seem

  基本词汇  
[siːm]     [siːm]    
  • vi.似乎;好像
seemed seemed seeming seems
new

seem是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 装模作样的人,做作的人
v.(动词)
  1. 看来,看起来,显得
  2. 仿佛,好像(是),象,似乎,似有
  3. 似乎存在,看来存在,好像发生,感到好像,觉得似乎,看来好像
  4. 变得
  5. 很可能会
  6. 依我看,我以为

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vi. & link-v. 好像; 仿佛 look like; appear to be

英英释义

Verb:
  1. give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect;

    "She seems to be sleeping"
    "This appears to be a very difficult problem"
    "This project looks fishy"
    "They appeared like people who had not eaten or slept for a long time"

  2. seem to be true, probable, or apparent;

    "It seems that he is very gifted"
    "It appears that the weather in California is very bad"

  3. appear to exist;

    "There seems no reason to go ahead with the project now"

  4. appear to one's own mind or opinion;

    "I seem to be misunderstood by everyone"
    "I can't seem to learn these Chinese characters"

seem的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. He seems to know everything.
    他似乎什么都懂。
  2. The children seem unaffected emotionally by their parent's divorce.
    孩子在情绪上似乎未受到父母离婚的影响。
  3. I'm sorry, I seem to have mislaid my ticket.
    对不起,我的车票好像弄丢了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作系动词 S+~+(to be) n.
  1. He certainly didn't seem to be a fool.
    他当然不像是个傻瓜。
  2. She seems a sentimental woman.
    她像是一个多愁善感的女子。
  3. Mr. Owen seems a progressive writer.
    欧文先生像是个进步的作家。
  4. That seems not a bad idea.
    那看来不是坏主意。
  5. This seems a wonderful book.
    这好像是本很好的书。
  6. This seems a good place to picnic.
    这似乎是个野餐的好地方。
  7. Teaching seems a glorious way of living.
    教书看来是一种光荣的谋生方式。
S+~+(to be) adj.
  1. The young girl seems much better this morning.
    今天早上那个姑娘看上去好多了。
  2. The man seemed familiar, but I could not quite place him.
    这人很面熟,但是我记不清在哪儿见过他。
  3. Why does your mother seem so sad lately?
    为什么近来你母亲这样愁容满面?
  4. Things far off seem small.
    远处之物看上去小些。
  5. This apple seemed good but rotten inside.
    这个苹果看上去还不错,可里边烂了。
  6. What seems easy to the teacher often seems difficult to the pupils.
    在老师看来是容易的,在学生看来则往往是困难的。
  7. He doesn't seem to be afraid of it.
    他好像并不怕它。
  8. A thin person always seems to be taller than he really is.
    瘦的人总是比实际身高显得高些。
  9. To me it seems quite necessary.
    据我看,这好像是很必要的。
S+~+ v -ed
  1. She seemed very excited that day.
    那天她似乎很兴奋。
  2. He seemed not interested in doing anything those days.
    那些日子里他好像没有兴趣做任何事情。
  3. He seems quite contented and happy all the time.
    他好像总是非常知足和高兴。
  4. She didn't seem convinced by the argument.
    她似乎没有被那种论点说服。
S+~+ prep. -phrase
  1. He seemed a bit under the weather.
    他好像有点不舒服。
  2. You don't seem in high spirits today.
    你好像今天情绪不高。
  3. The driver seems out of humour these days.
    这个司机好像这些天情绪不高。
S+~+to- v
  1. The beautiful girl's coming seems to scent the air in the hall.
    美女的到来,仿佛使空气中增添了香气。
  2. The dog seems to like that bone.
    狗好像很喜欢那块骨头。
  3. I can't seem to stop coughing.
    我似乎无法停止咳嗽。
  4. She seems to have camped up the third act of the play.
    她在第三幕中表演得似乎过火了。
  5. The teacher seemed to have caught a cold.
    老师好像感冒了。
  6. She seems to have missed the train.
    她似乎没有赶上火车。
  7. I seem to have seen him somewhere before.
    我觉得好像以前曾在什么地方见到过他。
  8. It would not seem to do so.
    看来这样做不太合适吧。
  9. He can't seem to see.
    他好像看不见。
  10. I couldn't seem to get to sleep.
    看来我无法入睡。
S+~+(to be) v -ing
  1. The old man seemed gradually blending into the chair.
    这位老人逐渐和主席职位相融合。
  2. The main streets seemed shining in the sun.
    在阳光映射下,大街似乎闪闪发光。
  3. He seemed to be waiting for somebody.
    他好像在等什么人。
It ~s/ed (to me) that-clause
  1. It seems that you are lying.
    看来你在撒谎。
  2. It seemed that nobody knew anything about the matter.
    好像谁也不了解这件事。
  3. It seems that no one knew what had happened.
    似乎没有人知道发生了什么事。
  4. It seems that we have missed our chance.
    好像我们已失去了机会。
  5. I tried to get any kind of job but it seemed that the whole city had closed the door on me.
    我想随便找个工作干,但整个城市看来都拒不接受我。
  6. It doesn't seem that they were lying.
    他们似乎没有撒谎。
  7. It seems (to me) that you are mistaken.
    看来是你搞错了。
  8. It seems to me that Peter has seen nothing of life.
    在我看来,彼得还不懂人情世故。
It ~s/ed as if/though-clause
  1. It seems as if you are the first one here.
    看起来你是第一个来这儿的。
  2. It seemed as if the night would never end.
    黑夜似乎无尽头。
  3. It seems as though it was spring already.
    现在好像是春天了。
  4. It seems as though you were her son.
    你好像是她的儿子似的。
It ~s/ed adj. / n. to- v
  1. It seems good to have a drink now.
    现在喝点什么倒还不错。
  2. It seemed a pity to refuse.
    拒绝似乎是可惜的。
There seems...
  1. There seems to be trouble soon.
    好像不久就会有麻烦发生。
  2. There seems to be a mistake.
    好像有一处错误。
  3. There doesn't seem to have been any difficulty over this question.
    在这个问题上似乎没出现什么困难。
  4. There seems something wrong with the computer.
    计算机似乎出了毛病。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
seem like (v.+prep.)
  1. 仿佛…似的 look like sth seem like sb/sth

    She seems like a reasonable person.她看来是个通情达理的人。

    It seemed like a good idea.那似乎是个好主意。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Young women are not the angels they seem to be.

    出自:F. Brooke
  • It seemed as if earth had..flowered into a paradise.

    出自:M. C. Harris
  • A tendency to use the wrong words made her seem..incompetent.

    出自:V. Woolf
  • The whole body, without seeming to move, had moved.

    出自:J. Steinbeck
  • 'What seems to be the trouble?' asked the operator.

    出自:G. Markstein
  • Romantic heroes always seem to be wandering among ruins.

    出自:A. Brookner

seem的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. seem的基本意思是“好像”“似乎”,指根据某迹象按照自己的主观印象、看法作出的主观判断或个人推断,虽然有一定的根据,但并不一定是事实。通常不用于进行体。
  2. seem表示“感觉”时可接“to be+名词或形容词”、介词短语、动词不定式、现在分词、过去分词作表语。在接名词作表语时,如名词前有形容词修饰, to be可以省略,如没有形容词修饰, to be则不可省略,在形容词作主语补足语时to be不可省略,其余情况下to be常省略。
  3. seem还可接连词that或连词短语as if〔though〕引导的从句作表语, as if〔though〕的从句常用陈述语气, that从句可用于陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气。此时主语多为非人称代词it。
  4. 当句子主语由动词不定式充当时多采用以it作形式主语的结构。
  5. 在含有seem的句子中,有时可插入to sb。为了强调,有时to sb 可移至句首。
  6. seem还可用于存在句中, seem的主语可为名词、代词或动词不定式(多为to be), seem的形式要与其后的主语一致。
  7. 在美式英语中seem常用于转移否定句型。
  8. 在英国书面英语中, seem一般不使用否定结构; 但在美国口语中常出现“否定式+seem”结构。
  9. seem接-ed分词,有时是系表结构,有时是被动结构,如:She seems fascinated by the handsome young man.她好像被那个英俊的年轻人迷住了。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
seem, appear, look
这三个词都可用作系动词,表示“看起来”。其区别是:
1.在含义上, appear 强调外表上给人的某种印象,有时含实质上并非如此的意思; look意味着看上去如此,实际亦是如此; seem 则暗示判断有一定根据,这种判断往往接近事实。例如:
  • He appears to be very young.
  • 他看上去很年轻。(实际上不一定如此)
  • He looks to be very young.
  • 他看上去很年轻。(实际上也年轻)
  • He seems to be very young.
  • 他看上去很年轻。(可能他的确很年轻)
2.在用法上,这三个词都可跟形容词或“to be+形容词或名词”结构,也可用于It appears〔appeared〕/looks〔looked〕/seems〔seemed〕 as if...结构。但是, appear 和seem跟to- v 时仍表示“看起来”,而look 接to- v 则是“盼望”的意思。例如:
  • He appears〔seems〕 to know it.
  • 他看来知道这件事。
  • He looks to hear from you.
  • 他期待你来信。
  • 另外, appear 和seem可用于It appears〔appeared〕/seems〔seemed〕 that...结构,而look不能。例如:
  • 我看他似乎很喜欢看这部小说。
  • [误] It looks to me that he enjoys read- ing the novel.
  • [正] It appears〔seems〕 to me that he enjoys reading the novel.
  • 还有, appear 和seem一般不用于进行体; 而look可用现在进行时,这和一般现在时所表示的意思无多大区别。例如:
  • You are looking〔look〕 very unhappy.你看起来很不高兴。
下面各组中的两个句子意思相同:
  • He seemed to be ill.
  • It seemed that he was ill.
  • 他好像在生病。
  • He doesn't seem to be at home.
  • He seems not to be at home.
  • 他好像不在家。
下面两句意思不同:
  • It seems as if it might rain.
  • 看样子像要下雨似的。
  • It seems as if it is going to rain.
  • 看来快要下雨了。
appear look seem
这些动词均有“看起来,好像是”之意。
  • appear:appear指从感观印象看似乎是如此,但有时着重指因视野、观点限制而产生的歪曲印象。
  • look:look指从样子看起来,侧重通过视觉而建立的印象。
  • seem:seem多指从主观印象或个反应得出的看法。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 天好像要下雨。

    It seems as rain.

    It seems like rain.

    seem后面接like,表示“好像”,不可接as。

  2. “看来我们要赶不上火车了。”“我看是赶不上了。”

    “It seems we'll miss the train.”“So it seems not.”

    “It seems we'll miss the train.”“So it seems.”

  3. “看来她不会加入我们了。”“看来是如此。”

    “It seems she will not join us.”“It seems.”

    “It seems she will not join us.”“It seems not.”

    在对话中,使用替代词,可用“So it seems”或“It seems not”,不可用“So it seems not”“It seems”形式。

  4. 好像要起风了。

    It was seeming to get windy.

    It seemed to be getting windy.

    seem不可用于进行体。

  5. 她看来像是出了什么事似的。

    There seems to have something the matter with her.

    There seems to be something the matter with her.

    动词seem可以用于there seems句型,表示“似乎有…”, seem后接to be,不能用实义动词have。

  6. 正在讲话的那个人好像是这家公司的经理。

    The man who was speaking seemed the manager of this company.

    The man who was speaking seemed to be the manager of this company.

    seem后用作表语的名词如无形容词修饰,名词前须加to be。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1200年进英入语,直接源自古北欧语的soema,意为适应。

seem的相关资料:

正版词典

seem : 似乎,好像 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • seem:seem vi. 象是, 似乎…

临近单词

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