soon

  基本词汇  
[suːn]     [suːn]    
  • adv.不久;很快;早;快
new

soon是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 马上,立刻,即刻
  2. 不久
  3. 早,快,很快
  4. 宁愿,宁可
  5. 不如
adj.(形容词)
  1. 迅速的,快的,早的

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 不久,即刻,很快 before long, within a short time
  2. 早,快 early, quickly
  3. 宁可,宁愿 readily, willingly

英英释义

Adverb:
  1. in the near future;

    "the doctor will soon be here"
    "the book will appear shortly"
    "she will arrive presently"
    "we should have news before long"

soon的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. I'll be back soon.
    我马上回来。
  2. She will be here sooner than you expect.
    她很快就到,比你预料的要早。
  3. He left as soon as he heard the news.
    他一听到这事儿就走了。
  4. The detective soon raveled out the truth.
    那名侦探很快就于真相大白。
  5. She will be here sooner than you expect.
    她很快就到,比你预料的要早。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. We shall soon start.
    我们不久就出发。
  2. The teacher soon reduced the noisy class to order.
    任课老师很快地把闹哄哄的班级整顿好,恢复了正常的课堂秩序。
  3. It was only a petty problem and they soon solved it.
    那只是个小问题,他们很快就解决了。
  4. His suffering will soon be over.
    他的苦难就要结束了。
  5. It will soon be Christmas.
    转眼就是圣诞节了。
  6. The more help, the sooner done.
    人手越多做事越快。
  7. Retail meat prices are likely to be higher soon.
    肉类零售价格可能很快要上涨。
  8. We reached the station an hour too soon.
    我们早到车站一小时。
  9. I'd confidently predicted they'd win, but I spoke too soon—they were beaten in the final race.
    我曾经信心十足地预言他们会赢,但我讲得太早了,他们在决赛时被打败了。
  10. The fire brigade arrived at last, not a moment too soon.
    消防队终于来了,几乎误了事。
  11. You spoke too soon.
    你言之过早。
  12. How soon can you be ready?
    你什么时候能准备好?
  13. I have to go home very soon.
    我很快就得回家了。
  14. He'll be here very soon.
    他很快就到。
  15. They didn't arrive as soon as we had expected.
    他们到得不像我们期待的那么早。
  16. I would just as soon stay at home.
    我宁愿呆在家里。
  17. I would just as soon stay as go with him.
    与其跟他一起去,我倒愿意留下来。
  18. I would as soon not go.
    我宁可不走。
  19. I would as soon do it now as later.
    与其以后做,我宁愿现在做。
  20. I would as soon you didn't tell me about that.
    我宁愿你不曾告诉我这种事。
  21. Yang Jingyu would sooner die than surrender.
    杨靖宇宁死不屈。
  22. He received a mortal wound soon after the battle began.
    战斗开始后不久,他就受到了致命的重伤。
  23. He arrived soon after six.6
    点刚过他就到了。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
as soon as
  1. 一…就… when...at once

    Come here as soon as you finish the work. 工作一结束你就到这里来一趟。

as soon as possible
  1. 尽早,尽快 as quickly as possible

    We must pull our company out of the financial crisis as soon as possible. 我们必须使公司尽早摆脱财政危机的困境。

    Please oblige me with a reply as soon as possible. 请尽早给予答复。

at the soonest
  1. 最快 with a shortest time

    I can't come until tomorrow, at the soonest. 我最快也要到明天才能来。

no sooner...than
  1. 一…就 when...at once

    I had no sooner lain down than the telephone rang. 我刚躺下,电话铃就响了。

sooner or later
  1. 迟早 certainly, although one cannot be sure when

    You will repent it sooner or later. 你早晚要后悔的。

    If you drive like that, sooner or later you'll have an accident. 你如果那样开车,迟早会出事的。

the sooner the better
  1. 越快越好 as quickly as possible

    She could make her decision and the sooner the better. 她可以作决定,越快越好。

词汇搭配

用作副词 (adv.)
副词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • One day soon she would refurnish the entire flat.

    出自:F. Swinnerton
  • I must go back soon, perhaps tomorrow.

    出自:I. Murdoch

soon的详细讲解:

词语用法

adv.(副词)
  1. soon用作副词,意思是“不久”,可指“将来”,表示“预期的时刻不久就会到来”,用以谈论不久将来的事或在过去某时间以后不久所发生的事,强调两个时间的接续关系。soon引申还可作“早”“快”解,强调行为的快捷,毫不迟延。
  2. soon还可作“宁可”“宁愿”解,通常与would等连用,构成would (just), as soon...(as), would sooner...than的句型。
  3. soon可放置于句末,有时也可放在句首,也常置于动词短语的第一个助动词后面,如果没有助动词,就置于实义动词前。但如果动词是be,则位于be的后面。如加quite, very或too修饰, soon则须置于句末。
  4. no sooner...than...意思是“一…就”,特别用于书面语中,表示一件事情紧接着另一件事情发生, no sooner通常位于第一个从句的主要动词前面,第二个从句than开始。在故事中,有时用倒装语序,将no sooner放于句首,后面紧跟主语。
  5. soon前可有very, pretty, quite, rather等修饰。

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
soon, at once
这两个词(组)的区别是:soon表示“不久”“很快”,强调时间很短; at once表示“马上”“立刻”,强调动作随即发生。例如:
He soon became active in the class.他在班上很快就变得活跃起来。
When I heard the knock,I opened the door of the room at once.我听到敲门声马上就把房门打开了。
as soon as, no sooner...than, hardly...when
这三个短语都可表示“一…就…”。其区别是:
1.as soon as可转化为no sooner...than或hardly...when结构。例如:
  • As soon as I heard the knock I opened the door.
  • No sooner had I heard the knock than I opened the door.
  • Hardly had I heard the knock when I opened the door.
  • 当我听到敲门声,我马上就开门了。
2.as soon as通常用于一般时态, no hardly...than和hardly...when通常用于过去完成时。例如:
As soon as you finish your job, let me know.你一完成工作就告诉我一声。
No sooner had the doctor arrived than he began treating the sick.医生一到马上就抢救病人。
I had hardly started when it began to rain.我刚动身就下起雨来了。
soon, fast, quickly
这三个词都可表示“很快”。其区别是:
soon强调的是预期的时刻不久就会到来, fast和quickly强调的是动作进行的速度快。例如:
Their population is growing fast.他们的人口增长得很快。
Come quickly, he's drowning!快来,他溺水了。
soon, early, quick, shortly
这组词的共同意思是“不久”“即刻”“快”。其区别在于:early常指时间比原来或通常早些; quick含有匆忙、仓促之意; soon指在某一特定时间过现在之后不久,多用于将来时或过去时,通常放在句末或主要动词之前; shortly与soon同义,但比soon更郑重,常用于新闻报道等。例如:
You have to think quick with the mind and act quick with the body.你必须脑子转得快,行动也得快。
I came early, and had to wait for others, but soon after five o'clock they appeared.我来得早,得等其他人,可是刚过5点他们就都来了。
Shortly after that, the police arrived.那事情发生不久警察就到了。
how soon, how long
这两个短语的区别是:how soon的意思是“多久”,当我们就陈述句中的“过多少时间(就能…)”这一部分提问时,只能用how soon不能用how long; how long的意思是“多长”,当我们就陈述的“一段时间的长短”提问时,要用how long,不能用how soon。试比较:
  • “How soon will he be here?”“In two hours.” “再过多久他就在这里了?”“两个小时。” “How long will he be here?”“For two hours.” “他要在这里呆多长时间?”“两个小时。”
immediately instantly presently directly shortly soon at once right away
这些副词或副词词组均有“立刻、马上”之意。
  • immediately:immediately指做完一件事后,立即就做另一件事,中间一般没有明显的时间间隔。
  • instantly:instantly指恰恰就在此刻,一秒钟也没耽误。
  • presently:presently指不久、即将。
  • directly:directly和immediately同义,指毫无迟疑。
  • shortly:shortly和soon同义,指动作发生或完成的速度之快。
  • soon:soon常用词,指行动快,完成速度快。
  • at once:at once口语中常用,语气强烈,指时间紧迫,一刻也不能耽误。
  • right away:right away主要用于美国英语,语气稍弱于at once,强调动作迅速。

常见错误

adv.(副词)
  1. 他要多久才来?

    How long is he coming?

    How soon is he coming?

    当表示“(在某事发生之前)将有多长时间”时,要用how soon,不可用how long。

  2. 她听到敲门时,很快就打开了门。

    When she heard the kncok, she opened the door soon.

    When she heard the knock, she opened the door immediately.

    soon的意思是“不久之后”,不是“立刻”的意思。

  3. 在他回来前不久,午饭准备好了。

    Lunch was ready soon before he came back.

    Lunch was ready shortly before he came back.

    表示“在…前不久”,可说shortly before...,不可说soon before。

  4. 他说他宁愿死也不愿背叛自己的朋友。

    He said he'd sooner die than to betray his friend.

    He said he'd sooner die than betray his friend.

    would sooner...than...表示“宁愿…而不愿…”, would sooner和than后面都可接不带to的动词不定式。

  5. 他一到就会给我打电话。

    He will phone me as soon as he will arrive.

    He will phone me as soon as he arrives.

  6. 我一有空就会再写的。

    I will write again as soon as I shall be free.

    I will write again as soon as I am free.

    as soon as引导的状语从句中的谓语动词,只能用现在时来表示将来的时间。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的snoa,意为马上。

soon的相关资料:

正版词典

soon : 不久,早; ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

soon的相关缩略词,共有2

互动百科

  • soon:soon adv. 立刻, 不久, 快, 早, 宁愿 英英解释:副词soon:1. in the near future同义词:shortly, presently, before long 习惯用语…

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