    除了下了一阵大雨外,天气还是很好的。
  10. The weather is perfect for a picnic.
    这种天气举行野餐好极了。
  11. If the weather permitting, the party will be held outdoors.
    如果天气好,聚会就在室外举行。
  12. The success of the crop depends on the weather.
    要收成好全得靠天气。
  13. When he will be back depends much on the weather.
    他何时回来主要看天气情况。
  14. I don't like such weather.
    我不喜欢这样的天气。
  15. He took a glance outside at the weather.
    他瞥了一眼外面的天气。
  16. The farmers are complaining about the weather.
    农民们在抱怨天气不好。
  17. We are expecting some weather.
    我们预计天气要变坏。
  18. They won't come out (in) this weather.
    这样的天气他们不会出来。
  19. This is the prosperous weather for growing cotton.
    这是有利于种植棉花的天气。
  20. The farmers were hard hit by the bad weather.
    恶劣的天气使农民受到沉重打击。
  21. Owing to the bad weather, we didn't go to the park.
    由于天气不好,我们没有去公园。
  22. The bad weather is responsible for the small attendance.
    天气恶劣是到场人数不多的原因。
  23. The most severe weather is yet to come.
    最坏的天气还在后头呢。
  24. We had almost tropical weather last summer.
    去年夏天我们这里的天气几乎跟热带一样炎热。
  25. We had good weather on our holiday.
    我们度假时天气很好。
  26. We've had a lot of good weather.
    目前的天气一直都很好。
  27. It is fine weather today.
    今天天气好。
  28. We have had some real weather this spring.
    今年春天我们碰到了少有的坏天气。
  29. We're having terrible weather.
    我们这儿正赶上恶劣天气。
  30. What wicked weather!
    天气真糟糕!
  31. At first she was very nervous about making the crossing in such stormy weather.
    一开始她对在这样的暴风雨天气横渡颇为紧张不安。
  32. A red sky in the morning is said to be a sign of bad weather.
    早晨天上呈红色据说是坏天气的预兆。
  33. This warm weather is exceptional for January here in Beijing.
    这样暖和的天气在北京的一月份是异常的。
  34. You ought to know better than to go out in this cold weather in those thin summer shoes; no wonder your feet got cold!
    你应当明白,这么冷的天气不应穿夏天的鞋出去,难怪你的脚冻伤了!
  35. The weather bureau makes daily reports on weather conditions.
    气象局每天报告天气状况。
  36. Severe weather conditions hinders the rescue.
    恶劣的气候条件阻碍着救援人员的工作。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Copper turns green as it weathers.
    铜暴露在自然环境中就变绿。
  2. Rocks weather until they are worn away.
    石头风化,直至损坏。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. Wood weathers better if it is treated with creosote.
    木头经过杂酚油处理,日晒雨淋造成的损害就会小些。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The wind and the waves have weathered the rocks on the shore.
    风浪侵蚀了岸上的岩石。
  2. We have weathered another war.
    我们又渡过了一场战争。
  3. The ship weathered the storm though she was badly damaged.
    这艘船尽管严重损坏,却经受住了风暴。
  4. The ship weathered an island.
    船安全绕过一个小岛。
  5. The ship weathered the cape.
    那艘船顶着风经过海角。
  6. The little tree has weathered many bitter winters.
    这棵小树经受过了好几个严冬。
  7. The examination was difficult, but I weathered it quite well yet.
    考试虽难,但我还是顺利地通过了。
  8. All these veteran cadres have been capable of weathering the storms.
    这些老干部都能够经得起大风大浪的考验。
  9. The sun weathered the paint.
    太阳使油漆褪色了。
  10. 用于be ~ed结构
  11. These rocks have been weathered by the wind and water.
    风吹雨打,这些岩石已经风化了。
  12. Trees which have been cut down cannot be used until they have been weathered.
    砍下的木材晾干之后才能使用。
  13. The paint has been weathered by the sun and rain.
    日晒雨淋,油漆已褪色了。
  14. Wood turns grey if it's weathered for a long time.
    木头如果暴露长久会变为灰色。
  15. Once this crisis had been weathered, the government's fortunes improved.
    安全地渡过了这场危机之后,政府的运气就好起来了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. The wind and sea have weathered the rocks quite smooth.
    这些岩石因风和海水的风化变得非常光滑。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
in all weathers
  1. 不论在哪种天气里,无论天气好坏 in all kinds of weather, both good and bad

    He was a van boy on a day working in all weathers for twelve hours a day. 他是赶大车打前站的人,不论什么样的天气,每天都干12个小时。

    Her father was a powerful fifty-year-old, with the red brown complexion of a man accustomed to being out in all weathers. 她父亲50岁,身子结实,褐红色皮肤,是一个不管刮风下雨总在外面奔波惯了的人。

    She goes out in all weathers. 她无论什么天气都出去。

    The plane can fly in all weathers. 这种飞机是全天候飞机。

    In all weathers,I will go with you. 我要同你一起去,风雨无阻。

    He remained a good friend in all weathers. 不管是什么情况,他始终是位患难与共的好朋友。

keep a weather eye open
  1. 留意并警惕 be watchful and alert

    The public were asked to keep a weather eye open for the little girl who had got lost in the market square. 请公众留心在集市广场走失的小女孩。

    The agent said that he would keep a weather eye open and notify me as soon as he found the right piece of property. 经纪人说他会留心,只要一找到一块合适的地产他就通知我。

under the weather
  1. 身体不舒服或精神不愉快 feeling unwell or depressed

    Just a bit under the weather, nothing to feel about. 只是有点不舒服,不必担心。

    She's been a bit under the weather recently. 她近来身体不太好。

    You've been under the weather for some days now, why don't you see a doctor? 你身体不适已有几天,何不去看医生?

    I'm feeling a little under the weather tonight, so I think I'll go to bed early. 我今晚觉得精神有点不好,我要早点去睡。

用作动词 (v.)
weather along( v.+adv. )
  1. 在恶劣的天气条件下前进 make headway in adverse weather weather along

    We weather along in spite of the storm.我们冒着暴风雨前进。

weather away( v.+adv. )
  1. 风化,因风吹雨打而褪色 disintegrate or discolour by atmospheric action weather away

    The rock has weathered away into soil.那岩石已风化成沙土。

    weather sth ⇔ away 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    The softer rock has been weathered away into soil.较软的岩石风化成了泥土。

weather in( v.+adv. )
  1. 因气候恶劣而困住 make unable to move because of bad weather weather sb ⇔ in 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    We wouldn't want to get weathered in among those high passes.我们不愿被恶劣的气候困在那些高山的关口。

    Most of the planes were weathered in during the storm.暴风雨期间大多数飞机停飞。

weather out( v.+adv. )
  1. 坚持到底 hold out against to the end weather sth ⇔ out

    We weathered out the storm that beat upon us.我们顶住了袭击我们的风暴。

  2. 因周围岩石风化而突出 become prominent by the decay of the surrounding rocks weather out

    The strata have now weathered out into long east-west ridges.地层现在因周围岩石风化而突出,变成了东西向延伸的长长的山脊。

weather through( v.+adv. )
  1. 成功地对付 pass through (troubles) successfully weather through

    It was a difficult time for her, but she weathered through beautifully.对她来说那是个困难的时候,她却安然渡过了。

    You're strong enough; whatever happens, you'll weather through somehow.你是够坚强的了,无论发生什么事情,你总有办法安然渡过。

    weather sth ⇔ through

    After weathering through troubles like that, you're strong enough for anything.你熬过了那样的困境之后,坚强得足以对付一切了。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The weather..is..awfulsreal snow and other horrors.

    出自:O. Wilde
  • They talked about the weather in an English way.

    出自:A. S. Byatt
  • Perfect weather for Mr Bush's garden party.

    出自:Guardian
  • We had weathered these storms successfully and the end of the war was in sight.

    出自:B. Montgomery

weather的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 参见:climate
  2. climate一般指“某地经常性的气候”,是长时间积累的一种规律,如“上海下雨天很潮湿”。weather则指“某地一时的气候”,如“早上下雨了,下午转晴”;
  3. 不可以在weather前加冠词a;
  4. weather可以以复数形式weathers出现,如in all weathers,表示“不论在那种天气”;
  5. this weather有时可等同于in this weather

    Why are all the windows open this weather?
    在这种天气里,为何把所有的窗户都打开了?

n.(名词)
  1. weather的基本意思是“天气,气象”,指某一地区某一时间的具体天气情况,如阴晴、气温、降水、风力、风向等。weather引申可指“处境”。
  2. weather是不可数名词,其前不可加不定冠词a,即使前面有bad, good等形容词修饰时也不可以,但其复数形式可表示“各种天气”。
v.(动词)
  1. weather用作名词时意思是“天气”,转化成动词指经过年复一年的风吹日晒使一些东西变质,即“风化”; 也可指经受住严峻的考验而最终“渡过”。
  2. weather可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语,有时还可接以形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。weather有时还可用作系动词,后接形容词作表语。可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
weather, climate
这两个词的区别在于:
1.weather指某地某天的具体天气情况,如阴晴、降水、气温、风力、风向等; climate指某一地区总的气候情况,如干旱、湿润、温度、凉爽等。例如:
The weather looks promising.天气看起来有晴朗的希望。
The climate of China is mild.中国的气候温和。
2.climate(气候)变化不大; 而weather(天气)变化较大。
climate weather
这两个名词都有“天气、气候”之意。
  • climate:climate指某一地区常年的气候情况,包括气温、降雨量。还可用作比喻。
  • weather:weather指某地区具体的短时间内的天气,包括晴雨寒暖等情况。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我到达这里时天气很暖和,但一夜之间突然变冷了。

    It was quite warm when I got here, but the climate suddenly turned cold overnight.

    It was quite warm when I got here, but the weather suddenly turned cold overnight.

    weather是指某一地区在短时间内晴、雨、寒、暖的变化,而climate则指长时间内的天气。

  2. 在寒冷的天气,我们很少外出。

    We seldom go out in a cold weather.

    We seldom go out in cold weather.

    weather前尽管有修饰语,如hot, cold, fine, rainy等,但习惯上其前也不加不定冠词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语w的eder;最初源自原始日耳曼语w的edran,意为空气,天空。

weather的相关资料:

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weather : 天气,气象 ...
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