cold

  基本词汇  
[kəʊld]     [koʊld]    
  • adj.冷的;寒冷的;冷酷的;冷淡的;冷静的
  • n.寒冷;感冒;伤风
  • adv.完全地;彻底地
coldly colder coldest coldness
new

cold是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 冷的,寒的,冻的;寒冷的
  2. 冷色的,寒色的
  3. 冷酷的;冷淡的
  4. 未热过的,已凉的,冷却的,冰凉的
  5. 冷静的,缺少热情的
  6. 离目标远的;未猜中的
  7. 失去知觉的
  8. 真实的,客观的
  9. 不易发现的
  10. 微弱的,轻微的
  11. <俚>充分准备的,完全掌握的
n.(名词)
  1. 寒冷,冷,寒
  2. 感冒,伤风,着凉
  3. 低气温,冰点下,零下温度
  4. 寒气,冷气
  5. 冷落,排斥
  6. 寒冷的感觉
  7. 寒冷的气候
adv.(副词)
  1. 突然
  2. 完全地,彻底地
  3. 毫无准备地
v.(动词)
  1. 冷却

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 冷的,寒冷的 of low temperature, especially when compared to the temperature of the human body
  2. 不热情的,冷淡的 (of a person, his manner, etc.) without friendliness, kindness or enthusiasm; without emotion
n.(名词)
  1. [S]冷,寒冷 lack of heat or warmth; low temperature (especially in the atmosphere)
  2. [C][U]伤风,感冒 infectious illness of the nose or throat or both, with, sneezing, coughing, etc.

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
cold : 寒, ...
在 《外教社畜牧兽医英语词典》 中查看更多...
cold : 冷, 寒心的 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
cold : 冷, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
cold : 感冒 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs);

    "will they never find a cure for the common cold?"

  2. the absence of heat;

    "the coldness made our breath visible"
    "come in out of the cold"
    "cold is a vasoconstrictor"

  3. the sensation produced by low temperatures;

    "he shivered from the cold"
    "the cold helped clear his head"

Adjective:
  1. having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration;

    "a cold climate"
    "a cold room"
    "dinner has gotten cold"
    "cold fingers"
    "if you are cold, turn up the heat"
    "a cold beer"

  2. extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion;

    "a cold unfriendly nod"
    "a cold and unaffectionate person"
    "a cold impersonal manner"
    "cold logic"
    "the concert left me cold"

  3. having lost freshness through passage of time;

    "a cold trail"
    "dogs attempting to catch a cold scent"

  4. (color) giving no sensation of warmth;

    "a cold bluish grey"

  5. marked by errorless familiarity;

    "had her lines cold before rehearsals started"

  6. lacking originality or spontaneity; no longer new;

    "moth-eaten theories about race"
    "stale news"

  7. so intense as to be almost uncontrollable;

    "cold fury gripped him"

  8. sexually unresponsive;

    "was cold to his advances"
    "a frigid woman"

  9. without compunction or human feeling;

    "in cold blood"
    "cold-blooded killing"
    "insensate destruction"

  10. feeling or showing no enthusiasm;

    "a cold audience"
    "a cold response to the new play"

  11. unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication;

    "the boxer was out cold"
    "pass out cold"

  12. of a seeker; far from the object sought

  13. lacking the warmth of life;

    "cold in his grave"

cold的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. We lunched out on cold meat and salad.
    我们午饭在外面吃的是凉肉和色拉。
  2. It was bitterly cold that night.
    那个夜晚,天气十分寒冷。
  3. His cold manner holds people off.
    他的冷淡态度使人们不敢接近他。
  4. Our enthusiasm for the plan faded in the cold light of day and we realized how impractical it really was.
    经过客观冷静的分析,我们对这个计划的热情消失了,因为我们认识到它实在不实际了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The dampness is unpleasant,not to mention the cold.
    潮湿就令人不快,更不必说寒冷了。
  2. A good sweat often cures a cold.
    好好发一次汗往往可以治愈伤风。
  3. Get out of those wet clothes before you catch cold.
    把湿衣服脱掉,不然要伤风的。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. John knew the business cold.
    约翰对此事了如指掌。
  2. The actor had his lines down cold.
    这演员把台词背得滚瓜烂熟了。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Don't drink cold water.
    不要喝冷水。
  2. He used to drink cold water.
    他过去习惯喝冷水。
  3. You'll have to wash with cold water.
    你只好用冷水洗了。
  4. He numbed through in the cold room.
    他在寒冷的屋里冻得浑身麻木。
  5. The rain brought a cold wind.
    雨带来一阵寒风。
  6. A cold wind was coming down the valley.
    一阵冷风吹过山谷。
  7. Such cold weather is quite unusual here in Nanjing at this time of this year.
    南京今年这时竟有这样冷的天气确属罕见。
  8. Steam is condensed into water when it touches a cold surface.
    蒸气接触冷的表面时,即凝结为水。
  9. Anything that smells of cold war should be avoided.
    凡有冷战意味的言行都应避免。
  10. His sister was a cold person.
    他姐姐是个冷漠的人。
  11. He gave me a cold reception.
    他冷淡地接待我。
  12. You shouldn't give him a cold look.
    你不应冷冷地瞥他一眼。
  13. She immediately threw cold water on the proposition.
    她立即给这个建议泼冷水。
  14. He has cold feet in the face of difficulty.
    他在困难面前胆怯畏缩。
  15. I shall not go to that house again, those people are too fond of giving others the cold shoulder when they feel irritable.
    我再也不去那一家了,那些人感到厌烦时十分乐于给人白眼。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. I am cold.
    我好冷。
  2. The weather is cold.
    天气寒冷。
  3. It's colder today than yesterday.
    今天比昨天冷。
  4. It was bitter cold that day.
    那天天气寒冷。
  5. The concrete floor is freezing cold.
    水泥地板冰冷。
  6. She could feel cold waiting for a bus.
    在等公共汽车时,她感到冷。
  7. Did you feel cold standing in the rain?
    站在雨里,你不觉得冷吗?
  8. I arrived cold and shaking in Liverpool early the next morning.
    第二天一早我到达了利物浦,冷得瑟瑟发抖。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. Ice cream is too cold for me.
    冰淇淋对我来说太冷。
  2. He is cold by nature.
    他天生怕冷。
  3. I don't know about you, but I think it's very cold in this room.
    我不知道你感觉如何,但我觉得这屋子非常冷。
  4. It was cold to the touch.
    这东西摸上去很凉。
  5. She was cold to me.
    她对我冷淡。
  6. His blood grows cold with fear.
    由于害怕,他的血变得冰冷。
  7. She went cold with fear when she heard the footsteps outside her door.
    听到门外的脚步声,她的手脚吓得冰凉。
  8. She is cold to everyone.
    她对谁都那么冷淡。
It is/was+~+that-clause
  1. It was so cold that nobody can make his hands naked.
    天气太冷,没有人能把手露在外面。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. The weather makes water cold.
    天气使水变冷了。
  2. Don't you find it cold in this room?
    你不觉得房间里冷吗?
  3. Shall I heat up the pies or shall we eat them cold?
    我把馅饼热一下还是我们就吃凉的?
  4. They found the man cold at heart.
    他们发现这个人冷心肠。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The cold was more than the children could bear.
    严寒使孩子们几乎难以忍受。
  2. Don't stand outside in the cold.
    别站在外面冻着。
  3. She doesn't seem to feel the cold.
    她似乎不觉得冷。
  4. I had never known such bitter cold.
    我从来不知道有这样刺骨的寒冷。
  5. The exterior cold had stolen into the car.
    外部的寒冷已不知不觉地侵入车内。
  6. I was so excited to see snow that I was indifferent to the cold.
    我看到雪激动得连寒冷都不在乎了。
  7. He dislikes both the heat of summer and the cold of winter.
    他既不喜欢酷暑,也不喜欢寒冷。
  8. The cold makes the skin smart.
    寒冷使皮肤刺痛。
  9. I cannot stand the cold in the North.
    我忍受不了北方的寒冷。
  10. He is shaking with cold.
    他冷得发抖。
  11. You ought to know better than to go out in this cold weather in those thin summer shoes; no wonder your feet got cold!
    你应当明白,这么冷的天不应穿夏天的单鞋出去,难怪你的脚冻了!
  12. They were miserable with hunger and cold.
    他们饥寒交迫。
  13. He is patient of cold and hunger.
    他能忍饥挨冻。
  14. The machine is designed to work in extremes of heat or cold.
    这部机器经特殊设计,可在极热或极冷的环境下运转。
  15. One catches cold more often in summer than in winter.
    人们在夏天比在冬天更容易着凉。
  16. Weak people are prone to catch cold.
    虚弱的人易于感冒。
  17. Put on your coat, or you'll catch a cold.
    穿上衣服,不然你会感冒的。
  18. He caught a cold in the storm yesterday.
    昨天下暴雨时他挨淋了,所以感冒了。
  19. The boy has caught a bad cold.
    男孩患了重感冒。
  20. I get a cold every year at this time.
    我每年这时候都会感冒。
  21. I've had a cold since my arrival.
    我到这里以后就一直感冒。
  22. Mary has a bad cold and sore throat.
    玛丽患了重感冒,而且咽喉痛。
  23. The apparent cause of his absence was a bad cold.
    他缺席的原因表面上看来是重感冒。
  24. He has been flat on his back for two weeks with a bad cold.
    他患重感冒已卧床两周。
  25. Is there any cure for the common cold?
    有治一般伤风的办法吗?
  26. Is my cold catching, doctor?
    医生,我的感冒会传染吗?
  27. I cannot shake off my cold.
    我的感冒总是不好。
  28. Half the boys in the school were absent with colds.
    学校中一半学生因感冒而缺席。
  29. Johnny was absent from school with a cold.
    约翰尼因感冒而没有上学。
  30. This new medicine is better for a cold.
    这种新药治感冒疗效更好。
  31. He is down with a cold.
    他患了伤风。
  32. He was hoarse from a cold.
    他因感冒而声音沙哑。
  33. Try to get rid of your nasty cold.
    想法除去你那讨厌的感冒。
  34. In his weakened condition, he is very susceptible to cold.
    他身体很弱,因此很容易患感冒。
  35. Daddy still has a bit of his cold, but otherwise all are well.
    爸爸还有点感冒,此外一切都好。
  36. Don't worry, it's simply a cold.
    别担心,不过是感冒而已。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
blow hot and cold
  1. 三心二意,出尔反尔 change one's likes or way often

    The boys will get tired of Ann's blowing hot and cold. 男孩子们对于安的出尔反尔感到厌烦。

get cold
  1. 置某人于掌握之中 make sb under one's control get sb cold

    The boss has got the young man cold.老板控制住了这个年轻人。

leave cold
  1. 没有打动某人的心 fail to impress on leave sb cold

    The speaker tried hard to impress the audience but left them cold.讲演者试图感动听众,但他没有打动听众的心。

    I must say that the film left me cold.我不得不承认,那部电影完全不能打动我。

out cold
  1. 失去知觉 unconscious

    The ball hit Dick in the head and knocked him out cold for ten minutes. 球打在迪克头上,打得他失去知觉达10分钟。

用作名词 (n.)
come in from the cold
  1. 摆脱孤独,不再受冷落 no more be ignored

    Before long the stranger came in from the cold. 很快,这个陌生人摆脱了孤独。

leave out in the cold
  1. 见leave条。
stop cold
  1. 突然停止不动 stop moving suddenly

    He danced and danced but stopped cold minutes later. 他不停地跳舞,几分钟后突然停止不动了。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~

经典引文

  • In the cold regions of the north.

    出自:Goldsmith
  • The linoleum was cold on the soles of my feet.

    出自:E. O
  • A spell of cold weather in which the pavements froze.

    出自:N. Mosley

cold的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. cold的基本意思是“冷的,寒冷的”,指以体温为标准而感到外界的气温低,常用于指温度或天气。在表示人的感情时还可指“冷淡的,不热情的”,指对某人或某物感到漠不关心,此时多用作定语。
  2. be cold用作谓语时,后面可接动词的现在分词形式。
n.(名词)
  1. cold作名词时有二个意思:一是指相对于身体的温度来说,温度较低,使人感到冷,即“冷,寒冷”; 二是指由于天气寒冷而引起的“伤风,感冒”。
  2. cold作“冷,冷天气”解时只用单数形式,且其前须加定冠词the。cold在作“感冒”解时可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词,在与catch, take, get连用时,不定冠词a可有可无(英式英语用catch cold,而美式英语用catch a cold),但如果cold前面有形容词修饰,无论哪个动词与之搭配,不定冠词a均不可省略。
  3. cold和have连用时,一般加a,表示状态,常与表示延续时间的状语连用。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
cold, chilly, cool
这三个词的共同意思是“温度低,冷的”。其区别是:
1.从温度上说, chilly最冷, cold次之, cool再次之。chilly指“寒冷”, cold指“冷”, cool指“凉爽”。
2.从人的心理上说, chilly是人所不愿; cold多指人所不愿、令人不快,也可指所期望的低温,为人所愿意; cool则多指温度宜人,令人感到舒服。例如:
I felt chilly in the wind.风吹得我感到寒冷。
He has only a cold drink on a hot day.在大热天里他只有一杯冷饮。
We hope for a cool day for the game.我们希望比赛那天天气凉爽。
3.用于人时,cool指心境平和、冷静, cold指冷落、不热情,而chilly则不仅指不热情,而且不友好,甚至“冷酷”。
n.(名词)
catch a cold, have a cold
这两个短语都是“患感冒”的意思。其区别在于:前者表示动态“患了感冒”; 后者表示静态“患着感冒”。
下面两句意思不同:
  • I feel cold in the mountain area.
  • 在山区我感到冷。(自身感到冷)
  • I feel the cold in the mountain area.
  • 我感觉到了山区的寒冷。(感受到某 地的气候冷)
cold cool chilly frosty freezing icy
这些形容词均含“冷、凉”之意。
  • cold:cold最普通用词,强调缺乏温暖,使人不舒服。
  • cool:cool指既不太热也不太冷。
  • chilly:chilly指使哆嗦的冷。
  • frosty:frosty指雾气在寒冷物体的表面凝结成薄冰时的严寒结霜的温度。
  • freezing:freezing指使人僵直,使东西凝固的冷。
  • icy:icy多指风暴、风雪和水等冷得使人感到如刺如割。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的clad;最初源自原始日耳曼语的kladaz,意为寒冷。

cold的相关资料:

正版词典

cold : 冷的 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
cold : 寒冷的;气 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

cold的相关缩略词,共有12

互动百科

  • cold:cold n. 寒冷, [物]零下温度, 伤风, 感冒adj. 寒冷的, 使人战栗的, 冷淡的, 不热情的, 失去知觉的习惯用语be dead with cold 冻僵, 冻得麻木come in fr…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词