true

  基本词汇  
[truː]     [truː]    
  • adj.真实的;真的;准确的;精确的;忠诚的
  • adv.真实地;准确地
  • n.真相;精确
  • vt.使...平衡
truer truest trueness trued trued truing / trueing trues
new

true是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 真实的,符合事实的 in accordance with fact or reality
  2. [A]实际的 actual, as opposed to what is thought or claimed
  3. 真正的,真货的,纯正的 real; not false
  4. 忠实的,忠诚的 faithful; loyal
  5. 逼真的,一模一样的 in accordance with an original or standard; proper, correct, or exact
  6. [A]典型的 having all the particular qualities typical of its class
  7. [P]正确的,准确的 correctly fitted, placed, or formed

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
true : 真实的, 真 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
true : 真实的, 真 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
true : 真实的, 实 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. proper alignment; the property possessed by something that is in correct or proper alignment;

    "out of true"

Adjective:
  1. consistent with fact or reality; not false;

    "the story is true"
    "it is undesirable to believe a proposition when there is no ground whatever for supposing it true"
    "the true meaning of the statement"

  2. accurately placed or thrown;

    "his aim was true"
    "he was dead on target"

  3. devoted (sometimes fanatically) to a cause or concept or truth;

    "true believers bonded together against all who disagreed with them"

  4. expressing or given to expressing the truth;

    "a true statement"
    "gave truthful testimony"
    "a truthful person"

  5. conforming to definitive criteria;

    "the horseshoe crab is not a true crab"
    "Pythagoras was the first true mathematician"

  6. worthy of being depended on;

    "a dependable worker"
    "an honest working stiff"
    "a reliable sourcSFLe of information"
    "he was true to his word"
    "I would be true for there are those who trust me"

  7. not pretended; sincerely felt or expressed;

    "genuine emotion"
    "her interest in people was unfeigned"
    "true grief"

  8. rightly so called;

    "true courage"
    "a spirit which true men have always admired"
    "a true friend"

  9. determined with reference to the earth's axis rather than the magnetic poles;

    "true north is geographic north"

  10. having a legally established claim;

    "the legitimate heir"
    "the true and lawful king"

  11. in tune; accurate in pitch;

    "a true note"

  12. accurately fitted; level;

    "the window frame isn't quite true"

Adverb:
  1. as acknowledged;

    "true, she is the smartest in her class"

Verb:
  1. make level, square, balanced, or concentric;

    "true up the cylinder of an engine"

true的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She gave the true account of what had happened.
    她如实地讲述了发生的事情。
  2. On what grounds do you say that is true?
    你根据什么说那是真的?
  3. We both thought that he had given a true judgement.
    我们都认为他给出了正确的判断。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. She spoke truer than she knew.
    她说的比她了解的更接近事实。
  2. The arrow flew straight and true to its mark.
    那箭不偏不斜地直朝目标飞去。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Two of the pictures hanging on the wall are out of true.
    挂在墙上的照片中有两张挂得不正。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. It is not easy to true up a frame.
    做个标准的框架也不容易。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. This is a true report of what happened.
    这是所发生事情的真实报道。
  2. I didn't realize the true seriousness of the country's problems until I went there myself.
    我亲自到了那里之后才体会到这个国家各种问题的实际严重性。
  3. Her true motives only emerged later.
    她的真实动机是后来才显露的。
  4. True gentleman is above envy, jealousy or vindictiveness.
    真君子是坦荡而无妒忌、猜疑或报复之心的。
  5. True wealth does not consist in what we have but in what we are.
    真正的财富不在于我们拥有什么,而在于我们自身的价值。
  6. True friendship should last for ever.
    真正的友谊应永恒不渝。
  7. The frog is not a true reptile.
    青蛙并非真正的爬行动物。
  8. He has been my true friend for many years.
    他是我多年的忠实朋友。
  9. I think the painter has produced a very true likeness.
    我认为这位画家画得非常逼真。
  10. The whale is a true mammal, even though it may look like a fish.
    鲸鱼是典型的哺乳动物,尽管它看上去像鱼。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The story must be true,I read it in the newspaper.
    这个故事准是真的,那是我在报上看到的。
  2. This is much cheaper than that, it is true, but it is not half so strong.
    这确实比那种便宜得多,但没有那种一半结实。
  3. You may not think much of my work; it is true, however, that I always do my best.
    你也许并不看重我的工作,但我却真的总是尽力而为。
  4. What you are saying may be true, but in this case it is completely beside the point.
    你说的话也许不错,但与本题根本不相干。
  5. If the door's not exactly true it won't close properly.
    这扇门如果安得不正就关不上。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. That may be true in a manner of speaking, but even so,I have my doubts.
    那件事也许可以说是真的,不过,即使如此,我仍有怀疑。
  2. What she says is true in a sense.
    在某种意义上,她所说的是正确的。
  3. This news is strange, but it is true for all that.
    这消息虽然奇特,但它是真实的。
  4. His story was true to nature.
    他讲的故事是真实的。
  5. He promised to be always true to her.
    他保证永远忠于她。
  6. They are true to their words and principles.
    他们遵守自己的诺言和原则。
  7. He is true to his name.
    他名不虚传。
  8. You have to admit that these sketches are true to life.
    你得承认这些素描很逼真。
  9. Besides the acting being true to life, the singing was splendid.
    不但动作十分逼真,演唱也极为出色。
It is/was+~+to- v
  1. It would be truer to say that he was careless than that he was unkind.
    与其说他待人苛刻倒不如说粗心更正确。
It is/was+~+that-clause
  1. It is true that the project involves a certain amount of risk, but I still think we should go ahead.
    这个计划确实有一定的风险,但我仍然认为我们应该干下去。
  2. It is true that they lost the last battle, but they still went on fighting.
    确实他们在上次战斗中被打败了,但他们仍继续战斗。
  3. Is it true that he has left London?
    他已离开了伦敦的消息属实吗?

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
as true as a die
  1. 极忠诚,极可靠 faithful very much

    The man professed to be as true as a die, we found afterwards that he was a well-known thief. 这个人自称非常诚实,后来我们发现他是个出名的窃贼。

as true as steel
  1. 极忠实,极可靠 faithful very much

    Masson is one of my oldest friends and is as true as steel whatever happens. 马逊是我的老朋友,不论发生什么情况,他都绝对可靠。

come true
  1. 实现,成真 happen just as was wished, expected, or dreamt

    When I won all that money, it was as if all my dreams had come true. 当我赢得了那笔钱时,我的梦想似乎都成真了。

    His words came true. 他的话应验了。

    The age-long dream of the Chinese people has come true. 中国人民长期以来的梦想已经实现了。

out of true
  1. 未安正 not fitting or placing in its proper position

    The wheel on your bicycle is out of true. 你自行车的一个轮子未安正。

    Every time he passed a picture, he puts it straight if it's out of true. 每当图片经他传递,只要有不整齐的,他就将它理顺。

true colours
  1. 本来面目,本性 one's true character; what one is really like

    Once he achieved power he showed his true colours. 他一掌权就露出了本来的面目。

    The bandit came out in his true colours at last. 那个匪徒终于露出了真面目。

true to form〔type〕
  1. 一如往常,一如既往 behaving or acting just as one would expect

    The little boy's actions ran true to form. He bothered his mother until she gave him his way. 那小男孩一如既往,一直吵到他母亲依他才肯罢休。

    True to type, he arrived late. 跟往常一样,他来晚了。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ 动词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Ye haue done as a trew subjet ought to do to his lorde.

    出自:Ld Berners
  • I will be true to my word.

    出自:Sir W. Scott
  • While most of the hard left writers..have softened..Bond remains resolutely true to the cause.

    出自:Plays International
  • Give him a hand with truing up a wheel.

    出自:J. Wyndham
  • True it up on a disc sander.

    出自:Woodworking

true的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. true的基本意思是“真实的,符合事实的”,指某事与事实相吻合,强调事物的客观真实性,也可指“实际的”,即事物客观真实的一面。true还可指“真正的,真货的,纯正的”“忠实的,忠诚的”“典型的”“正确的,准确的”等。
  2. true在句中可用作定语,也可用作表语。用作定语时,后可接抽象名词,也可接具体名词; 用作表语时,其后可接介词短语,也可接动词不定式或that从句。
  3. true后常接介词to,表示“对…忠实”; 接of,表示“符合于…,对…实用”。
  4. true还可用作副词,意思是“真实地; 准确地”。
  5. true还可用作名词,意思是“真实;真理”。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
true, actual, positive, real
这组词都有“真正的”“真实的”意思。其区别是:
1.real可用于有形的人或物,也可用于无形的事物; true和actual通常只用于无形的事。
2.real可用作定语,也可用作表语; actual只用作定语。
3.actual, real, true在表示“实际存在的”“真实的”“是一致的”时,可以互换使用。但actual强调实际存在的,现实的,而非理论上的,谣传的,假定的,尤指知识、财产、价值、状态或行为、经验。real强调真正的,而非假冒、伪造的,主要指实情、实例、实物。例如:
Is your ring real gold?你的戒指是真金的吗?
true强调真实的,而非妄言、虚伪的,常指爱情、故事、历史等。例如:
True love should last for ever.真正的爱情应永远保持下去。
positive强调确实的,而非尚未证实的,常指真理、证据等,例如:
These fingerprints are positive proof that he used the gun.这些指纹是他用过这支枪的确实证据。
accurate exact precise right true correct
这些形容词均含“准确的,正确的”之意。
  • accurate:accurate指通过谨慎的努力达到符合事实或实际,侧重不同程度的准确性,与事实无出入。
  • exact:exact着重在质与量方面的准确,语气比accurate强。
  • precise:precise侧重极端准确,更强调细节的精确无误。
  • right:right使用广泛,可与这些词中的correct换用,但常暗示道德、理解、行动等方面的正确。
  • true:true暗指绝对准确,尤指复制品与原件丝毫不差。
  • correct:correct最常用词,主要指按一定标准或规则来衡量,没有谬误和差错或无缺点错误。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 我希望我的梦想会变成现实。

    I hope my dream will become true.

    I hope my dream will come true.

    表示“成为现实”时,要用come true,其中的come不可用become来代替。

  2. 她试图揭露事实。

    She tried to unearth the true facts.

    She tried to unearth the facts.

    fact的意思是“事实”,已含有真实的意味,所以true是多余的。

  3. 真的,他生她的气了。

    It is true for him to be angry with her.

    It is true that he is angry with her.

    true可以用于It is/was true that...句型,但不可以用于It is/was true for sb to...的句型。

  4. 他信守诺言。

    He was true of his promise.

    He was true to his promise.

    表示“忠实”“信守”时,要用be true to,这里to是介词,后接名词,不可用of代替。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的triewe(西撒语克逊),treowe(麦西亚语),意为忠实的,可信赖的。

true的相关资料:

正版词典

true : 真的,真实 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

true的相关缩略词,共有9

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  • true:基本情况 专 辑:True 歌 手:方力申 语 言:粤语 公 司:百代唱片 日期:2003.10.24 相关内容 世界之大 (大家乐 广告歌) - 方力申/邓健泓/李彩桦/Cookies【01】世…

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