mistake

  核心词汇  
[mɪ'steɪk]     [mɪ'steɪk]    
  • n.错误;误会;过失
  • v.误解;弄错
mistaker mistook mistaken mistaking mistakes
new

mistake是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 错误,谬误
  2. 误会,误解
  3. 过失,失策,失误
  4. 恶果
  5. 误差
  6. 笔误,口误
  7. 准确无误,毫无疑问
v.(动词)
  1. 误解,误会,领会错,理解错
  2. 犯错,看错,搞错,挑选错,弄错
  3. 想错,估计错,打错算盘
  4. 把…误认为,把…错当成
  5. 误认,把…认错
  6. 认不出
  7. 解释错
  8. 判断错

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]错误,过失,失策 thing done incorrectly through ignorance or wrong judgement; error
  2. [C]误解,误会 wrong idea or opinion; misconception
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 弄错; 误解 make a mistake; make an error about; understand wrongly
  2. vt. 认不出 not recognize

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
mistake : 错误, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
mistake : 错误, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention;

    "he made a bad mistake"
    "she was quick to point out my errors"
    "I could understand his English in spite of his grammatical faults"

  2. an understanding of something that is not correct;

    "he wasn't going to admit his mistake"
    "make no mistake about his intentions"
    "there must be some misunderstanding--I don't have a sister"

  3. part of a statement that is not correct;

    "the book was full of errors"

Verb:
  1. identify incorrectly;

    "Don't mistake her for her twin sister"

  2. to make a mistake or be incorrect

mistake的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. His costly mistake resulted in severe loss.
    他的严重的错误导致了重大的损失。
  2. You've made several grammatical mistakes in the composition.
    你的作文中犯了几处语法错误。
  3. Tom must have taken your dictionary by mistake.
    汤姆一定是弄错了才拿了你的字典。
  4. He felt mortified for his mistake.
    他对自己的过失深感羞愧。
  5. That mistake has undone all our previous good work.
    那个过错使我们前功尽弃。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. You mistook my meaning entirely.
    你完全误解了我的意思。
  2. I mistook the number and went to the wrong room.
    我记错了号码,走错了房间。
  3. Mother looks so young that people often mistake her for my sister.
    母亲看上去非常年轻,人们经常把她误认为是我的姐姐。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. My mistake won't be discovered as long as nobody tells on me.
    只要没人告发我,我的错误不会被发现。
  2. Mistakes abound on every page.
    每页上都有大量错误。
  3. No mistakes could arise.
    不会出任何差错的。
  4. These little mistakes can't be avoided.
    这些小差错是免不了的。
  5. It was a curious mistake that I couldn't understand.
    这是一个我无法理解的奇怪的错误。
  6. I agreed that it was a mistake.
    我承认这是一个错误。
  7. The students are cautious not to make any mistake in spelling.
    学生们在拼写时非常小心。
  8. I deeply regret the mistake.
    我为自己的这个错误深感后悔。
  9. We all make mistakes.
    人都会犯错误。
  10. How can we cover up our mistakes?
    我们怎样才能把我们的错误掩盖起来呢?
  11. I had to overcome the temptation to laugh at his mistakes.
    对他的错误,我强忍着没笑出来。
  12. The European countries have learned from their mistakes.
    欧洲国家已从自己的错误中吸取了教训。
  13. There must be some mistake!
    你们不能逮捕我!一定是哪儿弄错了!
  14. I made a mistake about the time.
    我把时间搞错了。
  15. I made a bad mistake in spending all the money at once.
    我犯了个严重错误,把所有的钱一下子都花光了。
  16. The teacher found several spelling mistakes in the pupils' written answers.
    老师在学生们的书面答案中发现了好几处拼写错误。
  17. You made three mistakes in grammar tonight.
    你今晚犯了3个语法错误。
  18. The waiter made a mistake over the bill.
    侍者把账单弄错了。
  19. It was a mistake to tell him.
    告诉他是个错误。
  20. It would be a mistake to assume we've heard the last of this issue.
    认为我们不需要再讨论这一问题那会是一个错误。
  21. It's a mistake to lay too much emphasis on grades.
    过分强调分数是错的。
  22. I think it was a mistake telling him about our plans.
    我觉得把计划告诉他是个错误。
~+of v -ing
  1. We made the mistake of leaving our bedroom window open last night.
    我们昨天晚上不该让卧室窗户开着。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He mistook the date, and arrived two days early.
    他弄错了日期,早到了两天。
  2. We've mistaken the house.
    我们走错了屋子。
  3. I mistook the direction.
    我搞错方向了。
  4. Don't mistake him, if he says he'll help you, he'll do so.
    不要误解他; 如果他说他将帮助你,那他会这样做的。
  5. She mistook my meaning entirely.
    她完全误会了我的意思。
  6. They completely mistook his reasons for doing it.
    他们完全误解了他做这件事的原因。
  7. They mistake their man if they think they can frighten him.
    如果他们认为可以把他吓倒,那是认错人了。
  8. You can't mistake his car in the busiest streets; he's painted it bright red.
    你在最繁忙的街上不会认错他的车,他把它漆成了鲜红色。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. He said so, if I am not mistaken.
    如果我没弄错的话,他就是这么说的。
  11. He is the right man to do it, if I am not mistaken.
    要是我没有弄错的话,他就是做那件事的合适人选。
  12. I thought I heard the telephone but I was mistaken.
    我以为听到了电话铃声,可是我听错了。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. I mistook what he said.
    我误解了他说的话。
  2. You must have mistaken what I said.
    你一定是误解了我的话。
  3. His tones underlined his meaning so that no one could mistake what he meant.
    他的语气使得他的意思很突出,以致没人能误解他的意思。
  4. I think you are mistaking how far the responsibility goes.
    我想你还没有明确你的责任范围。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
by mistake
  1. 错误地 as a result of carelessness, forgetfulness, etc.; in error

    I took his umbrella by mistake. 我错拿了他的雨伞。

    I took your bag instead of mine by mistake. 我没有拿自己的包而错拿了你的。

in mistake for
  1. 错当成 thinking wrongly that sth is sth else

    I took someone else's umbrella in mistake for my own. 我错把别人的伞当作我自己的拿走了。

make no mistake (about)
  1. 〈口〉别误会; 别误解 do not be misled into thinking otherwise

    Now make no mistake! 别弄错我的意思!

    She seems very quiet, but make no mistake about it, she has a terrible temper! 她看起来很文静,但请不要有半点怀疑,她的脾气很坏。

  2. 完全可以肯定 it is quite certain; there can be no doubt about it

    If you don't improve your behaviour, you'll be punished, make no mistake about it. 如果你不改邪归正,你将受到惩罚。这是完全可以肯定的。

    Make no mistake about it, he is the biggest fool I've met. 毫无疑问,他是我所见的最大的傻瓜。

用作动词 (v.)
If I mistake not
  1. 如果我没弄错的话 if I don't make a mistake

    If I mistake not,I'll do it like that. 如果我没弄错的话,我就那样做。

    If I mistake not, tomorrow is your birthday. 如果我没有记错的话,明天便是你的生日。

    If I mistake not, they left for London two days ago. 如果我没有记错的话,他们两天前就动身去伦敦了。

mistake about〔in〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 弄错,看错 have the wrong idea about〔in〕 (sb/sth) be mistaken about〔in〕 sb/sth/v-ing

    How could she have been mistaken about a thing like that?像那样的事情她竟然会搞错?

    I am sorry,I was mistaken about you.对不起,我错怪你了。

    I was mistaken about her age.我弄错她的年龄了。

    She's mistaken about the name of the hotel.她把这家旅馆的名字搞错了。

    You are mistaken in that.你误会那事了。

    You were mistaken in assuming it.你这样臆断是错了。

mistake for (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…错认为,错把…当作 think wrongly that sb/sth is sb/sth else mistake sb/sth for sb/sth

    Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for sb else.无疑你是认错人了。

    Because they are very much alike people are always mistaking him for his twin brother.因为他们长得非常相像,人们总把他错认为是他的孪生兄弟。

    They mistook me for the manager.他们错把我当成经理了。

    She mistook him for the professor.她把他错当作教授了。

    They mistook that stick for a snake.他们把这根手杖误当成了一条蛇。

    I mistook the house for a hotel.我把这栋房子错当作旅馆了。

    Tyrants often mistake fear for respect.暴君常常错把恐惧当尊敬。

    You mustn't mistake lack of formal education for lack of wisdom.你绝不能误认为没有受到正规教育就是没有学问。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    She is often mistaken for her twin sister.她常被人当作是她的孪生姐妹。

    He was mistaken for a leader.他被误认为是领导人。

    I was mistaken for a spy.我被人错当成间谍。

    He was mistaken for an enemy scout and badly wounded.他被误认为敌人的侦察兵,受了重伤。

There be no mistaking...
  1. 绝不可能搞错… there is no possibility of being about sb/sth

    There's no mistaking his car. 他的汽车不可能被认错。

    There is no mistaking the fact. 事实一清二楚。

    There's no mistaking his real motive. 他的真正动机不可能被误解。

    There is no mistaking his sincerity. 没有人不会承认他的真诚。

    There's no mistaking what ought to be done. 应该干什么,那是再清楚不过的。

    There could be no mistaking what he had come for. 他前来的目的一清二楚。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • It is a great mistake to think that a building looks better for being empty.

    出自:J. T. Micklethwaite
  • I..was worried to find silly mistakes creeping into my calculations, mistakes like writing down a number wrongly.

    出自:F. Chichester
  • When blind ambition quite mistakes her road.

    出自:E. Young

mistake的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. mistake的基本意思是“错误,过失”,词义笼统,使用广泛,可指没有做对或做得不好的事物,也可指错误的想法或见解,还可指“误解”或“误会”。mistake多由认识或判断上的错误或粗心、遗忘所致。常用于语法、词汇、拼写、计算、行为、决策等。
  2. mistake后可接介词短语、动词不定式、现在分词作定语。接about表示“关于…的错误”,接in表示“某方面的错误”。
  3. “犯错误”不说do a mistake,而说make a mistake; “错误地”不说for mistake,而说by mistake。
v.(动词)
  1. mistake的基本意思是把某人〔事物〕给“弄错”了,也可作“认不出”解,引申可表示“误解”“歪曲”了某人的意思或意图。
  2. mistake既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词或以疑问词引导的从句作宾语。
  3. mistake后接about或in可表示“弄错”“看错”,接for可表示“错看成”“错认为”。
  4. mistake还常用于There be no mistaking ... 句式中,意为“不会看〔听〕不出来…”,后面可接名词、代词或以疑问词引导的从句。
  5. 构成否定, mistake有时可以不借助do〔does,did〕,如习语If I mistake not,尤其用在口语中。
  6. mistake是take衍生的反义词,可是,有时却可以通用。例如:

    He mistook me for my brother.他把我错当成我的兄弟了。When he saw me this morning, he tookme for my brother.他今天早晨碰见我时,他把我错当成我的兄弟了。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
mistake, error, fault, flaw
这四个词都有“缺点,错误”的意思。其区别是:
1.fault, flaw主要指“毛病,缺点”; mistake, error主要指“错误”。
2.fault多指性格、心智状态、情绪、行为或习惯中的“缺点”。例如:
The dean demands perfection in others, but cannot see faults in himself.系主任要求别人完美无缺,却看不到自己的缺点。
3.error可指任何错误,也可指笔误,印刷上或计算上的错误。例如:
Please pardon any error that you may discover in my letter.请原谅在我的信中你发现的一些错误。
This book contains a lot of printer's errors.这本书有很多印刷错误。
4.mistake指判断或理解方面的错误,或是由于缺乏思考或疏忽而造成的错误。例如:
I used your ink by mistake.我用错了你的墨水。
He made some spelling mistakes in his test paper.在考试试卷中,他犯了拼写错误。
下面两个句子的意思相同:
  • It was a mistake to appoint her.
  • It was a mistake appointing her.
  • 任命她是一种错误。
v.(动词)
mistake, confound, confuse
这三个词的共同意思是“混淆”。它们之间的区别是:mistake强调产生进一步的后果或作出进一步的动作; confuse指由于未能区别两种类似的或有共同特点的事物而产生混淆; confound则通常强调由于思维混乱或愚笨而产生概念不清。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我们出了很多错。

    We have done many mistakes.

    We have made many mistakes.

    We have committed many mistakes.

    表示“犯错误,做错”,不用do与mistake搭配,而可用make或commit。

  2. 我错拿了他的书包。

    I took his bag for mistake.

    I took his bag by mistake.

    by mistake的意思是“错误地”,其中的介词by不可换成其他的介词。

  3. 他在这篇作文里犯了许多拼写错误。

    He made many mistakes on spelling in the composition.

    He made many mistakes in spelling in the composition.

    说“某方面的错误”用介词in,而不用介词on。

v.(动词)
  1. 他们俩长得很像,常常被人认错。

    They are so alike that one is often mistaken as the other.

    They are so alike that one is often mistaken for the other.

    表示“错把…当作…”“误认为”时, mistake要与介词for搭配,而不与as搭配。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期进英入语,直接源自古北欧语的mistaka,意为错误,小产。

mistake的相关资料:

正版词典

mistake : 错误,过失 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】
  • v.(动词) take 

互动百科

  • mistake:mistake n. 错误, 过失v. 弄错, 误解, 把...误认为习惯用语and no mistake (强调上面所述)无疑地, 的的确确by mistake 错误地He who makes no…

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