responsible

  核心词汇  
[rɪ'spɒnsəbl]     [rɪ'spɑːnsəbl]    
  • adj.有责任的;负责的;责任重大的;可靠的
responsibly responsibleness
new

responsible是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 责任重大的,有责任的
  2. 可靠的,可信赖的
  3. 认真负责的,有责任感的,尽责的
  4. 需负责任的,应负责任的
  5. 作为原因的,应受归咎的
  6. 重要的
  7. 明白是非的

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. [P]负有责任的,需承担责任的 having done or been the cause of especially sth bad; guilty
  2. [P]需对…负责的 having the duty of looking after sb/sth, so that one can be blamed if things go wrong
  3. 尽责的,可靠的 capable of being relied on
  4. 责任重大的 needing a trustworthy person to do it

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. worthy of or requiring responsibility or trust; or held accountable;

    "a responsible adult"
    "responsible journalism"
    "a responsible position"
    "the captain is responsible for the ship's safety"
    "the cabinet is responsible to the parliament"

  2. being the agent or cause;

    "determined who was the responsible party"
    "termites were responsible for the damage"

  3. having an acceptable credit rating;

    "a responsible borrower"

responsible的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Who's responsible for the terrible mess?
    谁应该对这种混乱负责?
  2. As a boy, i know, i was responsible to help her.
    作为个男生,我知道,我有责任帮助她。
  3. We all think of her as a responsible teacher.
    我们都认为她是一位很负责的教师。
  4. You are supposed to be responsible for them.
    你是应当对他们负责的。
  5. She holds a very responsible position in the firm.
    她在公司里身居要职。
  6. At 18, he was ill-equipped for such a responsible job.
    那时他才18岁,还无力承担这样一份责任重大的工作。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. She is a responsible secretary.
    她是一个尽责的秘书。
  2. He holds a very responsible position in the firm.
    他在公司里担任一个非常重要的职务。
  3. It's a terribly responsible job.
    那是一项非常重要的工作。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Since you are responsible,I thought you should know what's happening.
    既然这事是你促成的,我想你应该了解发生了什么事。
  2. It was good to feel responsible and liked.
    感到需负责任并被人喜欢挺不错。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He is responsible in morals and in law.
    他在道义上和法律上负有责任。
  2. The children are responsible for cleaning their own rooms.
    孩子们负责清扫自己的房间。
  3. He is responsible to me for it.
    这件事他对我负责。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. I hold you personally responsible for all this.
    我认为你个人应对这一切负责。
  2. Our duty is to hold ourselves responsible to the people.
    我们的责任是向人民负责。
  3. He was held responsible for the accident.
    他被认为应对这个事件负责。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+介词

经典引文

  • He was not responsible,..he had come on the scene by..accident.

    出自:Joyce
  • A..useless war for which the..governments were mainly responsible.

    出自:L. Woolf
  • Freud was financially responsible for his parents.

    出自:E. Young

responsible的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. be responsible for表示“对……负责任”,它的主语不一定是人,这种用法在美式英语中较常见。

    The cold weather is responsible for his absence.
    冷空气对他的缺席有一定的责任。

  2. the person responsible表示“负责人”。

    I want to see the person responsible.
    我想见负责人。

  3. responsible后面可跟that从句。

    The writer of a letter is responsible that it will be understood by its recipient.
    写信的人有责任让收信人读懂信的意思。

  4. 一般来说,be responsible to后跟人,指“对某人负责”,而be responsible for后跟物,指“对某事负责”。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
responsible for, responsible to
responsible for和responsible to都表示“对…负责”。前者通常以人作主语,表示对某物〔事〕负责; 后者后面接人,表示对某人负责。
下面两个短语意思不同:
  • the responsible person 认真负责的人,可靠的人
  • the person responsible 负责人
responsible liable
这两个形容词均有“对某人或某事负责的”之意。
  • responsible:responsible指能熟练而出色地履行职责或完成任务,或指在出差错而对其原因有争执时承担过失。
  • liable:liable着重指在不履行债务等时应负法律责任或受罚。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:we must be responsible to the students' behaviour.

    纠正:we must be responsible for the students' behaviour.

    翻译:我们要对学生的行为负责。

    分析:be responsible to后跟人,指“对某人负责”,而be responsible for后跟物,指“对某事负责”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1590年左右进入英语,直接源自法语的responsbile;最初源自拉丁语的responsus。

responsible的相关资料:

正版词典

responsible : (对人或物) ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • responsible:responsible adj. 有责任的, 可靠的, 可依赖的, 负责的习惯用语hold sb. responsible for 使某人负... 的责任make oneself responsibl…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词