severe

  核心词汇  
[sɪ'vɪə(r)]     [sɪ'vɪr]    
  • adj.严厉的;严重的;剧烈的;严格的;严峻的
severely severer severest severeness
new

severe是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 严厉的
  2. 艰难的
  3. 苛刻的
  4. 严重的
  5. 严肃的
  6. 朴素的
  7. 剧烈的
  8. 严格的
  9. 极为恶劣的
  10. 艰巨的
  11. 凶猛的
  12. 严正的
  13. 厉害的
adv.(副词)
  1. 严重地

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 严重的,剧烈的 causing serious harm pain, worry or discomfort
  2. 严厉的,严肃的 not kind or gentle in treatment
  3. 艰难的,严峻的,辛苦的 likely to cause failure or show up weakness; difficult
  4. 朴素的,纯朴的 completely plain and without decoration

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
severe : 严厉的, 苛 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
severe : 严厉的, 猛 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree or quality;

    "severe pain"
    "a severe case of flu"
    "a terrible cough"
    "under wicked fire from the enemy's guns"
    "a wicked cough"

  2. very strong or vigorous;

    "strong winds"
    "a hard left to the chin"
    "a knockout punch"
    "a severe blow"

  3. severely simple;

    "a stark interior"

  4. unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment;

    "a parent severe to the pitch of hostility"
    "a hefty six-footer with a rather severe mien"
    "a strict disciplinarian"
    "a Spartan upbringing"

  5. causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm;

    "a dangerous operation"
    "a grave situation"
    "a grave illness"
    "grievous bodily harm"
    "a serious wound"
    "a serious turn of events"
    "a severe case of pneumonia"
    "a life-threatening disease"

  6. very bad in degree or extent;

    "a severe worldwide depression"
    "the house suffered severe damage"

severe的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The premier came under severe criticism.
    这位总理遭到严厉的抨击。
  2. He's suffering from severe mental disorder.
    他患有严重的精神病。
  3. The new product has stood a severe proof .
    新产品经受了严格的考验。
  4. They can withstand severe tests.
    他们能经得起严峻的考验。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. There is a severe shortage of fuel.
    燃料严重短缺。
  2. The general had a severe manner.
    那位将军态度严肃。
  3. This troop has severe military rules.
    这支部队有严格的军纪。
  4. This is a severe test.
    这是一次严峻的考验。
  5. When the earthquake came, the house had a severe quake.
    地震到来时,房子一阵剧烈颤动。
  6. Severe weather conditions hinders the rescue.
    恶劣的气候条件阻碍着救援人员的工作。
  7. She is wearing a severe dress.
    她穿着一条朴素的裙子。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Competition for the job is very severe.
    这份工作的竞争是很激烈的。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. Was his mother too severe on him?
    她的母亲是不是对他太严厉了?
  2. We must be severe with ourselves and lenient with others.
    我们必须严于律己宽以待人。
  3. That dress looks too severe on you.
    那衣服穿在你身上太朴素了。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. The pace was too severe to be kept up for long.
    跟上这步伐太难了,无法持久。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Charles of Burgundy deserved the character of a just though severe prince.

    出自:Sir W. Scott
  • The small twinkling glance..always charmed, coming out of a face so severe in repose.

    出自:A. Wilson
  • Don't be so severe with me.., I'm under an awful strain.

    出自:I. Murdoch

severe的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. severe还可指“朴素的”,例:a severe literary style(朴素的文体)。
adj.(形容词)
  1. severe的基本意思是“严厉的”,指完全没有松弛、轻浮、柔软可言,可形容人及其面容、行为、思想、言论,也可形容与人有关的事物,如作风、法律、刑罚等,偶尔也可形容天气,指气候恶劣、严寒。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
severe, serious
severe和serious都可表示“严重的”。但表示“伤势严重”时只能用severe。例如:
He received severe leg injuries in the accident.在事故中他的腿部受了重伤。
She was laid up for a year with a very serious〔severe〕 illness.她由于病重而卧床一年。
severe, stern, strict
这组词的共同意思是“严格的”或“严厉的”。它们之间的区别是:
1.strict通常用于指对人的行为要求符合规范,一般译为“严格的”; severe多指由于客观需要而不能轻易改变规则和要求,含有冷酷无情之义,一般译为“严厉的”; stern则含有坚定不可动摇之义,多由人的性格所决定,一般译为“严谨的”。试比较:
  • She was very strict on discipline.
  • 她严格遵守纪律。
  • She is a severe judge.
  • 她是个严厉的法官。
  • Father's face wore a stern expression.
  • 父亲面色严峻。
2.在语气上, severe最重, stern次之, strict则相对较轻。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1540年左右英入进语,直接源自拉丁语的severus,意为严肃的,严厉的。

severe的相关资料:

正版词典

severe : 严重的, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
severe : 严重的;危 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • severe:severe adj. 严厉的, 严格的, 剧烈的, 严重的, 严峻的…

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