- n. 脾气；性情
- vt. 使缓和；调和；锻炼
- [C]脾气,性情,心境 the usual state of your feelings which makes you become angry easily or stay calm
- [S][U]〈非正〉恶劣的心情,暴躁 an angry impatient, or bad state of mind
- [U]韧度 degree of hardness and elasticity of a tempered metal
a sudden outburst of anger;
"his temper sparked like damp firewood"
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling;
"whether he praised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time"
"he was in a bad humor"
a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger;
"his temper was well known to all his employees"
the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking
bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling;
harden by reheating and cooling in oil;
adjust the pitch (of pianos)
make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate;
"she tempered her criticism"
- He slammed the door in a temper.
- You should learn to keep your temper under control.
- They are of congenial temper.
- If you temper criticism with reason,everyone can obey you.
- Mary tried to temper her father's anger with soothing words .
- Short of being able to prove he's completely negligent, all we can do is our best to temper his actions.
- Difficult circumstances can temper one's will.
- He decided to temper himself in grass-roots unit.
- She has a naturally sweet temper.
- He had a sudden fit of temper and threw a glass vase at her.
- He flew into a temper, just because I was a few minutes late.
- The temper of the steel is right.
- in a (bad, rotten, etc.) temper
- keep〔lose〕 one's temper
忍住〔发〕脾气succeed〔fail〕 in controlling one's anger
- out of temper
For the curing and keeping in temper of the body.出自： J. Lyly
As wine is tempered with water, so let discretion temper zeale.出自： Henry Smith
- temper, character, disposition, nature, personality
- 就组词意义相近。personality指日常表现出来的“性格”; character作“性格”解,指一个人真正的根深蒂固的、永久具有的内在的本质; disposition意为“性癖”,强调一个人对其周围的生活所表现的一贯的态度; nature指天生的、无法改变的性格或品质，有时也指“脾气”; temper可作“脾气”解,指心境的好坏。
- ☆ 直接源自晚期古英语的temprian，意为使适度；最初源自拉丁语的temperare，意为适度的。