prepare

  基本词汇  
[prɪ'peə(r)]     [prɪ'per]    
  • v.预备;准备
preparedly preparer prepared prepared preparing prepares
new

prepare是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 预备,准备,使...准备好,作好准备,把...预备好,使有准备,为...作准备,进行各项准备工作
  2. 起草
  3. 制作,调制,配制
  4. 编纂,编写
  5. 筹备,筹划
  6. 布置,备办,配备,装备
  7. 做(饭菜)
  8. 温习(功课)
  9. 锻炼,训练
  10. 有思想
  11. 防范
n.(名词)
  1. 准备

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 准备 get or make ready

行业释义

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prepare : 准备, ...
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prepare : 准备, ...
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prepare : 准备, ...
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prepare : 准备, ...
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英英释义

Verb:
  1. make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc;

    "Get the children ready for school!"
    "prepare for war"
    "I was fixing to leave town after I paid the hotel bill"

  2. prepare for eating by applying heat;

    "Cook me dinner, please"
    "can you make me an omelette?"
    "fix breakfast for the guests, please"

  3. to prepare verbally, either for written or spoken delivery;

    "prepare a report"
    "prepare a speech"

  4. arrange by systematic planning and united effort;

    "machinate a plot"
    "organize a strike"
    "devise a plan to take over the director's office"

  5. educate for a future role or function;

    "He is grooming his son to become his successor"
    "The prince was prepared to become King one day"
    "They trained him to be a warrior"

  6. create by training and teaching;

    "The old master is training world-class violinists"
    "we develop the leaders for the future"

  7. lead up to and soften by sounding the dissonant note in it as a consonant note in the preceding chord;

    "prepare the discord in bar 139"

  8. undergo training or instruction in preparation for a particular role, function, or profession;

    "She is training to be a teacher"
    "He trained as a legal aid"

prepare的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Early experiments with military rockets prepared the ground for space travel.
    早年对军用火箭进行的实验为发展航天技术奠定了基础。
  2. He is preparing his speech for the meeting tomorrow.
    他正准备明天集会的演说。
  3. Peel the pineapples and I will prepare the pineapple pie.
    你把菠萝皮削了,我来准备菠萝派。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. First prepare the rice by washing it, then cook it in boiling water.
    先淘米做好准备,再放在沸水里煮。
  2. The defence lawyers asked for another week to prepare their case.
    辩护律师要求再给他们一周准备案件。
  3. Who prepared these building plans?
    这些建筑设计图是谁制作的?
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. This special medicine must be freshly prepared each time.
    这种特殊药品必须在每次使用前配制。
  6. We are prepared that he should see the doctor.
    我们愿意把他送去看病。
S+~+to- v
  1. Turning, he prepared to go upstairs.
    转过身去,他准备上楼。
  2. I am preparing to do the work.
    我正在为担任这项工作而作准备。
  3. We are preparing to have negotiations with the enemy.
    我们准备同敌人谈判。
  4. I prepared to write an article to air my views.
    我准备写篇文章来提出自己的看法。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Did you prepare him any food?
    你给他准备什么吃的没有?
  2. Mother prepared us a substantial breakfast.
    妈妈给我们准备了一顿丰盛的早餐。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as n.
  1. This college prepares students as interpreters.
    这个学院培养学生当口译员。
  2. She is preparing herself as a teacher.
    她正在为当教师作准备。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Parents should prepare children to cope with life.
    父母应使子女有妥善处理生活的准备。
  2. He prepared himself to accept defeat.
    他做好接受失败的准备。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. I am prepared to do the work.
    我能够(而且愿意)做这一工作。
  5. I am prepared to forgive your bad behaviour this time, but it must not occur again .
    你表现不好,这次我可以宽恕你,但以后不准重犯。
  6. He was prepared to leave the country.
    他打算离开这个国家。
  7. They were prepared to pay the price.
    他们准备付出这个代价。
  8. The situation should ease up now that the two sides are prepared to talk.
    既然双方准备会谈,局势就应该缓和了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
prepare against (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)为将来…做好准备 (cause to) get ready for prepare against sth

    They are preparing against a drought.他们正准备抗旱。

    prepare sb against sth

    He prepared Mary against bad news.他使玛丽对坏消息的来临做好思想准备。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    We are fully prepared against the approaching storm.对于即将来到的暴风雨,我们做好了充分准备。

prepare for (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)为…作准备 (cause to) get ready for prepare for sth

    Don't bother her. She is preparing for the final examination.不要打扰她。她正准备期末考试。

    I am so busy preparing for the next examination that I can find no time to go out with you.我忙于准备下次考试,没有时间同你一起出去。

    You'd better prepare for Mother's arrival.你最好为妈妈的到来做好准备。

    Will you help me prepare for the party?你愿意帮我准备聚会吗?

    Every day they are talking about peace but actually preparing for war.他们每天都在谈论和平,但实际上却在准备战争。

    He is preparing for his departure to Chongqing.他正准备到重庆去。

    prepare oneself/sth for sb/sth

    Please prepare the table for dinner.请把餐具摆好,准备吃饭。

    I'm preparing a speech for the meeting on Thursday.我在为星期四会议上的讲话作准备。

    You must prepare everything for the trip.你必须为这次旅行做好一切准备。

    The students have prepared everything for the celebration.学生们为庆祝做好了一切准备。

    Right now they are preparing themselves for the Olympic Games.眼下他们正在为参加奥运会作准备。

    The speaker prepared the way for my proposal.演说者为我的提议开了路。

    My mother gets up earlier this morning.She is busy preparing breakfast for us.今天早上我母亲起得很早,她正忙着给我们做早饭。

    I'll prepare a bed for you.我会给你把床准备好。

    We must prepare a room for guests.我们必须为客人准备一间客房。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Is the meal prepared for our guests?这是为我们的客人准备的饭菜吗?

  2. (使)对…有思想准备 (cause to) accustom one's mind to prepare for sth

    We should prepare well for the negotiations.我们应该为这次谈判做好准备。

    prepare sb/oneself for sth

    The doctor prepared Mother for her operation.大夫让母亲做好手术前的准备。

    Prepare yourself for a surprise when you go into the room.在你进屋子时,要有个思想准备,别吓一跳。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Be prepared for bad news.做好听坏消息的思想准备。

    Philip was not prepared for the question.菲利普没有做好回答那个问题的准备。

    We were not prepared for the rain.我们对下雨毫无准备。

    I always have to be prepared for yet another move to a new city.我总是处于一种不得不准备搬往另一个新城市去的状态中。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Tiberius had a fleet standing by prepared.

    出自:R. Graves
  • The union prepares national industrial action against overcrowding..in the jails.

    出自:Guardian

prepare的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. prepare后可接双宾语。

    His wife is preparing him a meal.
    他老婆正在给他准备一顿饭。

  2. prepare to do表示“因要……而作准备”,prepared to do表示“原意且有能力做什么”。

    I am preparing to undertake the task.
    我正为要担任这个工作作准备。

    I am prepared to undertake the task.
    我愿意且能够担任这工作。

  3. 同will not和cannot相比,be not prepared to的语气要来的更加婉转,常出现在公文中;
  4. prepared后可接that从句,从句里用should。

    I am prepared that my son should have a tutor.

v.(动词)
  1. prepare的基本意思是“准备”,指为了完成某种行动,在此之前比较短的时间内做必要的预备或使具备进行某项活动的条件,包括物质准备,也包括心理准备。
  2. prepare既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词或动词不定式作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词for的宾语。prepare还可接以动词不定式或as短语充当补足语的复合宾语。prepare接名词作宾语时,常含有使准备的东西能吃或能用的意味; 接动词不定式作宾语时,意为“准备做某事”; 接动词不定式充当补足语时,意为“准备某人做某事”; 接as短语作宾语补足语时,意思是“为当…做准备”。
  3. prepare用作不及物动词时,其后可接for或against。接against时,所指的大多是不好的事或令人不愉快的事。
  4. be prepared的意思是“做好准备”,其后可跟for引起的短语、动词不定式或虚拟的that从句,表示“愿意…”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
prepare, prepare for
prepare的意思是“准备或筹划某事”; prepare for的意思是“为某事的到来作准备”。例如:
  • prepare an attack
  • 准备进攻
  • prepare for an attack
  • 为打退进攻而作准备
  • 又如:
  • The teacher prepared the exam.
  • 老师筹划考试。
  • The students prepared for the exam.
  • 学生为应付考试作准备。
be prepared, be ready
这两个短语都可以表示已经完成采取某种行动之前所必要的准备或具备进行某项活动的条件。其区别在于:
1.be ready表示具备做某事的条件、处于可以做某事的状态,或有思想准备,乐于做某事。例如:
We are ready to start.我们准备好了,可以开始了。
He was always ready to help his friends.他总是乐于帮助朋友 。
2.而be prepared除强调为做某事而进行了积极的努力外,还常常用来强调精神上有应付意想不到的事件的能力。例如:
The student was thoroughly prepared for the examination.这个学生为考试做了充分准备。
These children are prepared for the disappointments as well as the joys of life.这些孩子不仅准备享受生活的乐趣,而且也准备经受生活中的失意。
prepare, cook, fix, get, make
这组词都可以表示“做”,其区别是:
cook只用于食品而不用于饮料; 其他几个词都可以用于饮料。make和get可以互换; 而prepare和fix则强调准备的过程。例如:
She is cooking in the kitchen.她在厨房里做饭。
Let me fix you a drink!我来为你倒杯饮料。
He got〔made〕 himself a cup of coffee.他给自己冲了杯咖啡。
You shouldn't have troubled yourself to prepare such a feast!你本不该准备这样丰盛的饭菜,这样太麻烦你了。
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • My grandmother is preparing supper.
  • 我奶奶在做晚饭。
  • I washed my hand, preparing for supper.
  • 我洗手,准备吃晚饭。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我准备做笔记。

    I prepared that I jot down some notes.

    I prepared to jot down some notes.

    prepare可接动词不定式作宾语,但不接that从句。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:i was busy, preparing my examination.

    纠正:i was busy, preparing for my examination.

    翻译:我忙于准备我的考试。

    分析:prepare one's lesson可表示“预备功课”,但是“准备考试”只能在prepare后加介词for表示“为……作准备。”

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪中期进英入语,直接源自中古法语的preparer;最初源自拉丁语的praeparare,意为事先准备。

prepare的相关资料:

正版词典

prepare : 准备,预备 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • prepared adj. 事先准备好的;愿意的;期望的

互动百科

  • prepare:prepare v. 准备, 预备, 有能力而且愿意 英英解释:动词prepare:1. make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a partic…

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