gun

  基本词汇  
[ɡʌn]     [ɡʌn]    
  • n.枪;炮;节流阀
  • vt.枪击;打开节流阀
  • vi.用枪打猎
gunned gunned gunning guns
new

gun是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 枪,炮
  2. 枪状物
  3. 喷射器
  4. <美俚>小偷,扒手,持枪歹徒,职业杀手
  5. <美口>神枪手
  6. (信号枪、礼炮等的)鸣放,<喻>信号
  7. (发动机的)油门,风门
  8. <美俚>毒品注射器
v.(动词)
  1. 用枪射击,开枪,用枪打猎
  2. <美口>加大油门,加速
  3. 伺机指责某人
  4. 竭力谋求

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]枪,炮 a weapon from which bullets are fired through a metal tube
  2. [S]起跑信号,发令枪声 signal to begin a race, given with a starting pistol
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 开枪,开炮 shoot sb or fire the gun
  2. vt. & vi. 加大油门 step heavily on the accelerator

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
gun : 枪, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
gun : 枪, 炮, 喷 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
gun : 枪, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a weapon that discharges a missile at high velocity (especially from a metal tube or barrel)

  2. large but transportable armament

  3. a person who shoots a gun (as regards their ability)

  4. a professional killer who uses a gun

  5. a hand-operated pump that resembles a revolver; forces grease into parts of a machine

  6. a pedal that controls the throttle valve;

    "he stepped on the gas"

  7. the discharge of a firearm as signal or as a salute in military ceremonies;

    "two runners started before the gun"
    "a twenty gun salute"

Verb:
  1. shoot with a gun

gun的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He was clubbed to death with a butt of a gun.
    他是被人用枪托殴打致死的。
  2. It's illegal to carry guns in our country.
    在我们国家,携带枪支是违法的。
  3. The soldier saw a gun jutting out from a bush.
    那士兵看见一支枪从矮树丛伸出来。
  4. The gun has an elevation of 45 degrees.
    这门炮的仰角为45度。
  5. Two soldiers dismounted the gun from the base.
    两个战士把炮从底座上卸下来。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I saw them gun down innocent women and children.
    我看到他们枪杀无辜的妇女和儿童。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Guns are forbidden in China.
    中国禁用枪。
  2. Rifles,pistols,revolvers and cannons are guns.
    步枪、手枪、左轮手枪以及大炮都是枪炮。
  3. He shot a wolf with his gun.
    他用枪打死了一只狼。
  4. The guns destroyed the enemy's position.
    大炮摧毁了敌人的阵地。
  5. They painted the wall with a spray gun.
    他们用喷枪给墙喷漆。
  6. Wait for the gun!
    等着发令枪响。
  7. He hired a gun.
    他雇了一名枪手。
  8. He is the criminal who used a gun to rob people.
    他就是那个持枪抢劫的罪犯。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The driver gunned away home.
    司机加大油门驱车回家。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The pilot of the airplane gunned his engine for a sharp climb.
    飞行员加大油门使飞机急剧爬升。
  2. Two white-helmeted officers gunned their engines into life.
    两名戴着白色头盔的军官一下子把发动机发动起来。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a big〔great〕 gun
  1. 大人物,要人 important person

    Several big guns from the headquarters are coming to see us today. 总部的几个大人物今天要来看我们。

draw a gun on
  1. 以枪威胁某人 use a gun to threaten sb

    I wasn't going to give him the money, but he drew a gun on me, so I had no choice. 我不想给他那笔钱,可是他用枪威胁我,于是我无可选择了。

stick to〔stand by〕 one's guns
  1. 坚持自己的意见 refuse to change one's opinions

    It should be an interesting argument, as both politicians are known for sticking to their guns, and neither is likely to give way to the other. 这次辩论一定很有意思,因为两位政治家都以坚持己见闻名,谁都不大可能向对方让步。

    At first the boss would not give Mary the raise in pay she wanted, but she stood by her guns and he gave it to her. 一开始老板不想按玛丽的要求给她加薪,但她坚持不让,于是老板就让步了。

under the gun(s)
  1. 全速 at full speed

    They were working under the gun to get the bridge repaired before the rainy season set in. 他们全力以赴,以便在雨季到来之前把桥修复。

用作动词 (v.)
gun down (v.+adv.)
  1. 用枪击伤,枪杀 shoot, kill or wound (sb) with a gun, especially without pity gun sb/sth ⇔ down

    The criminal gunned the policeman down and escaped.罪犯枪伤了警察,逃走了。

    The Japanese troops gunned down countless numbers of innocent Chinese when they invaded China.日本军队侵略中国后,枪杀了无数无辜的中国人。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The guard was gunned down.卫兵被枪杀了。

gun for (v.+prep.)
  1. 搜寻(某人) try to search (sb)

    Keep hidden, because they'll be gunning for you. 好好藏着,他们会搜寻你的。

  2. 伺机加害 try to find reasons for attacking or harming (sb)

    I advise you to be very careful over the next several weeks,old Sanders is gunning for you. 我劝你今后几周里要特别小心,老桑德斯正在伺机害你。

    Ever since I proved he'd made a mistake in the report the boss has been gunning for me, trying to get me dismissed. 自从我证实了上司的报告有误后,他一直伺机报复,设法要把我解雇。

  3. 追求,竭力谋求 try to seek sth

    He went gunning for rabbits. 他打兔子去了。

    They are gunning for support. 他们在寻求援助。

    He is gunning for a rise. 他在想方设法升职。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
  • gun for 用枪搜索捕杀,寻求,争取,伺机加害

经典引文

  • They had two camel guns, small cannons which could be..fired from the backs of camels.

    出自:J. G. Farrell
  • Police 'gunned down innocent man by mistake.'

    出自:Times

gun的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. gun一般用作可数名词,是“枪,炮”的总称,主要指小型枪炮,还可表示“任何类似枪或炮的物体”。gun的复数形式可泛指“枪”。
  2. the gun表示用发令枪发出的起跑信号、发令枪声,作此解时,一般用单数形式。
  3. gun在英国口语里有时还可指“带枪的人〔手〕”,在美国俚语中可指“持枪歹徒,扒手”。
  4. 在英国用法及美国传统用法中, gun不指“手枪”,而是指各种“枪炮”“武器”,以及狩猎队中持枪的“猎手”。在现代英语中, gun往往泛指“手枪”。
v.(动词)
  1. gun的基本意思是“开枪”“开炮”“射击”,常与down,for等词连用。还可表示“枪杀,用枪射击”“开大油门”等。
  2. gun可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
gun, artillery, cannon
这组词都有“枪炮”“火炮”的意思。其区别是:
gun指小型枪炮或其他枪状物、喷射器等; cannon指比较大型的、火力较猛的“大炮”“火炮”“加农炮”“榴弹炮”或战斗机上的“机关炮”; artillery是所有火炮,大炮的总称。例如:
The gun sounded and the race began.信号枪一响,赛跑就开始了。
The soldiers fired the cannon.士兵们发射大炮。
They got an antiaircraft artillery from their enemy.他们从敌人那里缴获一门高射炮。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 他枪杀了他的妹妹。

    He shot his sister by a gun.

    He shot his sister with a gun.

    gun是“枪杀”的工具,其前应用介词with,不可以用by。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古英语go的bbukde,意为枪,炮。

gun的相关资料:

正版词典

gun : 枪;炮,枪 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

gun的相关缩略词,共有11

互动百科

  • gun:gun n. 炮, 枪, 手枪, 油门vi. 用枪射击, 用枪打猎, 加大油门快速前进vt. 向...开枪, 开大(引擎、汽车)的油门习惯用语a big gun [俚]大人物, 高级军官a great…

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