- n. 诺言；预示；约定；(有)希望
- v. 允诺；发誓；答应；有希望
- vt. & vi. 允诺; 答应 undertake to do
- vi. & vt. 有…希望; 预示 give cause for expecting
- [C]承诺,诺言 a statement, which sb else has right to believe and depend on, that one will or will not do sth, give sth, etc.
- [U]希望,出息 expectation or signs of future success, good results, etc.
a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future
grounds for feeling hopeful about the future;
"there is little or no promise that he will recover"
make a promise or commitment
promise to undertake or give;
"I promise you my best effort"
make a prediction about; tell in advance;
"Call the outcome of an election"
give grounds for expectations;
"The new results were promising"
"The results promised fame and glory"
- Once he made a promise, he would stick to it.
- I have committed myself and must keep my promise.
- I don't trust his promise to come for a visit.
- For her family, life seemed to have no promise.
- I promise never to reveal his secret.
- I promise never to lie to you from now on.
- I promise to return your bicycle on good condition.
- Dropping ears of rice promise another good harvest.
- I can't promise.
- I must phone your sister as I promised.
- The business promises well.
- David promises well as an actor.
- He's engaged in a research that promised well.
- The rains have been plentiful and the crops promise well.
- I think our teaching plan promises well.
- From what little I've seen of your book so far,I would say that it promises well.
- I want you to promise me.
- It is not that easy;I promise you.
- I don't remember I ever promised that.
- The school authorities promised an immediate reply.
- The weather promises rich harvest.
- The clear sky promises fine weather.
- After trying all kinds of ways we hit upon a method that promised more success.
- I can't promise the moon, but I'll do the best job I can.
- A politician who promises the moon during a campaign loses the voters' respect.
- We promised to bring them to the circus.
- I promise to return your bicycle in good condition.
- He promised to help the people improve their livelihood.
- She promised to be a brilliant musician.
- Autumn crops promised to be equally good.
- It promises to be warm this afternoon.
- It promises to be fine tomorrow.
- I promised that I would write regularly.
- I promised that I would come here on time.
- I soothed him by promising that he could return home in a week or two.
- He promised that the roof should be repaired within two weeks.
- The government has promised that taxes will not be put up again this year.
- I want you to promise me one thing.
- Mr. Priestly promised his students a holiday.
- Mr. Green has promised his son a new bicycle if he passes the examination.
- I've promised the next dance to Jim.
- I can't give you the book; I've promised it to Susan.
- This new watch was promised to me.
- I'm sorry; that house has been promised to some other young man.
- You must promise me to take a thorough rest.
- He promised me to sing here.
- She promised me to try her best to help him.
- She promised me not to forget to call on my mother.
- I had promised Nancy to attend the lecture.
- I promised Mrs. Neil that I could stop in at her home today.
- He promised me that the work should be finished before evening.
- I should not have believed the promise of the boss.
- He tried to put me off with a vague promise.
- It's clear that what he said was a hollow promise.
- I'd like to come with you but that's not a promise; don't rely on it.
- They drew the poor child on with false promises.
- We shall judge you by your actions, not by your promises.
- Don't build your hopes on the chairman's promises.
- The politician's actions do not consist with the promises in his speeches.
- The news of the war brings little promise of peace.
- My son is showing great promise as a cricketer.
- You show promise as a musician but your lack of practice is keeping you back.
- They failed to fulfil their promises to revive the economy.
- My promise to lend you 50 dollars still holds true.
- We shall always keep our promise not to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.
- We must have your promise that you will keep it to yourself.
- The politicians are bidding for our favour by making wild promises that they can't keep.
- Despite their promise that they would bring down the prices, prices have gone on rising.
- promise away (v.+adv.)
答应送掉 give away by promising
promise sth ⇔ away to sb
He has promised most of his books away to his friends.
He has promised most of the money away to various people.
- break one's promise
食言; 不守诺言 fail to keep a promise
- promise a dance (to sb) 答应(与某人)跳舞
- promise help 答应帮助
- promise oneself sth 指望获得某物,决心弄到某物
- promise rain 有希望下雨
- promise students a day's holiday 答应放学生一天假
- promise the moon 答应办做不到的事
- promise well 显示出成功的迹象,前景很好
- promise blandly 平和地允诺
- promise blithely 快乐地允诺
- promise casually 非正式地允诺
- promise cautiously 谨慎地允诺
- promise cheerfully 高兴地允诺
- promise definitely 肯定地允诺
- promise devoutly 真诚地允诺
- promise generously 慷慨地允诺
- promise faithfully 忠诚地允诺
- promise flatteringly 奉承地允诺
- promise frankly 真诚地允诺
- promise freely 随意地允诺
- promise graciously 有礼貌地允诺
- promise lightly 轻率地允诺
- promise optimistically 乐观地允诺
- promise publicly 公开允诺
- promise recklessly 轻率地允诺
- promise reluctantly 不情愿地允诺
- promise solemnly 庄严地允诺
- promise treacherously 不可靠地允诺
- promise unconditionally 无条件地允诺
- promise unquestionably 毫无疑问地允诺
- promise unwillingly 勉强地允诺
- promise usually 经常允诺
- promise vehemently 强烈地允诺
- promise away 答应送掉
- abide by promise 遵守诺言
- betray promise 背叛诺言
- break promise 违背诺言
- carry out promise 履行诺言
- claim promise 履行诺言
- find much of promise 发现很有希望
- fulfill promise 遵守诺言
- give promise 答应,作出诺言,保证
- give promise for future 预示将来成功
- give promise of 有…的希望
- give promise to 向…许诺
- go back on promise 收回诺言,违背诺言
- hold promise of 抱有…的希望
- hold some promise of success 有希望获得成功
- keep (to) promise 信守诺言
- make promise 作出诺言,保证
- make promise of 许下…的诺言
- make promise to 向…许诺
- obtain promise 获得保证
- secure promise 获得保证
- show promise 有希望
- show promise as pianist 有希望成为钢琴家
- stand to promise 守约
- violate promise 违背诺言
- withdraw promise 取消诺言,收回许诺
- bright promise 有希望的诺言
- brilliant promise 出色的诺言
- broken promise 违背了的诺言
- campaign promise 竞选时的诺言
- cheerful promise 欣然的许诺
- cheering promise 欣然的许诺
- conservative promise 保守的诺言
- considerable promise 重要的许诺
- deceiving promise 虚假的诺言
- definite promise 明确的许诺
- doubtful promise 含糊的许诺
- drunken promise 醉后的诺言
- earnest promise 真诚的诺言
- empty promise 空洞的诺言
- express promise 确切的诺言
- fair promise 好听的诺言
- faithful promise 忠实的诺言
- false promise 虚伪的诺言
- golden promise 重要的诺言
- good promise 好的诺言
- great promise 很大的希望
- implied promise 含蓄的诺言,默许
- irresponsible promise 不负责任的诺言
- sacred promise 神圣的诺言
- solemn promise 庄严的承诺
- verbal promise 口头保证
- written promise 书面保证
- according to promise 根据诺言
- boy in promise 孩子有出息
- boxer of promise 有前途的拳击手
- youth full of promise 有希望的青年
- on promise of secrecy 按照保守秘密的诺言
- through verbal promise 通过口头保证
- under promise 立誓
- person with great promise 有出息的人
Becket had broken his promise to submit to the Constitutions.出自： J. A. Froude
Gladstone was able to redeem his campaign promise.出自： A. S. Dale
He could make no promises.出自： A. Cohen
The princes promised free constitutions to their people.出自： E. A. Freeman
Not if they promised me a bucket of free quahogs.出自： S. J. Perelman
He promised that if elected he would serve out his term.出自：Economist
- promise也可作“有可能”“给人以…指望”解,可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词; 用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。
- promise作名词的基本意思是“承诺,诺言”,是可数名词; promise也可作“希望,出息”解,可用来指人的出息,也可用来指事情有希望,是不可数名词。
- promise, allow
- He has allowed me to come.
- He promised me to come.
- promise, consent
- promise是“自己主动答应”这一概念,含有自觉主动的意味; 而consent则是“答应人家的要求”,含有被动的意味。试比较:
- Our director has promised to make a speech.
- We asked our director to make a speech and he consented.
- promise, contract, covenant, engage, pledge
- promise指作出口头或书面的许诺,但仅指主观意愿,并不暗示一定能实现或有实现的基础; engage指在正式或重大场合用誓言、条约等许下有约束力的诺言或作出可以信赖的保证,尤指订婚; pledge指用行动或言语作出庄严的许诺或正式保证; covenant指订立双方或多方共同遵守的协议; contract指订立慎重并且通常有法律效力的合同或协议。例如:
- Our son is engaged to a nice young girl.我们的儿子已跟一位漂亮的女孩订了婚。
- I covenant to pay 5000 pounds a year to help rebuild the college.我立约保证每年将付5000英镑帮助重建学院。
- They have pledged that any detail given to them will remain confidential.他们已保证,给他们提供的任何细节将予以保密。
- Many councils are contracting out services such as rubbish collection to private companies as a way of cutting costs.许多市政会把垃圾收集这样的服务项目包给私人公司以减少费用。
- promise, keep one's word
- promise指“许诺”,只指意图,而不指义务,只指美好的愿望,不指坏的意图; keep one's word则指作出promise后遵守自己的诺言。例如:
- He promised to come and see me today, but he failed to keep his word.他答应今天来看我,但他没能守约。
- I'll keep my word;I'll tell him everything.我将遵守诺言,把一切告诉他。
- promise, permit
- permit通常含有积极地、正面地“允许”的意义,例如通过法令或正式条文“允许”某件事; promise 作“答应”解时,含有“保证”之意,指答应或保证自己要做某一件事。例如:
- He has promised a thorough investigation into the affair.他已经答应彻底查办此事。
- They promised me an immediate answer.
- They promised me to give an immediate answer.
- They promised me that they would give an immediate answer.
误 It promised difficult job.
正 It promised to be a difficult job.
析 表示“有希望,有可能”, promise后接不定式时常限于to be...。
误 She shows great promises as a pianist.
正 She shows great promise as a pianist.
误 She gave me the promise of helping me.
正 She gave me the promise to help me.
析 表示“答应某人做某事”可说give sb a promise to- v ,在promise后须用动词不定式,不能用“of+动名词”结构。
- ☆ 1400年左右进入英语，直接源自拉丁语的promissum：pro (以前） + mittere (放，送），意为誓言。