principle

  核心词汇  
['prɪnsəpl]     ['prɪnsəpl]    
  • n. 原理;原则;主义;信念
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principle的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 原理,原则
  2. 主义,道义,信条,节操
  3. 构造
  4. 工作方式,工作原理
  5. 起源,源泉,根源,本源
  6. 本性,天然的性能,天赋的才能
  7. 政策
  8. 本原,本质,本体
v. (动词)
  1. 向……灌输原则
  2. 教给……基本原理
  3. 使有印象

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]原则,原理 basic general truth that underlies sth
  2. [P]准则,规则; 主义 guiding rules for personal behavior
  3. [U]操守,道义 these rules
  4. [S]工作原理 general or scientific law shown in a way a thing works

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct;

    "their principles of composition characterized all their works"

  2. a rule or standard especially of good behavior;

    "a man of principle"
    "he will not violate his principles"

  3. a basic truth or law or assumption;

    "the principles of democracy"

  4. a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system;

    "the principle of the conservation of mass"
    "the principle of jet propulsion"
    "the right-hand rule for inductive fields"

  5. rule of personal conduct

  6. (law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature);

    "the rationale for capital punishment"
    "the principles of internal-combustion engines"

principle的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. A bicycle and a motorcycle are built on the same principle.
    自行车和摩托车是根据同样的原理制造的。
  2. Archimedes ,a great physicist ,discovered the principle of floating bodies .
    阿基米德,一位伟大的物理学家,发现了浮体原理。
  3. We adhere to the principle that everyone should be treated fairly.
    我们坚持人人都应该被平等对待这一原则。
  4. It is easier to fight for one's principle than to live up to them.
    为自己的主义斗争,要比他们施诸实践更容易。
  5. He refused to attend the meeting on principle.
    他出于信念拒绝参加这次会议。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Each side declared that it would never abandon its principle.
    各方都说绝不放弃自己的原则。
  2. He has no principles at all.
    他毫无信念可言。
  3. He is quite without principle.
    他完全没有道德观念。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
in principle
    原则上; 基本上as far as basic principles are concerned; in general but not in detail
on principle
    依据自己的原则〔所确定的信念〕according to one's principles or a fixed belief

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Weaponry, the main principle of his military success.

    出自: R. L. Fox

principle的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. principleprinciples都有表示“道德,情操”的意思。

    He has both ability and principle(s).
    他既有能力又有情操。

  2. in principle指“原则上,大体上”。

    I accept the suggestion in principle.
    大体上来说,我接受这些建议。

  3. on principle指“根据原则”或“按照”。

    I accept the suggestion on principle.
    根据原则,我接受这些建议。

    He acted always on principle.
    他总是按原则办事。

  4. principal同principle的比较:两者的发音一样。principal作形容词时,指“主要的,首要的”,而作名词时,指“首长,负责人”。而principle是一种科学定律或者道德规范。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
principle, doctrine
  • 这两个名词的共同意思是“信条”“准则”。principle指一切党派、学科的基本原则和原理; doctrine则指宗教的教义、宗旨等,由信仰所决定,不能更改。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1380年左右进入英语,直接源自殖英诺曼底语的principle;最初源自古法语的principe,意为基本事实与建议。
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