burden

  常用词汇  
['bɜːdn]     ['bɜːrdn]    
  • n. 负担;责任;装载量;主题;[音乐]副歌
  • v. 使负重;装载;烦扰
burdened burdened burdening burdens
new

burden的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 重担,担子,负担,重负,包袱,(沉重的)责任,义务
  2. 装载吨数,吨位,装载量,负荷
  3. 合唱叠句,副歌,歌曲末尾的迭句
  4. 主旨,主题
  5. 驮子
  6. <古>歌曲的低声合音
v. (动词)
  1. 加重压于,加负担于,使负重担,(使)烦扰,加重...的负担,把…压倒,麻烦,劳累
  2. 加负荷于,使载重,向上装货,装货于,(使)负重,装载
  3. 挑起...的负担,担负

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]重负 thing or person that is carried; heavy load
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 加重压于,使背负 load or trouble

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an onerous or difficult concern;

    "the burden of responsibility"
    "that's a load off my mind"

  2. weight to be borne or conveyed

  3. the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work

  4. the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse

Verb:
  1. weight down with a load

  2. impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to;

    "He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend"

burden的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The burden on his back seemed to be crushing him to the earth.
    他背上的重负似乎要把他压倒在地。
  2. People on high incomes face a huge tax burden.
    高收入的人面临着沉重的纳税负担。
  3. The burden of organizing the campaign fell to me.
    组织这次活动的责任落到了我头上。
  4. I don't want to lay a burden on you.
    我不想让你承担责任。
  5. The burden of his argument was that life is precious.
    他论证的要点是生命是宝贵的。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. I don't want to burden you with my problem.
    我不想让我的问题给你添麻烦。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The burden fell on the eldest son.
    担子落在了长子身上。
  2. His poor family is becoming a burden.
    他贫困的家庭渐渐成了累赘。
  3. The burden of his complaint was that quality was very poor.
    他投诉的要点是品质非常差。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The economy was further burdened by a flood of refugees.
    难民大批涌来使经济负担愈加沉重。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
burden with( v.+prep. )
    加负担于… put a burden on sb/oneself
    burden sb/oneself with sth

    Why do you burden yourself with your sister's dog?

    你何必自找麻烦为你姐姐的狗所累呢?

    He burdened himself with a heavy overcoat.

    他给自己加一件厚大衣。

    She was burdened with a large quantity of parcels.

    她吃力地捧着一大堆包裹。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Carrying a burden of acorns.

    出自: E. M. Forster
  • I'd rather die..than be a burden.

    出自: E. Glasgow
  • The burden of training a family.

    出自: E. Roosevelt

burden的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. burden用作名词的基本意思是“重负”,指某人或某事在人的心中形成的负担,含有“沉重的”或“额外的”意味。用于比喻时可指难以承担的职责、义务、责任等。
  2. burden常与介词of连用,表示“要点,要旨”,其谓语动词一般用单数形式。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
burden, load
  • 这两个词都有“重载,负担”的意思,并且都可指精神上的负担。其区别是:
  • 1.load是普通用语,本义指人、畜、车辆、船只或飞机所负荷的东西;burden很少具体地指物质的东西,多指压得人喘不过气的重负。例如:
  • She bore the burden of raising two children.她挑起抚养两个孩子的重担。
  • 2.load多指积极意义的承担,而burden多指消极意义的承担。例如:
  • The burden is mine, not yours.这个责任是我的,不是你的。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的birthen,意为担负。
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