instead

  核心词汇  
[ɪn'sted]     [ɪn'sted]    
  • adv.代替;反而
new

instead是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 代替
  2. 反而
  3. 顶替
  4. (作为)替代
  5. 取而代之
  6. 相反
  7. 然而
  8. 这样
  9. 因此
  10. 不料
  11. 作为…的替换
  12. 改为
  13. 抵作
  14. 更换

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 代替; 顶替 in place of that

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
instead : 代替, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adverb:
  1. in place of, or as an alternative to;

    "Felix became a herpetologist instead"
    "alternatively we could buy a used car"

  2. on the contrary;

    "rather than disappoint the children, he did two quick tricks before he left"
    "he didn't call; rather (or instead), he wrote her a letter"
    "used English terms instead of Latin ones"

instead的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. I gave him advice instead of money.
    我给了他忠告,而不是钱。
  2. I made this cake specially, with brown sugar instead of white.
    我特别地以红糖代替白糖做了这个蛋糕。
  3. We shouldn't look down upon them, instead we should try to help them and take more care of them.
    我们不仅不该歧视他们,反而更要多帮助、照顾他们。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. Instead, he did experiments to test and prove an idea before he was ready to accept it.
    相反,他在准备接受一种观念之前,总是进行试验,进行验证。
  2. Mike doesn't study at all.Instead, he sits idle all day.
    迈克根本不肯读书,相反地,他终日游手好闲。
  3. She stayed home, and her sister went riding instead.
    她留在家里,而她的妹妹骑车去了。
  4. I gave up my epic and wrote this little tale instead.
    我放弃了写叙事诗,而写了这个小故事。
  5. If you can't go,I will go instead.
    如果你不能去,我替你去。
  6. If Henry is not well enough to go with you, take me instead.
    如果哈利不舒服不能跟你去,那就带我去吧。
  7. Mr. Black was ill, so she was taking his class instead.
    布莱克先生生病了,因此她在代他的课。
  8. The water here is not good, so I'm drinking beer instead.
    此地的水不好,所以我改喝啤酒。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
instead of
  1. (用…)代替…,(是…)而不是…,(用…)而不用… in place of instead of sb/sth/adj.

    They use cotton instead of silk.他们用棉花代替丝绸。

    Give me this instead of that.给我这个,不要那个。

    Taking exercise every day makes him look younger instead of older.每天锻炼身体使他看起来更年轻,而不是更衰老。

    instead of to-v

    I went to borrow this book instead of to buy it.我去借这本书,而不是去买它。

    We went to the Biology class instead of to attend the English lesson.我们去上生物课,而不去上英语课。

    instead of v-ing

    When one has something to say, it's best to come to the point directly instead of talking in a round-about way.一个人有话要说的时候,最好是直截了当地说出来,而不要转弯抹角。

    The herdsmen are living a settled life instead of roaming from place to place in search of water and grass.牧民们过着定居的生活,不再为了找水草而到处游牧。

    The wheels turned quickly, but instead of going forward the bus slid into a drift four feet high.车轮转得很快,但是车子不是向前走,而是滑进了一个四英尺高的雪堆。

    instead of prep.-phrase

    We shall have tea in the garden instead of in the house.我们将在花园里用茶,而不在室内用。

    They went there by bike instead of by bus.他们没乘汽车而是骑自行车去的。

    Some people refer all the troubles to bad luck instead of to lack of ability.有些人把自己所有的麻烦都归咎于运气不佳,而不认为是缺乏能力。

词汇搭配

用作副词 (adv.)
动词+~

经典引文

  • I found it on the floor instead of in the drawer.

    出自:Oxford English Dictionary
  • He had whisky instead of blood running through his body.

    出自:D. Abse
  • Instead of taking you to the station, I should have driven you straight home.

    出自:J. Krantz

instead的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. instead一般与of连用作为介词词组,后面可接名词和代词意外的词,如形容词,副词,动词和介词。

    Things are now better instead of worse.
    He walks slowly instead of quickly.
    That increased instead of decreased our anxiety.

  2. 注意instead of和without的区别,两者不要混用。一般情况下,用人,事,行为去代替另外的人,事,或行为时,用instead of。表示人,事,行为不和其他的一起时,用without。

    I'll have tea instead of coffee, please.
    我要喝茶而不是咖啡,谢谢。

    She often goes swimming without telling her mother.
    她经常没有告诉于她妈妈就去游泳了。

  3. instead 可以是形容词,一般放于句首或句尾。

    Don't marry Mary. Marry me instead.
    不要和玛丽结婚,和我结婚吧。

adv.(副词)
  1. instead是副词,只能单独使用。基本意思是“代替”,可依据上下文灵活翻译,有时甚至干脆不译。
  2. instead可位于句首,连接上下句。通常是上句先否定一种情况,再以instead引出下句,提出相反的情况。
  3. instead也可位于句末,可用于两个独立的句子,也可用于并列句的后一句中,还可用于带有状语从句的主句中,这时常译为“反之”,“相反”。
  4. instead of是短语介词,其后可接名词、代词、动名词,有时也可接形容词、动词不定式、介词短语等。instead of前后两部分的意思一般是一正一反,可灵活译为“(用…)代替…”“(是…)而不是…”“并非”“反而”等。
  5. 一般认为动词不定式和形容词不能作介词宾语,所以可以把“instead of+ adj. /to- v ”看作是of之后省略了being或其他 v -ing形式的动词。例如:He walks slowly instead of (walking) quickly.他走路缓慢,而不快速。Why don't we stay home and watch television instead of (being) to go to the cinema?我们为什么不呆在家里看电视而去看电影呢?

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
instead of, in place of
这两个短语都有“代替”的意思。其区别在于:in place of表示某一人或事物代替另一人或事物,其后接被代替的对象,一般是名词或名词的同等成分; instead of的含义是“某一人或事物,而不是另一人或事物”,所以常有否定后面成分的意思。例如:
The Chinese use chopsticks in place of forks and knives中国人吃饭用筷子,而不用刀叉。
That increased instead of decreased our courage.那不但没有减弱我们的勇气,反而增强了我们的勇气。
instead, instead of
两者的共同意思是“代替”,含有“用前者而不用后者”的意味。仅在于instead是副词, instead of是复合介词。

常见错误

adv.(副词)
  1. 我们可以用这个代替肥皂。

    We may use this instead soap.

    We may use this instead of soap.

  2. 我要这本书而不要那本。

    I will take this book instead that one.

    I will take this book instead of that one.

    I will not take that book. Instead I'll take this one.

    instead是副词,后面不能直接跟宾语, instead of是复合介词,后面可跟名词、代词、动名词等作宾语,表示“代替…”。

  3. 我们将乘车,而不是骑车去市里。

    We shall go downtown by bus instead by bicycle.

    We shall go downtown by bus instead of by bicycle.

    连接两项不同的选择时,应该说...instead of...(不是…而是…)。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:i stayed in bed all day instead to go to work.

    纠正:i stayed in bed all day instead of going to work.

    翻译:我在床上躺了一整天,没有去上班。

    分析:instead不单独作介词,常以instead of形式出现,后加动名词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 16世纪90年代进入英语,直接源自中世纪英语的ine stdee。

instead的相关资料:

正版词典

instead : 代替,作为 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • instead:instead adv. 代替, 改为, 抵作, 更换习惯用语instead of 代替; 而不是; 不...而...…

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