pity

  核心词汇  
['pɪti]     ['pɪti]    
  • n. 怜悯;同情;遗憾;可惜
  • v. 同情;怜悯
pityingly pities pitied pitied pitying pities
new

pity的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 怜悯
  2. 同情
  3. 遗憾
  4. 憾事
  5. 可惜的事
  6. 美中不足
v. (动词)
  1. 同情
  2. 怜悯
  3. 怜惜
  4. 为...着想
  5. 觉得…可鄙

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]怜悯,同情 sympathy and solo for sb's suffering or unhappiness
  2. [S]可惜的事,憾事 a sad, unfortunate, inconvenient state of affairs; shame
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 同情; 怜悯 feel pity for sb/sth
  2. vt. 觉得…可鄙 feel contempt for sb

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a feeling of sympathy and sorrow for the misfortunes of others;

    "the blind are too often objects of pity"

  2. an unfortunate development;

    "it's a pity he couldn't do it"

  3. the humane quality of understanding the suffering of others and wanting to do something about it

Verb:
  1. share the suffering of

pity的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The old lady often takes pity on small animals.
    那位老太太常常怜悯小动物。
  2. He remained unmoved by her entreaties for pity.
    他未因她恳求怜悯而动心。
  3. We took pity on the homeless girl and took her into our house.
    我们同情这个无家可归的女孩,让她住进了我们的屋子里。
  4. I helped her out of love, not out of pity.
    我帮助她是出于爱,而不是出于同情。
  5. It's a pity I have to get back to the grindstone.
    遗憾的是我不得不回去工作。
  6. It's a pity that you can't come to the party.
    你不能来参加这次聚会,真可惜。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. I pity anyone who has to feed a family on such a low income.
    我同情任何需要以如此微薄的收入养活全家的人。
  2. He lay helpless in the street under the pitying gaze of the bystanders.
    他零零地躺在路边,旁观的人都投以怜悯的目光。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I feel no pity for you at all.
    我一点也不同情你。
  2. They even showed their enemies pity and kindness.
    他们竟对他们的敌人表示怜悯。
  3. The beggar's story excited my pity.
    这乞丐的经历激起我的怜悯。
  4. We watched her with sadness and enormous pity.
    我们怀着悲伤和极大的同情看着她。
  5. A pang of pity moved her heart.
    她心中突然萌生怜悯之情。
  6. She needs help, not pity.
    她需要帮助,不是怜悯。
  7. It's a pity that he can't come.
    很遗憾他不能来。
  8. It was a great pity that she gave up her own happiness and married a fortune.
    真令人遗憾,她竟牺牲了个人的幸福与一位富人结婚了。
  9. It's a pity that he should be so ill.
    他竟然病得这么厉害,真是太遗憾了。
  10. It's a thousand pities that you can't go with us.
    你不能和我们一起去真是万分遗憾。
  11. Pity he has never been there.
    他从未去过那里真是件憾事。
  12. What a pity that you did not arrive by the midnight.
    你在午夜前没有到达,多可惜呀!
  13. What a pity (that) she isn't here!
    她不在这里,真遗憾!
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Why do you pity her?
    你为什么同情她?
  2. We pity those unfortunate villagers very much.
    我们非常同情那些不幸的村民。
  3. I pity the flood victims.
    我同情遭水灾的人。
  4. I sincerely pity these unfortunate beings.
    我真诚地同情这些不幸的人。
  5. I pity you if you think this is an acceptable way to behave.
    你要是认为这种行为可以接受,那你就太可鄙了。
  6. 1
  7. He does not want to be pitied.
    他不想要人家可怜他。
  8. The lonely old man was much to be pitied by all of us.
    那位孤独的老人应该得到我们大家的同情。
  9. The cold and hungry children were much to be pitied.
    那些饥寒交迫的孩子们十分可怜。
  10. I think it better to be envied than to be pitied.
    我认为被人怜悯还不如被人妒忌。
  11. Such a man as he is not to be pitied.
    像他这种人不值得同情。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
for pity's sake
    请发发慈悲吧 please be merciful
more's the pity
    〈非正〉不幸地,遗憾地 unfortunately
out of pity
    出于同情 helping sb because one feels pity
用作动词 (v.)
pity in (v.+prep.)
    可怜…,同情… feel pity for sb/sth
    pity sb in sth

    Pity us in our distress.

    可怜可怜我们的苦难吧。

    The fellow doesn't pity anyone in their distress.

    这家伙不同情任何人的苦难。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • Pity for that forlorn figure.

    出自: P. Auster
  • The humiliation Klein experienced..was so intense that other members were moved to pity.

    出自: P. Grosskurth
  • Her sisters were to be pitied for the awfulness of their lives.

    出自: S. Hastings
  • I must not pity myself.

    出自: U. Holden

pity的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. pity的基本意思是“怜悯,同情”,指在别人遭遇不幸时所产生的怜悯之情,是不可数名词,一般不与不定冠词连用。
  2. pity也可作“可惜的事,令人遗憾的事”解,为可数名词,但往往只用于单数形式,前面常加不定冠词a,常用于“It is/was a pity...”结构,其后可接动词不定式,也可接that从句。在口语中that可以省略, that从句中有时可用虚拟语气。有时还可以把it is省去,直接用pity作为句子的开头。
  3. pity也常用于“What a pity”结构中,其后可接动词不定式或that从句。
  4. pity有时也可用于反语,表示鄙视之情,指鄙视地怜悯那些由于不幸或天生较弱而条件不优越者。
v. (动词)
  1. pity的基本意思是“同情”,即对某人遭受不幸时表示怜悯。有时可用于反语,表示“认为(某人)可鄙”。
  2. pity是及物动词,接名词、代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
pity, compassion, mercy, sympathy
  • 这组词都有“同情”或“可怜”的意思。其区别在于:pity通常只表示内心感到难过或同情,少给予帮助; sympathy指“同情心”或“恻隐之心”,强调共同分担,进而对某种经历或遭遇引起共鸣; compassion指“同情心”,强调由于理解而同情,并主动给予帮助,常常指通过自身痛苦或不幸而同情别人; mercy指“仁慈”或“怜悯”,含有主动救助别人脱离苦难之义。例如:
  • It is a pity that such an ability as him should be employed about such trifle matters.真可惜,像他这样有才能的人竟然被用来做这类琐事。
  • Her own experiences had taught her to have compassion for misunderstood children.她自身的遭遇使她认识到应对那些受到误解的孩子予以同情。
  • The criminal pleaded with the jury for mercy.犯人恳求陪审团宽恕他。
  • He was moved with sympathy.他动了恻隐之心。
  • 常见错误

    n. (名词)
      她对穷人总是抱着同情心。

      She is always filled with a pity for poor people.

      She is always filled with pity for poor people.

      你们不能接受我的邀请,真是遗憾。

      It's pity that you can't accept my invitation.

      It's a pity that you can't accept my invitation.

      真可惜,你当时没和我们在一起!

      What pity you were not with us!

      What a pity you were not with us!

      pity是抽象名词,前面一般不加a。但当表示“可惜的事,憾事”或用于感叹句等特殊句型时,前面应该加a。

      他怜悯那只无家可归的动物。

      He took a pity on the homeless animal.

      He took pity on the homeless animal.

      have〔take〕 pity on是固定短语, pity 前无冠词。

      这个女孩多可怜!

      What a pity girl she was!

      What a piteous girl she was!

      pity一般不修饰名词作定语,须改用其同根形容词piteous。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的pitet,意为怜悯;最初源自拉丁语的pietatem,意为虔诚。
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