[fɜːst]     [fɜːrst]    
  • adj. 第一的;最初的
  • adv. 首先;第一
  • n. 最初;(序数词)第一



adj. (形容词)
  1. 最早的,最先的,最初的
  2. 第一流的,最上等的
  3. 第一的,第一位的
  4. 基本的,概要的
  5. 最高的
  6. 最前面的
  7. 高音(调)的
  8. 首次的
  9. 空前的
  10. 最重要的
adv. (副词)
  1. 首先,第一
  2. 首次,第一次
  3. 宁愿,宁可
  4. 最初,起初,起先,先
  5. 首要,首要的是
  6. 完全地
n. (名词)
  1. 第一,第一个,第一名,第一位,第一个人
  2. 优等
  3. 开始,最初
  4. 开始时间
  5. 最低挡,头档
  6. 优等成绩,最高成绩
  7. 第一把手
  8. 首要的事物
  9. Far Infra Red & Sub Telescope 远红外和亚毫米波望远镜,欧空天文卫星


num. (数词)
  1. 第一(个人或事物) first person or thing mentioned or occurring
adv. (副词)
  1. 第一,最早,首先 before anything else; before the others
  2. 首次 for the first time
  3. 宁愿 more willingly
adj. (形容词)
  1. [A]第一的; 最初的; 最早的; 最先的; 第一流的; 最重要的 coming before all others in time, order, importance, etc.
  2. 一点也不 not even one


  1. the first or highest in an ordering or series;

    "He wanted to be the first"

  2. the first element in a countable series;

    "the first of the month"

  3. the time at which something is supposed to begin;

    "they got an early start"
    "she knew from the get-go that he was the man for her"

  4. the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed at first of the bases in the infield (counting counterclockwise from home plate)

  5. an honours degree of the highest class

  6. the lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle; used to start a car moving

  1. preceding all others in time or space or degree;

    "the first house on the right"
    "the first day of spring"
    "his first political race"
    "her first baby"
    "the first time"
    "the first meetings of the new party"
    "the first phase of his training"

  2. indicating the beginning unit in a series

  3. serving to set in motion;

    "the magazine's inaugural issue"
    "the initiative phase in the negotiations"
    "an initiatory step toward a treaty"
    "his first (or maiden) speech in Congress"
    "the liner's maiden voyage"

  4. serving to begin;

    "the beginning canto of the poem"
    "the first verse"

  5. ranking above all others;

    "was first in her class"
    "the foremost figure among marine artists"
    "the top graduate"

  6. highest in pitch or chief among parts or voices or instruments or orchestra sections;

    "first soprano"
    "the first violin section"
    "played first horn"

  1. before anything else;

    "first we must consider the garter snake"

  2. the initial time;

    "when Felix first saw a garter snake"

  3. before another in time, space, or importance;

    "I was here first"
    "let's do this job first"

  4. prominently forward;

    "he put his best foot foremost"



用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. He was the first to be there.
  2. He came too late to see the first part of the show.
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. First of all she just smiled, then she started to laugh.
  2. No matter it is windy or rainy,he always comes first.
用作名词 (n.)
  1. What were your first impressions of Beijing?
  2. Speech is learnt in the first years of life.
  3. The first time I saw seals was in an aquarium.
  4. This is my first crack at cooking.


用作数词 (num.)
at first
    起初,当初 at or in the beginning
from the first
    从头,从一开始 from the beginning
用作副词 (adv.)
first and foremost
    首要的 more than anything else
first and last
    考虑到一切因素; 完全地 taking everything into account; completely
first of all
    首先before doing anything else
first or last
    迟早sooner or later


用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 动词+~


  • Each of the six first lines of the Iliad might lose two syllables.

    出自: S. Johnson
  • Mr Clare..whose first wife had died..married a second late in life.

    出自: T. Hardy
  • I thought of the first sheep I ever remember seeing.

    出自: Scott Fitzgerald
  • An April evening..the big trees in first leaf.

    出自: I. Murdoch
  • Memories from my first two years.

    出自: Day Lewis
  • For the first few years of his working life..he had had to work every second Saturday.

    出自: G. Gordon
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