thin

  基本词汇  
[θɪn]     [θɪn]    
  • adj.薄的;瘦的;稀的
thinnish thinly thinner thinnest thinness thinned thinned thinning thins
new

thin是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 细的
  2. 薄的
  3. 瘦的
  4. 稀疏的,稀少的
  5. 稀薄的,微弱的,淡的
  6. 浅薄的,空洞的,不能令人信服的
  7. 能见度较高的
  8. 有气无力的
  9. 含氧少的
  10. 不真心实意的
  11. 冷淡的
  12. 暗淡的
  13. 质量差的
  14. 空乏的
  15. 将要垮掉的,守不住的
  16. <英口>不舒服的,不愉快的
  17. 【印】细体的
  18. 【摄】(照片或底片)衬度弱的,不够浓的
adv.(副词)
  1. 稀薄
  2. 稀疏地
n.(名词)
  1. 细小部分
  2. 稀薄部分
v.(动词)
  1. 使稀,使薄,使细,使淡,使瘦,使稀薄,使稀疏,使减少
  2. 变瘦,变稀,变稀少,变少,变细,变淡
  3. 【农】间苗

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 薄的,细的 having a small or smaller than average distance between opposite surface; not stick
  2. 稀的,稀疏的,稀少的 (of a liquid) watery, flowing easily, not closely packed, made of few objects widely separated, easy to see through, not dense
  3. 瘦的 having little fat on the body, not fat
  4. 弱的,缺乏力量的,浅薄的 lacking in strength and fullness, not having the necessary qualities to gain the intended result; unsatisfactory
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)变稀薄,(使)变稀少,(使)变细 (cause to) become thin or thinner

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
thin : 薄的 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. of relatively small extent from one surface to the opposite or in cross section;

    "thin wire"
    "a thin chiffon blouse"
    "a thin book"
    "a thin layer of paint"

  2. lacking excess flesh;

    "you can't be too rich or too thin"
    "Yon Cassius has a lean and hungry look"

  3. very narrow;

    "a thin line across the page"

  4. not dense;

    "a thin beard"
    "trees were sparse"

  5. relatively thin in consistency or low in density; not viscous;

    "air is thin at high altitudes"
    "a thin soup"
    "skimmed milk is much thinner than whole milk"
    "thin oil"

  6. (of sound) lacking resonance or volume;

    "a thin feeble cry"

  7. lacking spirit or sincere effort;

    "a thin smile"

  8. lacking substance or significance;

    "slight evidence"
    "a tenuous argument"
    "a thin plot"

Adverb:
  1. without viscosity;

    "the blood was flowing thin"

Verb:
  1. lose thickness; become thin or thinner

  2. make thin or thinner;

    "Thin the solution"

  3. lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture;

    "cut bourbon"

  4. take off weight

thin的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The ice on the pond is too thin for skating.
    池塘上的冰面太薄了,不能滑冰。
  2. His face is thin and very tanned.
    他的面孔瘦削,晒得黑黑的。
  3. Boil down the soup until it gets thicker. I don't like thin soup.
    把汤熬浓,我不喜欢稀汤。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. It's dangerous to walk on thin ice on a lake.
    在湖里的薄冰上行走是很危险的。
  2. She should wear a thinner shirt in summer.
    夏天她应该穿薄一点的衬衣。
  3. A thin veil of mist trailed below.
    下边飘起一层薄雾。
  4. You ought to know better than to go out in this cold weather in those thin summer shoes; no wonder your feet got cold!
    你应当明白,这么冷的天不应穿夏天的鞋出去,难怪你的脚冻坏了!
  5. I have thin hair.
    我头发很稀。
  6. A thin rain began to fall.
    开始稀稀落落下起雨来。
  7. Thick liquid pours much more slowly than thin liquid.
    稠的液体倒出来比稀的慢。
  8. There were two girls there, a fat one and a thin one.
    那儿有两个姑娘,一个胖的,一个瘦的。
  9. That was a thin excuse.
    这是很容易被识破的托词。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. This gravy is too thin.
    肉汁太清了。
  2. The air on the tops of high mountains is thin.
    高山顶上的空气稀很薄。
  3. He was thin after a bout of illness.
    一场病后,他又瘦又弱。
  4. He is thinner than you.
    他比你瘦。
  5. Our cat was missing for days but eventually it turned up, looking a bit thinner than before.
    我们的猫失踪了数天,但它终于回来了,看上去比以前瘦些。
  6. His excuse for being late was very thin.
    他迟到的借口是无法使人相信的。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. The ice on the pond is too thin for skating.
    池塘上的冰太薄,不能在上面溜冰。
  2. The boy was thin for his age.
    就他的年龄而言,这男孩算瘦的。
  3. She is thin in the face.
    她的脸瘦。
  4. The plot is rather thin for such a long story.
    对这样长的故事来说,这个情节显得太单薄了。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. His hair is thinning.
    他的头发逐渐稀少了。
  2. Let's wait till the fog thins.
    让我们等到雾散开为止。
  3. We should wait until the mist thins before driving on.
    我们应当等晨雾变得稀薄了以后再开车前进。
  4. The crowd thinned after the parade was over .
    游行结束后,人群开始散去。
  5. The smoke clouds were thinning away.
    烟云正在散去。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Hunger has thinned her cheeks.
    饥饿已使她两颊消瘦。
  2. He thinned the branches of that tree.
    他剪去那棵树上的一些枝叶,使其稀疏些。
  3. He thinned the stick with a knife.
    他用小刀把那根棍子削细。
  4. He thinned the wine by adding water.
    他往酒里兑水把它稀释。
  5. War and disease had thinned the population.
    战争和疾病已使人口减少。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
grow thin
  1. 变小〔少〕 become small or less

    The margin of safety has grown thin. 安全系数已变小了。

have a thin time
  1. 日子过得不愉快〔舒服〕 have an unpleasant, uncomfortable or especially unsuccessful time

    He's been having rather a thin time since his wife left him. 自从他妻子离开他之后,他日子一直过得不太好。

    The team's been having a thin time of it recently—not a single win in two months. 那个队近来日子不好过——两个月里一场没赢。

stretch thin
  1. 快到极限了 will come to the limit stretch sb/sth thin

    That country's manpower and its resources are already stretched thin.那个国家的人力和财力已快到山穷水尽的地步了。

    Seven years of war have stretched their army thin.七年战争已使他们的兵力感到不足。

thin end of the wedge
  1. 开头无关紧要但后果严重的事 sth which seems unimportant but will open the way for more serious things of a similar kind

    You're letting one or two employees take days off here and there—this is just the thin end of the wedge. 你现在让雇员一个两个的随意休假,开始是无关紧要但后果却严重。

    Unions regard the government's intention to ban overtime as the thin end of the wedge. 工会认为政府禁止加班的用意看似事小,实则事大。

thin on the ground
  1. 稀少的,寥寥无几 not plentiful

    Taxis seem very thin on the ground tonight—we will have to walk. 今晚出租车似乎非常稀少,我们得步行了。

wear thin
  1. 守不住,要垮了 begin to fail

    My patience was wearing thin. 我快忍耐不住了。

    Their cloak of neutrality in the Iran-Iraq war was beginning to wear a bit thin. 他们在两伊战争中表面上所采取的中立态度开始有点露馅了。

用作动词 (v.)
thin down (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)变细,(使)变薄,(使)变稀疏 (cause to) become less thick, dense, or crowded thin down

    This liquid appears to have thinned down.这液体好像变得稀薄了。

    thin sth ⇔ down

    The painter thinned the paint down with white spirit.画家用松香油溶剂稀释颜料。

    Can you thin the paint down so that it spreads more easily?你能不能把油漆调稀点儿?这样不好刷。

    The oppression of the invaders had thinned down the population of the village.入侵者的压迫使这个村庄的人口减少了。

    thin down to sth

    The stream had thinned down to a mere trickle.小河越来越窄,最后变成了涓涓细流。

    Her voice thinned down to a whisper as people turned to shush her.当人们回过头来嘘她时,她就放低嗓门讲话了。

thin out (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)变弱,(使)变淡,(使)变细 (cause to) become less strong or less rich thin out

    The enemy resistance thinned out as night approached.傍晚时,敌人的抵抗越来越弱了。

    thin sth ⇔ out

    The barber thinned out his customer's thick hair.理发师把顾客的浓密头发削薄了些。

  2. 减少; (使)不拥挤,(使)稀疏 (cause to) become less crowded or less populated thin out

    Towards the city limits the houses begin to thin out.靠近城市尽头的地方房屋渐渐稀少起来。

    thin sth ⇔ out

    He thinned out the seedlings.他拔掉一些幼苗使它们变得稀疏。

    War and disease had thinned out the population.战争和疾病使人口减少了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The population of the city was thinned out by the black death.这个城市的人口由于黑死病而减少了。

  3. 除去 remove surplus plants or trees thin sth ⇔ out

    They thinned out a stand to create a lush forest tomorrow.他们除去了林场中多余的树木,以利来日森林长得更茂盛。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词
  • thin time 没有钱也没有欢乐的日子
~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词

经典引文

  • He ran his thin bony fingers through her hair.

    出自:A. N. Wilson
  • A bright thin crescent moon.

    出自:L. Ellmann
  • The tablecloth was thin and frayed.

    出自:R. Rayner
  • Some are thin as pencil points.

    出自:J. C. Oates
  • A woman thinned and raddled by incessant jealousy.

    出自:Hugh Walpole

thin的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. thin作形容词的基本意思是“薄的,细的”,引申可表示“稀的,稀疏的,稀少的”,指物体两个表面之间较“薄”或圆柱形物与高度相比较小的直径,即“细”; 用于人时则指缺少或低于正常程度的脂肪而显得不丰满,不结实,常用于病后或疲劳而致的消瘦。
  2. thin还可表示“弱的,缺乏力量的,浅薄的”,指言语或作品等缺乏说服力的或内容不充实的。
  3. thin前还常加副词表示程度或说话人的态度。
  4. thin还可用作副词,意思是“薄薄地,细细地; 稀疏地”。例如:Don't cut the bread so thin.不要把面包切得那样薄。
v.(动词)
  1. thin用作形容词时意思是“薄的”“稀少的”“细的”,转化为动词时,意思是“变得稀薄〔稀少〕”“使…变细”,指减少厚度或浓度,也可用于力度、深度、强度。
  2. thin可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
thin, lanky, slim, underweight
这组词都可形容人“瘦”。其区别是:
thin以中性的方式来描写人的外貌,常同营养、疾病有较多牵连,不含褒贬义; slim描写人的外貌时有瘦得很美的含义,带有褒义; lanky用来描述人又高又瘦,含有幽默的意味; underweight指描述人因吃得不好或生病而过“瘦”。例如:
She was tall and thin, with fairish hair.她高高瘦瘦的,留着长发。
She used to be pretty and slim.她过去非常漂亮苗条。
Tom was a lanky boy with long skinny legs.汤姆是一个腿很细的瘦高个儿。
Many people who are underweight are happy with their size.许多人很喜欢自己那种过于瘦的身材。
thin, gaunt, lean, slender
这组词都可形容人“瘦”。其区别是:
thin指因病、过分劳累或缺乏营养等而缺少正常的肌肉; gaunt指因饥饿或操劳过度而呈现的枯瘦或憔悴的面庞; lean强调缺乏脂肪,指自然的瘦,其肌肉却很结实; slender可指人或动物,作“细长的,苗条的”解,有时含有“纤弱”的意思。例如:
He has the gaunt face of a starving man.他是一副憔悴的面容的饿汉相。
The forest ranger is lean.那位森林警察很结实。
She admired Alice's slender build.她羡慕艾丽斯那苗条的身材。
thin, emaciated, haggard, lean, spare
这组词都可表示“瘦”。其区别是:
spare指人的身材给人以美感的瘦; thin既可指人的身材,也可指人的身体某部位瘦,大多数指因疾病或疲劳而消瘦; emaciated表示的“瘦”主要是由疾病和营养不良造成的; haggard指人的面孔憔悴的,枯槁的,主要是由于忧虑和少眠所致; lean指人天生瘦,是缺少脂肪的意思。例如:
She was a tall, spare girl.她是个瘦高个儿的姑娘。
His face was thin.他的脸瘦。
He was emaciated by long illness.他由于长期生病而瘦弱了。
The haggard faces of the rescued miners showed what they had suffered.被救出的矿工枯槁的面容表明他们遭受了什么样的苦难。
He had the lean fit look of a trained athlete.他具有一个受过训练的运动员的清瘦而健康的面容。
lean slender slim slight thin
这些形容词均有“瘦的”之意。
  • lean:lean侧重缺少脂肪。既可能是因病而瘦,也可能因饥饿而消瘦;也指身体消瘦,但肌肉结实,身体健康。
  • slender:slender指身体细长、体态优美、苗条适中,多用于指女性。
  • slim:slim指身体的细长,体重轻不着重外形的优美,可用于不同的性别,常用于减轻体重的人。
  • slight:slight指身材又瘦又小。
  • thin:thin普通用词,指腰细、骨架窄,常因疾病或疲劳而消瘦。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的ynne;最初源自原始日耳曼语的thuunnz,意为狭小的,少的。

thin的相关资料:

正版词典

thin : 薄的;细的 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • thin:thin adj. 薄的, 细的, 瘦的, 稀少的, 稀疏的, (液体、气体)稀薄的, 淡的, 空洞的vt. 使变薄, 使变细, 使稀少, 使淡vi. 变薄, 变细, 稀少, 变淡adv. 薄地, 稀…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词