dictate

  常用词汇  
[dɪk'teɪt]     ['dɪkteɪt]    
  • vi. 听写
  • vt. 口授;规定;决定,影响
  • n. 命令,支配,主宰;指挥;指令
dictated dictated dictating dictates
new

dictate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 命令
  2. 规定
  3. 支配
  4. 指挥
  5. 指令
  6. 意旨
  7. 吩咐
  8. 法律
  9. 要求
v. (动词)
  1. 指定
  2. 命令
  3. 规定
  4. 要求
  5. 笔录
  6. 控制
  7. 指挥
  8. 作主
  9. 确定
  10. 说明
  11. 口授
  12. 口述
  13. (使)听写
  14. 强行规定
  15. 指使
  16. 大声讲或读
  17. 支配
  18. 摆布
  19. 决定
  20. 任意指使某人
  21. 向某人发号施令
  22. 指示
  23. 指令
  24. 责令

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 大声讲或读; 口授 say or read aloud (words to be written down by another or others)
  2. vt. & vi. 指示; 指定; 指令 state with the force of authority; command; decree; prescribe
n. (名词)
  1. [P]命令,规定,要求 an order which should be obeyed

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an authoritative rule

  2. a guiding principle;

    "the dictates of reason"

Verb:
  1. issue commands or orders for

  2. say out loud for the purpose of recording;

    "He dictated a report to his secretary"

  3. rule as a dictator

dictate的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The teacher dictated a passage to the class.
    老师给全班同学听写一段文章。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. He was dictating a letter to his secretary.
    他在向秘书口授信稿。
  2. He can't write but he can dictate.
    他不会写但会说。
  3. Businessmen often dictate their letters.
    商人常口授信稿令人笔录。
  4. You can't dictate to people how they should live.
    不能强行规定人们应该怎样生活。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. If I had the dictatorial power in a dictatorship, I will dictate those IT be kept in detention for appearing too pretentious.
    我假如拥有独裁政治的专断权,我会命令把她关起来,罪名是外表炫耀做作。
  2. Don't dictate to me to do that.
    别命令我去做那件事。
  3. It belongs to me to dictate to them.
    我有指挥他们的权责。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The teacher was dictating.
    老师在进行听写。
  2. He cannot write but he can dictate.
    他不会写,但可以口述。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She dictated the matter.
    她口述了这件事。
  2. It took him a long time to dictate this letter.
    口述这封信花了他很长时间。
  3. Businessmen often dictate their letters.
    商人常口授信稿令人笔录。
  4. The victorious nation dictated the conditions of peace.
    战胜国提出了和平条件。
  5. We're now in a position to dictate our own demands.
    现在,我们有资格提出我们的要求。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. They dictated how everything should be done.
    他们专横地规定各种事物应如何处理。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He always follows the dictates of common sense.
    他总是按常识行事。
  2. He seldom yielded to the dictates of the heart.
    他难得按心愿办事。
  3. She always obeys the dictates of fashion.
    她总是按流行式样更换服饰。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
dictate to (v.+prep.)
    依仗权势把…强加于 enforce (sth over which one has power) on
    dictate to sb

    How fast do you dictate to your secretary?

    你向你的秘书口述的速度有多快?

    Don't go home yet,I have three letters to dictate to you.

    先不要回家,我有三封信向你口述。

    dictate sth to sb

    He dictated a letter to his secretary.

    他向秘书口授信稿。

    The teacher dictated a passage to the class.

    老师让全班同学听写这篇文章。

    dictate to sb

    That boy always tries to dictate to his friends when they play together.

    那男孩和朋友一起玩耍时总想支配他们。

    Don't try to dictate to children, they will obey you better if you ask them politely.

    不要对孩子们发号施令,你如果礼貌地要求他们,他们会更听话的。

    No person of a strong character likes to be dictated to.

    没有一个个性强的人愿受人使唤。

    He refused to be dictated to.

    他不想受别人的支配。

    dictate to sb/sth

    The unions are hardly in a position to dictate to the Labour Party.

    联盟很难达成一致来支配工党。

    dictate sth to sb/sth

    You should be able to dictate the terms of the agreement to the firm which you are buying.

    你应该能够使你要买下的商行接受协议的条款。

    dictate to sb wh-clause

    The government tried to dictate to people how they should spend their money.

    政府试图将消费方式强加于人民。

    dictate to sb wh-to-v

    No one is going to dictate to me where to live!

    谁也不能命令我非住哪不可!

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I could not receive such dictates without horror.

    出自: S. Johnson
  • Follow the dictates of your heart.

    出自: P. G. Wodehouse
  • The dictates of His Gracious Majesty, King George III.

    出自: V. S. Reid
  • Prudence should have dictated a quiet and withdrawn residence.

    出自: R. Travers

dictate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. dictate的基本意思是大声讲或读,口授,也可用于口头发出权威性的指令,以此来支配或指导他人的行动。
  2. dictate可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。作及物动词时接名词或名词从句作宾语。
  3. dictate常和介词to连用,表示“向…口授”“向…传达命令”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1590年左右进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的dictare,意为口授,笔录。
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