cross

  基本词汇  
[krɒs]     [krɔːs]    
  • v.穿过;交叉;杂交;反对;勾掉;碰见;阻挠
  • n.十字架;十字形;杂交动植物;苦难
  • adj.交叉的;相反的;生气的;杂交的
crossly crosser crossed crossed crossing crosses
new

cross是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 杂交
  2. 使交叉,相交于
  3. 穿过,越过,渡过
  4. 把...运过,把...带过
  5. 画横线于
  6. 反对,阻挠,否定,反驳
  7. 横跨,达到
  8. 在...上打叉,勾销,划掉
  9. 画十字于
  10. 和...相遇而过,错过
  11. <俚>背叛,出卖,欺骗
  12. 被...想到
  13. (足球)横传
  14. <英>在支票上画两条平行线(表示只能在银行转帐)
n.(名词)
  1. 十字架,耶稣的受难像
  2. 十字勋章
  3. 十字形物,十字形记号
  4. 交叉,交叉处,(舞台的)横穿,(笔画中的)一横
  5. 苦难,磨难,挫折,烦恼
  6. (动、植物的)杂交,杂种,混血儿,混合物
  7. (管道的)四通接头
  8. 【电】交扰,短路
  9. <俚>欺骗性比赛,骗局
  10. 克罗斯(音译名)
adj.(形容词)
  1. 交叉的,横贯的
  2. 相互的,交互的
  3. 相反的,逆的,不利的
  4. 易怒的,脾气坏的
  5. 杂交的,杂种的
  6. <俚>不老实的,不正当的
  7. 包括(或处理)多种类别的
  8. (板球球棒)保持倾斜的
adv.(副词)
  1. 交叉地,相交地,相反地,(向)相反方向地,逆
prep.(介词)
  1. =across

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [S]十字架 the frame made of a long vertical piece of wood with a shorter horizontal piece joined to it near the top
  2. [C]十字形饰物 any object, structure, or picture in this shape
  3. [S]画十字的动作 cross-shaped sign made with the right hand as a Christmas religious act
  4. [S]杂交品种; 混合物 animal or plant that is the offspring of different breeds or varieties; mixture of two different things
  5. [U]痛苦,苦难 pain; suffering
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 穿过,越过,渡过 go across; pass from one side to the other side
  2. vt. & vi. 交叉,相交; 错过 intersect; miss
  3. vt. 反对,阻挠; 使受挫折 oppose; be against ; be reversed
adj.(形容词)
  1. 坏脾气的,易怒的 bad-tempered; angry easily
  2. 相反的,反向的 contrary; opposite

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
cross : 十 ...
在 《外教社旅游英语词典》 中查看更多...
cross : 十字勋章, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
cross : 十字勋章, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
cross : 十字, 交叉 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
cross : 十字, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
cross : 杂交 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
cross : 南十 ...
在 《外教社天文学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece

  2. a marking that consists of lines that cross each other

  3. a representation of the structure on which Jesus was crucified; used as an emblem of Christianity or in heraldry

  4. any affliction that causes great suffering;

    "that is his cross to bear"
    "he bears his afflictions like a crown of thorns"

  5. (genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species;

    "a mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey"

  6. (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids

Adjective:
  1. extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis;

    "cross members should be all steel"
    "from the transverse hall the stairway ascends gracefully"
    "transversal vibrations"
    "transverse colon"

  2. annoyed and irritable

Verb:
  1. travel across or pass over;

    "The caravan covered almost 100 miles each day"

  2. meet at a point

  3. hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of;

    "What ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge"
    "foil your opponent"

  4. fold so as to resemble a cross;

    "she crossed her legs"

  5. to cover or extend over an area or time period;

    "Rivers traverse the valley floor"
    "The parking lot spans 3 acres"
    "The novel spans three centuries"

  6. meet and pass;

    "the trains crossed"

  7. trace a line through or across;

    "cross your `t'"

  8. breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties;

    "cross a horse and a donkey"
    "Mendel tried crossbreeding"
    "these species do not interbreed"

cross的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. It's very dangerous for children to cross the busy street.
    对孩子们来说,穿过车来车往的街道很危险。
  2. Meet me at the point where the two paths cross.
    我们在那两条路的交叉点见面吧。
  3. The experts in the zoo tried to cross a leopard with a lion.
    动物园里的专家们试图使豹与狮子杂交。
  4. He crosses me in everything.
    他处处与我作对。
  5. We can cross his name off the list as he's not coming.
    他既然不来了,我们可以把他的名字从名单中划掉。
  6. My mother crossed an acquaintance on the street.
    我妈妈在街上遇到一个熟人。
  7. He has been crossed in his plans.
    他的计划遭到阻碍。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. She wore a small silver cross on a chain round her neck.
    她脖子上戴著项链,上面挂着个小的银制十字架。
  2. If you can't sign your name, make a cross instead.
    你如果不会签名,画一个十字也可以。
  3. You must bear the cross of your disability.
    你必须忍受你身体残障的苦难。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. There was an accident yesterday at the cross part of three roads.
    昨天,在三条路的交叉路段,发生了一起事故。
  2. Finally, it turned out to be a result cross to our purpose.
    最终的结果竟与我们的目的相反。
  3. He was very cross because his roommate took his umbrella without getting his permission.
    他非常生气,因为他的室友未经同意就把他的伞拿走了。
  4. A mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey.
    骡是马和驴杂交的产物。
  5. Studies on Generic Cross between Solanum lycopersicoides and Lyco-persi con sp.
    类番茄茄与番茄属间有性杂交的研究。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Jesus died on the cross.
    耶稣死在十字架上。
  2. Kehr wore a tiny golden cross.
    凯尔佩挂着一枚小小的金十字架。
  3. They mark them with a red cross.
    他们用一个红十字标出它们。
  4. There is a wooden cross on his grave.
    在他的坟头上有一个木头十字架。
  5. He was awarded a cross for gallantry in combat.
    他由于在战斗中表现英勇而被授予一枚十字勋章。
  6. I could not write my name, so I make the sign of the cross.
    我不会写我的名字,就画了一个十字。
  7. The reader has to indicate, with a cross or a tick, the answer.
    读者必须打叉或打钩标出答案。
  8. Mother told me to cut the cloth on the cross.
    妈妈叫我把布对角剪开。
  9. A mule is a cross between a mare and a donkey.
    骡子是雌马和驴生出的杂种。
  10. The drink tasted like a cross between coffee and hot chocolate.
    这饮料喝起来像是咖啡和巧克力的混合物。
  11. This play is a cross between farce and tragedy.
    这是一部把闹剧和悲剧结合为一体的戏。
  12. We all have our cross,I suppose.
    我想我们大家都有苦难。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. I'll meet you where the roads cross.
    我将在十字路口和你见面。
  2. The roads cross at the People's Square.
    这两条路在人民广场交叉。
  3. They crossed from England to France.
    他们从英国渡过海峡到法国去。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We have to cross the railway line by the foot bridge.
    我们不得不从人行桥上越过铁路线。
  2. The bridge crosses the river at its narrowest point.
    桥在河面最窄处横跨而过。
  3. Line A crosses line B at right angles.A
    线与B线成直角相交。
  4. If I cross his path,I'll tell him to return the book.
    如果我碰见他,我要叫他还书。
  5. We crossed each other on the way.
    我们在途中错过去了。
  6. Cross me and you'll regret it.
    和我作对,你会后悔的。
  7. He becomes very angry if anyone crosses him.
    如果有谁反对他,他就会很生气。
  8. He crossed me in everything.
    他事事同我作对。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. The river is crossed by a bridge.
    河上架着一座桥。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The cross and hungry children came in.
    又气又饿的孩子们走了进来。
  2. She gave me a cross look.
    她瞪了我一眼。
  3. The strong cross wind makes it difficult for our boat to leave harbour.
    逆风很强,刮得我们的船无法离港。
用作表语 S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. I'm sorry I was cross at you yesterday.
    对不起,我昨天对你态度不好。
  2. It's no good getting cross at her.
    跟她发火没有用。
  3. Mother was really cross with me when I broke the window.
    我把窗子打破时,妈妈真的生气了。
  4. For goodness' sake, don't go near her, she's as cross as too sticks.
    看在老天爷面上,别到她身边去,她非常生气。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
cross off1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 划掉 remove (sth) by drawing a line through it cross sth ⇔ off

    The teacher crossed off his name from the list.老师从名单上划掉他的名字。

cross off2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 从…中划掉 remove (sth) from sth by drawing a line through it cross sth off sth

    I'll cross your name off the list.我将把你的名字从名单上划掉。

cross out (v.+adv.)
  1. 勾掉,划掉 draw a line through (writing) to remove it cross sth ⇔ out

    Cross out the last four names, they're not members any more.划掉最后四个名字,他们不再是这里的成员了。

    Why did you cross out the last line of your letter?你怎么把信中的最后一行划掉了?

    Cross out the numbers when you hear them.划去你听到的那些数字。

cross over (v.+adv.)
  1. 横〔越〕过(河等); 穿过(道路、屋子等) move across a river, road, room, etc. cross over

    Cross over at the traffic lights, where the road is safe.在交通指挥灯那儿过马路,那儿安全。

    cross over to sth

    He crossed over to the window to see if it was still misty.他走到窗户那儿,看看是不是还有雾霭。

    If we had a boat we could cross over to the island.如果有条船的话,我们就可以越过大海到那个岛上去。

  2. 〈主英〉改变立场 change one's loyalty, especially political cross over

    They crossed over and joined the Opposition.他们改变立场加入了反对党。

    cross over to sb

    The Minister has threatened to cross over to the other side if the government refuses to accept his decision.那位部长威胁说,如果政府拒绝他的决定,他就要改而加入反对派。

cross with (v.+prep.)
  1. 与…一起横〔越〕过(马路等) move across (usually a road) with (sb/sth) cross with sth

    Cross with care at the traffic lights.横穿马路时要留心看交通指挥灯。

    cross sth with sb

    The children must cross the road only with a teacher or parent.孩子们必须和老师或父〔母〕亲一起过马路。

  2. 使…与…杂交 unite (an animal or plant) with (a different kind of animal or plant) to produce a mixed kind of new young or new plant cross sb/sth with sb/sth

    Is it possible to cross a tiger with a lion?能不能让老虎和狮子交配?

    If you cross soft wheat with hard wheat you can produce flour suitable for making bread.如果你把软麦和硬麦杂交,你就可以生产出适于制作面包的面粉。

  3. 与(某人)发生(友好的)争论 start a difference of opinion, often friendly, with (sb) cross swords with sb

    They cross verbal swords with each other.他们彼此唇枪舌剑地交锋。

    A member of the club crossed swords with the boss at the beginning of the meeting.会议刚开始,一位俱乐部成员就与老板争论起来。

cross the Rubicon
  1. 孤注一掷,破釜沉舟 stake all on a single throw; cut off all means of retreat

    I began to steady the palsy of my nerves and to feel that the Rubicon was crossed. 我开始镇定下来,觉得大势已定。

用作形容词 (adj.)
cross to
  1. 与…相反 opposite to

    It was just a result cross to our purpose. 这恰恰是与我们的目的相反的结果。

    I have an idea cross to theirs. 我有一个与他们的主张相反的想法。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
动词+~ 副词+~

经典引文

  • A small opal cross on her ample bosom.

    出自:A. Wilson
  • How many cross issues baffle the parties.

    出自:fig.
  • I have..crossed the t's and dotted the i's.

    出自:Thackeray
  • Hermione..crossed off the days on her calendar.

    出自:E. Bowen

cross的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. cross在英国常指代cross the English Channel,表示为“渡过英吉利海峡到法国去”。

    He crossed to Paris to see his father.
    他度过英吉利海峡到法国巴黎去看他父亲。

n.(名词)
  1. cross用作名词的基本意思是指基督被钉死在上面的“十字架”。引申可表示用作基督徒标记的“十字架模型”以及类似十字架的大多数物体,还可指基督徒用右手画十字的这一动作。cross引申还可表示“杂交品种”“混合物”“痛苦,苦难”等。
  2. cross作“十字架”“画十字的动作”“杂交品种”“混合物”等解时,通常用单数形式。
v.(动词)
  1. cross用作名词时的意思是“十字形”,转化为动词后可表示“画十字,划叉删去”,还可表示“交叉”“横穿,跨越”。引申可表示“反对,阻挠”。
  2. cross既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。cross与oneself连用常指某些基督徒“用手在胸前画十字”。
  3. cross the Rubicon源出古罗马凯撒公元前49年孤注一掷率军渡过卢比孔河与庞贝决战。
adj.(形容词)
  1. cross用作形容词的基本意思是“坏脾气的,易怒的”,一般用于非正式文体。常与介词with〔at〕连用表示“对某人生气”,与about连用表示“对某事感到生气”。cross还可表示“相反的,反向的”,常用于指风的方向; 与介词to连用时,则往往表示与某一抽象事物的方向相反,如思想、观念等。
  2. cross的比较级是crosser,最高级是crossest。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
cross one's heart, cross one's mind, cross oneself
这三个短语的意思不同,短语cross one's heart和cross oneself的意思是“在胸前画十字”,用来表达忠诚、老实,用于本义; 而cross one's mind的意思是“突然想起”,用于比喻义。例如:
The prisoner crossed his heart and said that he was innocent.这个犯人在胸前划了个十字,说自己是无辜的。
She crossed herself as she left the church.她离开教堂时,在自己身上画十字。
It never crossed my mind that he might refuse the request.我从未料到他会拒绝这个要求。
cross, across
across与cross形近义同,但词性不同,前者用作介词或副词,表示一个穿越动作时要与一个实义动词连用; 后者用作动词,可单独表示穿越动作。
across through cross
都可表示“横过”或“穿过”
  • across:across主要表示从某物的表面“横过”,涉及“面”的概念。
  • 我的家在海港的对岸,九龙公园附近。
  • My house is across the harbour,in the vicinity of the Kowloon Park.
  • 他们住在中央广场的对面。
  • They live across the Central Plaza.
  • 老鼠过街,人人喊打。
  • Everyone shouts "kill it" when a rat is seen to run across the street.
  • through:through则表示从某个空间“穿过”,涉及“体”的概念。
  • cross:crossacross和cross在拼写上仅差一字之微,故很易混淆。它们的区别在于词性和使用场合有所不同。across是介词;cross是动词。
  • 他已越过边界进入别国的领土。
  • He has crossed the border into another territory.
  • 在密西西比河的下游许多拱形铁桥横跨河面。
  • Many steel arch bridges cross the Mississippi in its lower reaches.
  • 他们已东渡去日本了。
  • They have crossed over to Japan.

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的cors;最初源自古典拉丁语的crux,意为高而圆的柱子。

cross的相关资料:

正版词典

cross : 十字, 十 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
cross : 穿过,渡过 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

cross的相关缩略词,共有8

互动百科

  • cross:cross n. 十字, 交叉, 十字架, 十字形物adj. 交叉的, 相反的, 乖戾的v. 使交叉, 横过, 勾划, 错过, 反对, 杂交 英英解释:名词cross:1. a wooden stru…

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