herd

  常用词汇  
[hɜːd]     [hɜːrd]    
  • n. 兽群;牧人;群
  • vt. 放牧;群集;使 ... 成群,把…赶到一起
  • vi. 聚在一起
herded herded herding herds
new

herd的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 牧群,畜群,牛群,猪群
  2. 放牧人,牧人
  3. <贬>民众,百姓,群众,民众,人群
  4. 管理畜群
  5. 管理群
  6. 普通人,贱民
  7. 群,队,伙
v. (动词)
  1. 放牧,看管(家畜)
  2. 聚在一起,成群,群聚,群集
  3. 把...赶在一块,使集合在一起,使成群
  4. 带领
  5. 结交,交往
  6. 向…移动

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]兽群,牧群 a number of animals
  2. [S]人群,群众 a large number of people; mob
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)集合在一起,(把…)赶在一起 come or bring together in a large group, especially roughly
  2. vt. 照看; 牧放 look after or drive (animals) in a herd

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a group of cattle or sheep or other domestic mammals all of the same kind that are herded by humans

  2. a group of wild mammals of one species that remain together: antelope or elephants or seals or whales or zebra

  3. a crowd especially of ordinary or undistinguished persons or things;

    "his brilliance raised him above the ruck"
    "the children resembled a fairy herd"

Verb:
  1. cause to herd, drive, or crowd together;

    "We herded the children into a spare classroom"

  2. move together, like a herd

  3. keep, move, or drive animals;

    "Who will be herding the cattle when the cowboy dies?"

herd的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. A large herd could wreck a train.
    庞大的兽群将会使火车失事。
  2. The report of the gun will scare the herd.
    枪声会惊吓兽群。
  3. The herdsman looks after a herd of animals.
    牧人放牧着一群牲畜。
  4. The Goatherd scolded them for their ingratitude in leaving him, when during the storm he had taken more care of them than of his own herd.
    牧人骂他们忘恩负义说他曾经在风雪中对他们照顾得比自己的羊还好。
  5. We saw a herd of elephants yesterday.
    昨天我们见到了一群大象。
  6. We saw a herd of deer of twenty.
    我们看见一群二十只的鹿。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Dogs are often trained to herd sheep.
    狗常被训练来放羊。
  2. We must herd the enemy troops together and annihilate them.
    我们必须聚敌而歼灭之。
  3. Our orders were to herd them here and wait for his signal.
    我们的任务就是把它们聚集到这里然后等待他的信号。
  4. This would be the result of what is known as herd protection.
    这个结果就是著名的成群保护。
  5. He put his ear to the floor and listened to the herd of buffaloes that raced across the prairie.
    他把耳朵贴在地板上,屏息倾听着成群的野牛奔过草原。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. You should not herd with the man as him.
    你不应和他那样的人来往。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I keep a large herd of cattle.
    我养一大群牛。
  2. Herds of elephants were moving across the plain.
    象群正在通过平原。
  3. He preferred to stick with the common herd.
    他愿意紧随群众。
  4. Camels are grazing in herds.
    骆驼三五成群地在吃草。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. After school he often helped his brother herd the cattle.
    放学后,他常帮他哥哥放牛。
  2. The little boy is herding the cattle.
    这个小男孩在放牛。
  3. The cowboys herded the cattle and drove them to market.
    这几个牧童把牲口赶在一起,并把它们赶到市场上。
  4. The farmer herded the cows over to the barn door.
    农夫把奶牛赶到牲口棚门口。
  5. The teacher herded the boys onto the playground.
    老师把孩子们集合起来带到运动场上。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
herd into (v.+prep.)
    赶进,领进 bring into
    herd into sth

    They herded into the corner.

    他们往角落里聚集。

    herd sb into sth

    The teacher herded the children into the classroom.

    老师把孩子们领进教室。

herd together (v.+adv.)
    聚集在一起 join together; flock together
    herd together

    People herded together like cattle.

    人们像牛群一般聚在一起。

    herd sb/sth ⇔ together

    The dogs herded the sheep together.

    狗把羊群赶在一起。

    They herded the prisoners together.

    他们把俘虏集中起来。

    He herded everyone together to sing folk songs.

    他把大家聚在一起唱民歌。

    They were herded together into trucks and driven away.

    他们被一起赶上卡车运走了。

herd up (v.+adv.)
    赶拢在一起 make sb join together
    herd sth ⇔ up

    He herded up his goats.

    他把山羊赶拢在一起。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He got stuck into the milking, and had the herd finished before dark.

    出自: M. Shadbolt
  • They were particularly adept at herding and driving prey during hunting manoeuvres.

    出自: D. Morris
  • They had herded nearly three thousand longhorns thirteen hundred miles.

    出自: J. A. Michener
  • They herd the captives along.

    出自: J. M. Coetzee
  • These animals are in general fond of herding and grazing in company.

    出自: Goldsmith
  • They all herded forward over a bridge.

    出自: R. Ingalls

herd的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. herd的基本意思是“照看”“把牲畜赶在一起”,也可指“放牧”。
  2. herd是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. herd后常接介词in〔into〕,表示赶进、领进。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
herd, drove, flock, pack, school, swarm
  • 这组词都可作“群”解。其区别在于:flock是鸟或兽群的通俗用语,特指绵羊、山羊的“群”; herd通常指大动物的“群”,特指家畜的“群”; drove指被驱赶着的牛、羊、猪等的“群”; pack指猎犬、狼、狐、恶人等,用来指人群时含有轻蔑的意味; swarm指蜜蜂、昆虫等的“群”; school指水栖动物的“群”,如鱼、虾等。例如:
  • This is a drove of deer.这是一群鹿。
  • There are a flock of wild ducks in the pool.池塘里有一群野鸭。
  • A pack of hounds chased the fox.一群猎狗追猎那只狐狸。
  • I keep a large herd of cattle.我养一大群牛。
  • Schools of dolphins live in the Pacific Ocean .太平洋里生活着成群的海豚。
  • A swarm of ants are moving busily.一群蚂蚁正在忙碌地搬家。
  • herd, band, circle, crowd, gang, group, host, mass, mob, multitude, set
  • 这组词的共同意思 是“一伙人”。其区别在于:
  • 1.从组成上说:band常指有共同目的的、有领导者的一群人。 circle指因志同道合而形成的圈子或结成的团体,聚会频繁,文明高雅。crowd指毫无秩序地挤在一起的人群, 含有混乱、拥挤的意味。gang指为一个目标而聚在一起的一伙人, 常指在一起干坏事的人。group既可指有组织、有秩序的一群人, 也可指为一定目的临时聚在一起的一伙人;可指志趣相投的人,也可指社会团体;关系可密切,也可以是泛泛之交。herd 指有盲目追随心理的一群人。host指散落开来的一群人,也指军队或备有武装的人。mass指群众, 民众。mob指乌合之众或心怀不满而聚在一起寻衅滋事的一群人。multitude常指人数庞大的人群。set指有共同社会地位或相同目的的社会团体,也可泛指广泛的人群, 有时可指势力集团。
  • 2.从用法上说:mass常用于复数形式;set常用于单数形式。
  • 3.从修辞色彩上说:band, gang, herd, mob多含贬义;set指势力集团时也含有贬义。
  • 4.从语体上说:host, set是口语用词;multitude是正式用词或较陈旧用词。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的heord,意为群,兽群。
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